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Mirza Mu'izz-ud-Din Beig Mohammed Khan (10 May 1661 – 12 February 1713),[citation needed] more commonly known as Jahandar Shah, was a Mughal Emperor
Mughal Emperor
who ruled for a brief period in 1712–1713. His full title was Shahanshah-i-Ghazi Abu'l Fath Mu'izz-ud-Din Muhammad Jahandar Shah
Jahandar Shah
Sahib-i-Quran Padshah-i-Jahan (Khuld Aramgah).[citation needed] Sailendra Sen describes him as "a worthless debauch [who] became emperor after liquidating his three brothers".[1]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Reign 3 Marriages 4 Death 5 Coins 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit] Prince Jahandar Shah
Jahandar Shah
was born in Deccan Subah, to Emperor Bahadur Shah I and Nizam Bai, the daughter of Mirza Raja Jai Singh. He was appointed as Vizier of Balkh
Balkh
in 1671 by his grandfather, Aurangzeb. When their father died on 27 February 1712, he and his brother, Azim-ush-Shan, both declared themselves emperor and battled for succession. Azim-us-Shan was killed on 17 March 1712, after which Jahandar Shah
Jahandar Shah
ruled for an additional eleven months. Before ascending the throne, Jahandar Shah
Jahandar Shah
sailed around the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
and was a very prosperous trader. He was also appointed Subedar
Subedar
of Sindh. He fathered three sons, including Aziz-ud-Din, who reigned as Mughal emperor between 1754 and 1759. Reign[edit]

Lal Kunwar

Mughal Army
Mughal Army
commander Abdus Samad Khan Bahadur being received by Jahandar Shah

Jahandar Shah
Jahandar Shah
led a frivolous life, and his court was often enlivened by dancing and entertainment. He chose a favourite wife, Lal Kunwar, who was a mere dancing girl before her elevation to the position of Queen Consort. Together they shocked the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
and were even opposed by Aurangzeb's surviving daughter, Zinat-un-Nissa. His authority was rejected by the third Nawab
Nawab
of the Carnatic, Muhammed Saadatullah Khan I, who killed De Singh of Orchha, primarily due to the Nawab's belief that he was the righteous commander of the Gingee Fort. Khan began a smear campaign referring to Jahandar Shah
Jahandar Shah
as an usurper to the Mughal throne. To further strengthen his authority, Jahandar Shah
Jahandar Shah
sent gifts to the Ottoman Sultan
Sultan
Ahmad III.[2] Marriages[edit] Jahandar Shah's first wife was the daughter of Mirza Mukarram Khan Safavi. The marriage took place on 13 October 1676.[3] After her death he married her niece, Sayyid-un-nissa Begum, the daughter of Mirza Rustam. The marriage took place on 30 August 1684.[4] Qazi Abu Sa'id united them in the presence of Emperor Aurangzeb, and Prince Muhammad Muazzam (future Bahadur Shah I).[5] The marriage was consummated on 18 September. Sayyid-un-nissa Begum was presented with jewels worth 67,000 rupees. The celebrations were supervised by Princess Zinat-un-nissa Begum.[6] His third wife was Anup Bai who held the title of Muazzamabadi Mahal.[7] She was the mother of Prince Muhammad Aziz-ud-din Mirza, born on 6 June 1699. She died at Delhi
Delhi
on 17 April 1735,[4] nineteen years before her son's accession to the throne as Emperor Alamgir II. His fourth wife was Lal Kunwar
Lal Kunwar
Begum, the daughter of Khasusiyat Khan.[8] Jahandar Shah
Jahandar Shah
was very fond of her, and after his accession to the throne, he gave her the title Imtiyaz Mahal.[4] Death[edit]

Silver coin issued from Shahjahanabad, during the reign of Jahandar Shah.

He was defeated in the battle at Agra
Agra
on 10 January 1713 by Farrukhsiyar, his nephew and the second son of Azim-ush-Shan, with the support of the Sayyid Brothers. He fled to Delhi
Delhi
where he was captured and handed over to the new Emperor, who confined him along with Lal Kunwar. He lived in confinement for a month, until 11 February 1713, when professional stranglers were sent to murder him.[citation needed] Coins[edit] Jahandar Shah
Jahandar Shah
reintroduced couplets and issued coins in gold, silver, and copper. Two couplets i.e. Abu al-Fateh and Sahab Qiran were used. Copper coins were issued in both weight standard i.e. 20 grams and 14 grams.[citation needed]

Silver Rupee of Abu al-Fateh couplet, Khujista Bunyaad, AH1124 Ry.Ahd

Silver Rupee of Sahab Qiran couplet, Itawa, AH1124 Ry.Ahd

Copper paisa of 20.21 grams from Surat mint

Copper paisa of 13.85 grams from Surat mint

Notes[edit]

^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 193. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.  ^ Farooqi, Naimur Rahman (1989-01-01). Mughal-Ottoman relations: a study of political & diplomatic relations between Mughal India and the Ottoman Empire, 1556-1748. Idarah-i Adabiyat-i Delli.  ^ Sarkar 1947, p. 93. ^ a b c Irvine, p. 242. ^ Sarkar 1947, p. 151. ^ Sarkar 1947, p. 152. ^ Indian History Congress. Session, Amiya Kumar Bagchi, Indian History Congress, Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata (2005). Webs of history: information, communication, and technology from early to post-colonial India. Indian History Congress. p. 160. ISBN 978-8-173-04613-1. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Irvine, p. 180.

References[edit]

Sarkar, Jadunath (1947). Maasir-i-Alamgiri: A History of Emperor Aurangzib-Alamgir (reign 1658-1707 AD) of Saqi Mustad Khan. Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta.  Irvine, William. The Later Mughals. Low Price Publications. ISBN 8175364068. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jahandar Shah.

External links[edit]

Coin Gallery Mughal dynasty

Jahandar Shah Timurid dynasty

Preceded by Bahadur Shah I Mughal Emperor 1712–1713 Succeeded by Farrukhsiyar

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 75439929 LCCN: n89101992

v t e

Mughal Empire

Emperors

Babur Humayun Akbar Jahangir Shah Jahan Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
(Alamgir) Muhammad Azam Shah Bahadur Shah I Jahandar Shah Farrukhsiyar Rafi ud-Darajat Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan
II Muhammad Shah Ahmad Shah Bahadur Alamgir II Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan
III Shah Alam II Akbar
Akbar
II Bahadur Shah II

Battles and conflicts

Battle of Panipat (1526) Gujarat conquest Battle of Khanwa Battle of Ghaghra Siege of Sambhal Battle of Panipat (1556) Battle of Thanesar Siege of Chittorgarh Siege of Ranthambore Battle of Tukaroi Battle of Raj Mahal Battle of Haldighati Battle of Bhuchar Mori Siege of Kandahar Mughal–Safavid War (1622–23) Siege of Orchha Mughal–Safavid War (1649–53) Battle of Samugarh Battle of Khajwa Suppression of Tilpat rebellion Ahom–Mughal conflicts Siege of Purandhar Tibet–Ladakh–Mughal War Mughal–Maratha Wars

Siege of Bijapur Siege of Jinji

Child's War Siege of Golconda Battle of Karnal Third Battle of Panipat Battle of Buxar Siege of Delhi

Architecture

Taj Mahal Gardens of Babur Fatehpur Sikri

Tomb of Salim Chishti

Humayun's Tomb Red Fort Lahore
Lahore
Fort Jahangir
Jahangir
Mahal Lalbagh Fort Akbar's Tomb Agra
Agra
Fort Chawk Mosque Shalimar Gardens Achabal Gardens Jahangir's Tomb Bibi Ka Maqbara Badshahi Mosque Shahi Bridge Shah Jahan
Shah Jahan
Mosque, Thatta Sheesh Mahal Sunehri Masjid Tipu Sultan
Sultan
Mosque Wazir Khan Mosque more

Adversaries

Ibrahim Lodi Rana Sanga Sher Shah Suri Hemu Maharana Pratap Malik Ambar Gokula Pratapaditya Shivaji Lachit Borphukan Khushal Khattak Sir Josiah Child Guru Gobind Singh Henry Every Bajirao I Nader Shah Hector Munro

Provinces

Bengal Subah Gujarat Subah

See also

Art Cuisine Culture Flag Gardens Language Military Painting Persians Tribe Weapons Timurid dynasty

family tree

Successor states

Maratha Empire Rajput states Jats Sikh Empire Nawabs of Bengal Awadh Nizam of Hyderabad Carnatic Kingdom of

.