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JJB Sports
Sports
plc (stylized as JJb sports) was a British sports retailer. On 24 September 2012, shares in JJB Sports
Sports
were suspended, and the firm called in administrators. On 1 October 2012, it was announced that Sports
Sports
Direct had purchased part of the business, including twenty stores, the brand, and its website for £28.3 million.[2][3]

Contents

1 Corporate history

1.1 2011: Major Restructuring Plan 1.2 Administration 1.3 Legal issues

2 Brands 3 Marketing 4 Price fixing 5 Fitness clubs 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Corporate history[edit] The original JJB sportshop was founded in the early 1900s. It was expanded and incorporated in 1971,[4][4][5] when ex-footballer and supermarket chain operator Dave Whelan[5] acquired a single sports shop in Wigan
Wigan
and immediately opened a second sports goods outlet in his Sutton, St Helens, supermarket. The original JJB sports store was established by John Jarvis Broughton in the early 1900s and later was purchased by John Joseph Bradburn. As these initials were all the same the business was known locally as JJB's. When Whelan bought the store from Bradburn, he kept the JJB name[5] During the early 1990s, the store portfolio grew to stores totalling 120 by 1994, at which point the company was floated on the London Stock Exchange. In July 1998, JJB bought its largest domestic competitor Sports
Sports
Division. The acquisition made JJB one of the largest sports retailers in the United Kingdom, focusing on sports clothing rather than sports equipment. It had got to a sales total of £372.97 million (US$636.60 million) in 1999.[4] In July 2002, it had also opened a new branch in Amsterdam.[6] In October 2002, Duncan Sharpe, chief executive of JJB Sports, committed suicide. Mr Sharpe had been with the company for nineteen years, and was the son in law of the chairman, Dave Whelan. By 2005, JJB had expanded to stores over 430 throughout the United Kingdom[6] and Ireland.[6] On 8 June 2007, Mr Whelan sold his residual 29% stake in the firm for £190 million to Icelandic financial group Exista and Chris Ronnie, a sports retailer who previously worked at Umbro
Umbro
and Sports
Sports
Direct.[6][6][7] On 19 October 2007, JJB bought a stake of 10.1% in Umbro, in an move to protect its stake in the market for shirts of England football.[8] This stake was sold in its entirety to Nike in March 2008. In December 2007, JJB announced that they had purchased the Original Shoe Company for £5 million. JJB considered converting some of the smaller JJB High Street stores into OSC stores, keeping OSC as a separate division of the JJB group which would share JJB's buying, financing and marketing functions. In September 2008, JJB released a less than impressive set of interim results,[9] which included a warning from the auditors raising doubts over JJB's future as a going concern. In October 2008, the value of JJB shares fell to less than 10% of the value, at the time of Dave Whelan's share sale to Chris Ronnie and Exista. This was partly in response to the interim financial report, and also as a result of Coface
Coface
removing credit insurance. This was from debts owed by JJB to their suppliers.[10] Three weeks later, a 34% share was purchased by Sports
Sports
Direct. On 10 February 2009, JJB put their Qube and Original Shoe Company subsidiaries into administration, after failing to find a buyer.[11] By the end of the week the Group secured a reprieve from its bankers to avoid putting the whole group into administration.[12] On 13 October 2009, JJB admitted that former executives were being investigated by both HM Revenue & Customs and the Serious Organised Crime Agency.[13] 2011: Major Restructuring Plan[edit] JJB was one of many companies that had undergone major restructuring and change due to the recession[14] and faced a £31.5 million debt, the closure of 95 stores and a possible hostile takeover by one of its top rivals, JD Sports, as of February 2011.[15] The firm attempted to raise £65 million in finances from its investors on 7 April 2011.[16] In February 2011, JJB revealed that as many as 95 of its stores faced closure within the next two years,[17] and had asked for emergency £31.5m funding on 11 December 2011,[18] Administration[edit] The combined fiscal value of JJB Sports' shares had totaled £500 million in 2010, but had unpredictably collapsed to only £1.2 million by September 2012.[6][6] On 24 September 2012, it was reported by the BBC that shares in JJB Sports
Sports
had been suspended, and that the firm was calling in the administrators. It was expected that many of the firms 180 stores would close, and most of the company's 4,000 employees would be made redundant.[19] It was reported that the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation was to lose millions of dollars from this outcome, following its investment in JJB Sports
Sports
in 2009.[20] On 1 October 2012, it was announced that rival retailer Sports
Sports
Direct had purchased the 'JJB' brand name, website and twenty stores, saving around 550 jobs. However, the remaining stores, which were 130, were to close, resulting in 2,200 redundancies.[21] JJB Sports
Sports
was officially dissolved with debts of £150 million on 9 November 2012.[5][22] There were a total of 5,000 employees at its closure.[4] Legal issues[edit] On 13 October 2009, JJB admitted that former executives were being investigated by both HM Revenue & Customs and the Serious Organised Crime Agency.[13] The former boss of both Next and JJB Sports,[23] Sir David Jones,[23] was charged in February 2013,[23] over allegations of forgery and making misleading statements to the market while he was executive chairman of JJB Sports, concerning an earlier £150 million loan.[23] He was the man who helped to turn the clothes retailer Next into one of Britain's largest retailers.[23] Brands[edit] In an effort to distance themselves from the majority "own-branded" offering of main competitor Sports
Sports
Direct, JJB's stock package mainly comprised products from the main sportswear suppliers, such as Nike, Adidas, Puma, and Reebok. However, JJB did operate its own brands, including 'Patrick' (menswear and football accessories), and 'Olympus' (womenswear and fitness accessories). Marketing[edit] JJB Sports
Sports
launched their shopping site, JJB Sports
Sports
Store, with a view to expanding their market. The majority shareholder of JJB Sports
Sports
Plc was Dave Whelan, but his 99% stake was sold off. JJB no longer operated the famous "Soccerdomes", nor any gyms or Fitness Clubs outside Ireland. Also, because of Dave Whelan's purchase of the Fitness Club, and founding of DW (Dave Whelan) Sports
Sports
in September 2009, JJB has lost its association with Wigan
Wigan
Athletic FC & Wigan Warriors RLFC. The stadium previously sponsored by the company has also been renamed the DW Sports
Sports
Stadium. On 7 September 2011, JJB Sports
Sports
launched a new major marketing campaign entitled "Ready?". The campaign involves prime time television advertising, national press coverage, in store promotions, and online competitions. The Ready campaign was JJB Sport's first appearance on television for over four years, and represented the company's desire to become profitable again. Price fixing[edit] In May 2005, JJB Sports
Sports
were fined £8.3 million, by the Office of Fair Trading (OFT), for fixing the price of England and Manchester United shirts in 2000 and 2001.[24] Which? consumer magazine issued proceedings against JJB Sports
Sports
to sue the high street retailer for damages on behalf of consumers who were affected by the price fixing.[25] Fitness clubs[edit] The business operated approximately sixty health & fitness centres all over the United Kingdom, which became property of DW Sports
Sports
after Dave Whelan's departure from JJB. JJB also ran health and fitness centres in the Republic of Ireland, which are now operated by Sports
Sports
Direct, following the liquidation of the company.[26] See also[edit]

Irish Cup
Irish Cup
(JJB Sports
Sports
Irish Cup) DW Stadium
DW Stadium
(JJB Stadium) Oceânico Group Pro-Am Challenge (JJB Sports
Sports
North West Challenge)

References[edit]

^ a b c "Annual Report 2011" (PDF). Jjbcorporate.co.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2015. [permanent dead link] ^ Over 2,000 Jobs to Go As JJB Stores Close, Sky News, 1 October 2012 ^ " Sports
Sports
Direct thrashes out deal to buy 60 JJB Sports
Sports
stores". Guardian UK. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2012.  ^ a b c d "History of JJB Sports
Sports
plc – FundingUniverse". Fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ a b c d "The rise and fall of JJB Sports". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ a b c d e f g "What went wrong at JJB Sports?". BBC News. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ JJB founder David Whelan sells up, BBC News, 8 June 2007 ^ "JJB Sports
Sports
acquires 10% in Umbro". BBC News. 19 October 2007.  ^ "JJB Interim Results 2008" (PDF). Jjbcorporate.co.ukaccessdate=2015-05-06. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2011.  ^ JJB Sports
Sports
under pressure as insurers pull plug, The Daily Telegraph ^ Wray, Richard (10 February 2009). "JJB Sports
Sports
puts fashion stores into administration". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 10 February 2009.  ^ JJB wins stay of execution as Stylo folds, The Independent, 14 February 2009 ^ a b Organised crime bureau probes ex-JJB directors, The Times, 14 October 2009 ^ JJB Finance boss set to quit the sports company Wigan
Wigan
Today, 7 September 2010 ^ Wood, Zoe (11 February 2011). "Struggling JJB to close 95 stores and asks for emergency £31.5m funding". The Guardian. London.  ^ JJB Sports
Sports
aiming to raise £65m Herald Scotland, 7 April 2011 ^ Sports
Sports
says 95 stores could close in next two years BBC News, 11 February 2011 ^ Wood, Zoe. "Struggling JJB to close 95 stores and asks for emergency £31.5m funding". The Guardian.  ^ "JJB Sports
Sports
prepares for administration". BBC News. BBC. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012.  ^ Gates Foundation to lose millions in JJB Sports
Sports
investment Business Journal, 24 September 2012 ^ "Sold JJB Sports
Sports
stores inundated with shoppers". BBC News. 1 October 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2012.  ^ "JJB Sports
Sports
collapsed with debts of £150m". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ a b c d e "Former boss of Next and JJB Sports
Sports
charged". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ JJB fights on despite cut in replica kit fine, The Guardian ^ "Latest News - Which? News". Which.co.uk. Retrieved 6 May 2015.  ^ Britain’s Sports
Sports
Direct to buy 60 JJB Sports
Sports
stores The Independent

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to JJB Sports.

JJB Sports
Sports
Online JJB

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