Sir John Arthur Ransome Marriott (17 August 1859 – 6 June 1945) was
a British educationist, historian, and Conservative Member of
He taught modern history at
Oxford University from 1884 to 1920. He
was an Honorary fellow, formerly fellow, lecturer and tutor in modern
History, of Worcester College, Oxford.
He was Conservative member of Parliament for Oxford from 1917 to 1922,
and for York from 1923 to 1929. After defeat in 1929 he retired from
During the course of his lifetime he wrote more than forty books on
British and European history, as well as current political subjects.
He was knighted in 1924.
1 Early life
2 Educationist and historian
4 Personal life
6 See also
8 External links
Marriott was born in Bowdon, Cheshire, the son of a solicitor from a
family of minor landowners. He was educated at
Repton School and
New College, Oxford, graduating in 1882 with a Second in Modern
History. As an undergraduate he was an active member of the Canning
Club, a Conservative society.
Educationist and historian
In 1883 Marriott became a lecturer in Modern History at New College,
and soon after at Worcester College, of which he became a Fellow in
In 1886, he was recruited by M. E. Sadler as an Oxford University
extension lecturer, to give lectures in towns across the country. He
was a "natural platform orator... notable for characteristic gestures
and the full sweep of his gown". In 1895 he became secretary of the
Extension delegacy, which he remained until 1920.
Marriott wrote prolifically, on modern English and European history,
the British Empire, and on political institutions. His books, aimed at
a non-specialist audience, benefitted from his experience as an
Marriott had been politically active as an undergraduate, and in 1885
was adopted as the Conservative candidate for East St Pancras,
although he later withdrew. In 1886, he was selected for Rochdale but
lost in the general election to the defending Liberal, Thomas Bayley
Potter. He applied for selection as Conservative candidate for the
Oxford University by-election in 1914, but was not successful.
In 1917 he was elected unopposed under the war-time electoral pact to
represent Oxford City in the by-election following the elevation to a
UK peerage of Arthur Annesley. Re-elected in 1918 (in the so-called
Coupon Election), he lost his seat in the general election of 1922 to
Frank Gray, the Liberal.
Marriott returned to parliament in 1923 for York, defending his seat
successfully in the 1924 general election, but lost in 1929 to a
Labour candidate, Frederick George Burgess.
In 1891 Marriott married Henrietta Robinson, daughter of the warden of
Trinity College, Glenalmond
Trinity College, Glenalmond and they had one daughter, Cicely, in
He died in
Llandrindod Wells on 6 June 1945.
George Canning and his Times: A Political Study, John Murray, 1903.
The Life and Times of Lucius Cary, Viscount Falkland, G. P. Putnam's
The Remaking of Modern Europe from the Outbreak of the French
Revolution to the Treaty of Berlin, 1789-1878, Methuen & Co., 1910
[1st Pub. 1909].
Second Chambers: an Inductive Study in Political Science, Oxford: The
Clarendon Press, 1910.
English Political Institutions; an Introductory Study, Oxford :
The Clarendon Press, 1913.
The French Revolution of 1848 in its Economic Aspect, 2 Vol., Oxford:
The Clarendon Press, 1913.
England Since Waterloo, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1916 [1st Pub. 1913].
The Eastern Question: A Study in European Diplomacy, Oxford: The
Clarendon Press, 1917.
English History in Shakspeare, E.P. Dutton Company, 1918.
Europe and Beyond, E. P. Dutton & Company, 1921; Europe and
beyond: a preliminary survey of world-politics 1870-1939 (1951)
Economics and Ethics: A Treatise on Wealth and Life, Methuen &
Makers of Modern Italy: Napoleon-Mussolini, Oxford: The Clarendon
The English in India: A Problem of Politics, 1932.
Queen Victoria and her ministers (1933)
The life of John Colet (1933)
Oxford: its place in national history (1933)
England (1934) 4th ed 1948 published as Modern England:
1885-1945: A history of my own times
Commonwealth or Anarchy?: A Survey of Projects of Peace, from the
Sixteenth to the Twentieth Century,
Oxford University Press, 1939 [1st
English History in English Fiction, Blackie & Son, 1940.
The Tragedy of Europe, Blackie & Son, 1941.
Anglo-Russian Relations, 1689-1943, Methuen & Co., 1944.
Memories of Four Score Years: The Autobiography of the Late Sir John
Marriott, Blackie & Son Limited, 1946.
A history of Europe from 1815 to 1939 (1948)
"The 'Right to Work'," The Nineteenth Century and After, Vol. LXIII,
"Democracy, Diplomacy and War," The Edinburgh Review, Vol. CCXXII,
N°. 454, October 1915.
"The Hellenic Factor in the Problem of the Near East," The Edinburgh
Review, Vol. CCXXIII, N°. 445, January, 1916.
"The Foreign Policy of the United States," The Edinburgh Review, Vol.
CCXXIX, N°. 468, April 1919.
"Swiss Democracy," The Edinburgh Review, Vol. CCXXXII, N°. 474,
"The Party System and Parliamentary Government," The Edinburgh Review,
Vol. CCXXXIV, N°. 478, October 1921.
"Under-Garrisoned Dominions," The Living Age, December 1937.
^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography, 1992
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Goldman, Lawrence. "John Marriott". ODNB.
Oxford University Press. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Marriott
Works by J. A. R. (John Arthur Ransome) Marriott at Faded Page
Works by John Marriott at
LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
Parliament of the United Kingdom
The Viscount Valentia
Member of Parliament for Oxford
1917 – 1922
Member of Parliament for the City of York
1923 – 1929
Frederick George Burgess
ISNI: 0000 0001 0872 1353
BNF: cb123169003 (data)