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JAIN SCULPTURES or JAIN IDOLS are the images depicting Tirthankaras (Teaching Gods). These images are worshiped by the followers of Jainism
Jainism
. The sculpture could depict any of the twenty-four tirthankaras with images depicting Parshvanatha
Parshvanatha
, Rishabhanatha , or Mahāvīra being more popular. Jain sculptures are an example of Jain art .

CONTENTS

* 1 Iconography * 2 Examples * 3 In Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
* 4 In Museums * 5 Gallery * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links

ICONOGRAPHY

Image depicting Chandraprabha
Chandraprabha
, the eight tirthankara of present half cycle of time

The Jain idols are mostly males - with the exception of Malli who is a female Jina, according to Svetambara
Svetambara
Jainiss - depicted in both sitting and standing postures. The tīrthaṅkaras are represented either seated in yoga posture or standing in the Kayotsarga
Kayotsarga
posture. Parshvanatha
Parshvanatha
statues are usually depicted with a snake crown on head, Bahubali
Bahubali
statues are usually depicted covered with creepers. However, there are a few differences in Digambara and Svetambara
Svetambara
depiction of idols. Digambara images are naked without any beautification whereas Svetambara
Svetambara
ones are clothed and decorated with temporary ornaments.

EXAMPLES

Giant rock-cut statues of Jain Tirthankaras are carved in the Gopachal Hill , Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh.

Charans are footprints exclusive to Jain temples. The charan of Tirthankara
Tirthankara
Rishabhanatha are present at the Badrinath Temple.

IN TAMIL NADU

Sculpture depicting Tirthankara
Tirthankara
Parshvanatha, Thirakoil
Thirakoil
, Tamil Nadu

Jainism
Jainism
spread here and there all over Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
during Sangam Age . One of the Tamil literature
Tamil literature
, called Paripadal (பரிபாடல்), probably belongs to 3rd century, mentions that there were propelling statues sculptured in stone for different deities in the temple of God Murugan in Thirupparankundram . One among them was Jain statue. Others are Kaaman-Rathi (the deities of Love), Deity Indira (the king of so-called Heavenly people according to Indian mythology ), Agaligai (wife of Saint Gaudham), and Buddha
Buddha
.

Jain sculptures in Kalugumalai near Madurai belongs to one century latter is to be compared with Thirpparankunram Jain sculpture. In addition a propelling stone statue of a Jain monk mentioned in Tamil literature is also present. Cave inscriptions in Brahmi script of Chera kings in Pugalur probably one century earlier to that of the literature we have taken to our consideration, names some of the Jain Monks vs Yatrur Senkayapan, Pittan, Kotran. Pittan and Kotran are the chieftains of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
also mentioned in Tamil literature
Tamil literature
more or less to the same period.

IN MUSEUMS

Many Jain sculptures are kept in Government Museum, Chennai and Government Museum, Mathura .

The oldest Jain sculpture
Jain sculpture
in the Metropolitan Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
in New York is of the Siddha Bahubali
Bahubali
.

GALLERY

*

Rock cut Tirthankara
Tirthankara
statues at Gopachal Hill , Gwalior
Gwalior
*

Converted image of Parshvanatha
Parshvanatha
*

17.4 m (57 ft) Gommateshwara statue
Gommateshwara statue
at Shravanabelagola , 10th century *

33 m (108 ft) Statue of Ahimsa , Mangi-Tungi , Maharashtra
Maharashtra
, the largest Jain idol in world *

26 m (85 ft) Megalithic statue of Lord Rishabhanatha at Bawangaja

*

Rishabhanatha statue at Gopachal Hill , Gwalior
Gwalior
Fort , 58.4 feet (17.8 m) *

The 16 m (52 ft) statue of Neminath at Tirumalai , the tallest Jain sculpture in