SIR JOHN ARTHUR RANSOME MARRIOTT (17 August 1859 – 6 June 1945) was a British educationist, historian, and Conservative Member of Parliament.
He taught modern history at
He was Conservative member of Parliament for Oxford from 1917 to 1922, and for York from 1923 to 1929. After defeat in 1929 he retired from active politics.
During the course of his lifetime he wrote more than forty books on British and European history, as well as current political subjects.
He was knighted in 1924.
* 1 Early life * 2 Educationist and historian * 3 Politician * 4 Personal life
* 5 Works
* 5.1 Articles
* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links
Marriott was born in
Bowden, Cheshire , the son of a solicitor from a
family of minor landowners. He was educated at
EDUCATIONIST AND HISTORIAN
In 1883 Marriott became a lecturer in Modern History at New College, and soon after at Worcester College, of which he became a Fellow in 1914.
In 1886, he was recruited by M. E. Sadler as an Oxford University extension lecturer, to give lectures in towns across the country. He was a "natural platform orator... notable for characteristic gestures and the full sweep of his gown". In 1895 he became secretary of the Extension delegacy, which he remained until 1920.
Marriott wrote prolifically, on modern English and European history, the British Empire, and on political institutions. His books, aimed at a non-specialist audience, benefitted from his experience as an extension lecturer.
Marriott had been politically active as an undergraduate, and in 1885
was adopted as the Conservative candidate for East St Pancras ,
although he later withdrew. In 1886, he was selected for Rochdale but
lost in the general election to the defending Liberal, Thomas Bayley
Potter . He applied for selection as Conservative candidate for the
In 1917 he was elected unopposed under the war-time electoral pact to represent Oxford City in the by-election following the elevation to a UK peerage of Arthur Annesley . Re-elected in 1918 (in the so-called Coupon Election ), he lost his seat in the general election of 1922 to Frank Gray , the Liberal.
Marriott returned to parliament in 1923 for York , defending his seat successfully in the 1924 general election , but lost in 1929 to a Labour candidate, Frederick George Burgess .
In 1891 Marriott married Henrietta Robinson, daughter of the warden
Trinity College, Glenalmond
He died in
* George Canning and his Times: A Political Study, John Murray,
* The Life and Times of Lucius Cary, Viscount Falkland, G. P.
Putnam's Sons, 1907.
* The Remaking of Modern Europe from the Outbreak of the French
Revolution to the Treaty of Berlin, 1789-1878, Methuen an Introductory
Study, Oxford : The Clarendon Press, 1913.
* The French Revolution of 1848 in its Economic Aspect, 2 Vol.,
Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1913.
* England Since Waterloo, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1916 .
* The Eastern Question: A Study in European Diplomacy, Oxford: The
Clarendon Press, 1917.
* English History in Shakspeare, E.P. Dutton Company, 1918.
* Europe and Beyond, E. P. Dutton Europe and beyond: a preliminary
survey of world-politics 1870-1939 (1951)
* Economics and Ethics: A Treatise on Wealth and Life, Methuen &
* Makers of Modern Italy: Napoleon-Mussolini, Oxford: The Clarendon
* The English in India: A Problem of Politics, 1932.
* Queen Victoria and her ministers (1933)
* The life of John Colet (1933)
* Oxford: its place in national history (1933)
* Modern England (1934) 4th ed 1948 published as Modern England:
1885-1945: A history of my own times
* Castlereagh, 1936.
* Commonwealth or Anarchy?: A Survey of Projects of Peace, from the
Sixteenth to the Twentieth Century,