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JALNA DISTRICT is an administrative district in the state of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
in western India
India
. Jalna town is the district headquarters. The district is part of Aurangabad division
Aurangabad division
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Rivers and lakes

* 2 History * 3 Divisions * 4 Demographics

* 5 Hindu temples and shrines

* 5.1 Shri Ganesha
Ganesha
of Rajur (Shri Maha Ganapati Sansthan) * 5.2 The Matsyodari Devi Mandir of Ambad * 5.3 Jamb Samartha, Ghansawangi * 5.4 Jalicha Dev (Shri Chakradhar Swami), Jaidevwadi * 5.5 Shri Jagdamba Devi, Mantha * 5.6 Shri Jagdamba Devi Mandir, Waghrul Jahangir * 5.7 Jambuvantgad Jamkhed, Ambad * 5.8 Rohilagad Fort, Rohilagad

* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

GEOGRAPHY

The district is situated in central Maharashtra, in the north of the Marathwada
Marathwada
region—one of eight districts—as part Aurangabad division, and is bounded on the north by Jalgaon district , on the east by Parbhani district
Parbhani district
and Buldhana district , on the south by Beed district and on the west by Aurangabad district .

The district occupies an area of 7,718 square kilometres (2,980 sq mi). The range of geographical latitudes and longitudes of the district is from 19.01' N to 21.03'N and from 75.04'E to 76.04'E, with gently to moderately sloping topography. The Northern part of the district is occupied by the Ajanta and Satmala hill ranges.

RIVERS AND LAKES

The Godavari River
Godavari River
flows along the southern boundary of the district, from west to east. The Purna River , one of the major tributaries of the Godavari, also flows through the district. The Dudhana, the principal tributary of the Purna, and the Kelana and the Girija, also tributaries of the Purna, as well as the Gulati and the Kundlika—which has been dammed to create the Ghanewadi Reservoir, which provides water to Jalna city—are other rivers draining the district.

HISTORY

The district is known for Jamb village, the birthplace of Samarth Ramdas Swami
Swami
. The Battle of Assaye
Battle of Assaye
was fought on 23 September 1803 near the village of Assaye
Assaye
located near Jafrabad in this district.

Jalna was formerly a part of the Princely State of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
and after the Indian independence in 1947, became part of Aurangabad district . On 1 May 1981, the new district was formed by carving out Jalna, Bhokardan, Jafrabad and Ambad talukas (Sub-division) of Aurangabad district and Partur taluka of Parbhani
Parbhani
district.

DIVISIONS

The district was formed during the term of chief minister Abdul Rehman Antulay . The district is divided into two sub-divisions, Jalna and Partur. These are further divided into eight talukas: Jalna, Ambad, Bhokardan, Badnapur, Ghansavangi, Partur, Mantha and Jafrabad. There is a total of 970 villages in the district.

The district has five constituencies of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
State Vidhan Sabha ( Legislative Assembly):

* Partur ( Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
constituency) * Ghansawangi ( Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
constituency) * Jalna ( Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
constituency) * Badnapur ( Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
constituency) * Bhokardan ( Vidhan Sabha
Vidhan Sabha
constituency)

While Partur and Ghansawangi are part of Parbhani
Parbhani
(Lok Sabha constituency) , the other three are part of the Jalna (Lok Sabha constituency) .

DEMOGRAPHICS

According to the 2011 census ,

* Jalna district
Jalna district
has a population of 1,958,483, roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho
Lesotho
or the US state of New Mexico
New Mexico
. This gives it a ranking of 237th in India
India
(out of a total of 640 ). * The district has a population density of 255 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 21.84%. * Jalna has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.61%.

HINDU TEMPLES AND SHRINES

Main article: Tourism in Marathwada
Marathwada

SHRI GANESHA OF RAJUR (SHRI MAHA GANAPATI SANSTHAN)

This Ganesha
Ganesha
temple, containing the Rajur swayambhu (self-manifested) idol, is situated 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of Jalna city. On every Chathurthi lots of pilgrims come to pray to the deity. A well-attended fair is held at the temple on Angarika Chaturthi .

The Rajur is considered as one of the complete pithas (centers) of Lord Ganesha, of the three-and-a-half according to the Ganesha
Ganesha
Purana . Other complete pithas are at Morgaon and Chinchwad , both near Pune . The remaining half-pitha is at Padmalaya .

THE MATSYODARI DEVI MANDIR OF AMBAD

The Matsyodari Devi Temple of Ambad is situated 21 kilometres (13 mi) south of Jalna city. Matsyodari, so called because the temple is on a hill which resembles the shape of a fish (matsya), is believed to be one of the oldest temples in the region. A well-attended annual fair is held at the temple in October, during Sharad Navratri .

JAMB SAMARTHA, GHANSAWANGI

Jamb Samarth village is the place where Sant Ramdas Swami
Swami
was born. This village is in Ghansavangi tehsil , of Jalna district. Samarth Ramdas was born on Chaitra
Chaitra
Shukla Navami , Shake 1530 (as per Hindu Calendar ), at 12 p.m., the same time of birth as Ram Janma (Lord Rama ). He was the younger son of Suryajipant Thosar Kulkarni and Ranubai. His birth name was Narayan Suryaji Thosar. The elder brother of Sant Ramdas Swami
Swami
was Gangadhar. He is known as 'Shreshtha' or 'Rami Ramdas'. He was born on Margashirsha Vadhya Trayodashi , Shake 1527.

Ramdas Swami
Swami
wrote the holy granth (book) Dasbodh , Manache Shloka and many more shlokas. He took as his slogan Jai Jai Raghuveer Samarth, from the Hanuman Stuti . He built a number of Hanuman
Hanuman
temples in villages throughout Maharashtra, for the purpose of encouraging in youth a devotion to Rama. He guided Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
Shivaji
Shivaji
Maharaj in establishing his rule.

A popular annual fair is held at the Ram temple on Ram Navami . This Ram temple is situated in Sant Ramdas Swami's home.

The Samartha temple was built in memory of Sant Ramdas Swami. This temple is managed by a trust which was registered in 1943 by Nanasaheb Dev. The trust comprises 55 members and 11 trustees. It owns 240 hectares (590 acres) of land. A building to lodge pilgrims is maintained by the trust. This building was built with a donation received from Queen Mother Holkar
Holkar
of Indore
Indore
, in memory of Shri Devi Ahilyabai Holkar
Holkar
.

JALICHA DEV (SHRI CHAKRADHAR SWAMI), JAIDEVWADI

Jalicha Dev is an important holy place for the Mahanubhav Panth people. It is believed that Shri Chakradhar Swami
Swami
resided here for some time. It is in Jaidevwadi village, in Bhokardan tehsil, on the north side of Jalna district.

SHRI JAGDAMBA DEVI, MANTHA

The Shri Jagdamba Temple of Mantha is situated on a hill 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of Mantha City. It is 300 years old. Many people come for Darshan , especially on Tuesday. A well-attended annual fair is held at the temple in Navratri and on Chaitra
Chaitra
Purnima .

SHRI JAGDAMBA DEVI MANDIR, WAGHRUL JAHANGIR

Yogeshwari temple

15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Jalna, along the Devel Goan Raja Road, there is Waghrul Jahangir village, which contains a Jagdamba Devi temple . It is famous in the region.

JAMBUVANTGAD JAMKHED, AMBAD

44km from jalna and 15 km from Ambad and 4 km from Rohilagad.

ROHILAGAD FORT, ROHILAGAD

Rohilagad is a beautiful village that has many historic forts, temples, large stones (Chilamkh ada), and the like.

SEE ALSO

* Maharashtra
Maharashtra
portal

* Tourism in Marathwada