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Jagjit Singh, born Jagmohan Singh Dhiman (8 February 1941 – 10 October 2011), was an iconic Indian Ghazal
Ghazal
singer, composer and musician. Known as the " Ghazal
Ghazal
King", he gained acclaim together with his wife, another renowned Indian ghazal singer Chitra Singh
Chitra Singh
in the 1970s and 1980s. Their combination album comprising music from the films, Arth and Saath Saath is the HMV's largest selling combination album of all time.[citation needed] Sajda (An Offering, 1991), Jagjit Singh's magnum opus double album with Lata Mangeshkar
Lata Mangeshkar
holds the same record in non-film category.[citation needed] He sang in numerous languages. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
by the government of India in 2003. In February 2014, Government of India
Government of India
released a set of two postal stamps in his honour.[1] Singh is credited for the revival and popularity of ghazal, an Indian classical art form, by choosing poetry that was relevant to the masses and composing them in a way that laid more emphasis on the meaning of words and melody evoked by them. In terms of Indian Classical music, his style of composing and Gayaki (singing) is considered as Bol-pradhan, one that lays emphasis on words. He highlighted this in his music for films such as Prem Geet (1981), Arth and Saath Saath (1982), and TV serials Mirza Ghalib
Ghalib
(1988) and Kahkashan (1991). Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
is considered to be the most successful ghazal singer and composer of all time in terms of critical acclaim and commercial success. With a career spanning five decades and a repertoire comprising over 90 albums,[2] the range and breadth of his work has been regarded as genre-defining. He is the only composer and singer to have composed and recorded songs written by former Prime Minister of India Atal Bihari Vajpayee – also a poet – in two albums, Nayi Disha (1999) and Samvedna (2002).[citation needed] Singh's 1987 album, Beyond Time, was the first digitally recorded release in India.[3] He was regarded as one of India's
India's
most influential artists. With sitar legend Ravi Shankar
Ravi Shankar
and other leading figures of Indian classical music
Indian classical music
and literature, Singh voiced his concerns over politicisation of arts and culture in India and lack of support experienced by the practitioners of India's
India's
traditional art forms, particularly folk artists and musicians. He lent active support to several philanthropic endeavours such as the library at St. Mary's School, Mumbai, Bombay
Bombay
Hospital, CRY, Save the Children
Save the Children
and ALMA.

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Fame 3 Albums 4 Personal life 5 Death 6 Legacy 7 Recognition 8 Film scores 9 Discography 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Early life and career[edit]

Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
(middle) with poet Shahid Kabir
Shahid Kabir
and his son, Sameer Kabeer

Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
was born in Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan, India (then Bikaner State).[4] His father Sardar Amar Singh Dhiman was a surveyor with government's public works department and hailed from village Dalla, District Ropar in Punjab and mother Sardarni Bachchan Kaur was a housewife who was raised in a deeply religious family in Ottallan village near Samralla.[citation needed] Educated initially at Khalsa High School and Government College in Sri Ganganagar, Singh obtained an arts degree from DAV College
DAV College
in Jalandhar.[5] There he began his professional career in 1961 by undertaking singing and composing assignments at All India Radio's (AIR) Jalandhar
Jalandhar
station.[4] Later, he studied to obtain a post-graduate degree in history from Kurukshetra University
Kurukshetra University
in Haryana. Throughout this time, and as a consequence of a natural talent that was spotted by his father, Singh learned music initially from a visually impaired master of Indian classical music, Pandit Chaganlal Sharma and later from Ustad Jamaal Khan of Senia Gharana, who taught and trained him in all the prominent styles of Hindustani Classical vocal tradition such as Khayal, Dhrupad, Thumri and others. Throughout his teenage years, he performed on stage and composed music. Although his father, who was a government employee, had hoped that he would become an engineer,[5] Singh pursued his passion for music relentlessly. Like all parents in Indian middle-class families, his father aspired for him to become a bureaucrat. However, he also encouraged Singh and his siblings to learn music.[4] In March 1965, and without the knowledge of his family,[5] Singh moved to Bombay, where there were many opportunities for music artists because of the Bollywood
Bollywood
film industry. He obtained work initially as a singer of advertising jingles and later progressed to playback singing.[6] Fame[edit]

Singh with Lata Mangeshkar
Lata Mangeshkar
at the audio release of Saadgi

Singh was still struggling to make a living in 1967 when he met the Bengali-born Chitra Dutta.[5] She divorced her husband and married Singh in December 1969.[4] Following the birth of their son, Vivek, the couple performed as a singing duo but it was not until the 1976[clarification needed] release of the album The Unforgettable that they found significant, and surprising, success. In the interval, the primary difficulty for them had been that the ghazal music genre was dominated by Muslim artists[5] and especially those from Pakistan.[7] The Unforgettable, which was the couple's first LP,[4] was an unconventional recording and it turned them into stars. The song "Baat Niklegi" from the album achieved great popularity for the Singhs.[8] The Independent
The Independent
described it in 2011 as "ground-breaking ... it became a transformative, before-and-after milestone in the history of Indian popular and ghazals music. It remains that." Using modern arrangements, it consists of ten tracks that include two on which they sang as a duo and the remainder equally split between Jagjit and Chitra singing the lead. The Independent
The Independent
further noted that "This format of solo and duet performances from the first commercially successful husband-and-wife team in Indian popular music proved astonishingly successful."[6] Jagjit explained that "I was determined to polish up the genre and make it more acceptable to modern tastes, so chose simple poems and set them to simple tunes. I also introduced western instrumentation to make them livelier." Thereafter, the couple worked both on solo and joint musical projects and performed concerts worldwide. There was success from involvement with the film industry and they amassed considerable wealth,[5] while Jagjit became known as "the Ghazal
Ghazal
king".[7] Among their subsequent duo recordings of the 1970s were Shiv Kumar Batalvi – Birha da Sultan (1978), Live in Concert at Wembley (1979) and Come Alive (1979). Of those released in the 1980s, "The Latest" by Sudarshan Faakir was the best selling album with his lifetime hit "Woh Kagaz ki Kashti...Woh Baarish ka Paani". It was the first album by the duo with poetry of only one Poet. Ecstasies (1984) has also been described as "one of their finest".[6] The joint projects ceased in 1990 when their 18-year-old son, Vivek, was killed in a road accident. Chitra felt unable to sing following these events. Monica, Chitra's daughter from her first marriage, committed suicide in 2009.[5][6] Although Jagjit continued to work and to have success after Chitra withdrew from public life he, too, was affected by the death of Vivek. The Guardian
The Guardian
notes that he "suffered from deep depression and his anguish was often evident in his live performances." Aside from occupying himself with solo projects, which he performed in several languages,[7] he collaborated with Lata Mangeshkar
Lata Mangeshkar
on an album titled Sajda, an Urdu
Urdu
word meaning "prostration".[5][6] Singh's work in film[9] encompassed playback singing for productions such as Arth, Saath Saath and Premgeet. He composed all of the songs for the latter, as well as for the TV serial Mirza Ghalib
Ghalib
that was based on the life of the eponymous poet, Mirza Ghalib.[citation needed] On 10 May 2007, in the presence of numerous political and diplomatic luminaries at an event held in the Central Hall of the Parliament of India, Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
rendered Bahadur Shah Zafar's famous ghazal Lagta nahin hai dil mera to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.[8][10] Albums[edit]

Release Year Album Name Songs

1982 The Latest

Woh Kaghaz Ki Kasthi Shayad Main Zindagi Ki Sahar Zindagi Tujh Ko Jiya Hai Us Mod Se Shuroo Karen Jis Mod Par Kiye The Mere Dukh Ki Koi Dawa Na Karo Badi Haseen Raat Thi Teri Ankhon Mein Hamne Kya Dekha La Pila De Sharab Ai Saqi

1 December 1986 Someone Somewhere

Din Guzar Gaya Meri Zindagi Kisi Aur Ki Ab Ke Barsat Ki Rut Fasila To Hai Aadmi Aadmi Ko Kya Dega Mere Dukh Ki Koi Dawa Na Karo Koi Samjhega Kya Raz-E-Gulshan Dekha To Mera Saya Bhi Dil Hi To Hai

1 February 1996 Mirage

Apni marzi se Dushman ko bhi seene se lagana Ek barahman ne kaha hai Koi chaudavi raat ka chaand Main rahe meena rahe Mujhe jeene do Rishta kya hai tera mera Zindagi se badi sazaa hi nahin

1998 Silsilay

Main Bhool Jaau Mere Dil Ne Kaha Jaate Jaate Woh Mujhe Dard Apnata Hain Mujhko Yaqeen Hain Sach Yeh Hain Bekaar Dard Ke Phool Bhi Kabhi Yu Bhi To

Personal life[edit] In 1990, Vivek ( Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
and Chitra's son) died in a road accident at the age of 20. This came as a profound shock to Jagjit and Chitra Singh. They gave up music for a full year after the death. At the end of that period, Jagjit returned slowly to music, but Chitra announced her retirement and declared that she would not sing or record any more songs. Death[edit] Singh toured the UK in 2011 and was due to perform with Ghulam Ali in Mumbai[5] but suffered a brain haemorrhage on 23 September 2011. He was in a coma for over two weeks and died on 10 October at Lilavati Hospital, in Mumbai. He was cremated the following day at Chandanwadi Crematorium near Marine Lines in Mumbai.[11][12] A number of tributes have been paid to Singh after his death,[13][14][15][16][17] and some tried to cash in on his popularity, which was criticised by his wife.[18] Legacy[edit] A biography of Singh, entitled Beyond Time based on about 40 hours of interviews with him, was released in 2012. It was transcribed and edited by Ashrani Mathur.[19] A biopic documentary by the name of Kaagaz Ki Kashti has been made on the life journey of Jagjit Singh, who broke through the norms and revolutionised the Ghazal
Ghazal
scenario. The film traces the struggle and stardom in his musical career, the love & loss in his personal life and the scope and limitations in the music scenario of the times. The film directed by Brahmanand S Singh is currently available on Amazon Primvevideo in India. It is expected to see worldwide release soon.[20] Recognition[edit]

In 2012, State Government of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
posthumously awarded Jagjit Singh its highest civilian award, the Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Ratna.[21] In 2003, Singh was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India's
India's
third highest civilian award, by the government of India[5] In 1998, Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
was awarded Sahitya Academy Award, a literary honour in India. He was awarded for popularising the work of Mirza Ghalib.[22] Sangeet Natak Academy Award[citation needed] Sahitya Kala Academy Award by Rajasthan
Rajasthan
government in 1998[citation needed] Ghalib
Ghalib
Academy by Delhi Government in 2005[citation needed] Dayawati Modi Award in 1999.[23] Lata Mangeshkar
Lata Mangeshkar
Samman in 1998 by Madhya Pradesh government.[22] D. Litt. by Kurukshetra University, Haryana
Haryana
in 2003[citation needed] Teacher's Lifetime Achievement Award in 2006.8th Teacher's Achievement Awards.[24] Google India
Google India
honoured Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
with a doodle on his 72nd birthday on 8 February 2013.[25]

Film scores[edit]

Film name Year Details

Bahuroopi 1966 "Laagi Ram bhajan ni lagani"[26]

Avishkaar 1974 "Babul Mora Naihar"

Griha Pravesh 1979

Ek Baar Kaho 1980 "Raakh Ke Dher Ne", "Phir Pukara Hai"

Prem Geet 1981 "Hontho se chhoo lo tum"

Arth 1982 "Jhuki Jhuki Si Nazar", "Koi Yeh Kaise Bataye", "Tere Khushboo Mein Base Khat", "Too Nahin To Zindagi Mein Aur Kya Reha Jayega", "Tum Itna Jo Muskura Rahe Ho"

Saath Saath 1982 "Pyar Mujh Se Jo Kiya Tumne", "Tum Ko Dekha To Yeh Khayal Aaya", "Yeh Bata De Mujhe Zindagi", "Yeh Bata De Mujhe Zindagi", "Yeh Tera Ghar Yeh Mera Ghar", "Yun Zindagi Ki Raah Mein"

Sitam 1982

Kalka 1983

Tum Laut Aao 1983

Zulf Ke Saye Saye 1983 "Nashili Raat Mein"

Ravan 1984 "Hum to Yun Apni Zindagi Se Mile", "Main Gar Mein Chunariya"

Bhavna 1984 "Mere Dil Mein Tu Hi Tu Hai"

Phir Aayee Barsat 1985 "Na Mohabbat Na Dosti Ke Liye"

Aashiana 1986 "Humsafar Ban Ke Hum"

Long Da Lishkara 1986 "Ishq Hai Loko", "Main Kandyali Thor Ve", "Sare Pindch Puare Paye"

Abhishek 1987 "Deewaron Pe Naqsh Banane Ka Hai Junoon", "Meri Ajab Hai Zindagi"

Rahi 1987

Mirza Ghalib 1988 TV serial directed by Gulzar

Aakhri Kahani 1989

Doosra Kanoon 1989 TV

Kaanoon Ki Awaaz 1989

Billoo Badshah 1989

Nargis 1992 "Dono Ke Dil Hai Majboor Pyar Se", "Main Kasie Kahoon Janeman"

Khalnayak 1993 "O Maa Tujhe Salaam"

Neem Ka Ped 1994 TV serial (Title song - Munh ki baat sune har koii)

Khudai 1994 "Din Aa Gaye Shabab Ke", "Ulfat Ka Jab Kisis Ne Liya Naam", "Ye Sheeshe Ye Rishte"

Mammo 1994 "Hazaar baar ruke ham, hazaar baar chale"

Hello Zindagi 1995 TV documentary (Title song - "Hai Lau Zindagi")

Dushman 1998 "Chhitti Na Koi Sandesh"

Bhopal Express 1999 "Is duniya mein rakha kya hai"

Sarfarosh 1999 "Hosh Walon Ko"

Heena 1999 TV serial

Pal Chhin 1999 TV serial (Title song - Koi atka hua hai pal shayad)

Tarkieb 2000 "Kiska Chehra ab mai dekhun"

Shaheed Udham Singh 2000

Deham 2001 "Yun To Guzar Raha Hai"

Tum Bin 2001 "Koi Fariyaad"

Leela 2002 "Dhuan Uttha Hai", "Jaag Ke Kati", "Jabse Kareeb Ho Ke Chale", "Tere Khayal Ki"

Vadh 2002 "Bahut Khoobsurat"

Dhoop 2003 "Benaam Sa Ye Dard", "Har Ek Ghar Mein Diya", "Teri Aankhon Se Hi"

Joggers' Park 2003 "Badi Nazuk Hai"

Pinjar 2003 "Haath choote"

Aapko Pehle Bhi Kahin Dekha Hai 2003 "Aisi Aankhen Nahin Dekhi"

Veer-Zaara 2004 "Tum paas aa rahe ho"

STOP 2004 "Dil Tarasta Hai"

Aap Ko Dekh Kar Dekhta Reh Gaya 2005

Umar 2006 "Khumari Chaddh Ke Utar Gayi"

Pyar Kare Dis: Feel the Power of Love 2007

Shahrukh Bola "Khoobsurat Hai Tu" 2010 "Bhool Jaana"

Gandhi to Hitler 2011 "Har or tabahi ka manzar"

Khap 2011 "Tumse Bichhad Kar"

Tum Bin
Tum Bin
2 2016 "Teri Fariyaad"

Discography[edit]

Arth (1982) Aaeena (2000) Aarogya Mantra (2008) Adaa (1992) Ae Mere Dil (1983) A Journey (2000) Akhand Ram Naam (2009) A Milestone (1980) Amritanjali (2009) An Evening With Jagjit & Chitra Singh
Chitra Singh
(Live) A Sound Affair (1985) Awaaz (2007) Baba Sheikh Farid (Shabads & Shlokas- 2006) Beyond Time (1987) Best of Jagjit & Chitra Singh
Chitra Singh
(2005) Bhajans (Lata-Jagjit −2004) Bhajan Uphar (2008) Biraha Da Sultan (1978) Chahat (2004) Chirag (Also known as Live in Trinidad – Islamic Devotional- 1993) Classics Forever (2000) Close to mMy Heart (2003) Come Alive in a Concert (1979) Cry For CRY (1995) Dard-E-Jigar (2011) Desires (1994) Different Strokes (2001) Dil- Jagjit, Asha & Lata (2002) Dil Kahin Hosh Kahin (1999) Do Dil Do Rahein (A Tribute To Mehdi Hasan- 2007) Echoes (1986) Ecstasies (1984) Emotions (1989) Encore Essential Chants of Shiva (2006) Eternity (1978) Face To Face (1994) Forever (2002) Forget Me Not (2002) Gayatri Mantra (2008) Ghalib
Ghalib
Live in Concert (2014) Ghazal
Ghazal
Greats Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
And Ghulam Ali' Ghazals from Films (1989) Golden Moments (1999) Govardhan Girdhari (2011) Guru Govind Singh (1998) Hare Krishna (Live) Hari Om Tatsat (2003) Harmony Hey Govind Hey Gopal (1991) Hey Ram (Ram Dhun) Hare Ram Hare Krishna (1999) Hope (1991) Kahkashan, Doordarshan
Doordarshan
TV Serial (1991–92) In Search (1992) In Sight (1994) In Sync- Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
& Asha Bhonsle Inteha (2009) Jaam Utha(1999) Jai Raghunandan Jai Siyaram (2002) Jai Siya Ram (2000) Jazbaat (2008) Jeevan Kya Hai (2005) Jeevan Maran Chhe Ek (Gujrati) Kabir (2007) Karuna (2007) Keertan (Gurbani- 2000) Khamoshi (2002) Khumar Khwahish (2002) Krishna (1983) Krishna Bhajans (1998) Koi Baat Chale (2006) Krishna Bhajans And Music For Divine Meditation (2009) Krishna Dhun Live in Concert (1988)

Live in Concert at the Wembley (1980) Live in Pakistan (1979) Live in Royal Albert Hall (1983) Live in Sydney (2006) Life Story (Live- 2001) Live With Jagjit & Chitra Singh Live With Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
(1993) Love Love Is Blind (1998) Maa (1993) Madho Hum Aise Tu Aisa (2003) Madhusudana- Shree Krishna Dhun (2011) Magic Moments Main Aur Meri Tanhai (1981) Man Jeetey Jagjit (1990) Man Mein Ram Basa Le Marasim (1999) Mara Ghatma Shrinathji (2007) Mehfil (1990) Melodious Pair Memorable Concert (Live) Memorable Ghazals of Jagjit and Chitra (1990) Mirage (1995) Mirza Ghalib
Ghalib
(T.V. Serial- 1988) Mitr Pyaare Nu (2005) Moksha (2005) Morning Prayers And Music For Divine Meditation (2009) Muntzir (2004) Nayi Disha (1999) Nivedan (2011) Om- The Divine Mantra (2007) Parwaaz (live at the Esplanade, Singapore- 2004) Passions (1987) Phaldata Ganesh: God Who Fulfills Wishes (2006) Playback Years Pray For India Punjabi Hits- Jagjit & Chitra Singh Radhey Krishna Radhey Shyam (2000) Radhey Krishna Dhun Rare Gems (1992) Rare Moments Ravayat Rishton Mein Darar Aayi Romance Royal Salute Saanwara (2003) Saher (2000) Sai Dhun (2005) Sajda (1991) Samvedna (2002) Samyog (Nepali) Shabads Live in the UK (2014) Shiva (Dhuns and Bhajans- 2005) Shri Ganesha (2010) Shukrana (2011) Silsilay (1998) Solid Gold (2001) Someone Somewhere (1990) Soz (2001) Stolen Moments Tera Bayaan Ghalib
Ghalib
(2012) The Inimitable Ghazals Composed by Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
(1996) The Latest (1982) The Life And Times of Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
(2011) The Master and His Magic (2012) The Unforgettables (1977) The Voice From Beyond (2013) Together Trishna (Bengali-2001) Tum Toh Nahin Ho (2005) Unique (1996) Vakratunda Mahakaya (2006) Visions (1992) Your Choice (1993)

See also[edit]

Ghulam Ali Mehdi Hassan Aziz Mian

References[edit]

^ "PM Manmohan Singh releases Stamp to Honor Jagjit Singh". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 8 February 2014.  ^ " Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
Passes Away". Ikonz Mag. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ Mathur, Asharani; Mathur, edited by AshaRani (2002). Beyond time : the ageless music of Jagjit Singh. New Delhi: Habitat Arts. ISBN 978-8190156301.  ^ a b c d e Sawhney, Anubha (10 November 2002). "Unforgettable moments with Jagjit Singh". Times of India. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j Nazir, Asjad (25 October 2011). "Jagjit Singh obituary". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ a b c d e Hunt, Ken (13 October 2011). "Jagjit Singh: Singer hailed as the maestro of Indian ghazal". The Independent. London. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ a b c "Indian singer Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
dies". BBC. 10 October 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ a b "Jagjit Singh". The Telegraph. 11 October 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ "Tributes to Jagjit Singh". Asian Image. 10 October 2011. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ Vyas, Neena (11 May 2007). "Small streams of protest swelled into national movement to regain freedom, says Kalam". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 January 2012.  ^ " Ghazal
Ghazal
king Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
dies in Mumbai
Mumbai
hospital". NDTV. 10 October 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ "Jagjit Singh, famous Indian singer, dies at age 70". The Guardian. 23 January 2008. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ Shariq Majeed (21 February 2012). "An emotional tribute to ghazal maestro Jagjit Singh". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ Badola, Shreya (10 February 2012). "' Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
was one in a million'". DNA. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ "Shaan's tribute to late Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
on his birth anniversary". Mid Day. 8 February 2012. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ Pal, Divya (11 February 2012). "A musical tribute to Jagjit Singh". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ "A musical tribute to Jagjit Singh". Mid Day. Mumbai. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ "Jagjit Singh's name used for minting money". Zee News. 5 February 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012.  ^ "Jagjit Singh... beyond time". The HIndu. 11 November 2002. Retrieved 8 February 2013.  ^ "Jagjit Singh... Kaagaz Ki Kashti". The Hindu. 15 July 2017. Retrieved 8 March 2017.  ^ "Govt names seven for Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Ratna award". The Times of India. 31 March 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.  ^ a b "'Music is therapeutic'". The Hindu. 20 May 2002. Retrieved 8 February 2013.  ^ "Annual Dayawati Modi Award for Art / Culture / Education". Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2014.  ^ http://www.teachersachievementawards.com/pdf/taa_2006.pdf ^ Deoras, Neha Pandey (8 February 2013). "Google celebrates Jagjit Singh's birthday with a doodle". Retrieved 15 March 2018 – via Business Standard.  ^ "The Gujarati song that launched Jagjit Singh's career - Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dnaindia.com. 11 October 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2018. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jagjit Singh.

Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
on BBC Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
on IMDb

v t e

Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
award recipients (2000–09)

2000

V. K. Aatre Anil Agarwal Ram Narain Agarwal Sharan Rani Backliwal Swami Kalyandev Veerendra Heggade Pavaguda V. Indiresan Wahiduddin Khan B. B. Lal Raghunath Anant Mashelkar H. Y. Sharada Prasad Rajinikanth Begum Aizaz Rasul Radha Reddy Raja Reddy Pakkiriswamy Chandra Sekharan Karamshi Jethabhai Somaiya S. Srinivasan Ratan Tata Harbans Singh Wasir

2001

Dev Anand Viswanathan Anand Amitabh Bachchan Rahul Bajaj B. R. Barwale Balasaheb Bharde Boyi Bhimanna Swadesh Chatterjee Baldev Raj Chopra Ashok Desai K. M. George Bhupen Hazarika Lalgudi Jayaraman Yamini Krishnamurthy Shiv K. Kumar Raghunath Mohapatra Arun Netravali Mohan Singh Oberoi Rajendra K. Pachauri Abdul Karim Parekh Amrita Patel Pran Aroon Purie B. V. Raju Bhanumathi Ramakrishna Sundaram Ramakrishnan Chitranjan Singh Ranawat Palle Rama Rao Raj Reddy Kum Uma Sharma L. Subramaniam Naresh Trehan

2002

Gary Ackerman H. P. S. Ahluwalia Prabha Atre Sushantha Kumar Bhattacharyya Chandu Borde Eugene Chelyshev Pravinchandra Varjivan Gandhi Shobha Gurtu Henning Holck-Larsen Zakir Hussain B. K. S. Iyengar Faquir Chand Kohli V. C. Kulandaiswamy Gury Marchuk Jagat Singh Mehta Ismail Merchant Mario Miranda Frank Pallone Ramanujam Varatharaja Perumal Natesan Rangabashyam Maharaja Krishna Rasgotra Habib Tanvir Kottayan Katankot Venugopal Nirmal Verma K. J. Yesudas

2003

Teejan Bai Ammannur Madhava Chakyar Prabhu Chawla Herbert Fischer Jamshyd Godrej Coluthur Gopalan K. Parasaran B. Rajam Iyer Shri Krishna Joshi Madurai Narayanan Krishnan Rajinder Kumar Ramesh Kumar Purshotam Lal Sitakant Mahapatra Bagicha Singh Minhas Subhash Mukhopadhyay P. S. Narayanaswamy Arcot Ramachandran Trichur V. Ramachandran Kantilal Hastimal Sancheti T. V. Sankaranarayanan Naseeruddin Shah T. V. R. Shenoy Jagjit Singh Ram Badan Singh Hari Shankar Singhania Umayalpuram K. Sivaraman Narayanan Srinivasan Padma Subrahmanyam Swapna Sundari O. V. Vijayan Herbert Alexandrovich Yefremov

2004

Thoppil Varghese Antony Soumitra Chatterjee Chandrashekhar Shankar Dharmadhikari Gulzar Sardara Singh Johl M. V. Kamath Komal Kothari Yoshirō Mori Gopi Chand Narang Govindarajan Padmanaban Poornima Arvind Pakvasa Vishnu Prabhakar N. Rajam C. H. Hanumantha Rao Thiruvengadam Lakshman Sankar T. N. Seshagopalan Bijoy Nandan Shahi Krishna Srinivas Alarmel Valli

2005

Sardar Anjum Andre Beteille Chandi Prasad Bhatt Tumkur Ramaiya Satish Chandran Mrinal Datta Chaudhuri Yash Chopra Manna Dey Irfan Habib Yusuf Hamied Qurratulain Hyder Tarlochan Singh Kler Anil Kohli Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw Mrinal Miri Hari Mohan Brijmohan Lall Munjal M. T. Vasudevan Nair Azim Premji Balraj Puri Syed Mir Qasim A. Ramachandran G. V. Iyer Ramakrishna V. S. Ramamurthy K.I.Varaprasad Reddy K. Srinath Reddy Girish Chandra Saxena Narasimhiah Seshagiri Mark Tully

2006

Jaiveer Agarwal P. S. Appu Shashi Bhushan Ganga Prasad Birla Grigory Bongard-Levin Lokesh Chandra Chiranjeevi Dinesh Nandini Dalmia Tarun Das Madhav Gadgil A. K. Hangal Devaki Jain Kamleshwar Abdul Halim Jaffer Khan Sabri Khan Ghulam Mustafa Khan Shanno Khurana Gunter Kruger P. Leela K. P. P. Nambiar Nandan Nilekani Sai Paranjpye Deepak Parekh M. V. Pylee Subramaniam Ramadorai N. S. Ramaswamy Pavani Parameswara Rao Ramakanta Rath V. Shanta Hira Lall Sibal Billy Arjan Singh Jasjit Singh Vijaypat Singhania K. G. Subramanyan K. K. Talwar Vijay Shankar Vyas Dušan Zbavitel

2007

Javed Akhtar Gabriel Chiramel Ela Gandhi Saroj Ghose V. Mohini Giri Somnath Hore Jamshed Jiji Irani Gurcharan Singh Kalkat N. Mahalingam Prithipal Singh Maini Tyeb Mehta Rajan and Sajan Mishra Rajan and Sajan Mishra Sunil Mittal Ramankutty Nair Gopaldas Neeraj Indra Nooyi Kavalam Narayana Panicker Bhikhu Parekh Syed Mohammad Sharfuddin Quadri Vilayanur S. Ramachandran Tapan Raychaudhuri S. H. Raza Jeffrey Sachs Chandra Prasad Saikia L. Z. Sailo Shiv Kumar Sarin Shriram Sharma Manju Sharma T. N. Srinivasan Osamu Suzuki K. T. Thomas

2008

Mian Bashir Ahmed Kaushik Basu Shayama Chona Jagjit Singh
Jagjit Singh
Chopra Rahim Fahimuddin Dagar Chandrashekhar Dasgupta Asis Datta Meghnad Desai Padma Desai Sukh Dev Nirmal Kumar Ganguly B. N. Goswamy Vasant Gowarikar Baba Kalyani K. V. Kamath Inderjit Kaur Ravindra Kelekar Asad Ali Khan Dominique Lapierre D. R. Mehta Shiv Nadar Suresh Kumar Neotia T. K. Oommen K. Padmanabhaiah Vikram Pandit V. Ramachandran Sushil Kumar Saxena Amarnath Sehgal Jasdev Singh Sri Lal Sukla P. Susheela S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan Yuli Vorontsov Sunita Williams Ji Xianlin

2009

Isher Judge Ahluwalia Inderjit Kaur Barthakur Shamshad Begum Abhinav Bindra Shanta Dhananjayan V. P. Dhananjayan Ramachandra Guha Shekhar Gupta Khalid Hameed Minoru Hara Jayakanthan Thomas Kailath Sarvagya Singh Katiyar G. Krishna R. C. Mehta A. Sreedhara Menon S. K. Misra A. M. Naik Satish Nambiar Kunwar Narayan Nagnath Naikwadi Kirit Parikh Sam Pitroda C. K. Prahalad Gurdip Singh Randhawa Brijendra Kumar Rao Bhakta B. Rath C. S. Seshadri V. Ganapati Sthapati Devendra Triguna Sarojini Varadappan

# Posthumous conferral

1954–1959 1960–1969 1970–1979 1980–1989 1990–1999 2000–2009 2010–2019

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 110029082 LCCN: n92110461 ISNI: 0000 0001 0934 0667 BNF: cb12369993p (data) MusicBrainz: ff7d390f-03be-40e4

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