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John Joseph "Jack" Haley Jr. (August 10, 1897 – June 6, 1979) was an American vaudevillian, stage, radio, and film actor, light comedian, singer and dancer best known for his portrayal of the Tin Man in the classic 1939 MGM film The Wizard of Oz.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 "The Tin Man" in The Wizard of Oz

3 Personal life

3.1 Death

4 Film 5 Short films 6 Broadway 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit] Haley was born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Canadian-born parents John Joseph Haley Sr. and Ellen Curley Haley. His father was a sailor by trade and died in a ship wreck off the coast of Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
on February 1, 1898, when Jack was only six months old.[4] He had one older brother, Bill, who died of pneumonia in 1915 at the age of 20 after contracting tuberculosis.[5] Career[edit]

Haley (far left) in a trailer for Alexander's Ragtime Band (1938)

Haley headlined in vaudeville as a song-and-dance comedian. One of his closest friends was Fred Allen, who would frequently mention "Mr. Jacob Haley of Newton Highlands, Massachusetts" on the air. In the early 1930s, Haley starred in comedy shorts for Vitaphone
Vitaphone
in Brooklyn, New York. His wide-eyed, good-natured expression gained him supporting roles in musical feature films, including Poor Little Rich Girl with Shirley Temple, Higher and Higher with Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
and the Irving Berlin musical Alexander's Ragtime Band. Both Poor Little Rich Girl and Alexander's Ragtime Band were released by Twentieth Century-Fox. Haley was under contract to them and appeared in the Fox films Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm and Pigskin Parade, marking his first appearance with Judy Garland.[citation needed] Haley hosted a radio show from 1937 to 1939 known to many as The Jack Haley Show. The first season (1937-1938), the show was sponsored by Log Cabin Syrup and was known as The Log Cabin Jamboree. The next season (1938-1939), the show was sponsored by Wonder Bread
Wonder Bread
and was known as The Wonder Show. During the second season the show featured Gale Gordon
Gale Gordon
and Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
as regular radio performers.[6] Haley returned to musical comedies in the 1940s. Most of his '40s work was for RKO Radio
Radio
Pictures. He left the studio in 1947 when he refused to appear in a remake of RKO's Seven Keys to Baldpate. Phillip Terry took the role. He subsequently went into real estate, taking guest roles in television series over the next couple of decades. "The Tin Man" in The Wizard of Oz[edit]

Margaret Hamilton, Ray Bolger
Ray Bolger
and Jack Haley
Jack Haley
reunited in 1970

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
hired Haley for the part of the Tin Man in The Wizard of Oz after its contracted song-and-dance comedian Buddy Ebsen suffered an almost fatal allergic reaction. He had unwittingly inhaled some of the aluminum dust that composed the majority of the components that went into the creation of his silver face makeup. Bits of it instantly began to settle on his lungs and within a few days of principal photographic testing, he found himself preparing to sit down to dinner one night only to encounter difficulties taking a regular breath of oxygen. The dust was subsequently converted into a paste for Haley in the hope that the previous catastrophe that befell Ebsen would not be repeated. This time around, however, a different incident occurred. The application of the aluminum paste to Haley's face resulted in an eye infection that led to his being off the set for four days of shooting. Appropriate surgical treatment was administered and any chance of serious or permanent eye damage averted.[7] Haley also portrayed the Tin Man's Kansas counterpart, Hickory, one of Aunt Em and Uncle Henry's farmhands. Haley did not remember the makeup or the costume fondly. Interviewed about the film years later by Tom Snyder, he related that many fans assumed making the film was a fun experience. Haley said, "Like hell it was. It was work!" For his role as the Tin Woodman, Haley spoke in the same soft tone he used when reading bedtime stories to his children. Oz was one of only two films Haley made for MGM. The other was Pick a Star, a 1937 Hal Roach
Hal Roach
production distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Personal life[edit]

Haley (second from left) on May 30, 1979, one week before his death

Haley was raised Roman Catholic.[8] He was a member of the Good Shepherd Parish and the Catholic Motion Picture Guild in Beverly Hills, California.[9] He married Florence McFadden (1902–1996), a native of Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania
on February 25, 1921, and they were married until his death. Flo Haley opened a successful beauty shop and had many film personalities among her clients. The couple had a son, Jack Haley Jr.
Jack Haley Jr.
(1933–2001), who became a successful film producer, and a daughter, Gloria (1923–2010).[10] In 1974, the younger Haley married entertainer Liza Minnelli, the daughter of his father's Oz co-star Judy Garland. The marriage ended in divorce in 1979. Jack Haley Jr.
Jack Haley Jr.
died on April 21, 2001. Gloria Haley-Parnassus died on May 1, 2010. His nephew Bob Dornan
Bob Dornan
served as a Republican congressman from California. Death[edit]

Jack and Florence Haley's grave at Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California. Their son, Jack Haley, Jr., is buried next to them.

Haley's last film appearance was in 1977's New York, New York—in the lavish "Happy Endings" musical number, he played a host who introduces a top Broadway star at an award ceremony, played by his then-daughter-in-law, Liza Minnelli. Two years later, Haley died of a heart attack on June 6, 1979, in Los Angeles, California.[11] Two months prior, on April 9, 1979, he appeared at the 51st Academy Awards ceremony with his Oz co-star Ray Bolger
Ray Bolger
to present the award for Best Costume Design. Bolger announced the nominees, Haley the winner. Before he could open the envelope, Bolger asked, "How come you get to read the winner?" Haley replied, "When your son produces the show, you can announce the winner". Jack Jr. was the show's producer that year. Haley remained active until a week before his death. He is buried in Holy Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California.[10] Haley's autobiography, Heart of the Tin Man, was published in 2000. Film[edit]

Year Title Role Director/Studio Notes

1927 Broadway Madness Radio
Radio
Announcer Burton L. King Excellent Pictures Film
Film
debut

1930 Follow Thru Jack Martin Lloyd Corrigan and Laurence Schwab Paramount Performer: Button Up Your Overcoat

1933 Mr. Broadway Jack Haley Johnnie Walker and Edgar G. Ulmer Broadway-Hollywood Productions

Sitting Pretty Pete Pendleton Harry Joe Brown Paramount Performer: You’re Such a Comfort to Me; I Wanna Meander with Miranda and Good Morning Glory

1934 Here Comes the Groom Mike Scanlon Edward Sedgwick Paramount

1935 Spring Tonic Sykes Clyde Bruckman Fox Film
Film
Corporation

Redheads on Parade Peter Mathews Norman Z. McLeod Fox Film
Film
Corporation

The Girl Friend Henry H. Henry Edward Buzzell Columbia Pictures Performer: What is This Power and Two Together

Coronado Chuck Hornbostel Norman Z. McLeod Paramount Performer: All's Well in Coronado by the Sea and Keep Your Fingers Crossed

1936 F-Man Johnny Dime Edward F. Cline Paramount

Poor Little Rich Girl Jimmy Dolan Irving Cummings 20th Century Fox Performer: You've got to Eat your Spinach Baby and Military Man

Mr. Cinderella Joe Jenkins/ Aloysius P. Merriweather Edward Sedgwick MGM

Pigskin Parade Winston ‘Slug’ Winters David Butler 20th Century Fox Performer: You Do the Darndest Things Baby and The Balboa

1937 Pick a Star Joe Jenkins Edward Sedgwick MGM Performer: Pick A Star and I've Got It Bad

She Had to Eat Danny Decker Malcolm St. Clair 20th Century Fox

Wake Up and Live Eddie Kane Sidney Lanfield 20th Century Fox

Danger – Love at Work Henry MacMorrow Otto Preminger 20th Century Fox Performer: Danger Love at Work Uncredited

Ali Baba Goes to Town Himself - Cameo David Butler 20th Century Fox Uncredited

1938 Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm Orville Smithers Allan Dwan 20th Century Fox Performer: Alone With You

Alexander’s Ragtime Band Davey Lane Henry King 20th Century Fox Performer: Oh! How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning; That International Rag and In My Harem (DVD extra only)

Hold That Co-ed Wilber Peters George Marshall 20th Century Fox

Thanks for Everything Henry Smith William A. Seiter 20th Century Fox

1939 The Wizard of Oz The Tin Man / Hickory Victor Fleming MGM (writer, uncredited) Performer: If I Only Had a Heart and The Merry Old Land of Oz

1941 Moon Over Miami Jack O’Hara Walter Lang 20th Century Fox Performer: Is That Good?

Navy Blues ‘Powerhouse’ Bolton Lloyd Bacon Warner Bros. Performer: When are we Going to Land Abroad

1942 Beyond the Blue Horizon Squidge Sullivan Alfred Santell Paramount

1944 Higher and Higher Mike O’Brien Tim Whelan RKO Pictures Performer: Today I'm a Debutante and The Music Stopped

Take It Big Jack North Frank McDonald Paramount Performer: Take It Big

One Body Too Many Albert Tuttle Frank McDonald Paramount

1945 Scared Stiff Larry Elliot Frank McDonald Paramount

George White's Scandals Jack Evans Felix E. Feist RKO Pictures

Sing Your Way Home Steve Kimball Anthony Mann RKO Pictures

1946 People Are Funny Pinky Wilson Sam White Paramount Performer: Hey Jose

Vacation in Reno Jack Caroll Leslie Goodwins RKO Pictures Last major film before retirement from motion pictures

1970 Norwood Mr. Reese Jack Haley, Jr. Paramount Directed by his son producer/director Jack Haley
Jack Haley
Jr.

1977 New York, New York Master of Ceremonies Martin Scorsese United Artists This film marked Jack Haley’s final screen appearance. Uncredited, (final film role)

Short films[edit]

Year Movie title Role Notes

1928 Haleyisms Jack Haley Also stars his wife Flo McFadden; Vitaphone
Vitaphone
production reel #2269

1930 The 20th Amendment Wallace Moore

Success Elmer Performer: "Just a Gigolo"; Vitaphone
Vitaphone
production reel #1257-1258

1932 The Imperfect Lover

Vitaphone
Vitaphone
production reel #1324-1325

Absent Minded Abner Abner Vitaphone
Vitaphone
production reel #1372-1373

Sherlock’s Home

Vitaphone
Vitaphone
production reel #1441-1442

Then Came the Yawn

1933 The Build Up

Vitaphone
Vitaphone
production reel #1444-1445

Wrongorilla Elmer Vitaphone
Vitaphone
production reel #1486-1484

Hollywood on Parade No. A-9 Himself

An Idle Roomer

Vitaphone
Vitaphone
production reel #1531-1532

Nothing but the Tooth Smilie Jones Performer: "Smiles"; Vitaphone
Vitaphone
production reel #1542-1543

Salt Water Daffy Elmer Wagonbottom

1939 Screen Snapshots Series 18, No. 9 Himself Documentary/News Reel

1946 Screen Snapshots: The Skolsky Party Himself Documentary/News Reel

Screen Snapshots: Famous Fathers and Sons Himself Documentary/News Reel

Broadway[edit]

Title Role Run Theater Notes

Round the Town Jack Haley May 21, 1924 - May 31, 1924 Century Promenade Theatre 15 performances

Gay Paree Jack Haley August 18, 1925 - January 30, 1926 Shubert Theatre 181 performances

Gay Paree Jack Haley November 9, 1926 - April 9, 1927 Winter Garden Theatre 192 performances

Follow Thru Jack Martin January 9, 1929 - December 21, 1929 Chanin’s 46th Theatre 401 performances Sang: Button Up Your Overcoat with Zelma O’Neal In 1930, he starred in Technicolor’s film version

Free For All Steve Potter Jr. September 8, 1931 - September 19, 1931 Manhattan Theatre 15 performances

Take a Chance Duke Stanley November 26, 1932 - July 1, 1933 Apollo Theatre 243 performances

Higher and Higher Zachary Ash April 4, 1940 - June 15, 1940 Shubert Theatre 84 performances

Higher and Higher Zachary Ash August 5, 1940 - August 24, 1940 Shubert Theatre 24 performances In 1943, he starred with Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
in film version

Show Time Jack Haley September 16, 1942 - April 3, 1943 Broadhurst Theatre 342 performances

Inside U.S.A. Jack Haley April 30, 1948 - February 19, 1949 New Century Theatre and Majestic Theatre 399 performances

References[edit]

^ "TH-266-12351-56802-28 (4537×3913)". FamilySearch.org. Retrieved December 31, 2017.  ^ "TH-1971-25965-26184-7 (3078×1533)". FamilySearch.org. Retrieved December 31, 2017.  ^ "Jack Haley". Social Security Death Index. FamilySearch.org. Retrieved June 16, 2011.  ^ http://phw01.newsbank.com/cache/arhb/fullsize/pl_008272014_1253_31760_626.pdf[permanent dead link] ^ Haley, Jack (March 1, 2001). "Heart of the Tin Man: The Collected Writings of Jack Haley". Seven Locks Pr. Retrieved December 31, 2017 – via Amazon.  ^ Reinehr, Robert; Swartz, Jon (2007). Historical Dictionary of Old Time Radio. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. p. 137. ISBN 9780810857803.  ^ "Wizard of Oz and Buddy Ebsen". Snopes.com. July 26, 1997. Retrieved December 31, 2017.  ^ "Sun Journal". www.news.google.com.  ^ "Our History - Church of the Good Shepherd". Church of the Good Shepherd. Retrieved December 31, 2017.  ^ a b "Jack Haley". www.NNDB.com. Retrieved December 31, 2017.  ^ Smith, J. Y. (June 7, 1979). " Jack Haley
Jack Haley
Dies, Was Tin Man in 'The Wizard of Oz'". Retrieved December 31, 2017 – via www.WashingtonPost.com. Jack Haley, 79, who played the shy and diffident Tin Woodman
Tin Woodman
in the film classic "The Wizard of Oz," died yesterday at the UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles after a heart attack. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jack Haley.

Jack Haley
Jack Haley
on IMDb Jack Haley
Jack Haley
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Jack Haley
Jack Haley
at Find a Grave

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 54337492 LCCN: n85376730 ISNI: 0000 0000 6310 3913 GND: 134608062 BNF: cb13943369g (data) BIBSYS: 5074814 MusicBrainz: ecfbf9bc-368b-4077-b716-2a997afc5087 BNE: XX4791

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