HOME
The Info List - Jamaat-e-Islami


--- Advertisement ---



Islamic Conservatism Pan-Islamism

Religion Islam

For similar topics, see Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
(other).

Part of a series on: Islamism

Fundamentals

Islam History Culture Economics Politics Secularism

Ideology

Islamism Qutbism Salafism Shia Islamism

Islamic fundamentalism

Concepts

Caliphate Islamic democracy Islamic socialism Islamic state

Islamic monarchy Islamic republic

Islamization (of knowledge) Jihad Pan-Islamism Post-Islamism Sharia Shura Slavery Two-nation theory Ummah

Influences

Anti-imperialism Anti-Zionism Islamic Golden Age Islamic revival

Movements Scholastic

Ahl-i Hadith Deobandi Madkhalism Sahwa movement Wahhabism

Political

Hizb ut-Tahrir Iranian Revolution Jamaat-e-Islami Millî Görüş Muslim Brotherhood List of Islamic political parties

Militant

Militant Islamism
Islamism
based in

MENA region South Asia Southeast Asia Sub-Saharan Africa

Key texts

Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam (Iqbal 1930s)

Principles of State and Government (Asad 1961)

Ma'alim fi al-Tariq
Ma'alim fi al-Tariq
("Milestones") (Qutb 1965)

Islamic Government: Governance of the Jurist ("Velayat-e faqih") (Khomeini 1970)

Heads of state

Ali
Ali
Khamenei Omar al-Bashir Muammar Gaddafi Ruhollah Khomeini Mohamed Morsi Mohammad Omar House of Saud House of Thani Zia-ul-Haq

Key ideologues

Muhammad Abduh Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī Qazi Hussain Ahmad Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani Muhammad Asad Hassan al-Banna Necmettin Erbakan Rached Ghannouchi Safwat Hegazi Muhammad Iqbal Ali
Ali
Khamenei Ruhollah Khomeini Abul A'la Maududi Taqi al-Din al-Nabhani Yusuf al-Qaradawi Sayyid Qutb Tariq Ramadan Ata Abu Rashta Rashid Rida Navvab Safavi Ali
Ali
Shariati Haji Shariatullah Hassan Al-Turabi Ahmed Yassin

Related topics

Criticism of Islamism Islam
Islam
and other religions Islamophobia Reform movements Modernity (Modernism)

Islam
Islam
portal Politics portal

v t e

Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
(Urdu: جماعتِ اسلامی) is an Islamic political organisation and social conservative movement founded in 1941 in British India
British India
by the Islamist theologian and socio-political philosopher, Abul Ala Maududi.[1]

Abul ala Maududi, the founder of Jamaat-e-Islami.

Along with the Muslim Brotherhood, founded in 1928, Jamaat-e-Islami was one of the original and most influential Islamist organisations,[2] and the first of its kind to develop "an ideology based on the modern revolutionary conception of Islam".[3]

  Part of a series on

Sunni Islam

Beliefs

Monotheism Prophets and messengers Holy books Angels Judgement Day Predestination

Five Pillars

Declaration of Faith Prayer Charity Fasting Pilgrimage

Rightly-Guided Caliphs

Abu Bakr Umar
Umar
ibn al-Khattab Uthman
Uthman
ibn Affan Ali
Ali
ibn Abi Talib

Sunni schools of law

Hanafi Maliki Shafi'i Hanbali

Others

Zahiri Awza'i Thawri Laythi Jariri

Sunni schools of theology

Ash'ari Maturidi Traditionalist

Others:

Mu'tazila Murji'ah

Contemporary movements

Ahl-i Hadith Al-Ahbash Barelvi Deobandi Islamic Modernism Salafi movement Wahhabism

Holy sites

Jerusalem Mecca Medina Mount Sinai

Lists

Literature

Kutub al-Sittah

Islam
Islam
portal

v t e

The group split into separate independent organisations in India
India
and Pakistan
Pakistan
-- Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
Pakistan
Pakistan
and Jamaat-e-Islami Hind—following the Partition of India
India
in 1947. Other groups related to or inspired by Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
developed in Bangladesh, Kashmir, Britain, and Afghanistan (see below). The Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
parties maintain ties internationally with other Muslim groups.[4] Maududi was the creator and leader of the militant Jamaat-e-Islami, which became the spearhead of the movement to transform Pakistan
Pakistan
from a Muslim homeland into an Islamic state. Though he opposed the creation of Paksitan fearing the liberalism of its founders and the British-trained administrators, he later accepted it as a graudual step to the Islamization
Islamization
of its laws and constitution even though he had earlier condemned the Muslim League for the same approach. Madudi like the traditionalist ulama regarded the six canonical hadiths and the Quran, and also accepted much of the dogma of the four schools of fiqh. His efforts focused on transforming to a "theo-democracy" based on the Sharia
Sharia
which would enforce things like abolition of interest-bearing banks, sexual separation, veiling of women, hadd penalties for theft, adultery, and other crimes. [5] The promotion of Islamic state
Islamic state
by Maududi and Jamaat-e Islami had broad popular support.[6] Maududi created Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
with the objective of making post-colonial India
India
(or a separate Muslim state if the Muslim League got its wish), an Islamic state.[7] Although this would be the result of an "Islamic revolution", the revolution was to be achieved not through a mass organising or a popular uprising but by what he called " Islamization
Islamization
from above", by winning over society's leaders through education and propaganda, and through putting the right people ( Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
members) in positions of power.[8][9][10] incrementally and through legal means.[11][12] Mawdudi believed politics was "an integral, inseparable part of the Islamic faith". Islamic ideology and non-Islamic ideologies (such as capitalism and socialism, liberalism or secularism) were mutually exclusive. The creation of an Islamic state
Islamic state
would be not only be an act of piety but would be a cure for all of the many (seemingly non-religious) social and economic problems that Muslims faced.[9][10] Those working for an Islamic state
Islamic state
would not stop at India
India
or Pakistan but would effect a sweeping revolution among mankind, and control all aspects of the world's life.[13]

Contents

1 History 2 Groups associated with Jamaat-e-Islami 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] Maududi opposed British rule but also opposed both the anti-colonialist Muslim nationalist Muslim League's proposal for a separate Muslim state led by Muhammad Ali
Ali
Jinnah, and the "composite nationalism" (muttahida qaumiyyat) idea of Jam'iyyat al-Ulama-ye Hind and Deobandi
Deobandi
scholar Husain Ahmad Madani
Husain Ahmad Madani
for a united independent India
India
with separate institutional structures for Hindus and Muslims.[14] Although Maududi believed Muslims formed a separate nation from the Hindus of India, he initially opposed the partition of India
India
to create a "Muslim state" circumscribed to Muslim-majority regions, agitating instead for an "Islamic state" covering the whole of India[9][15]—this despite the fact Muslims made up only about one quarter of India's population. In his view Muslims were not one religious or communal group among many working to advance their social and economic interests, but a group `based upon principles and upon a theory` or ideology. A "righteous" party (or community) that had "a clearly defined ideology, allegiance to a single leader, obedience, and discipline",[16] would be able to transform the whole of India
India
into Dar al-Islam.[16] Unlike the fascists and communists, once in power an Islamic state
Islamic state
would not be oppressive or tyrannical, but instead just and benevolent to all, because its ideology was based on God's commands.[17] [18] In 1940, the Muslim League met in Lahore and passed the Pakistan Resolution, calling for autonomous states in the Muslim majority areas of India. Maududi believed the nationalism in any form was un-Islamic, concerned with mundane interests of people and not Islam.[19] In response he launched his own party, Jamaat-e-Islami, founded on 26 August 1941, at Islamia Park, Lahore.[20] Seventy-five people attended the first meeting and became the first 75 members of the movement. Maududi saw his group as a vanguard of Islamic revolution following the footsteps of early Muslims who gathered in Medina
Medina
to found the first "Islamic state".[9][10] Members uttered the Shahada, the traditional statement of conversion to Islam, when they joined, implying to some that Jama'ati felt they had been less-than-true Muslims before joining.[21] Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
was and is strictly and hierarchically organised in a pyramid-like structure. All supporters work toward the common goal of establishing an ideological Islamic society, particularly through educational and social work, under the leadership of the emir.[15][22] Being a vanguard party, not all supporters could be members, only the elite. Below members were/are "affiliates", and "sympathizers" beneath them. The party leader is called an ameer (commander).[23] Maududi sought to educate the elite of the Muslim community in the principles of Islam
Islam
and correct "their erroneous ways of thinking" both because he believed societies were influenced from the top down.[24] During the years before the partition of India, Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
stood aloof from the intense political fights of the time in India, concentrating on "training and organising" and refining and strengthening the structure of Jamaat-e-Islami.[25] Groups associated with Jamaat-e-Islami[edit]

Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
Pakistan, based in Pakistan. In 1947, Jamaat-e-Islami moved its operations to West- Pakistan
Pakistan
after Independence.[26] Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
Hind, based in India. Founded by Jamaat-e-Islami Members who remained in India
India
after 1947 independence. Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami, based in Bangladesh, legalized 1975. During the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War, Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
opposed the independence of Bangladesh, and was banned after independence was achieved. It was made legal after Maj. Gen. Ziaur Rahman
Ziaur Rahman
staged a coup in 1975. Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
Kashmir, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It was formed in 1953 after the pro-plebiscite chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir was arrested by the Indian government.[27] Jamiat-e Islami, based in Afghanistan. Founded in 1972 by Burhanuddin Rabbani, it was also said to be inspired by Abul A'la Maududi
Abul A'la Maududi
and the Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
party.[4] Predominantly ethnically Tajik, the group was a major player in the "Peshawar Seven" during the jihad against Soviet military in the 1980s.[28] Hezbi Islami, also based in Afghanistan, broke away from Jamiat-e Islami in 1975-6.[29] Led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, its ethnic make-up was overwhelmingly Ghilzai Pashtun. It's less moderate stance won it the backing of Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
Pakistan
Pakistan
(and Saudi Arabia and Pakistan president Zia ul-Haq) during the jihad against the Soviet military.[28][30][31] UK Islamic Mission was founded by members of the East London Mosque
East London Mosque
in 1962.[32] Also "inspired by the Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
party in Pakistan" and the "Islamic revivalist teachings of Abul A'la Maududi
Abul A'la Maududi
and others."[33] Supporters of Jammat-e Islami also have groups in other states.[34] According to The Columbia World Dictionary of Islamism, Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
branches have followed Pakistani immigration to South Africa and Mauritius
Mauritius
as well as the UK.[35]

See also[edit]

Islamic schools and branches

References[edit]

^ van der Veer P. and Munshi S. (eds.) "Media, War, and Terrorism: Responses from the Middle East and Asia." Psychology Press, 2004 p138. ISBN 0415331404, 9780415331401. ^ Roy, Olivier (1994). The Failure of Political Islam. Harvard University Press. p. 35.  ^ " Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
Pakistan
Pakistan
Islamic Assembly Jamaat-e-Islami-e- Pakistan
Pakistan
(JIP)". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 9 November 2014.  ^ a b Haqqani, Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, 2010: p.171 ^ Ruthven, Malise (2000). Islam
Islam
in the World (2nd ed.). Penguin. pp. 329–1.  ^ Adams, Charles J (1983). "Mawdudi and the Islamic State". In Esposito, John L. Voices of Resurgent Islam. Oxford University Press. pp. 106–7.  ^ Adams, Charles J. (1983). "Maududi and the Islamic State". In Esposito, John L. Voices of Resurgent Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 105.  ^ Mortimer, Edward (1982). Faith and Power : the Politics of Islam. Vintage Books. p. 204.  ^ a b c d Kepel, Gilles (2002). Jihad: on the Trail of Political Islam. Belknap Press. p. 34.  ^ a b c Nasr, S.V.R. (1994). The Vanguard of the Islamic Revolution: the Jamaat-i Islami of Pakistan. I.B.Tauris. p. 7.  ^ Haqqani, Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, 2010: p.122 ^ Nasr, S.V.R. (1994). The Vanguard of the Islamic Revolution: the Jamaat-i Islami of Pakistan. I.B.Tauris. p. 8.  ^ Adams, Charles J (1983). "Mawdudi and the Islamic State". In Esposito, John. Voices of Resurgent Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 105.  ^ Malik, Jamal. Islam
Islam
in South Asia: A Short History. BRILL. p. 370.  ^ a b Kepel G. "Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam." I.B.Tauris, 2006 p.34 ISBN 1845112571, 9781845112578. ^ a b Adams, Maududi and the Islamic State, 1983: p.104 ^ Mortimer, Edward (1982). Faith and Power : the Politics of Islam. Vintage Books. p. 204.  ^ Charles J. Adams (1966), "The Ideology of Mawlana Maududi" in D.E. Smith (ed.) South Asian Politics and Religion
Religion
(Princeton) pp.375, 381-90. ^ Adams, Charles J (1983). "Mawdudi and the Islamic State". In Esposito, John. Voices of Resurgent Islam. Oxford University Press. pp. 104–5.  ^ Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalism, 2012:pli ^ Nasr, Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism, 1996: p.110 ^ Encyclopedia of Islam
Islam
& the Muslim World By Richard C. Martín Granite Hill Publishers2004p.371 ^ Adel G. H. et al. (eds.) "Muslim Organisations in the Twentieth Century: Selected Entries from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam." EWI Press, 2012 p.70 ISBN 1908433094, 9781908433091. ^ Adams, Charles J. (1983). "Maududi and the Islamic State". In Esposito, John L. Voices of Resurgent Islam. Oxford University Press. p. 102.  ^ Adams, "Maududi and the Islamic State", 1983: p.105-6 ^ Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalism, 2012:p.223 ^ "Jama'at-e-Islami Jammu & Kashmir". Official website. Retrieved 1 November 2014.  ^ a b Kepel, Gilles (2002). Jihad: on the trail of Political Islam. Belknap. p. 141.  ^ Haqqani, Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, 2010: p.173 ^ Saikal, Amin (2012). Modern Afghanistan: A History of Struggle and Survival. I.B.Tauris. p. 214. Retrieved 2 November 2014.  ^ Roy, Olivier (1992). Islam
Islam
and resistance in Afghanistan. Cambridge: Cambridge
Cambridge
University Press. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-521-39700-1.  ^ Glynn, Sarah (2015-01-01). Class, Ethnicity and Religion
Religion
in the Bengali East End: A Political History. Manchester University Press. pp. 188–. ISBN 978-1-84779-958-6.  ^ " UK Islamic Mission conference". August 1994 Vol. II, No. 8, p. 6/7. British Muslims Monthly Survey. Retrieved 8 March 2014.  ^ "Abul A'ala Maududi Forum - Sri Lanka". 26 May 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2014.  ^ Roy, Olivier; Sfeir, Antoine; King, Dr. John (eds.). "Britain". The Columbia World Dictionary of Islamism. Columbia University Press. p. 93. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 

Adams, Charles J. (1983). "Maududi and the Islamic State". In Esposito, John L. Voices of Resurgent Islam. Oxford University Press.  Haqqani, Hussain (2010). Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military. Carnegie Endowment. ISBN 9780870032851.  Guidere, M. (2012). Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalism. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810879652. 

v t e

Islamism

Outline

Islamism Qutbism Salafism

Salafi jihadism

Shia Islamism

Concepts

Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists Islamic democracy Islamic socialism Islamic state

Islamic monarchy Islamic republic

Islamistan Islamization

of knowledge

Pan-Islamism Post-Islamism Sharia Shura Turkish model Two-nation theory Ummah

Movements

Socio- political

Deobandi Hizb ut-Tahrir

in Britain in Central Asia

Islamic Defenders Front Jamaat-e-Islami Millî Görüş Muslim Brotherhood

in Egypt in Syria

Political Party

Freedom and Justice Party Green Algeria Alliance Hadas Hezbollah Islamic Salvation Front Jamaat-e-Islami
Jamaat-e-Islami
Pakistan Jamiat-e Islami Justice and Construction Party Justice and Development Party (Morocco) National Congress National Iraqi Alliance Malaysian Islamic Party Prosperous Justice Party Al Wefaq Welfare Party

Related

Ennahda Movement Gülen movement Islamic Modernism Justice and Development Party (Turkey)

Theorists and political leaders

Muhammad Abduh Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī Qazi Hussain Ahmad Muhammad Asad Hasan al-Banna Necmettin Erbakan Muammar Gaddafi Rached Ghannouchi Safwat Hegazi Muhammad Iqbal Alija Izetbegović Ali
Ali
Khamenei Ruhollah Khomeini Abul Ala Maududi Taqi al-Din al-Nabhani Yusuf al-Qaradawi Sayyid Qutb Tariq Ramadan Ata Abu Rashta Rashid Rida Navvab Safavi Ali
Ali
Shariati Haji Shariatullah Hassan al-Turabi Ahmad Yassin Zia-ul-Haq

Salafi movement

Movements

Scholastic

Ahl-i Hadith Madkhalism Sahwa movement Wahhabism

Political

Al Asalah Authenticity Party Al-Islah Al-Nour Party

Islamist Bloc

People Party Young Kashgar Party

Major figures

Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab Nasiruddin Albani Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz Muqbil bin Hadi al-Wadi'i Safar al-Hawali Rabee al-Madkhali Muhammad Al-Munajjid Zakir Naik Salman al-Ouda Ali
Ali
al-Tamimi Ibn al Uthaymeen

Related

International propagation of Salafism
Salafism
and Wahhabism Islamic religious police Petro-Islam Sufi-Salafi relations

Militant Islamism/Jihadism

Ideology

Qutbism Salafi jihadism

Movements

Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Militant Islamism
Islamism
based in

MENA region

Egyptian Islamic Jihad Fatah al-Islam Hamas Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

South Asia

Lashkar-e-Taiba Taliban

Southeast Asia

Abu Sayyaf

Sub-Saharan Africa

Boko Haram al-Shabaab

al-Qaeda

in the Arabian Peninsula in Iraq in North Africa

Major figures

Anwar al-Awlaki Abdullah Yusuf Azzam Abu Bakr
Abu Bakr
al-Baghdadi Osama bin Laden Mohammed Omar Juhayman al-Otaybi Omar Abdel-Rahman Ayman al-Zawahiri

Related

Islamic extremism Islamic terrorism Jihad Slavery Talibanization Worldwide Caliphate

Texts

Reconstruction (Iqbal, 1930s) Forty Hadith (Khomeini, 1940) Principles (Asad, 1961) Milestones (Qutb, 1964) Islamic Government (Khomeini, 1970) Islamic Declaration (Izetbegović, 1969-1970) The Green Book (Gaddafi, 1975)

Historical events

Zia-ul-Haq's Islamization Iranian Revolution Grand Mosque seizure Soviet invasion of Afghanistan Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam Popular Arab and Islamic Congress Algerian Civil War September 11 attacks War on Terror Arab Spring Arab Winter

Influences

Anti-imperialism Anti-Zionism Islamic response to modernity Islamic revival Modern Islamic philosophy

by region

Balkans Gaza Strip United Kingdom

Related topics

Criticism

Ed Husain

Political aspects of Islam Political Islam

Islamism
Islamism
in

South

.