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Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
or Greater Jakarta
Jakarta
is an official and administrative definition of the urban area or megacity surrounding the Indonesia capital city, Jakarta. The original term "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1970s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" in 1999 when "De" (for "Depok") was inserted into the name following its formation. It finally included DKI Jakarta, five cities and three regencies.[3] The area comprises Jakarta
Jakarta
and parts of West Java
West Java
and Banten provinces, specifically the three regencies of those provinces which surround Jakarta
Jakarta
- Bekasi
Bekasi
and Bogor
Bogor
in West Java, and Tangerang
Tangerang
in Banten. Also included were the Kota (formerly Kotamadya) independent municipalities of Bogor, Depok, Bekasi, Tangerang
Tangerang
and South Tangerang. The name of the region is taken from the first two (or three) letters of each city's name: Jabo(de)tabek from Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang
Tangerang
and Bekasi. The population of Jabodetabek, with an area of 6,392 km2, was over 28.0 million according to the Indonesian Census 2010,[4] and by January 2014 was officially estimated to have increased to over 30.0 million[5] making it the most populous region in Indonesia, as well as the second most populous urban area in the world after Tokyo. The population share of Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
to national population was increased from 6.1% in 1961 to 11.26% in 2010.[6] The region is the center of government, culture, education, and economy of Indonesia. It has pulled many people from throughout of Indonesia
Indonesia
to come, live and work. Its economic power makes Jabodetabek the country's premier center for finance, manufacture and commerce. The region was established in 1976 through Presidential Instruction No. 13 in response to the needs to sustain the growing population of capital city. Indonesia's government established Jabotabek Cooperation Body (Badan Kerjasama Pembangunan) of the joint secretariat of Government of DKI Jakarta
Jakarta
and West Java
West Java
province.[7]

Contents

1 Greater Jakarta 2 Demographics 3 Economy 4 Transportation

4.1 Air 4.2 Rail 4.3 Bus

5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading

Greater Jakarta[edit] Main article: Greater Jakarta The generic term Greater Jakarta
Jakarta
refers to the urban region surrounding Jakarta, it is not specific to any official or administrative designations. On the contrary, dependent on context, it may refer to the built-up area around Jakarta. Demographics[edit] Among the inhabitants, approximately 10.135 million live in Jakarta
Jakarta
in January 2014; about 8.84 million in the five cities of Bogor, Depok, Bekasi, Tangerang
Tangerang
and South Tangerang; and about 11.115 million in the three regencies ( Bekasi
Bekasi
Regency, Tangerang
Tangerang
Regency and Bogor Regency).[8] The population is steadily increasing due to migration from other parts of Indonesia.[9] The proportion of core city (Jakarta) population to the total population of metropolitan area also declined significantly. In 2010, the population of Jakarta
Jakarta
is only 35.5% to the total population of Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
area, continuing the trend of decline from 54.6% in 1990 to 43.2% in 2000. However, there has been relative shifting of in migration destination from Jakarta city to other cities in Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
area. Today about 20% of Indonesia's urban population is concentrated in the Jabodetabek area.[2]

Administrative division

Province Area (km2)

Population (2010 census)

Population (2015 estimate)

Density/km2 (2015)

Bekasi
Bekasi
City West Java 210 2,378,211 2,714,825 12,928

Bekasi
Bekasi
Regency West Java 1,270 2,629,551 3,246,013 2,556

Bogor
Bogor
City West Java 109 952,406 1,047,922 9,614

Bogor
Bogor
Regency West Java 2,664 4,779,578 5,459,668 2,049

Depok
Depok
City West Java 200 1,751,696 2,106,102 10,530

Jakarta Jakarta 664 9,588,198 10,154,134 15,292

South Tangerang
South Tangerang
City Banten 151 1,303,569 1,543,209 10,220

Tangerang
Tangerang
City Banten 164 1,797,715 2,047,125 12,482

Tangerang
Tangerang
Regency Banten 960 2,838,621 3,370,594 3,511

Jabodetabek 6,392 28,019,545 31,689,592 4,957.7

Sources:

2010 decennial census [10] 2015 BPS Banten
Banten
[11] 2015 BPS West Java
West Java
[12]

Economy[edit]

Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
on left in blue and magenta; Greater Bandung on right, Jakarta
Jakarta
and 4 cities in blue, 3 suburban regencies in magenta, green diagonals mark sprawl areas outside Jabodetabek: Serang and Karawang Regencies

Nowadays, the role of Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
in the national economy is still dominant although the decentralization policy has been implemented since Reformasi in 1998. The region accounts for 25.52% of total national gross domestic product and 42.8% to the total GDP of Java Island in 2010.[6] Central Jakarta, South Jakarta
Jakarta
and Bekasi
Bekasi
have respectively accounts for 4.14%; 3.78% and 2.11% of total national GDP.[13] There are three dominant sectors which have high contribution to the total Jabodetabek's GDP comprising: industrial sector (28.36%), financial sector (20.66%) as well as trade, hotel and restaurant sectors (20.24%).[7] Based on the contribution of each sector to the total national GDP in 2010, Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
contributed 41.87% for finance sector, 33.1% for construction and building, as well as 30.86% for transportation.[6] Prime business and commercial centers is "Golden Triangle" in central Jakarta. There are country's premier financial center, SCBD, Mega Kuningan, Rasuna Epicentrum as well as along Jalan Jenderal Sudirman, Jalan M.H. Thamrin, Jalan Jenderal Gatot Subroto
Jalan Jenderal Gatot Subroto
and Jalan HR Rasuna Said.[14] Jakarta's Golden Triangle also known to expatriates and local populates as a lifestyle center of the metropolis. There are countless high end boutiques, fine restaurants, coffee shops and malls. Kelapa Gading
Kelapa Gading
is the newest business district, lifestyle center and residential areas, located in the north-eastern part of Jakarta city. It has several bars and entertainment places that open up until late night. The development of large scale residential areas and industrial parks in the Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
has been induced by infrastructure development, especially toll roads and railways. Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
has been built industrial estate in the outskirts, mainly in Cikarang, home to a dozen industrial estates with more than 2,500 industrial companies. Cikarang
Cikarang
industrial estate occupied a total land area of about 11,000 hectares[15] and became the largest concentration of manufacturing activities in Southeast Asia.[16] Many foreign companies are located in Cikarang
Cikarang
industrial estate, such as from Japan, Korea, China, United States
United States
and Singapore. Transportation[edit] See also: Jakarta
Jakarta
MRT, Jakarta
Jakarta
LRT, and Soekarno-Hatta Airport Rail Link

KA Commuter Jabodetabek
KA Commuter Jabodetabek
system map

The region is partly defined by the areas from which people commute into the city. All Municipality and Regencies has access of toll road and rail service. At present rapid transit in Greater Jakarta
Jakarta
consists of a BRT Trans Jakarta
Jakarta
and a commuter rail KRL Jabodetabek. Other transit systems, those are now being under construction are Jakarta MRT, Jakarta
Jakarta
LRT and Soekarno-Hatta Airport Rail Link, which are expected to be operational by 2018. Air[edit] Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
area has two major airports, Soekarno Hatta International Airport, commonly known as Cengkareng Airport (CGK) and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport (chiefly domestic). Pondok Cabe Airport in South Tangerang
South Tangerang
is used for civilian and military airport, owned by the state oil company Pertamina. Rail[edit] Jabotabek is served by commuter train known as KRL Commuter Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
with five lines:

Bogor
Bogor
- Jakarta
Jakarta
Kota line, the busiest commuter railroad in Jabotabek. It has six major terminals at Bogor
Bogor
Station (Bogor), Depok
Depok
Station (Depok), Depok
Depok
Baru Station (Depok), Manggarai Station
Manggarai Station
(South Jakarta) (Main Transfer Point), Gambir Station (Central Jakarta) and finally at Jakarta
Jakarta
Kota Station. Bogor
Bogor
- Jatinegara loop line. It has seven major terminal at Bogor Station (Bogor), Depok
Depok
Station (Depok), Depok
Depok
Baru Station (Depok), Manggarai Station, (South Jakarta) (Main Transfer Point), Tanah Abang Station (Central Jakarta), Duri Station
Duri Station
(West Jakarta), and finally at Jatinegara Station
Jatinegara Station
(East Jakarta). Bekasi
Bekasi
- Jakarta
Jakarta
Kota line, the second busiest commuter railroad in Jabotabek. It has four major terminals at Bekasi
Bekasi
station in Bekasi City, Jatinegara Station
Jatinegara Station
(East Jakarta), Manggarai Station
Manggarai Station
in South Jakarta
Jakarta
(Main Transfer Point), and finally at Jakarta
Jakarta
Kota Station. Nambo - Depok
Depok
line. It has two major terminal at Nambo Station (Bogor Regency) and Depok
Depok
Station (Depok). Rangkasbitung - Tanah Abang line. It has five major terminals at Rangkasbitung Station (Lebak Regency), Maja Station (Lebak Regency), Parung Panjang railway station ( Bogor
Bogor
Regency), Serpong railway station ( South Tangerang
South Tangerang
City), and finally at Tanah Abang Station (Central Jakarta). Tanjung Priok
Tanjung Priok
- Jakarta
Jakarta
Kota. It has two major terminal at Tanjung Priok Station (North Jakarta) and Jakarta
Jakarta
Kota Station (North Jakarta). Tangerang
Tangerang
- Duri line. It has two major terminals at Tangerang
Tangerang
railway station ( Tangerang
Tangerang
City) and Duri Station
Duri Station
(West Jakarta).

Visit KRL Commuter Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
website for lines and schedule information (in Indonesian) Until Jakarta
Jakarta
Mass Rapid Transit becomes operational (estimated 2018), Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
is one of the world's largest metropolitan areas without a grade-separated rapid transit system. Bus[edit]

Gambir railway station

The Trans Jakarta
Jakarta
bus rapid transit service (known as Busway) was developed throughout Jakarta
Jakarta
and has 12 corridors (active) and three corridors (planned). Besides, the system also connects to Bekasi, Depok
Depok
and Tangerang. There are three routes connecting Jakarta
Jakarta
with Bekasi
Bekasi
vice versa, namely Harapan Indah
Harapan Indah
- Pasar Baru, West Bekasi
Bekasi
- Bunderan HI, and East Bekasi
Bekasi
- Tanjung Priok. While for Depok, only one route : Margonda - Manggarai.[17] In addition to, the feeder buses of Transjakarta serves commuters from satellite cities, such as Bumi Serpong Damai and Bintaro Jaya (South Tangerang) as well as Kemang Pratama, Grand Galaxy City and Cibubur
Cibubur
(Bekasi). Jabodetabek
Jabodetabek
commuters also serviced by private bus, such as Mayasari Bakti, Kopaja and Metro Mini with numerous routes throughout the region. The region has many bus terminals, but only six major bus terminals have intercity services: Pulo Gadung, Kampung Rambutan, Lebak Bulus, Rawamangun, Kalideres, and Bekasi. See also[edit]

Greater Jakarta Gerbangkertosusila

References[edit]

^ see sum from tables ^ a b Christophe Z. Guilmoto, Gavin W. Jones (ed.); Contemporary Demographic Transformations in China, India
India
and Indonesia, Springer, 2016 ^ " Indonesia
Indonesia
government:Jabotabek". Indonesia.go.id. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ pt. kompas cyber media. "Tidak Gampang Dapat KTP DKI - KOMPAS.com". Megapolitan.kompas.com. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ Penduduk Kabupaten/Kota Umur Tunggal - Tahun 2014. ^ a b c Rustiadi et al., Pembangunan Kawasan Transmigrasi Dalam Perspektif Pengembangan Wilayah & Perdesaan, 2012 ^ a b R.B. Singh, Urban Development Challenges, Risks and Resilience in Asian Mega Cities, 2014 ^ "KOMUTER DKI JAKARTA TAHUN 2014" (PDF). BPS Jakarta. Retrieved 2017-11-06.  ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Hingga 2016, Tren Pertambahan Jumlah Penduduk Terus Terjadi di Jakarta
Jakarta
- Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com. Retrieved 2017-11-07.  ^ "Publikasi Provinsi dan Kabupaten Hasil Sementara SP2010". Bps.go.id. Archived from the original on 2010-10-13. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ http://banten.bps.go.id/linkTableDinamis/view/id/51 BPS Banten Penduduk Menurut Jenis Kelamin dan Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Banten, 2005-2015 ^ http://pusdalisbang.jabarprov.go.id/pusdalisbang/data-94-Kependudukan.html Satudata Jawa Barat Jumlah Penduduk Kabupaten/ Kota di Jawa Barat Tahun 2010 - 2015 ^ Jefriando, Maikel. "Ekonomi Jakarta
Jakarta
Digabung Bekasi, Bogor, dan Tangerang
Tangerang
Capai Rp 2.490 T".  ^ Joe Studwell, How Asia Works: Success and Failure in the World's Most Dynamic Region, 2013 ^ N. Phelps, F. Wu; International Perspectives on Suburbanization: A Post-Suburban World?, 2011 ^ "Indomovieland - 'Press Release Ground Breaking Indonesia
Indonesia
Movieland' October 2008".  ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/04/24/transjakarta-buses-to-serve-bekasi-depok-starting-monday.html Transjakarta buses to serve Bekasi, Depok
Depok
starting Monday

Further reading[edit]

Forbes, Dean. "Jakarta: Globalization, economic crisis, and social change," pp. 268–298, in Josef Gugler (ed.) World Cities beyond the West: Globalization, Development and Inequality.

v t e

World's twenty most populous metropolitan areas

   

1 Tokyo-Yokohama 2 Shanghai 3 Jakarta 4 Delhi 5 Seoul-Incheon

  6 Karachi   7 Guangzhou   8 Beijing   9 Shenzhen   7 Mexico
Mexico
City

11 São Paulo 12 Lagos 13 Mumbai 14 Cairo 15 New York

16 Osaka 17 Moscow 18 Wuhan 19 Chengdu 20 Dhaka

v t e

Jakarta
Jakarta
topics

Divisions

North Jakarta South Jakarta West Jakarta East Jakarta Central Jakarta Thousand Islands Regency

History

History Timeline Sunda Kelapa List of colonial buildings and structures in Jakarta Sunda Kingdom

Demographics

Languages Religion Ethnic groups

Geography

Climate Jakarta
Jakarta
Floods Greater Jakarta

Economics

Jakarta
Jakarta
Stock Exchange Bank Indonesia Economy of Jakarta

Politics

Governor Istana Negara Istana Merdeka DPR MPR DPD Transmigration program ASEAN Headquarters

Education

University of Indonesia Universitas Terbuka Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta
Jakarta
State Polytechnic Atma Jaya University International University Bina Nusantara University Tarumanagara University Universitas Kristen Indonesia YARSI University

Landmarks

National Monument National Museum of Indonesia Jakarta
Jakarta
History Museum Bung Karno Stadium Hotel Indonesia Istiqlal Mosque Jakarta
Jakarta
Cathedral Wayang Museum Taman Mini Indonesia
Indonesia
Indah

Coordinates: 6°10′30″S 106°49′43″E / 6.17500°S 106.82861°E / -6.17500; 106.82861

Authority control

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