is a valley between the Teton Mountain Range and the Gros
Ventre Range in
sitting near the border of Idaho. The term
"hole" was used by early trappers or mountain men, who primarily
entered the valley from the north and east and had to descend along
relatively steep slopes, giving the sensation of entering a hole.
These low-lying valleys surrounded by mountains and containing rivers
and streams are good habitat for beaver and other fur-bearing animals.
5 See also
The town of Jackson was named in late 1893 by Margaret Simpson, who at
the time was receiving mail at her home as there was no post office.
She named the town in order for easterners to be able to forward mail
west. Jackson, which became incorporated in 1914, was named after
David Edward "Davey" Jackson who trapped beaver in the area in the
late 1820s while a partner in the firm of Smith, Jackson &
Sublette. Davy Jackson was one of the first white men to spend an
entire winter in the Valley of the Teton Mountains.
Though used by Native Americans for hunting and ceremonial purposes,
the valley was not known to harbor year-round human settlement prior
to the 1870s. Descriptions of the valley and its features were
recorded in the journals of John Colter, who had been a member of the
Lewis and Clark Expedition. After returning to the Rocky Mountains,
Colter entered the region in 1807 in the vicinity of
Togwotee Pass and
became the first white American to see the valley. His reports of the
Teton Range and the Yellowstone region to the north were
viewed by people of the day with skepticism.
The first people to settle the region were Native Americans, then fur
trappers, and then homesteaders. Because the soil is not ideal for
raising crops, the valley was used for cattle. Tourism quickly became
popular with the establishment of dude ranches.
The film Shane (1954) was filmed in Jackson Hole, WY.
Jackson Hole was rated in 2017 as the best campsite in
Wyoming in a
50-state survey conducted by Msn.com.
The only incorporated town in the valley is Jackson, also called
Jackson Hole, located at its southern end. Other communities in the
valley include Wilson, Teton Village, Moran Junction, Hoback, Moose
(Moose Wilson Road), and Kelly. West of Jackson,
Teton Pass crosses
the southern end of the Teton Range, providing access to Victor and
Driggs in eastern
Idaho and Alta, Wyoming, on the western side of the
Tetons. This area was known as
Pierre's Hole and hosted a major
Rendezvous in 1832.
Numerous elk use the valley as grazing range during the winter, and
sleigh rides are offered to tourists. The
Jackson Hole Mountain
Snow King and
Grand Targhee Resort
Grand Targhee Resort ski areas, and nearby Grand
Teton and Yellowstone national parks are major tourist attractions
throughout all seasons of the year.
The "Sleeping Indian" is a series of rock formations on Sheep Mountain
Gros Ventre Range
Gros Ventre Range on the east side of Jackson Hole
Elk in wild
The valley is formed by the
Teton Range on the western side and the
Gros Ventre Range
Gros Ventre Range on the eastern side.
Grand Teton National Park
occupies the north-western part of the valley encompassing much of the
Teton Range as well as Jackson Lake. The town of Jackson is at the
southern end. Between them lies, on U.S. Route 26, "Glacier View
Turnout" offering a view of
Teton Glacier on the north of Grand
Teton, and the National
Elk Refuge, home of the largest elk herd on
Snake River threads through the entire valley from its
headwater in Yellowstone in the north to the mouth of the Snake River
Canyon at the southern tip of the valley.
Blacktail Butte is a
prominent landform rising from the valley floor. The average elevation
of the valley is over 6,500 feet (2,000 m) above sea level.
High altitude and steep mountain slopes on all sides of the valley
often cause calm winter nights to be very cold, as radiational cooling
from snow-covered ground creates cold air near the surface, which then
slides down into the valley due to its higher density. In 1993, this
effect during an already severe cold snap plunged the morning low
temperature down to −56 °F (−49 °C) in the valley,
officially recorded by the National Weather Service. The state record
low temperature was also recorded in the valley at Moran at
−66 °F (−54 °C) in 1933. Summers are warm to mild, due
to the surrounding mountains.
Jackson Hole Airport
Jackson Hole Airport is the largest and busiest commercial airport in
Wyoming. Strict noise abatement regulations and the terminal
building's low profile allow for the airport to operate within federal
Grand Teton National Park. However, it becomes
difficult to fly in the winter months. Major airlines serve the valley
with jet service, some of which is seasonal (summer and winter).
Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City
Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City has hosted an annual economic
policy symposium at
Jackson Lake Lodge since 1982. They chose Jackson
Hole in 1982 because of its trout fishing, as they were trying to
attract Paul Volcker, who was Chairman of the Federal Reserve and a
Bannock War of 1895
^ Hays, Carl D. W. (1983). "David E. Jackson". In Leroy R. Hafen.
Trappers of the Far West: Sixteen Biographical Sketches. Lincoln:
University of Nebraska Press. pp. 80–81.
ISBN 0-8032-7218-9. originally published in Leroy R. Hafen,
ed. (1972). Mountain Men and Fur Traders of the Far West vol. IX.
Glendale: The Arthur H Clark Company.
^ Mattes, Merrill J. "
Grand Teton NP/Yellowstone NP: Colter's Hell and
Jackson's Hole (Chapter 6)". Colter's Hell and Jackson's Hole.
Yellowstone Library and Museum Association, and
Grand Teton Natural
HIstory Association, in cooperation with National Park Service.
Retrieved 22 May 2013.
^ Maddrey, Joseph (2016). The Quick, the Dead and the Revived: The
Many Lives of the Western Film. McFarland. Page 184.
^ "The best campsite in every state". Msn.com. Retrieved June 8,
Grand Teton National Park
Grand Teton National Park Photographer's Map & Guide. Earthwalk
Press. 2008. ISBN 978-0-915749-25-6.
^ Zeitlin, Matthew (31 August 2012). "Summer camp for bankers". The
Daily Beast. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
^ Wiseman, Paul (30 August 2012). "Why world markets focus on tiny
Jackson Hole, Wyo". USA Today. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
Daugherty, John. "A Place Called Jackson Hole".
Grand Teton Natural
History Association. Retrieved 2006-10-06.
"The Mystery of the Colter Stone".
Grand Teton National Park.
Coordinates: 43°31′N 110°50′W / 43.517°N 110.833°W /