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The J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
Museum, commonly referred to as the Getty, is an art museum in California
California
housed on two campuses: the Getty Center
Getty Center
and Getty Villa. The two locations received over two million visitors in 2016.[1] The Getty Center
Getty Center
is in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles and is the primary location of the museum. The collection features Western art from the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
to the present. The museum's second location, the Getty Villa, is in the Pacific Palisades neighborhood (though self-claims in the city of Malibu[2]) and displays art from ancient Greece, Rome, and Etruria.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 GettyGuide 3 The controversies with Italy
Italy
and Greece 4 Selected collection highlights 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] In 1974, J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
opened a museum in a re-creation of the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum
Herculaneum
on his property in Pacific Palisades, California.[4] In 1982, the museum became the richest in the world when it inherited US$1.2 billion.[5] In 1983, after an economic downturn in what was then West Germany, the Getty Museum acquired 144 illuminated medieval manuscripts from the financially struggling Ludwig Collection in Aachen; John Russell, writing in The New York Times, said of the collection, "One of the finest holdings of its kind ever assembled, it is quite certainly the most important that was in private hands."[6] In 1997, the museum moved to its current location in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles; the Pacific Palisades museum, renamed the "Getty Villa", was renovated and reopened in 2006. GettyGuide[edit]

The Getty attracts approximately 1.8 million visitors a year.[7]

Detailed information about the J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
Museum’s collections is provided on GettyGuide, a suite of interactive multimedia tools available at the Museum, as well as on getty.edu. At the GettyGuide stations in the Museum, visitors can get information about exhibitions, interact with a timeline, watch videos on art-making techniques, and more. Also available at the Museum, the GettyGuide multimedia player features commentary from curators and conservators on many works of art. With GettyGuide on the Web, one may browse the Museum’s collection[8] and bookmark works of art to create a customized tour and printable map.[9]

Architect Richard Meier
Richard Meier
chose beige-colored Italian travertine panels to cover the retaining walls and to serve as paving stones for the arrival plaza and Museum courtyard.[10]

The controversies with Italy
Italy
and Greece[edit] In the 1970s and 1980s, the curator, Jiří Frel, designed a tax manipulation scheme which expanded the museum collection of antiquities, essentially buying artifacts of dubious provenance, as well as a number of artifacts generally considered fakes, such as the Getty kouros. In 1984, Frel was demoted, and in 1986, he resigned.[11] The Getty is involved in a controversy regarding proper title to some of the artwork in its collection. The museum's previous curator of antiquities, Marion True
Marion True
(hired by Frel), was indicted in Italy
Italy
in 2005 (along with famed dealer Robert E. Hecht) on criminal charges relating to trafficking in stolen antiquities. Similar charges have been addressed by the Greek authorities. The primary evidence in the case came from the 1995 raid of a Geneva, Switzerland, warehouse which had contained a fortune in stolen artifacts. Italian art dealer Giacomo Medici was arrested in 1997; his operation was thought to be "one of the largest and most sophisticated antiquities networks in the world, responsible for illegally digging up and spiriting away thousands of top-drawer pieces and passing them on to the most elite end of the international art market".[12] In 2005 True was forced to tender her resignation by the Board of Trustees, which announced her early retirement. Italy
Italy
allowed the statute of limitations of the charges filed against her to expire in October 2010.[13] In a letter to the J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
Trust on December 18, 2006, True stated that she was being made to "carry the burden" for practices which were known, approved, and condoned by the Getty's Board of Directors.[14] True is currently under investigation by Greek authorities over the acquisition of a 2,500-year-old funerary wreath. The wreath, along with a 6th-century BC statue of a woman, have been returned to Greece and are exhibited at the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki.[15] On November 20, 2006, the director of the museum, Michael Brand, announced that 26 disputed pieces were to be returned to Italy, but not the Victorious Youth, which is still claimed by the Italian authorities. In 2007, the Los Angeles J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
Museum was forced to return 40 artifacts, including a 5th-century BC statue of the goddess Aphrodite, which was looted from Morgantina, an ancient Greek settlement in Sicily.[16] The Getty Museum resisted the requests of the Italian government for nearly two decades, only to admit later that "there might be 'problems'" attached to the acquisition."[17] In 2006, Italian senior cultural official Giuseppe Proietti said: "The negotiations haven't made a single step forward." Only after he suggested the Italian government "to take cultural sanctions against the Getty, suspending all cultural cooperation,"[18] did the J. Paul Getty Museum return the antiquities. In another unrelated case in 1999, the Getty Museum had to hand over three antiquities to Italy
Italy
after determining they were stolen. The objects included a Greek red-figure kylix from the 5th-century BC, signed by the painter Onesimos and the potter Euphronios as potter, looted from the Etruscan site of Cerveteri; a torso of the god Mithra from the 2nd-century AD, and the head of a youth by the Greek sculptor Polykleitos.[19] In 2016, the terracotta head of the Greek god Hades
Hades
was returned to Sicily
Sicily
(Italy). The archaeological artifact was looted from Morgantina in the 1970s. The Getty museum purchased the terracotta head of Hades in 1985 from the New York collector Maurice Tempelsman, who had purchased it from the London dealer Robin Symes. Getty records show the museum paid $530,000 for it.[20][21] On December 21, 2016, the head of Hades
Hades
was added to the collection of the archaeological museum of Aidone, where it joined the statue of Demeter, the mother of his consort Persephone. Sicilian archaeologists found a blue curl that was missing from Hades' beard, and so it proved the origin of the terracotta head. Selected collection highlights[edit]

Pontormo, Portrait of a Halberdier, 1528

Parmigianino, Virgin with Child, St. John the Baptist, and Mary Magdalene, about 1530

Titian, Portrait of Alfonso d’Avalos, Marchese del Vasto, 1533

Peter Paul Rubens, The Entombment, 1612

Orazio Gentileschi, Danaë, 1621

Rembrandt, Rembrandt
Rembrandt
Laughing, 1628

Rembrandt, An Old Man in Military Costume, 1630

Rembrandt, The Abduction of Europa, 1632

Nicholas Poussin, Landscape in Calm Weather, 1651

Jean-Antoine Watteau, The Italian Comedians, 1720

Canaletto, The Grand Canal in Venice from Palazzo Flangini to Campo San Marcuola, about 1738

Jacques-Louis David, The Sisters Zénaïde and Charlotte Bonaparte, 1821

J.M.W. Turner, Modern Rome
Rome
- Campo Vaccino, 1839

Édouard Manet, Portrait of Madame Brunet, 1867

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, La Promenade, 1870

Claude Monet, Sunrise (Marine), 1873

Édouard Manet, The Rue Mosnier with Flags (fr), 1878

Édouard Manet, Spring, 1881

Vincent van Gogh, Irises, 1889

Paul Gauguin, Arii Matamoe (The Royal End), 1892

Paul Cézanne, Still Life with Apples, 1893

Paul Cézanne, Young Italian Woman at a Table, 1895

André-Charles Boulle, c. 1670.

André-Charles Boulle, c 1710.

André-Charles Boulle, c. 1675.

André-Charles Boulle, 1715-1725.

See also[edit]

Getty Conservation Institute Getty Foundation Getty Research Institute

References[edit]

^ a b "Visitor Figures 2016" (PDF). The Art Newspaper Review. April 2017. p. 14. Retrieved 23 March 2018.  ^ "About the Museum (Getty Museum)". www.getty.edu. Retrieved 2016-01-19.  ^ "Visit the Getty". Getty.edu. Retrieved January 26, 2012.  ^ "THE GETTY VILLA TO OPEN JANUARY 28, 2006". Press Release. J. Paul Getty Trust. Retrieved June 16, 2012.  ^ McGill, Douglas C. (March 4, 1987). "Getty, The Art World's Big Spender". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2010.  ^ Eric Pace (July 23, 1996), Peter Ludwig, 71, German Art Collector, Dies New York Times. ^ "The J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
Trust". The Getty. J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
Museum. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved May 19, 2015.  ^ "Collection (Getty Museum)". J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
Museum.  ^ "Getty Bookmarks". J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
Museum. Archived from the original on August 6, 2011.  ^ "The Getty Center
Getty Center
- Architecture". The Getty. J. Paul Getty
J. Paul Getty
Museum. Retrieved May 21, 2015.  ^ Frammolino, Ralph (13 May 2006). "Jiri Frel, 82; Colorful Curator Who Left Getty Under a Cloud". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 24 April 2016.  ^ Men's Vogue, Nov/Dec 2006, Vol. 2, No. 3, pg. 46. ^ Felch, Jason and Ralph Frammolino (2011), Chasing Aphrodite: The Hunt for Looted Antiquities
Antiquities
at the World's Richest Museum. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, pp. 265–66, 312. ^ Felch, Jason; Frammolino, Ralph (December 29, 2006). "Getty lets her take fall, ex-curator says". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 5, 2010.  ^ "$1.5 mn Macedonian Gold Wreath Attracts Greek Populace". elitechoice.org. March 30, 2007.  ^ Ariel, David (August 1, 2007). "Getty to Return Antiquities
Antiquities
to Italy". Forbes.  ^ Povoledo, Elisabetta (July 4, 2007). "In a Tug of War, Ancient Statue Is Symbol of Patrimony". The New York Times.  ^ "Getty will return Aphrodite
Aphrodite
statue if it has origins in Italy". North County Times. November 22, 2006.  ^ Slayman, Andrew (May–June 1999). "Getty Returns Italian Artifacts". Archaeology. 52 (3).  ^ "Getty Museum to return Hades
Hades
terracotta head to Sicily". Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ "Los Angeles - Head of Hades
Hades
returned to Italy". Farnesina. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Getty Museum.

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J. Paul Getty
Trust

Museum locations

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Programs

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J. Paul Getty
Museum Getty Foundation Getty Research Institute Getty Conservation Institute

People

J. Paul Getty Harold M. Williams Barry Munitz James N. Wood James Cuno

Art museums and galleries in Los Angeles — Art in the Greater Los Angeles Area — Getty family

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 147804499 LCCN: n79046211 ISNI: 0000 0001 2295 7127 GND: 19128-0 SUDOC: 027751244 BNF: cb12066806d (data) ULAN: 500115988 NLA: 35238777 NDL: 00683914 NKC: ko2002149232 BNE: XX135978 RKD: 463

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