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Jacob "Little Augie" Orgen (January 1893 – October 16, 1927) was a New York gangster involved in bootlegging and labor racketeering during
Prohibition Prohibition is the act or practice of forbidding something by law; more particularly the term refers to the banning of the manufacture, storage (whether in barrel A barrel or cask is a hollow cylindrical container with a bulging center, lo ...
.


Biography

Born to a middle-class Orthodox Jewish family from Austria as Jacob Orgenstein, Orgen became a well-known labor slugger for Benjamin "Dopey Benny" Fein by the early 1910s. Being ambitious, he had formed his own gang, "The Little Augies", c. 1911. He operated his labor rackets diligently for the next five or six years until his former boss, Dopey Benny, had faded from prominence. His rising star was soon put on hold, however, when Nathan Kaplan, "Kid Dropper" Nathan Kaplan and Johnny Spanish were both released from Sing Sing in 1917. While they worked together at first, they soon resumed their old rivalry and each formed his own separate gang. Orgen was even further hindered in his rise in 1919 when he was jailed on a robbery charge. Kid Dropper eventually eliminated Spanish that same year and reigned supreme while Orgen was in jail. While Orgen was in prison, his gang barely held together and fought, often unsuccessfully, against Kaplan's gang while waiting patiently for their leader to return to the streets. Orgen was released and on the streets again in 1923. Quickly becoming a formidable rival again to Kaplan, Orgen gradually built up a powerful organization which included members such as gunmen Louis Buchalter, Louis "Lepke" Buchalter, Jacob Shapiro, Jacob "Gurrah" Shapiro, and Legs Diamond, Jack "Legs" Diamond. Orgen, allied with Solomon Schapiro, challenged Kaplan over Labor Slugger Wars, labor slugging activities, particularly in the Garment District, New York City, garment district. In 1923, a gang war broke out after a dispute over striking "wet wash" laundry workers. After several months of fighting, including a particularly violent gunfight on Essex Street resulting in the deaths of two bystanders, Kaplan was murdered by gunman Louis Kushner, a man attached to Orgen's organization, on August 28, 1923. With Kaplan's death, Orgen gained complete control over labor racketeering. By 1925 Orgen, in partnership with Legs Diamond, had started to move into bootlegging, supplying Broadway (Manhattan), Broadway nightclubs and speakeasy, speakeasies. He also kept up his original core occupation of labor slugging. City officials soon began investigating union racketeering in New York, which threatened to expose other criminal operations. In 1927, through intermediary Louis Buchalter (although some sources claim Meyer Lansky), Orgen was advised by Arnold Rothstein, Arnold "The Brain" Rothstein to concentrate on infiltrating labor unions instead of traditional labor slugging and strong-arm tactics.


Personal life

In 1926 Orgen became a father when his wife gave birth to a girl who the couple named Zelda. With his increasing wealth, Orgen moved his family out of the Lower East Side to the more affluent Upper West Side. Though the labor rackets were originally his main source of income, by the mid 1920s Orgen was expanding his horizons into bootlegging and other rackets.


Death

On October 16, 1927, while walking on Norfolk Street in a Manhattan neighborhood on the Lower East Side, Orgen was killed by Buchalter and Shapiro in a drive-by shooting. Orgen's bodyguard Jack Diamond was also seriously wounded during the attack. Although 34 years old at the time of his murder, Orgen's tombstone in Mount Judah Cemetery reads simply "Jacob Orgen, Age 26 Years" because his father had disowned him after he formed the "Little Augies" in 1919 at the age of 26.Robert A. Rockaway: ''But He Was Good to His Mother: The Lives and Crimes of Jewish Gangsters'', Gefen Publishing House, 1993,


References


Further reading

* Fried, Albert. ''The Rise and Fall of the Jewish Gangster in America''. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1980. * O'Kane, James M. ''The Crooked Ladder: Gangsters, Ethnicity and the American Dream''. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 1994. * Pietrusza, David. ''Rothstein: The Life, Times, and Murder of the Criminal Genius Who Fixed the 1919 World Series''. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2003. * Downey, Patrick. ''Gangster City: The History of the New York Underworld 1900-1935''. New Jersey: Barricade Books 2004. * Oz Almog, Almog, Oz,
Kosher Nostra
' Jüdische Gangster in Amerika, 1890–1980 ; Jüdischen Museum der Stadt Wien ; 2003, Text Oz Almog, Erich Metz, * Herbert Asbury, Asbury, Herbert. ''The Gangs of New York''. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1928. * Kelly, Robert J. ''Encyclopedia of Organized Crime in the United States''. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2000. * Sifakis, Carl. ''The Mafia Encyclopedia''. New York: Da Capo Press, 2005. * Sifakis, Carl. ''The Encyclopedia of American Crime''. New York: Facts on File Inc., 2001.


External links

*
Little Augie mugshot
Gangster City {{DEFAULTSORT:Orgen, Jacob 1893 births 1927 deaths Deaths by firearm in Manhattan Gang members of New York City Jewish-American gangsters Murdered Jewish-American gangsters People murdered by Murder, Inc. People murdered in New York City Prohibition-era gangsters