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Jalan Jenderal Sudirman
Sudirman
or Jalan Sudirman
Sudirman
( Sudirman
Sudirman
Road) is a major thoroughfare in Jakarta. The road runs from Patung Pemuda Membangun
Patung Pemuda Membangun
at the south end to the bridge of the West Flood Canal at the north. The road had been built between 1949 and 1953 to connect Central Jakarta with Kebayoran Baru.[1] The historically-prominent road is located in one of Jakarta's central business district area, marking the western side of Jakarta
Jakarta
Golden Triangle and the eastern side of Jakarta Platinum Triangle.

Contents

1 Description 2 History

2.1 Before Sudirman
Sudirman
Road 2.2 1950s-1960s rural Sudirman
Sudirman
Road 2.3 1970s-1980s construction boom 2.4 Present

3 See also 4 References 5 Cited works

Description[edit] Sudirman
Sudirman
is one of Jakarta's most prominent main roads because of its location in the city's central business district. Sudirman
Sudirman
Road was constructed in the late 1940s and was the foundation of the modern image of Jakarta. The road was named after a National Hero Sudirman, whose statue was erected near the north end of the road in September 2001.[2] The entire length of Sudirman
Sudirman
Road marks the boundary of Central Jakarta
Central Jakarta
(north of the road) and South Jakarta
South Jakarta
(south of the road). Sudirman
Sudirman
Road suffers from Jakarta's heavy traffic congestion. In June 2016, an odd-even traffic scheme was implemented on Sudirman, replacing the "Three-in-One" scheme which was introduced on December 23, 2003.[3] The replacement was deemed necessary in order to eliminate the informal profession of car jockeys, which caused more problems than solutions.[4] The odd-even license plate scheme is ti serve as a transitional regulation before an electronic road pricing system is implemented in 2017.[5] History[edit] Before Sudirman
Sudirman
Road[edit] Sudirman
Sudirman
Road and Thamrin Road were built between 1949 and 1953 with the purpose to connect the suburb Kebayoran with Central Jakarta.[1] The plan of Sudirman
Sudirman
Road has been laid out at least since the colonial period in the 1930s as part of Batavia's street network expansion plan to the south of the west Flood Canal. The street planning that would become Sudirman
Sudirman
Road is probably the only street planning south of the canal from the colonial period that was actually implemented after Indonesia's independence. The area where Sudirman Road would be laid were mainly kampung settlements, with rice plantation along the west bank of Krukut River
Krukut River
and patches of coconut and fruit tree plantations.[6] 1950s-1960s rural Sudirman
Sudirman
Road[edit]

Construction of the Sudirman
Sudirman
road in 1950, then known simply as "road connection between Jakarta
Jakarta
and Kebayoran".

With the development of the Kebayoran suburb to the south of Jakarta, there was a need to construct a road connecting the new suburb with the city center. Construction of the road started immediately in 1949 and was largely completed in 1953. This nameless road was dubbed Kebayoran Road or simply weg naar Kebayoran Baru
Kebayoran Baru
(Dutch "the road to Kebayoran Baru")[7] The new road is rural in quality, lacking planned development on both side of the road. With the nationalization of road names in late 1950s, the road received a name Djalan Raja Djendral Sudirman
Sudirman
(General Sudirman
Sudirman
Main Road) after a National Hero. Some high-profile events were held in Sudirman
Sudirman
Road e.g. the Pekan Raya or international trade and entertainment fairs, held between 1953-1955 on the site where Atma Jaya University
Atma Jaya University
now stands. The Pekan Raya event was the precursor of the Jakarta
Jakarta
Fairs that was held at Medan Merdeka Selatan from 1968 to 1991, before it was relocated to an area of the converted Kemayoran Airport
Kemayoran Airport
in 1992, where they are still held today.[8] Developments along Sudirman
Sudirman
Road was relatively slow compared with the fast development of Thamrin Road. In the 1960s, the only apparent development along Sudirman
Sudirman
Road were the residential neighborhood of Benhil and Setiabudi, which was mostly planned for government workers. These residential neighborhoods was designed with access to Sudirman Road. Other than these residential neighborhoods, Sudirman
Sudirman
Road was devoid of any commercial developments.[9] In 1963, the sports event GANEFO
GANEFO
was held using the Sudirman
Sudirman
Road as the main access to the new stadium. 1970s-1980s construction boom[edit]

Sudirman
Sudirman
Road in 1992.

Only during the 1970s that the Sudirman
Sudirman
Road began to experience signs of development along the road, which first appeared north of Semanggi. Among the first office buildings to be built at Sudirman
Sudirman
Road were Wisma Arthaloka (1976), Toyota Astra, Wisma Harapan, Wisma Benhil, Atma Jaya University, Wisma Metropolitan I, Hotel Sahid Jaya, Balai Sarbini, and Gedung Veteran (Graha Purna Yudha, 1973). There was also a GKBI batik cooperatives building on the northwest corner of Semanggi; which would be replaced by Wisma GKBI office tower.[9] The late 1970s saw the construction of Gedung Panin, S. Widjoyo Center, and Ratu Plaza
Ratu Plaza
shopping complex.[10] The 1980s saw construction boom in Sudirman
Sudirman
Road, among them were Prince Centre (Gedung Pangeran), Chase Plaza, Wisma Indocement, Wisma BCA, Summitmas Tower, Mid Plaza, Sentral Plaza, and Wisma Bumiputera.[10] Present[edit]

Sudirman
Sudirman
Road in 2017

On December 23, 2003, a "3-in-1" scheme was introduced for Sudirman Road by Governor Sutiyoso
Sutiyoso
to deal with the worsening traffic. In February 2004, the Corridor 1 of TransJakarta
TransJakarta
Bus Rapid Transit was commercially opened. The new line transformed one lane of the Sudirman Road into a dedicated bus lane unaffected by traffic. Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit
Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit
project which commenced in the end of 2013 would transform Sudirman
Sudirman
Road following a transit-oriented scheme. MRT entrances will be constructed at the widened sidewalk, which was done by transforming the slow lane into wider sidewalk. To reduce the congestion, an electronic road pricing system will be introduced in 2017 to Sudirman
Sudirman
Road. See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jalan Sudirman
Sudirman
(Jakarta).

Jalan Gajah Mada and Jalan Hayam Wuruk Menteng History of Jakarta

References[edit]

^ a b Merrillees 2015, p. 37. ^ Arue Saksono (May 28, 2008). "Patung Jenderal Sudirman-Jakarta". Arie Saksono - Saya Orang Indonesia. Wordpress. Archived from the original on November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.  ^ "Sejarah Pemberlakuan 3-in-1 di Jakarta". Merdeka.com. KLN Kapanlagi Network. March 29, 2016. Archived from the original on November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.  ^ "End of the road: Jakarta's 'passengers for hire' targeted by carpooling crackdown". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. November 9, 2016. Archived from the original on November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.  ^ Callistasia Anggun Wijaya (July 25, 2016). "Ahok expects 20 percent fall in traffic from odd-even policy". The Jakarta
Jakarta
Post. PT. Niskala Media Tenggara. Archived from the original on November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.  ^ Herdruk Topografische Dienst Nederland & Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen 1930s. ^ Merrillees 2015, p. 90. ^ Merrillees 2015, p. 39. ^ a b Merrillees 2015, p. 27. ^ a b Amalia S. (February 18, 2011). "Secuil Sejarah Pembangunan Jakarta
Jakarta
2". truelia.wordpress.com. Wordpress. Archived from the original on August 29, 2016. Retrieved August 29, 2016. 

Cited works[edit]

Herdruk Topografische Dienst Nederland; Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen (1930s). "Jakarta" (Map). Plattegrond van Batavia [Map of Batavia]. 1:20,000 (in Dutch). Retrieved November 9, 2016.  Merrillees, Scott (2015). Jakarta: Portraits of a Capital 1950-1980. Jakarta: Equinox Publishing. ISBN 9786028397308. 

v t e

Roads of Jakarta

Central Jakarta

Jalan Diponegoro Jalan Gajah Mada Jalan Gunung Sahari Jalan Haji Benyamin Sueb Jalan Hayam Wuruk Jalan HBR Motik Jalan HOS Cokroaminoto Jalan H.R. Rasuna Said Jalan Jaksa Jalan Imam Bonjol Jalan Industri Jalan Insinyur Haji Juanda Jalan Jenderal Ahmad Yani Jalan Jenderal Gatot Subroto Jalan Jenderal Sudirman Jalan Kyai Haji Mas Mansyur Jalan Kyai Haji Wahid Hasyim Jalan Kramat Raya Jalan Laksamana Yos Sudarso Jalan Letnan Jenderal Suprapto Jalan Medan Merdeka Jalan M.H. Thamrin Jalan Pangeran Jayakarta Jalan Salemba Raya Jalan Senen Raya Jalan Veteran

West Jakarta

Jalan Arjuna Jalan Daan Mogot Jalan Gajah Mada Jalan Hayam Wuruk Jalan Kapuk Raya Jalan Kyai Tapa Jalan Letnan Jenderal S Parman Jalan Pangeran Tubagus Angke Jalan Panjang Raya Jalan Pintu Besar Jalan Tomang Raya

South Jakarta

Jalan Abdul Syafiie Jalan Asia Afrika Jalan Casablanca Jalan Ciledug Raya Jalan Ciputat Raya Jalan Dokter Suharjo Jalan Fatmawati Jalan H.R. Rasuna Said Jalan Insinyur Haji Juanda Jalan Jenderal Gatot Subroto Jalan Jenderal Sudirman Jalan Kapten Tendean Jalan Lenteng Agung Jalan Letnan Jenderal MT Haryono Jalan Letnan Jenderal Soepomo Jalan Mampang Prapatan Jalan Metro Pondok Indah Jalan Pangeran Antasari Jalan Panglima Polim Jalan Pasar Minggu Jalan Patimura Jalan Prapanca Jalan Prof. Dr. Satrio Jalan Raden Ajeng Kartini Jalan Senopati Jalan Sisingamangaraja Jalan Sultan Agung Jalan Sultan Hasanuddin Jalan Sultan Iskandar Muda Jalan Sultan Iskandarsyah Jalan TB Simatupang Jalan Trunojoyo Jalan Wolter Monginsidi Satrio Shopping Belt

East Jakarta

Jalan Bekasi Raya Jalan Dewi Sartika Jalan I Gusti Ngurahrai Jalan Jatinegara Jalan Jenderal Ahmad Yani Jalan Jenderal Basuki Rachmat Jalan Kalimalang Jalan Letnan Jenderal MT Haryono Jalan Mayor Jenderal DI Panjaitan Jalan Mayor Jenderal Sutoyo Jalan Otto Iskandardinata Jalan Pemuda Jalan Perintis Kemerdekaan Jalan Pondok Gede Raya Jalan Pramuka Jalan Raya Bogor

North Jakarta

Jalan Danau Sunter Jalan Enggano Jalan Gunung Sahari Jalan Haji Benyamin Sueb Jalan HBR Motik Jalan Industri Jalan Jembatan Dua Jalan Jembatan Tiga Jalan Laksamana Yos Sudarso Jalan Mangga Dua Jalan Pangeran Tubagus Angke Jalan Pluit Selatan Raya Jalan RE Martadinata Jala

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