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Jacques Chaban-Delmas (French pronunciation: ​[ʒak ʃabɑ̃ dɛlmas]; 7 March 1915 – 10 November 2000) was a French Gaullist politician. He served as Prime Minister under Georges Pompidou
Georges Pompidou
from 1969 to 1972. He was the Mayor of Bordeaux
Bordeaux
from 1947 to 1995 and a deputy for the Gironde
Gironde
département.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Political career 3 Chaban-Delmas Cabinet 22 June 1969 – 6 July 1972 4 References 5 Further reading

Biography[edit] Jacques Chaban-Delmas was born Jacques Michel Pierre Delmas in Paris. He studied at the Lycée Lakanal
Lycée Lakanal
in Sceaux, before attending the École Libre des Sciences Politiques
École Libre des Sciences Politiques
("Sciences Po"). In the resistance underground, his final nom de guerre was Chaban; after World War II, he formally changed his name to Chaban-Delmas. As a general of brigade in the resistance, he took part in the Parisian insurrection of August 1944, with general de Gaulle. He was the youngest French general since François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, during the First French Empire. A member of the Radical Party, he finally joined the Gaullist Rally of the French People (RPF), which opposed the Fourth Republic's governments. In 1947, he became mayor of Bordeaux, which was for 48 years his electoral fief. As a member of the National Assembly, he sat with the RPF. In 1953, when the RPF group split (and Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
supposedly retired), Chaban-Delmas became head of the Union of Republicans for Social Action and president of the National Centre of Social Republicans party. He "tied up" with centre-left parties and joined Pierre Mendès-France's cabinet one year later as Minister of Public Works. He took part in the centre-left coalition Republican Front, which won the 1956 legislative election. He was France's Defence Minister in 1957–1958. His governmental participation during the Fourth Republic inspired the distrust of de Gaulle and some Gaullists. Following Gen. de Gaulle's return to power in 1958, Chaban-Delmas agreed to the advent of the French Fifth Republic
French Fifth Republic
and the new Constitution. He took part in the foundation of the Union for the New Republic (UNR) and was elected, against de Gaulle's will, chairman of the National Assembly. He kept this function until the end of de Gaulle's presidency in 1969. Unlike some Gaullists, for instance, Jacques Soustelle, he supported de Gaulle's policy to end the Algerian War of Independence. During the 1959 UNR Congress, he was the first politician to evoke a "reserved presidential domain," composed chiefly of defence and diplomacy. This interpretation of the Constitution of 1958 has survived. In 1969, when Georges Pompidou
Georges Pompidou
acceded to the presidency, he chose Chaban-Delmas, who had concluded that the May 68
May 68
crisis was the consequence of a strained and conflicted society, as prime minister. Chaban-Delmas tried to promote what he called "a new society", based on dialogue between the different social forces in French society. Amongst other reforms, government authority over the mass media was relaxed, while legislation was passed on social welfare coverage for the poor and elderly which consolidated France's profile as a welfare state. In addition, regular increases were made to the minimum wage which prevented greater wage disparities. A new legal aid scheme was introduced, along with a number of new social welfare benefits. As a result of his social policies, Chaban-Delmas was viewed as too "progressive" by the "conservative" wing of the Gaullist movement. He was suspected of wanting to "tie up" again with the centre-left. Indeed, his advisers who inspired the "new society" programme were considered as close to the centre-left (Simon Nora and Jacques Delors who would serve as Finance Minister under François Mitterrand). Besides, a latent conflict opposed Chaban-Delmas to President Pompidou and the presidential circle. They accused him of trying to weaken the presidency in favour of himself. The satirical paper Le Canard Enchaîné accused him of breaking the law through tax evasion and in 1972, Chaban-Delmas canvassed for a vote of confidence in the Assembly. He did obtain this, but the President still managed to force his resignation. Two years later, following the death in office of President Pompidou, Chaban-Delmas ran for the presidency himself. He was supported by the "lords of gaullism", but 43 personalities close to the late president, led by Jacques Chirac, published the Call of the 43 in favour of the candidacy of Valéry Giscard d'Estaing. Chaban-Delmas was defeated on the first ballot of the 1974 presidential election, winning only 15.10% of the vote. Chirac became President Giscard d'Estaing's prime minister. Chaban-Delmas stood in the Gaullist Party (RPR) and, in spite of Chirac's leadership, returned to the chair of the National Assembly (1978–1981). Due to his friendship with President Mitterrand, his name was mentioned as a possible prime minister during the first "cohabitation" (1986–1988), but he instead became president of the National Assembly for the third time and Chirac again became premier. Chaban-Delmas retired in 1995, towards the end of his eighth term as Mayor of Bordeaux. Political career[edit] Governmental functions Prime minister: 1969–1972 Minister of Public Works, Transport, and Tourism: June–August 1954 / 1954–1955 Minister of Housing and Reconstruction: September–November 1954 Minister of State: 1956–1957 Minister of Defence and Armed Forces: 1957–1958 Electoral mandates National Assembly of France President of the National Assembly: 1958–1969 / 1978–1981 / 1986–1988 Member of the National Assembly for the Gironde
Gironde
2nd : 1946–1969 (Became Prime minister in 1969) / 1972–1997. Elected in June 1946, reelected in November 1946, 1951, 1956, 1958, 1962, 1967, 1968, 1973, 1978, 1981, 1988, 1993. Regional Council President of the Regional Council of Aquitaine : 1974–1979 / 1985–1988 (Resignation). Elected in 1986. Regional councillor of Aquitaine : 1974–1979 / 1985–1988 (Resignation). Elected in 1986. Municipal Council Mayor of Bordeaux : 1947–1995. Reelected in 1953, 1959, 1965, 1971, 1977, 1983, 1989. Municipal councillor of Bordeaux : 1947–1995. Reelected in 1953, 1959, 1965, 1971, 1977, 1983, 1989. Urban Community Council President of the Urban Community of Bordeaux : 1967–1983 / 1983–1995. Reelected in 1971, 1983, 1989. Vice-president of the Urban Community of Bordeaux : 1977–1983. Chaban-Delmas Cabinet 22 June 1969 – 6 July 1972[edit]

Minister of Foreign Affairs – Maurice Schumann ... National Defence – Michel Debré ... the Interior – Raymond Marcellin ... Economy and Finance – Valéry Giscard d'Estaing ... Industrial and Scientific Development – François-Xavier Ortoli ... Labour, Employment, and Population – Joseph Fontanet ... Justice – René Pleven ... National Education – Olivier Guichard ... Veterans and War Victims – Henri Duvillard ... Cultural Affairs – Edmond Michelet ... Agriculture – Jacques Duhamel ... Housing and Equipment – Albin Chalandon ... Transport – Raymond Mondon ... Relations with Parliament – Roger Frey ... Public Health and Social Security – Robert Boulin ... Posts and Telecommunications – Robert Galley

Changes

19 October 1970 – André Bettencourt
André Bettencourt
succeeds Michelet (d. 9 October 1970) as interim Minister of Cultural Affairs 7 January 1971 – Jacques Duhamel succeeds Bettencourt as Minister of Cultural Affairs. Michel Cointat succeeds Duhamel as Minister of Agriculture. Jean Chamant
Jean Chamant
succeeds Mondon (d. 31 December 1970) as Minister of Transport. Roger Frey becomes Minister of Administrative Reforms and is not replaced as Minister of Relations with Parliament. 25 February 1971 – Pierre Messmer
Pierre Messmer
enters the ministry as Minister of Overseas Departments and Territories.

References[edit]

Social category, France, Commanding Heights, PBS
PBS
official website https://books.google.com/books?id=pR-39z5htJUC&pg=PA206&dq=January+1972+legal+aid+France&hl=en&sa=X&ei=c2RRU7WrBoSROJ--gbgG&ved=0CEQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=January%201972%20legal%20aid%20France&f=false https://books.google.com/books?id=Wiou0oqWzh8C&pg=PA171&dq=January+3+1972+two+new+allowances+France&hl=en&sa=X&ei=FGRRU5bmOMaHOJH8gZgO&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=January%203%201972%20two%20new%20allowances%20France&f=false

Further reading[edit]

Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre, Is Paris
Paris
Burning?, New York: Pocket Books, 1965.

Political offices

Preceded by Jacques Chastellain Minister of Public Works, Transport and Tourism 1954 Succeeded by Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury

Preceded by Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury Minister of Public Works, Transport and Tourism 1954–1955 Succeeded by Édouard Corniglion-Molinier

Preceded by Eugène Claudius-Petit Minister of Reconstruction and Housing 1954 Succeeded by Maurice Lemaire

Preceded by — Minister of State 1956–1957 Succeeded by —

Preceded by André Morice Minister of National Defence and the Armed Forces 1957–1958 Succeeded by Pierre de Chevigné

Preceded by André Le Troquer President of the National Assembly 1958–1969 Succeeded by Achille Peretti

Preceded by Maurice Couve de Murville Prime Minister of France 1969–1972 Succeeded by Pierre Messmer

Preceded by Edgar Faure President of the National Assembly 1978–1981 Succeeded by Louis Mermaz

Preceded by Louis Mermaz President of the National Assembly 1986–1988 Succeeded by Laurent Fabius

v t e

Presidents of the National Assembly of France

Chamber of Deputies of the Departments, 1815-1830

Joseph, Vicomte Lainé Étienne, Duc Pasquier Pierre, Comte de Serre Ravez Royer-Collard

Chamber of Deputies, 1830-1848

Perier Laffitte Perier Louis, baron Girod de l'Ain Dupin Passy Sauzet

National Constituent Assembly, 1848-1849

Buchez Sénard Alexandre Marie Marrast

National Legislative Assembly, 1849–1852

Dupin

Legislative Corps, 1852–1870

Billault Charles, duc de Morny Alexandre, comte Walewski Schneider

Chamber of Deputies (Third Republic), 1871–1940

Grévy Buffet Audiffret-Pasquier Grévy (provisional to 13 March 1876) Gambetta Brisson Floquet Méline Floquet Casimir-Perier Dupuy Casimir-Perier Burdeau Brisson Deschanel Bourgeois Brisson Doumer Brisson Deschanel Péret Painlevé Herriot Péret Bouisson Herriot

Consultative Assembly (Free French), 1943–1945

Gouin

Constituent National Assembly, 1945-1946

Gouin Auriol

Fourth Republic, 1946–1958

Auriol Herriot Le Troquer Schneiter Le Troquer

Fifth Republic

Chaban-Delmas Peretti Faure Chaban-Delmas Mermaz Chaban-Delmas Fabius Emmanuelli Séguin Fabius Forni Debré Ollier Accoyer Bartolone de Rugy

v t e

Heads of government of France

Restoration

Talleyrand Richelieu Dessolles Decazes Richelieu Villèle Martignac Polignac

July Monarchy

V. de Broglie Laffitte Perier Soult Gérard Maret Mortier V. de Broglie Thiers Molé Soult Thiers Soult Guizot Molé

Second Republic

Dupont de l'Eure Arago Cavaignac Barrot Hautpoul Faucher

Second Empire

Ollivier Cousin-Montauban

Government of National Defense

Trochu

Third Republic

Dufaure A. de Broglie Cissey Buffet Dufaure Simon A. de Broglie Rochebouët Dufaure Waddington Freycinet Ferry Gambetta Freycinet Duclerc Fallières Ferry Brisson Freycinet Goblet Rouvier Floquet Tirard Freycinet Loubet Ribot Dupuy Casimir-Perier Dupuy Ribot Bourgeois Méline Brisson Dupuy Waldeck-Rousseau Combes Rouvier Sarrien Clemenceau Briand Monis Caillaux Poincaré Briand Barthou Doumergue Ribot Viviani Briand Ribot Painlevé Clemenceau Millerand Leygues Briand Poincaré François-Marsal Herriot Painlevé Briand Herriot Poincaré Briand Tardieu Chautemps Tardieu Steeg Laval Tardieu Herriot Paul-Boncour Daladier Sarraut Chautemps Daladier Doumergue Flandin Bouisson Laval Sarraut Blum Chautemps Blum Daladier Reynaud Pétain

Vichy France

Pétain Laval Flandin Darlan Laval

Provisional Government

De Gaulle Gouin Bidault Blum

Fourth Republic

Ramadier Schuman Marie Schuman Queuille Bidault Queuille Pleven Queuille Pleven Faure Pinay Mayer Laniel Mendès France Faure Mollet Bourgès-Maunoury Gaillard Pflimlin De Gaulle

Fifth Republic

De Gaulle Debré Pompidou Couve de Murville Chaban-Delmas Messmer Chirac Barre Mauroy Fabius Chirac Rocard Cresson Bérégovoy Balladur Juppé Jospin Raffarin Villepin Fillon Ayrault Valls Cazeneuve Philippe

v t e

Candidates in the French presidential election, 1974

Winner

Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
(RI)

Lost in runoff

François Mitterrand
François Mitterrand
(PS)

Other candidates

Jacques Chaban-Delmas (UDR) Jean Royer
Jean Royer
(independent UDR) Arlette Laguiller
Arlette Laguiller
(LO) René Dumont (environmentalist) Jean-Marie Le Pen
Jean-Marie Le Pen
(FN) Émile Muller (MSD) Alain Krivine
Alain Krivine
(LCR) Bertrand Renouvin (NAR) Jean-Claude Sebag
Jean-Claude Sebag
(MFE) Guy Héraud (European federalist)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 39374843 LCCN: n50038273 ISNI: 0000 0003 6864 0517 GND: 119075083 SELIBR: 181787 SUDOC: 026775123 BNF: cb11895804b (data) BNE: XX956753 SN

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