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JAIMINI was an ancient Indian scholar who founded the Mimansa school of Hindu philosophy
Hindu philosophy
. He is traditionally attributed to be the author of the Mimamsa Sutras text. He is estimated to have lived around the 4th-century BCE. His school is considered non-theistic, but one that emphasized rituals parts of the Vedas
Vedas
as essential to Dharma
Dharma
.

Jaimini's guru was Badarayana , the latter founded the Vedanta school of Hindu
Hindu
philosophy, emphasizing the knowledge parts of the Vedas, and credited with authoring Brahma Sutras . Both Badarayana and Jaimini
Jaimini
quoted each other as they analyzed each other's theories, Badarayana emphasizing knowledge while Jaimini
Jaimini
emphasizes rituals, sometimes agreeing with each other, sometimes disagreeing, often anti-thesis of the other.

Jaimini's contributions to textual analysis and exegesis influenced other schools of Indian philosophies, and the most studied bhasya (reviews and commentaries) on Jaimini's texts were by scholars named Shabara, Kumarila and Prabhakara.

CONTENTS

* 1 Works

* 2 Other mentions

* 2.1 Samaveda * 2.2 Markandeya Purana
Markandeya Purana

* 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

WORKS

Jaimini
Jaimini
is most known for his great treatise Purva Mimamsa Sutras , also called Karma-mimamsa (“Study of Ritual
Ritual
Action”), a system that investigates the rituals in the Vedic texts. The text founded the Purva- Mimamsa school of Ancient Indian philosophy, one of the six Darsanas or schools of Ancient Indian philosophy.

Dated to ca. the 4th century BCE, the text contains about 3,000 sutras and is the foundational text of the Mimamsa school. The text aims at an exegesis of the Vedas
Vedas
with regard to ritual practice (karma ) and religious duty (dharma ), commenting on the early Upanishads . Jaimini's Mimamsa is a ritualist (karma-kanda) counter-movement to the Self-knowledge (Atman ) speculations of the Vedanta
Vedanta
philosophy. His Mimamsa Sutra was commented upon by many, of which Śābara was among the earliest.

OTHER MENTIONS

SAMAVEDA

When Rishi Veda Vyasa divided ancient Vedic hymns into four parts based on their use in the sacrificial rites, and taught them to his four chief disciples – Paila, Vaisampayana , Jaimini
Jaimini
and Sumantu, Samaveda was transmitted to rishi Jaimini. "He divided the Veda into four, namely Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva. The histories and the Puranas
Puranas
are said to be the fifth Veda." - Brahmanda Purana 1.4.21

MARKANDEYA PURANA

One of the major Puranas
Puranas
, the Markandeya Purana
Markandeya Purana
, opens with a dialogue between sage Jaimini
Jaimini
and Markandeya .

SEE ALSO

* Samaveda * Guru
Guru
Purnima * Indian Mathematics

REFERENCES

* ^ James Lochtefeld (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. 1 & 2, Rosen Publishing, ISBN 978-0823931798 , pages 438, 437-438, 746 * ^ A B C Radhakrishna, Sarvepalli (1960). Brahma
Brahma
Sutra, The Philosophy of Spiritual Life. p. 22 with footnote 3 and 4. * ^ James Lochtefeld (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. 1 & 2, Rosen Publishing, ISBN 978-0823931798 , pages 310, 438, 537-538 * ^ FX Clooney (1997), What’s a god? The quest for the right understanding of devatā in Brāhmaṅical ritual theory (Mīmāṃsā), International Journal of Hindu
Hindu
Studies, August 1997, Volume 1, Issue 2, pages 337-385 * ^ P. Bilimoria (2001), Hindu
Hindu
doubts about God: Towards Mimamsa Deconstruction, in Philosophy of Religion: Indian Philosophy (Editor: Roy Perrett), Volume 4, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-8153-3611-2 , pages 87-106 * ^ A B C Paul Deussen, The System of the Vedanta: According to Badarayana's Brahma-Sutras and Shankara's Commentary thereon, Translator: Charles Johnston, ISBN 978-1519117786 , page 20 * ^ James Lochtefeld (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. 1 & 2, Rosen Publishing, ISBN 978-0823931798 , pages 438, 616 * ^ James Lochtefeld (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. 1 & 2, Rosen Publishing, ISBN 978-0823931798 , pages 438, 437-438, 746 * ^ Purva Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini * ^ James Lochtefeld (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. 1 ">

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