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Junius Richard Jayewardene (Sinhalese: ජුනියස් රිචඩ් ජයවර්ධන,Tamil: ஜூனியஸ் ரிச்சட் ஜயவர்தனா; 17 September 1906 – 1 November 1996), commonly abbreviated in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
as J. R., was the leader of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
from 1977 to 1989, serving as Prime Minister from 1977 to 1978 and as the second President of Sri Lanka
President of Sri Lanka
from 1978 till 1989. He was a leader of the nationalist movement in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) who served in a variety of cabinet positions in the decades following independence. A longtime member of the United National Party, he led it to a crushing victory in 1977 and served as Prime Minister for half a year before becoming the country's first executive president under an amended constitution.[1]

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Early political career 3 First finance minister 4 Opposition 5 Minister of State 6 Leader of the opposition 7 Presidency

7.1 Civil war 7.2 Foreign policy

8 Legacy 9 Family life 10 Further reading 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Early life and education[edit]

J. R. with his parents and siblings.

Born to a prominent Ceylonese family with a strong association with the legal profession, Jayewardene was the eldest of 11 children, of Hon. Justice Eugene Wilfred Jayewardene
Eugene Wilfred Jayewardene
KC, a Chief Justice of Ceylon and Agnes Helen Don Philip Wijewardena daughter of Tudugalage Muhandiram Don Philip Wijewardena a wealthy merchant. His younger brothers included Dr Hector Wilfred Jayewardene, QC and Dr Rolly Jayewardene, FRCP. His uncles were the Colonel Theodore Jayewarden, Justice Valentine Jayewardene and the Press Baron D. R. Wijewardena. Raised by an English nanny,[2] he received his primary education at Bishop's College, Colombo
Colombo
and attended Royal College, Colombo
Colombo
for his secondary education. At Royal College he played for the college cricket team, debuting in the Royal-Thomian
Royal-Thomian
series in 1925, and captained the rugby team at the annual "Royal-Trinity Encounter" (which later became known as the Bradby Shield Encounter). Excelling in both studies, sports and Club and Societies He was the first Chairman/Secretary in Royal College Social Services League in 1921 and he became the head prefect in 1925 and also represented the school in football and boxing; he was also a member of the cadet corps. He would later serve as the Secretary of the Royal College Union.[3][4] Jayewardene entered the University College, Colombo
Colombo
(University of London), in 1926 to read English, Latin, Logic and Economics;[3][5] he attained a distinguished academic record and showed a keen interest in sports. In 1928 he transferred law by entering Colombo
Colombo
Law College and passed out as an advocate, starting his practice in the unofficial bar, for a brief period. Jayewardene converted from Christianity
Christianity
to Buddhism
Buddhism
in his youth.[6] Early political career[edit]

The first Cabinet of Ministers of Ceylon

Jayewardene did not practice law for long. In 1938 he became an activist in the Ceylon National Congress (CNC), which provided the organizational platform for Ceylon's nationalist movement (the island was officially renamed Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
in 1972). He became its Joint Secretary in 1939 and in 1940 he was elected to the Colombo
Colombo
Municipal Council from the New Bazaar Ward. He was elected to the colonial legislature, the State Council in 1943 by winning the Kelaniya by-election. During World War II, Jayewardene, along with other nationalists, contacted the Japanese and discussed a rebellion to drive the British from the island.

J.R Jayewardene as the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
with his Cabinet members in 1977

First finance minister[edit] After joining the United National Party
United National Party
on its formation in 1946, he became Finance Minister
Finance Minister
in the island’s first Cabinet in 1947. He played a major role in re-admitting[7] Japan
Japan
to the world community at the San Francisco Conference
San Francisco Conference
(see Ceylon's defense of Japan). Jayewardene's acute intelligence and subtle, often aggressive political skills earned him leading roles in government (1947–1956 and 1965–1970) and in opposition (1956–1965 and 1970–1977). In 1951 Jayewardene was a member of the committee to select a National Anthem for Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
headed by Sir Edwin Wijeyeratne. The following year he was elected as the President of the Board of Control for Cricket
Cricket
in Ceylon. As the youngest Finance Minister, in D.S. Senanayake's government, Jayewardene struggled to balance the budget, faced with mounting government expenditures, particularly for rice subsidies. His 1953 proposal to cut the subsidies - on which many poor people depended on for survival - provoked fierce opposition and the 1953 Hartal campaign, and had to be called off. Opposition[edit] By the late 1950s, the UNP struggled to deal with the rising force of the Sinhala-nationalist Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Freedom Party. Jayewardene pushed the party to accommodate nationalism and endorse the Sinhala Only Act, which was bitterly opposed by the island's minorities. Throughout the 1960s Jayewardene clashed over this issue with party leader Dudley Senanayake. Jayewardene saw how skilfully the SLFP had played the ethnic card, and felt the UNP should be willing to do the same, even if it meant losing the support of ethnic minorities. Minister of State[edit] No government gave serious thought to the development of the tourism industry as an economically viable venture until the United National Party came to power in 1965 and the subject came under the purview of the Minister of State Hon. J. R. Jayewardene. The new Minister Jayewardene saw tourism as a great industry capable of earning foreign exchange, providing avenues of mass employment, and creating a workforce which commanded high employment potential in the world. He was determined to place this industry on a solid foundation providing it a 'conceptional base and institutional support.' This was necessary to bring dynamism and cohesiveness into an industry, shunned by leaders in the past, ignored by investors who were inhibited by the lack of incentive to invest in projects which were uncertain of a satisfactory return. The new Minister Hon. J. R. Jayewardene considered it essential for the government to give that assurance and with this objective in view he tabled the Ceylon Tourist Board Act No 10 of 1966 followed by Ceylon Hotels Corporation Act No 14 of 1966. This was the beginning of a new industry ignored by the previous governments but given a new life by Minister J. R. Jayewardene. As a result, today tourist resorts exist in almost all cities and today an annual turnover of over 500,000 tourists are enjoying the tropical climes and beautiful beaches of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
not to mention the enormous amount of foreign exchange they bring into the country.[8][9] Leader of the opposition[edit] In the general election of 1970 the UNP suffered a major defeat, when the SLFP and its newly formed coalition of leftist parties won almost 2/3 of the parliamentary seats. Once again elected to parliament J. R. Jayewardene took over as opposition leader and de facto leader of the UNP due to the ill health of Dudley Senanayake. After Senanayake's death in 1973, Jayewardene succeeded him as UNP leader. He gave the SLFP government his fullest support during the 1971 JVP Insurrection (even though his son was arrested by the police without charges) and in 1972 when the new constitution was enacted proclaiming Ceylon a republic. However he opposed the government in many moves, which he saw as short sighted and damaging for the country's economy in the long run. These included the adaptation of the closed economy and nationalization of many private business and lands. In 1976 he resigned from his seat in parliament in protest, when the government used its large majority in parliament to extend the duration of the government by two more years at the end of its six-year term without holding a general election or a referendum requesting public approval. Presidency[edit] Tapping into growing anger with the SLFP government, Jayewardene led the UNP to a crushing victory in the 1977 election. The UNP won a staggering five-sixths of the seats in parliament—a total that was magnified by the first-past-the-post system, and one of the most lopsided victories ever recorded for a democratic election. Immediately thereafter, he amended the constitution of 1972 to make the presidency an executive post. The provisions of the amendment automatically made the incumbent prime minister—himself—president, and he was sworn in as president on 4 February 1978. He passed a new constitution on 31 August 1978 which came into operation on 7 September of the same year, which granted the president sweeping—and according to some critics, almost dictatorial—powers. He moved the legislative capital from Colombo
Colombo
to Sri Jayawardanapura Kotte. There was a complete turnaround in economic policy under him as the previous policies had led to economic stagnation.He opened the heavily state-controlled economy to market forces, which many credit with subsequent economic growth. He opened up the economy and introduced more liberal economic policies emphasizing private sector led development. Policies were changed to create an environment conducive to foreign and local investment, with the objective of promoting export led growth shifting from previous policies of import substitution. To facilitate export oriented enterprises and to administer Export Processing Zones the Greater Colombo
Colombo
Economic Commission was established.Food subsidies were curtailed and targeted through a Food Stamps Scheme extended to the poor. The system of rice rationing was abolished. The Floor Price Scheme and the Fertiliser Subsidy Scheme were withdrawn. New welfare schemes, such as free school books and the Mahapola Scholarship Programme, were introduced. The rural credit programme expanded with the introduction of the New Comprehensive Rural Credit Scheme and several other medium and long-term credit schemes aimed at small farmers and the self-employed.[10] He also launched large scale infrastructure development projects.He launched an extensive housing development program to meet housing shortages in urban and rural areas.he Mahaweli River Diversion Scheme was accelerated. New reservoirs and large hydropower projects such as the Kotmale, Victoria, Randenigala, Rantembe and Ulhitiya were also launched. Several Trans Basin Canals were also built to divert water to the Dry Zone.[10] After the 1977 riots, the government made one concession to the Tamils; it lifted the policy of standardization for university admission that had driven many Tamil youths into militancy. The concession was regarded by the militants as too little and too late, and violent attacks continued. Jayewardene moved to crack down on the growing activity of Tamil militant groups. He passed the Prevention of Terrorism Act in 1979, giving police sweeping powers of arrest and detention. This only escalated the ethnic tensions. Jayewardene claimed he needed overwhelming power to deal with the militants. He had likely SLFP presidential nominee Sirimavo Bandaranaike
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
stripped of her civic rights and barred from running for office for six years, based her decision in 1976 to extend the life of parliament. This ensured that the SLFP would be unable to field a strong candidate against him in the 1982 election, leaving his path to victory clear. This election was held under the 3rd amendment to the constitution which empowered the president to hold a Presidential Election anytime after the expiration of 4 years of his first term. Jayewardene was loath to give up the massive majority he'd won in 1977. He therefore held a referendum to cancel the 1983 parliamentary elections, and allow the 1977 parliament to continue until 1989. He also passed a constitutional amendment barring from Parliament any MP who supported separatism; this effectively eliminated the main opposition party, the Tamil United Liberation Front. Civil war[edit]

Jayewardene presents a baby elephant to American President Ronald Reagan and the American people, 1984

Jayewardene said in Daily Telegraph, 11 July 1983," Really if I starve the Tamils
Tamils
out, the Sinhala people will be happy."[citation needed] At first, the war went badly for the government, and the LTTE ended up in possession of Jaffna
Jaffna
and most of the northern province. The army counterattacked with an offensive that threatened to retake the city, at the cost of many civilian casualties. Jayewardene had to halt the offensive after pressure from India
India
pushed for a negotiated solution to the conflict. Jayewardene and Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi finally concluded the Indo- Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Accord, which provided for devolution of powers to Tamil dominated regions, an Indian peacekeeping force in the north, and the demobilization of the LTTE. The LTTE rejected the accord, as it fell short of even an autonomous state. The provincial councils suggested by India
India
did not have powers to control revenue, policing, or government-sponsored Sinhala settlements in Tamil provinces. Sinhala nationalists were outraged by both the devolution and the presence of foreign troops on Sri Lankan soil. An attempt was made on Jayewardene's life in 1987 as a result of his signing of the accord. Young, deprived Sinhalese soon rose in a revolt, organized by the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna
(JVP) which was eventually put down by the government. Jayewardene retired from politics in 1989; his successor Ranasinghe Premadasa was formally inaugurated on 2 January 1989. Foreign policy[edit] Quite contrary to his predecessor, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Jayawardena's foreign policy was aligned American policies (earning him the nickname 'Yankie Dickie') much to the chagrin of India. Before Jayawardena's ascendency into the presidency, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
had doors widely open to its neighbourhood India. Jayawardena's tenure in the office restricted the doors to India
India
a number of times; once an American company tender was granted over an Indian company tender. Legacy[edit] On the economic front, Jayewardene's legacy was decisive. For thirty years after independence, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
had struggled in vain with slow growth and high unemployment. Since Jayewardene's reforms, the island has maintained healthy growth despite the civil war. On the ethnic question, Jayewardene's legacy is bitterly divisive. When he took office, ethnic tensions were present but the country as a whole was at peace. By the end of his tenure, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
was facing not one but two civil wars, both featuring unprecedented levels of violence and brutality. Though Jayewardene indeed did not take measures to stop the attack on Tamils, he was not opposed to them personally, only politically. One of his most esteemed friends was a supreme court judge of Tamil ethnicity, a member of an elite family and raised in Colombo, but who was strongly linked to his Jaffna
Jaffna
Tamil heritage. This is but one close Tamil friend of the president's, and it is quite clear that he was not a racist but rather a man who knew how to exploit racism to win the majority.[11][12] Highly respected in Japan
Japan
for his call for peace and reconciliation with post-war Japan
Japan
at the Peace Conference in San Francisco in 1951, a statue of Jayewardene was erected at the Kamakura Temple in the Kanagawa Prefecture
Kanagawa Prefecture
in Japan
Japan
in his honor.[13] In 1988, the J.R Jayewardene Centre was established by the J.R Jayewardene Centre Act No. 77 of 1988 by Parliament at the childhood home of J. R. Jayewardene Dharmapala Mawatha, Colombo. It serves as archive for J.R Jayewardene's personal library and papers as well as papers, records from the Presidential Secretariat
Presidential Secretariat
and gifts he received in his tenure as President. Family life[edit] Jayewardene married Miss Elina Bandara Rupasinghe in 1935, Ravindra "Ravi" Vimal Jayewardene is their only child,[14] he was a pilot in Air Ceylon
Air Ceylon
and served as the Presidential Security Adviser. He was a notable marksmen and the founder of the Special
Special
Task Force unit of the Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Police .[15][16] Further reading[edit]

De Silva, K. M., & Wriggins, W. H. (1988), J.R. Jayewardene of Sri Lanka: a political biography, University of Hawaii Press ISBN 0-8248-1183-6 Jayewardene, J. R. (1988), My quest for peace: a collection of speeches on international affairs, OCLC 20515117 Dissanayaka, T. D. S. A. (1977), J.R. Jayewardene of Sri Lanka: the inside story of how the Prime Minister led the UNP to victory in 1977, Swastika Press OCLC 4497112

See also[edit]

Braemar, Colombo Vaijantha List of political families in Sri Lanka 1987 grenade attack in the Sri Lankan Parliament

References[edit]

^ "J.R. Jayewardene". BRITANNICA-Online.  ^ J. R. Jayewardene
J. R. Jayewardene
of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Dies at 90; Modernized Nation He Led for 11 Years ^ a b Remembering the most dominant Lankan political figure Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ JR's 10th death anniversary today ^ "JRJ's 102nd birth anniversary on Sept. 17" Archived 18 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ de Silva, K. M.; William Howard Wriggins (1988). J.R. Jayewardene of Sri Lanka. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press. p. 133. ISBN 0-8248-1183-6.  ^ https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/sri-lankas-role-in-japanese-peace-treaty-1952-in-retrospect/ ^ "DIED JUNIUS RICHARD JAYEWARDENE". Asia Week. 15 November 1996. Archived from the original on 10 May 2009.  ^ "Political forces - The constitution remains controversial". The Economist. 16 August 2006.  ^ a b "President Junius R. Jayawardena (1978-1988)". www.globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2015-10-25.  ^ "Former Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
president dies, leaves mixed legacy". CNN News. 1 November 1996. [dead link] ^ "J. R. Remembered – J.R. Jayewardene Memorial address by Milinda Moragoda". Asia Tribune. 19 September 2004.  ^ A visionary strategist ^ Tribute: My father had many facets, not many faces. Daily News (Sri Lanka), Retrieved on 3 April 2018. ^ India
India
may train Sri Lankan troops ^ Humble son of a humble President

External links[edit]

The JAYEWARDENE Ancestry The WIJEWARDENA Ancestry The Statesman Misunderstood Humble son of a humble President Website of the Parliament of Sri Lanka Official Website of United National Party
United National Party
(UNP) J.R. Jayewardene Centre 95th Birth Anniversary Remembering the most dominant Lankan political figure. by Padma Edirisinghe J.R. Jayewardene by Ananda Kannangara President JRJ and the Export Processing Zone By K. Godage Methek Kathawa Divaina Methek Kathawa Divaina

Government offices

Preceded by William Gopallawa President of Sri Lanka 1978–1989 Succeeded by Ranasinghe Premadasa

Preceded by Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike Prime Minister of Sri Lanka 1977–1978 Succeeded by Ranasinghe Premadasa

Political offices

Preceded by William Gopallawa Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement 1978–1979 Succeeded by Fidel Castro

v t e

Presidents of Sri Lanka

William Gopallawa Junius Richard Jayewardene Ranasinghe Premadasa Dingiri Banda Wijetunga Chandrika Kumaratunga Mahinda Rajapaksa Maithripala Sirisena

v t e

Prime Ministers of Sri Lanka

Don Stephen Senanayake Dudley Senanayake John Kotelawala S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike Wijeyananda Dahanayake Dudley Senanayake Sirimavo Bandaranaike Dudley Senanayake Sirimavo Bandaranaike Junius Richard Jayewardene Ranasinghe Premadasa Dingiri Banda Wijetunga Ranil Wickremesinghe Chandrika Kumaratunga Sirimavo Bandaranaike Ratnasiri Wickremanayake Ranil Wickremesinghe Mahinda Rajapaksa Ratnasiri Wickremanayake Disanayaka Jayaratne Ranil Wickremesinghe

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Foreign Ministers of Sri Lanka

External Affairs and Defence (1947 - 1978)

Senanayake Senanayake Kotelawala Bandaranaike Dahanayake Senanayake Bandaranaike Senanayake Bandaranaike Jayewardene

Foreign Affairs (1978 - Present)

Hameed Wijeratne Herath Hameed Kadirgamar Fernando Kadirgamar Bandaranaike Samaraweera Bogollagama Peiris Samaraweera Karunanayake Marapana

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Finance Ministers of Sri Lanka

Jayewardene Goonetilleke Jayawardena de Zoysa Musthapa Goonetilleke Jayewardene Bandaranaike Silva Kalugalle Ilangaratne Perera Wanninayake Perera Bandaranaike de Mel Marikkar Wijetunga Kumaratunga Choksy Amunugama Rajapaksa Karunanayake

v t e

Defence Ministers of Sri Lanka

External Affairs and Defence (1947–1978)

Senanayake Senanayake Kotelawala Bandaranaike Dahanayake Senanayake Bandaranaike Senanayake Bandaranaike

Defence (1978–present)

Jayewardene Premadasa Wijeratne Wijetunga Marapana Rajapaksa Sirisena

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Agriculture Ministers of Sri Lanka

Senanayake Bulankulame Goonetilleke Jayewardene Gunawardena de Silva Banda de Silva Bandaranaike Banda Kobbekaduwa Senanayake Athulathmudali Banda Sirisena Abeywardena Dissanayake

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Leaders of the House

Jayatilaka Senanayake Bandaranaike Kotelawala Jayewardene de Silva Jayewardene de Silva Senanayake Premadasa Wickremasinghe Mendis Wickremanayake Pathirana Lokubandara Sirisena de Silva Kiriella

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Chief Government Whip

Gunawardena Goonesinghe Kannangara Moonesinghe Weerasekera Suriarachchi Siriwardena Jayewardene Ratnayake Perera Wickramasinghe Pathirana Ranatunga Samarasinghe Fernandopulle Gunawardena Karunathilaka

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// Members of the 1st Parliament of Ceylon (1947 (1947)-1952) →

Speaker: Alexander Francis Molamure/Albert Peries Prime Minister: D. S. Senanayake/Dudley Senanayake Leader of the Opposition: N. M. Perera

Central Province (15)

M. D. Banda George E. de Silva

T. B. Ilangaratne, Tamara Kumari Ilangaratne

Senerat Gunewardene

R. S. Pelpola

K. Kumaravelu G. R. Motha

Abdul Aziz

V. T. Nanayakkara E. A. Nugawela T. B. Panabokke H. R. U. Premachandra K. Rajalingam H. B. Rambukwella Abeyratne Ratnayaka H. B. Tenne Savumiamoorthy Thondaman C. V. Velupillai

Eastern Province (7)

A. R. A. M. Abubucker S. U. Ethirmanasingham M. M. Ebrahim M. S. Kariapper Ahamed Lebbe Sinne Lebbe V. Nalliah S. Sivapalan

Northern Province (9)

S. J. V. Chelvanayakam K. Kanagaratnam V. Kumaraswamy G. G. Ponnambalam T. Ramalingam C. Sittampalam C. Suntharalingam Alfred Thambiayah C. Vanniasingam

North Central Province (5)

P. L. Bauddhasara P. B. Bulankulame S. H. Mahadiulwewa T. B. Poholiyadde Maithripala Senanayake

North Western Province (10)

Ivan Dassanayake J. J. Fernando Kavisena Herath I. M. R. A. Iriyagolla Hameed Hussain Sheikh Ismail John Kotelawala Albert Peries Richard Gotabhaya Senanayake Herbert Sri Nissanka Tikiri Banda Subasinghe

Sabaragamuwa Province
Sabaragamuwa Province
(10)

C. E. Attygalle D. F. Hettiarachchi N. H. Keerthiratne E. W. Mathew Alexander Francis Molamure

Jayaweera Kuruppu

N. M. Perera Reggie Perera Harris Leuke Ratwatte Dudley Senanayake Florence Senanayake

Southern Province (12)

H. D. Abeygoonewardane Simon Abeywickrema

H. W. Amarasuriya

Wijeyananda Dahanayake William de Silva Arthur de Zoysa

Walwin de Silva)

D. S. Goonesekera Montague Jayawickrama P. Kumarasiri D. A. Rajapaksa Lakshman Rajapaksa V. G. W. Ratnayake W. Wickremasinghe

Uva Province
Uva Province
(7)

Leo Fernando J. C. T. Kotelawala K. V. Nadarajah D. Ramanujam J. A. Rambukpota S. M. Subbaiah K. D. Sugathadasa

Western Province (20)

S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike Somaweera Chandrasiri R. A. de Mel

T. F. Jayawardena

Colvin R. de Silva George R. de Silva A. Ekanayake Gunasinha Cholomondeley Goonewardene Philip Gunawardena

Kusumasiri Gunawardena

Robert Gunawardena Tuan Burhanudeen Jayah

M. C. M. Kaleel

A. P. Jayasuriya D. P. Jayasuriya J. R. Jayewardene D. D. Karunaratne

P. P. Jayawardena

Pieter Keuneman Wilmot A. Perera Henry Peiris D. S. Senanayake S. A. Silva H. de Z. Siriwardena

Appointed (6)

E. F. N. Gratiaen

Rosslyn Koch

F. H. Griffith

R. Singleton-Salmon

J. A. Martenze J. W. Oldfield S. A. Pakeman G. R. Whitby

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← Members of the 2nd Parliament of Ceylon (1952 (1952)-1956) →

Speaker: Albert Peries Prime Minister: Dudley Senanayake/John Kotelawala Leader of the Opposition: S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike

Central Province (15)

Bernard Aluwihare M. D. Banda H. E. P de Mel M. W. R. de Silva Robert Edward Jayatilaka C. A. S. Marikkar E. A. Nugawela T. B. Panabokke H. B. Rambukwella Abeyratne Ratnayaka E. L. Senanayake

Fredrick de Silva

P. H. C. Silva P. P. Sumanatilaka H. B. Tenne U. B. Unamboowe

Eastern Province (7)

M. M. Ebrahim R. B. Kadramer A. M. Merza M. E. H. Mohamed Ali V. Nalliah N. R. Rajavarothiam S. M. Rasamanickam

Northern Province (9)

V. Kumaraswamy S. Natesan G. G. Ponnambalam T. Ramalingam C. Sittampalam C. Suntharalingam Alfred Thambiayah C. Vanniasingam V. Veerasingam

North Central Province (5)

P. B. Bulankulame C. P. de Silva S. H. Mahadiulwewa T. B. Poholiyadde Maithripala Senanayake

North Western Province (10)

Shirley Corea Ivan Dassanayake Kavisena Herath I. M. R. A. Iriyagolla Hameed Hussain Sheikh Ismail John Kotelawala Albert Peries Richard Gotabhaya Senanayake Tikiri Banda Subasinghe Dingiri Bandara Welagedara

Sabaragamuwa Province
Sabaragamuwa Province
(10)

C. E. Attygalle C. R. Beligammana N. H. Keerthiratne A. E. B. Kiriella E. W. Mathew Alexander Francis Molamure N. M. Perera Edmund Samarakkody Dudley Senanayake Harold Weragama

Southern Province (12)

Henry Abeywickrema Wijeyananda Dahanayake Neal de Alwis William de Silva Ian de Zoysa C. A. Dharmapala Charles Edirisuriya Montague Jayawickrama D. A. Rajapaksa V. G. W. Ratnayake Mahanama Samaraweera Doreen Young Wickremasinghe

Uva Province
Uva Province
(7)

M. B. Bambarapane Leo Fernando

Gladwin Kotelawala)

J. C. T. Kotelawala M. S. A. Peiris J. A. Rambukpota

E. B. Dimbulane

Wilfred A. Ratwatte K. D. Sugathadasa

Western Province (20)

A. N. D. A. Abeysinghe John Amaratunga S. D. Bandaranayake S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike Somaweera Chandrasiri P. Andrew Cooray Razik Fareed Kusumasiri Gunawardena Robert Gunawardena S. de Silva Jayasinghe D. P. Jayasuriya M. D. H. Jayawardena T. F. Jayawardena J. R. Jayewardene M. C. M. Kaleel C. W. W. Kannangara D. C. W. Kannangara Pieter Keuneman Cyril E. S. Perera Wilmot A. Perera

Appointed (6)

Rosslyn Koch Robert Singleton-Salmon Sidamparapillai Vythilingam *This list is unfinished.

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← Members of the 4th Parliament of Ceylon (1960 (1960)) →

Speaker: Tikiri Banda Subasinghe Prime Minister: Dudley Senanayake Leader of the Opposition: C. P. de Silva

Central Province (23)

S. S. Abeysundera Bernard Aluwihare K. M. K. Banda M. D. Banda R. R. D. Bandaranayake T. William Fernando Abdul Cader Shahul Hameed T. B. M. Herath T. B. Ilangaratne T. B. Jayasundera D. H. Jayawickrema U. P. Y. Jinadasa Tissa Kapukotuwa C. A. S. Marikkar Chandrasena Munaweera R. S. Pelpola Donald J. Ranaweera E. L. Senanayake R. W. Tennekoon T. B. Tennekoon P. B. Aloysius Weerakoon J. D. Weerasekera Noel Wimalasena

Eastern Province (11)

T. Ahambaram M. S. Kariapper M. A. Abdul Majeed M. I. M. Abdul Majeed P. Manicavasagam Ahmed Hussain Macan Markar M. E. H. Mohamed Ali C. Rajadurai N. R. Rajavarothiam S. M. Rasamanickam Wijayabahu Wijayasinha

Northern Province (13)

V. A. Alegacone A. Amirthalingam M. Balasundaram S. J. V. Chelvanayakam V. Dharmalingam Alfred Duraiappah V. A. Kandiah E. M. V. Naganathan V. N. Navaratnam M. Sivasithamparam T. Sivasithamparam A. Sivasunderam K. Thurairatnam

North Central Province (8)

A. H. de Silva C. P. de Silva Sirimewan Godage E. L. B. Hurulle S. B. Lenawa R. B. Ratnamalala Maithripala Senanayake P. M. K. Tennakoon

North Western Province (16)

M. A. Adikari E. M. R. B. Ekanayake Hugh Fernando I. M. R. A. Iriyagolla L. B. Jayasena M. H. Naina Marikkar D. B. Monnekulame W. J. C. Munasinha Albert Peries A. U. Romanis Stephen Samarakkody A. H. Senanayake Richard Gotabhaya Senanayake Tikiri Banda Subasinghe Mudiyanse Tennakoon R. B. Tennekoon

Sabaragamuwa Province
Sabaragamuwa Province
(16)

P. B. Bandaranayake D. F. Hettiarachchi P. B. G. Kalugalla Wimala Kannangara Asoka Karunaratne V. T. G. Karunaratne W. A. Karunasena A. E. B. Kiriella Cyril Mathew N. M. Perera Abeyratne Pilapitiya Clifford Ratwatte Dudley Senanayake H. G. Somabandu H. Weragama Soma Wickremanayake

Southern Province (19)

W. D. S. Abeygoonawardena Matarage Sirisena Amarasiri D. P. Atapattu Neal de Alwis Lakshman de Silva William de Silva M. P. de Zoysa C. A. Dharmapala Prins Gunasekera Montague Jayawickrama P. L. Jinadasa Don Roy Rajapaksa George Rajapaksa Lakshman Rajapaksa R. G. Samaranayake Senapala Samarasekera Percy Wickremasinghe S. A. Wickramasinghe Justin Wijayawardhene

Uva Province
Uva Province
(10)

W. P. G. Ariyadasa K. Y. M Wijeratne Banda B. H. Bandara J. G. Gunasekera R. M. Gunasekera M. S. A. Peiris K. M. P. Rajaratne Kusuma Rajaratne C. P. J. Seneviratne W. G. M. Albert Silva

Western Province (35)

Felix Dias Bandaranaike S. D. Bandaranayake Somaweera Chandrasiri M. Ruskin Fernando T. Quintin Fernando Bibile Fonseka Cholomondeley Goonewardene Leslie Goonewardena Philip Gunawardena Robert Gunawardena Percy Jayakodi A. E. Jayasinghe D. Shelton Jayasinghe S. de Silva Jayasinghe Gamini Jayasuriya J. R. Jayewardene M. C. M. Kaleel D. C. W. Kannangara Pieter Keuneman R. B. Lenora Abdul Bakeer Markar Wijayapala Mendis Anil Moonesinghe A. J. Niyathapala James Peter Obeyesekere III Dayasena Pasqual K. E. Perera Paris Perera Ranasinghe Premadasa Edmund Samarawickrema M. P. de Z. Siriwardena Bernard Soysa V. A. Sugathadasa S. K. K. Suriarachchi Ratnasiri Wickremanayake

Appointed (6)

*This list is unfinished.

v t e

← Members of the 5th Parliament of Ceylon (1960 (1960)–1964) →

Speaker: R. S. Pelpola/Hugh Fernando Prime Minister: Sirimavo Bandaranaike Leader of the Opposition: Dudley Senanayake

Central Province (23)

Bernard Aluwihare

Alick Aluwihare

K. M. K. Banda M. D. Banda L. B. Dassanayake T. William Fernando Abdul Cader Shahul Hameed T. B. M. Herath T. B. Ilangaratne K. Abdul Jabbar T. B. Jayasundera U. P. Y. Jinadasa Tissa Kapukotuwa Chandrasena Munaweera R. S. Pelpola Shelton Ranaraja Abeyratne Ratnayaka E. L. Senanayake D. G. Sirisena R. W. Tennekoon T. B. Tennekoon J. D. Weerasekera U. B. Weerasekera Edmund Wijesuriya

Eastern Province (11)

T. Ahambaram

M. E. H. Mohamed Ali

M. C. Ahamed A. L. Abdul Majeed M. A. Abdul Majeed M. I. M. Abdul Majeed P. Manicavasagam Ahmed Hussain Macan Markar C. Rajadurai N. R. Rajavarothiam

S. M. Manickarajah

S. M. Rasamanickam Indrasena Soysa

Northern Province (13)

V. A. Alegacone A. Amirthalingam M. Balasundaram S. J. V. Chelvanayakam V. Dharmalingam Alfred Duraiappah V. A. Kandiah

V. Navaratnam

E. M. V. Naganathan V. N. Navaratnam M. Sivasithamparam T. Sivasithamparam A. Sivasunderam K. Thurairatnam

North Central Province (8)

C. P. de Silva A. H. de Silva Sirimewan Godage

K. B. Ratnayake

E. L. B. Hurulle S. B. Lenawa R. B. Ratnamalala Maithripala Senanayake P. M. K. Tennakoon

North Western Province (16)

M. A. Adikari

M. A. J. Wijesinghe

Hugh Fernando S. D. R. Jayaratne L. B. Jayasena M. H. Naina Marikkar D. B. Monnekulame

Jaya Pathirana

Albert Peries A. U. Romanis Stephen Samarakkody G. W. Samarasinghe A. H. Senanayake Richard Gotabhaya Senanayake Mudiyanse Tennakoon

Kavisena Herath

U.B. Wanninayake Leelananda Weerasinghe D. P. Wickremasinghe

Sabaragamuwa Province
Sabaragamuwa Province
(16)

B. A. P. B. Balasuriya L. de S. A. Gunasekera P. C. Imbulana P. B. G. Kalugalla Asoka Karunaratne V. T. G. Karunaratne W. A. Karunasena Cyril Mathew Stanley Molligoda N. M. Perera Clifford Ratwatte P. R. Ratnayake Dudley Senanayake Dhanapala Weerasekera Soma Wickremanayake P. B. Wijesundara

Southern Province (19)

K. H. G. Albert S. W. Dahanayake Wijeyananda Dahanayake Neal de Alwis Lakshman de Silva M. P. de Zoysa

Don Edwin Thilakeratne

H. W. Dissanayake D. S. Goonesekera Montague Jayawickrama Patrick de Silva Kularatne D. A. Rajapaksa Don Roy Rajapaksa George Rajapaksa Lakshman Rajapaksa Senapala Samarasekera Mahanama Samaraweera Percy Wickremasinghe S. A. Wickramasinghe P. P. Wickremasuriya

Uva Province
Uva Province
(10)

W. P. G. Ariyadasa B. H. Bandara S. B. Ekanayake D. M. Gunasekera J. G. Gunasekera K. M. P. Rajaratne Kusuma Rajaratne Amarananda Ratnayake C. P. J. Seneviratne W. G. M. Albert Silva

Western Province (35)

Felix Dias Bandaranaike S. D. Bandaranayake I. A. Cader Somaweera Chandrasiri Colvin R. de Silva W. Danister de Silva

Vivienne Goonewardena

Razik Fareed T. Quintin Fernando Meryl Fernando Cholomondeley Goonewardene Leslie Goonewardena Philip Gunawardena Robert Gunawardena Lakshman Jayakody D. Shelton Jayasinghe Gamini Jayasuriya J. R. Jayewardene M. C. M. Kaleel Pieter Keuneman Wijayapala Mendis Anil Moonesinghe James Peter Obeyesekere III Dayasena Pasqual K. D. David Perera Paris Perera R. S. Perera Edmund Samarakkody D. S. Samarasinghe M. P. de Z. Siriwardena Bernard Soysa V. A. Sugathadasa S. K. K. Suriarachchi Stanley Tillekeratne Ratnasiri Wickremanayake Wijayabahu Wijayasinha

Appointed (6)

Badi-ud-din Mahmud R. Singleton Salmon Savumiamoorthy Thondaman *This list is unfinished.

v t e

← Members of the 7th Parliament of Sri Lanka (1970 (1970)–1977) →

Speaker: Stanley Tillekeratne Prime Minister: Sirimavo Bandaranaike Leader of the Opposition: J. R. Jayewardene

Central Province (23)

M. S. Aluthgamage P. G. Ariyatillake Gamini Dissanayake A. G. Fernando Monty Gopallawa Abdul Cader Shahul Hameed T. B. M. Herath Tamara Kumari Ilangaratne D. M. Jayaratne T. B. Jayasundera U. P. Y. Jinadasa Hector Kobbekaduwa R. Kulatillake H. M. Navaratne E. L. Senanayake Hemachandra Sirisena P. Tennakoon T. B. Tennekoon Richard Udugama P. B. Unantenne J. D. Weerasekera Noel Wimalasena S. B. Yalegama

Eastern Province (11)

M. C. Ahamed K. W. Devanayagam A. L. Abdul Majeed M. A. Abdul Majeed M. M. Mustapha B. Neminathan C. Rajadurai P. R. Selvanayagam Senerath Somaratne S. Thambirajah A. Thangathurai

Northern Province (13)

V. A. Alegacone

S. A. Raheem

V. Anandasangaree C. Arulampalam S. J. V. Chelvanayakam V. Dharmalingam K. Jeyakody S. Kathiravelupillai C. X. Martyn V. N. Navaratnam K. P. Ratnam X. M. Sellathambu A. Thiagarajah K. Thurairatnam

North Central Province (8)

T. B. Herath A. M. Jinadasa R. B. Ratnamalala

A. M. S. Adhikari

K. B. Ratnayake Maithripala Senanayake Ratna Deshapriya Senanayake P. M. K. Tennakoon Leelaratne Wijesinghe

North Western Province (16)

S. M. Asenkudhoos

M. H. Naina Marikkar

Tissa Balalla Augustheenu Fonseka M. Herat S. B. Herat S. D. R. Jayaratne L. B. Jayasena G. W. Samarasinghe Tikiri Banda Subasinghe Mudiyanse Tennakoon Protus Tissera P. B. Wettewa D. P. Wickramasinghe M. A. J. Wijesinghe P. Wijesinghe S. Wijewardena

Sabaragamuwa Province
Sabaragamuwa Province
(16)

B. A. P. B. Balasuriya Nanda Ellawala Piyadasa Harischandra P. B. G. Kalugalla V. T. G. Karunaratne Sarath Muttetuwegama Vasudeva Nanayakkara N. M. Perera P. R. Ratnayake Mallikka Ellawala Ratwatte Dudley Senanayake

Rukman Senanayake

Athauda Seneviratne W. A. A. Sirisena Dharmadasa Wanniarachchi Dhanapala Weerasekera P. O. Wimalanaga

Southern Province (19)

Sumanapala Dahanayake Wijeyananda Dahanayake Neal de Alwis Ronnie de Mel L. C. de Silva Weerasinghe de Silva Henry William Dissanayake Prins Gunasekera Panini Ilangakoon Albert Kariyawasam M. G. Mendis Aelian Mahanaga Nanayakkara George Rajapaksa

Lakshman Rajapaksa

Mahinda Rajapaksa Roy Don Rajapaksa Senapala Samarasekera Edirisuriya Tennyson B. Y. Tudawe S. A. Wickramasinghe

Uva Province
Uva Province
(10)

R. M. Appuhamy W. P. G. Ariyadasa K. Y. M. Wijeratne Banda B. H. Bandara R. M. Bandara W. M. R. S. B. Delungahawatta A. M. Jayawardena S. A. S. Somapala Raja Welegama D. D. E. Wickremaratne

Western Province (35)

Kusala Abhayawardana Felix Dias Bandaranaike Sirimavo Bandaranaike A. T. Basnayake I. A. Cader Falil Caffoor Somaweera Chandrasiri

Dharmasena Attygalle

Wimalasiri de Mel Colvin R. de Silva K. C. de Silva

Wijayapala Mendis

Denzil Fernando Cholmondeley Goonewardena Leslie Goonewardena Vivienne Goonewardena Chandra Gunasekera T. B. Ilangaratne Lakshman Jayakody Bonnie Jayasuriya J. R. Jayewardene Pieter Keuneman A. D. J. L. Leo Mangala Moonesinghe S. Obeyesekera Dayasena Turnolius Pasqual Paris Perera

Joseph Michael Perera

R. S. Perera Ranasinghe Premadasa Wilfred Senanayake M. P. de Z. Siriwardena Bernard Soysa V. A. Sugathadasa

Vincent Perera

S. K. K. Suriarachchi Stanley Tillekeratne Herbert Wickramasinghe Ratnasiri Wickremanayake

Appointed (6)

Abdul Aziz M. D. S. Jayawardene S. S. Kulatileke Badi-ud-din Mahmud J. E. J. Rodrigo M. C. Subramaniam

Chelliah Kumarasuriyar

*Appointed MPs were abolished in 1972 by the First Republican Constitution

v t e

← Members of the 8th Parliament of Sri Lanka (1977 (1977)–1989) →

Speaker: Anandatissa de Alwis/Abdul Bakeer Markar/E. L. Senanayake Prime Minister: J. R. Jayewardene/Ranasinghe Premadasa Leader of the Opposition: A. Amirthalingam/Anura Bandaranaike

Central Province (24)

George Abeyagoonasekera S. S. Abeysundara Alick Aluwihare R. B. Attanayake J. G. Wijeratne Banda W. M. G. T. Banda Anura Bandaranaike D. M. Chandrapala

R. P. Wijesiri

M. A. Daniel Ananda Dassanayake Gamini Dissanayake W. M. P. B. Dissanayake K. W. R. M. Ekananayake Abdul Cader Shahul Hameed Renuka Herath C. Karunaratne P. B. Kaviratne Gamini Rajapakse Shelton Ranaraja E. L. Senanayake Savumiamoorthy Thondaman T. B. Werapitiya R. P. Wijesiri

L. M. Wijesiri

Dingiri Banda Wijetunga

Eastern Province (12)

M. L. Ahamed Fareeth

Ahamed Rizvi Sinnalebbe

M. Canagaratnam

Ranganayaki Pathmanathan

P. Dayaratna K. W. Devanayagam P. Ganeshalingam M. A. M. Jalaldeen H. D. L. Leelaratne M. E. H. Maharoof M. A. Abdul Majeed Abdul Rasak Mansoor C. Rajadurai R. Sampanthan

Northern Province (14)

A. Amirthalingam V. Anandasangaree V. Dharmalingam S. Kathiravelupillai

M. Alalasundaram

V. N. Navaratnam T. Rasalingam K. P. Ratnam X. M. Sellathambu M. Sivasithamparam T. Sivasithamparam P. S. Soosaithasan T. Thirunavukarasu

Neelan Tiruchelvam

K. Thurairatnam V. Yogeswaran

North Central Province (10)

A. M. S. Adikari K. D. M. C. Bandara Merril de Silva

S. B. Wijekoon

A. D. B. Ekanayake W. Y. Herath E. L. B. Hurulle G. D. Mahindasoma H. G. P. Nelson Maithripala Senanayake Dayaratne Walagambahu

North Western Province (19)

H. B. Abeyratne S. W. Alawatuwala Harindra Corea S. B. Herat Harold Herath J. A. D. S. R. Jayakody Lionel Jayatillake H. M. A. Lokubanda M. H. Naina Marikkar Festus Perera Gamini Jayawickrama Perera G. M. Premachandra Amarawathie Piyaseeli Ratnayake Kalubanda Ratnayake J. L. Sirisena Saddhatissa Wadigamangawa

Asoka Wadigamangawa

H. B. Wanninayake Dingiri Bandara Welagedara Ukkubanda Wijekoon

Sabaragamuwa Province
Sabaragamuwa Province
(17)

M. L. M. Aboosally Gamini Atukorale C. R. Beligammana Chandrasekera Gankanda P. C. Imbulana Wimala Kannangara Asoka Karunaratne H. Kularatne Mervyn Kularatne

Leonard Kiriella, Wimal Wickramasinghe

Nanda Mathew K. Vincent Perera Abeyratne Pilapitiya

Sarath Mutteguwegama

G. V. Punchinilame N. A. Seneviratne Wasantha Udayaratne A. K. D. Wanigaratne Nissanka Wijeyeratne

Southern Province (21)

Keerthisena Abeywickrama Sumanadasa Abeywickrema

Richard Pathirana

Matarage Sirisena Amarasiri Ranjit Atapattu P. M. B. Cyril Ronnie de Mel

P. S. Galappaththi

Albert de Silva

Wijeyananda Dahanayake

T. D. Fransisku

K. Ananda Kularatne

Montague Jayawickrama Rupasena Karunatilake D. E. Malawaraarachchi

Chandrakumara Wijaya Gunawardena

S. K. Piyadasa Bandulahewa Senadheera P. Sumathiratne

G. V. S. de Silva

Raitor Thilakasekara

M. H. K. Jagathsena

Edwin Tillekeratne

Somaratne Asokaweera

Norman Waidyaratna Harshanath Wanigasekera

Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena

Jinadasa Weerasinghe Dayananda Wickremasinghe E. D. Wickrematilaka

Amarasiri Dodangoda

Uva Province
Uva Province
(12)

R. M. Abeykoon R. M. Apphamy Dharmadasa Banda R. M. Punchi Bandara R. M. Karunaratne W. M. Karunaratne J. M. Kumaradasa W. J. M. Lokubandara D. Vincent Perera Percy Samaraweera C. P. J. Seneviratne

Lakshman Senewiratne

Samaraweera Weerawanni

Western Province (39)

Lalith Athulathmudali Dharmasena Attygalle

Gamini Lokuge

Sirimavo Bandaranaike S. D. Bandaranayake M. Jabir A. Cader Anandatissa de Alwis N. Denzil Fernando Neville Fernando Tyronne Fernando Bennet Gunasekera Premaratne Gunasekera

Dinesh Gunawardena

Tudor Gunasekera

Jayakody Kamalawarana

Indradasa Hettiarachchi M. Haleem Ishak D. Shelton Jayasinghe S. de S. Jayasinghe

Sunethra Rupasinghe

Gamini Jayasuriya Ariyaratne Jayatillake M. D. H. Jayawardena J. R. Jayewardene

Anura Bastian

Merrill Kariyawasam Weerasinghe Mallimarachchi Abdul Bakeer Markar Cyril Mathew Wijayapala Mendis M. H. Mohamed Joseph Michael Perera Vincent Perera O. S. Perera Ranasinghe Premadasa M. D. Premaratne Sarathchandra Rajakaruna R. G. Samaranayake Senaraja Samaranayake A. Edmund Samarawickrema Ranil Wickremesinghe Reginald V. Wijegunaratne

Anil Moonesinghe

V. L. Wijemanne Mahendra Wijeratne

v t e

Secretaries-General of the Non-Aligned Movement

Tito Nasser Kaunda Boumédienne Gopallawa Jayewardene F. Castro Reddy Singh Mugabe Drnovšek Jović Mesić Kostić Ćosić Suharto Samper Pastrana Mandela Mbeki Mahathir Abdullah F. Castro R. Castro Mubarak Tantawi Morsi Ahmadinejad Rouhani Maduro

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 32794474 LCCN: n50070278 ISNI: 0000 0000 6318 1217 GND: 118873091 SUDOC: 027694216 BNF: cb119681578 (data) BIBSYS: 90378

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