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Jørn Oberg Utzon, AC, Hon. FAIA (Danish: [jɶɐ̯n ˈudsʌn]; 9 April 1918 – 29 November 2008)[1] was a Danish architect, most notable for designing the Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House
in Australia. When it was declared a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
on 28 June 2007, Utzon became only the second person to have received such recognition for one of his works during his lifetime.[2] Other noteworthy works include Bagsværd Church near Copenhagen
Copenhagen
and the National Assembly Building in Kuwait. He also made important contributions to housing design, especially with his Kingo Houses
Kingo Houses
near Helsingør.

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Architectural approach 3 Sydney Opera House 4 Works in Denmark 5 Other works 6 Later life 7 Buildings and projects 8 Written works 9 Awards and recognition 10 Influence 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

Early life and career[edit] Utzon was born in Copenhagen, the son of a naval architect, and grew up in Aalborg, Denmark, where he became interested in ships and a possible naval career.[3] As a result of his family's interest in art, from 1937 he attended the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts
Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts
where he studied under Kay Fisker
Kay Fisker
and Steen Eiler Rasmussen. Following his graduation in 1942, he joined Gunnar Asplund
Gunnar Asplund
in Stockholm where he worked together with Arne Jacobsen
Arne Jacobsen
and Poul Henningsen.[4] He took a particular interest in the works of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright.[5] After the end of World War II
World War II
and the German Occupation of Denmark, he returned to Copenhagen. In 1946 he visited Alvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
in Helsinki. In 1947–48 he travelled in Europe, in 1948 he went to Morocco
Morocco
where he was taken by the tall clay buildings. In 1949, he travelled to the United States and Mexico, where the pyramids provided further inspiration. Fascinated by the way the Mayans built towards the sky to get closer to God, he commented that his time in Mexico
Mexico
was "One of the greatest architectural experiences in my life."[6] In America, he visited Frank Lloyd Wright's home, Taliesin West, in the Arizona
Arizona
desert[7] and met Charles and Ray Eames.[6] In 1950 he established his own studio in Copenhagen[8] and, in 1952, built an open-plan house for himself, the first of its kind in Denmark. In 1957, he travelled first to China (where he was particularly interested in the Chinese desire for harmony), Japan (where he learnt much about the interaction between interiors and exteriors) and India, before arriving in Australia in 1957 where he stayed until 1966.[5] All this contributed to Utzon's understanding of factors which contribute to successful architectural design.[9] Architectural approach[edit] Utzon had a Nordic sense of concern for nature which, in his design, emphasized the synthesis of form, material and function for social values. His fascination with the architectural legacies of the ancient Mayas, the Islamic world, China and Japan enhanced his vision.[10] This developed into what Utzon later referred to as Additive Architecture, comparing his approach to the growth patterns of nature.[11] A design can grow like a tree, he explained: "If it grows naturally, the architecture will look after itself."[9] Sydney Opera House[edit]

Sydney Opera House

In 1957, Utzon unexpectedly won the competition to design the Sydney Opera House. His submission was one of 233 designs from 32 countries, many of them from the most famous architects of the day.[6] Although he had won six other architectural competitions previously, the Opera House was his first non-domestic project. One of the judges, Eero Saarinen, described it as "genius" and declared he could not endorse any other choice.[7] The designs Utzon submitted were little more than preliminary drawings. Concerned that delays would lead to lack of public support, the Cahill government of New South Wales
New South Wales
nonetheless gave the go-ahead for work to begin in 1958. The British engineering consultancy Ove Arup and Partners put out tenders without adequate working drawings and construction work began on 2 March 1959. As a result, the podium columns were not strong enough to support the roof and had to be rebuilt. The situation was complicated by Cahill's death in October 1959.[9][12] The extraordinary structure of the shells themselves represented a puzzle for the engineers. This was not resolved until 1961, when Utzon himself finally came up with the solution. He replaced the original elliptical shells with a design based on complex sections of a sphere. Utzon says his design was inspired by the simple act of peeling an orange: the 14 shells of the building, if combined, would form a perfect sphere.[6] Although Utzon had spectacular, innovative plans for the interior of these halls, he was unable to realise this part of his design. In mid-1965, the New South Wales
New South Wales
Liberal government of Robert Askin
Robert Askin
was elected. Askin had been a 'vocal critic of the project prior to gaining office.'[13] His new Minister for Public Works, Davis Hughes, was even less sympathetic. Elizabeth Farrelly, Australian architecture critic has written that

at an election night dinner party in Mosman, Hughes's daughter Sue Burgoyne boasted that her father would soon sack Utzon. Hughes had no interest in art, architecture or aesthetics. A fraud, as well as a philistine, he had been exposed before Parliament and dumped as Country Party leader for 19 years of falsely claiming a university degree. The Opera House gave Hughes a second chance. For him, as for Utzon, it was all about control; about the triumph of homegrown mediocrity over foreign genius.[13]

Utzon soon found himself in conflict with the new Minister. Attempting to rein in the escalating cost of the project, Hughes began questioning Utzon's capability, his designs, schedules and cost estimates, refusing to pay running costs. In 1966, after a final request from Utzon that plywood manufacturer Ralph Symonds should be one of the suppliers for the roof structure was refused, he resigned from the job, closed his Sydney office and vowed never to return to Australia.[9] When Utzon left, the shells were almost complete, and costs amounted to only $22.9 million. Following major changes to the original plans for the interiors, costs finally rose to $103 million.[6] The Opera House was finally completed, and opened in 1973 by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia. The architect was not invited to the ceremony, nor was his name even mentioned during any of the speeches.[14] He was, however, to be recognised later when he was asked to design updates to the interior of the opera house. The Utzon Room, overlooking Sydney Harbour, was officially dedicated in October 2004. In a statement at the time Utzon wrote: "The fact that I'm mentioned in such a marvellous way, it gives me the greatest pleasure and satisfaction. I don't think you can give me more joy as the architect. It supersedes any medal of any kind that I could get and have got." Furthermore, Frank Gehry, one of the Pritzker Prize
Pritzker Prize
judges, commented: "Utzon made a building well ahead of its time, far ahead of available technology, and he persevered through extraordinarily malicious publicity and negative criticism to build a building that changed the image of an entire country."[15] Works in Denmark[edit]

Bagsværd Church
Bagsværd Church
near Copenhagen
Copenhagen
(1968–76)

While some of Utzon's most notable works are spread around the globe, he completed a number of projects in his native Denmark. Bagsværd Church, just north of Copenhagen, is considered to be a masterpiece of contemporary church architecture, thanks to its bright, naturally illuminated interior and its ceiling straddled with softly-rounded vaulting.[16] Designed in 1968, the church was completed in 1976.[17] The Kingo Houses
Kingo Houses
in Helsingør
Helsingør
(1958) consist of 63 L-shaped homes based on the design of traditional Danish farmhouses with central courtyards.[18] Built in rows following the undulations of the site, each of the houses not only has a view of its own but enjoys the best possible conditions for sunlight and shelter from the wind. Utzon described the arrangement as "flowers on the branch of a cherry tree, each turning towards the sun."[19] In general, Utzon's houses display sophisticated and varied relationships to the path of the sun.[20] A few years later, he went on to design the Fredensborg Houses
Fredensborg Houses
(1963) for Danish pensioners who had worked for long periods abroad. Located on a site in natural surroundings and inspired by housing in Beijing's Forbidden City, the complex consists of 47 courtyard homes and 30 terraced houses as well as a central building with a restaurant, meeting rooms and nine guest rooms. The homes are located around a square in groups of three, all with entrances from the square.[19][21] His Paustian Furniture Store (1988) on Copenhagen's waterfront stands on a multitude of columns inspired by a beech forest.[22] A temple-like finish is achieved by 11 columns with fan-shaped capitals overlooking the harbour. Similar columns are also present inside the spacious interior, stretching up to the skylight dominating the roof.[23] In 2005, in close collaboration with his son Kim Utzon, he helped to plan the Utzon Center
Utzon Center
in Aalborg
Aalborg
(completed 2008) designed to inspire young students of architecture. Located on the waterfront, its high sculptured roofs rise over an auditorium, a boathall and a library while the lower roofs of its exhibition rooms and workshops surround a central courtyard, sheltered from the wind.[24]

Architect's own house, Hellebæk, (1950–52)

Middelboe house, Holte, (1953–55)

Kingo houses, Helsingør
Helsingør
(1956–60)

Fredensborg Houses
Fredensborg Houses
(1959–63)

Other works[edit]

The National Assembly Building in Kuwait
Kuwait
(1982)

Kuwait's National Assembly Building, completed in 1982, stands on the sea front with (in Utzon's words) "haze and white light and an untidy town behind." Benefiting from an understanding of Islamic architecture, Utzon designed a building consisting of a covered square, a parliamentary chamber, a conference hall, and a mosque. Its waving roof conveys the impression of moving fabric.[25] Its columns are reminiscent of the Karnak
Karnak
temples.[5] The Melli Bank building in Tehran, slightly set back from the lines of the busy street where it stands, has a reinforced concrete frame faced with natural stone. The ground-level banking hall, naturally illuminated by skylight vaults, is connected to the upper floor by a central spiral staircase, providing maximum flexibility of space.[26] Later life[edit]

Can Lis, Utzon's first house on Mallorca

On his return from Australia in 1966, Utzon made a stop on Mallorca. Fascinated by the island, he decided to build a summer house there on the top of a cliff near the fishing village of Portopetro. Named Can Lis after his wife, the house was based on the home he had intended to build in Australia but was inspired by local materials and climate, setting standards for contemporary Mediterranean architecture. The house consists of five loosely linked blocks with a colonnaded outdoor area, a living room and two bedrooms, each with its own courtyard.[27][28] Although Utzon and his wife spent an increasing amount of time on Mallorca, they became disturbed by all the tourists who came to see their home. They decided to move to a more remote area in the mountains where they built a second house known as Can Feliz, consisting of three blocks for dining, living and sleeping, separated by courtyards. The upper part of the grand theatrical living space is furnished for working with heavy timber bookcases and a large table. A huge window provides magnificent views of the pine forests and the sea beyond.[27] The Utzon Center
Utzon Center
in Aalborg, designed together with his son Kim, was the architect's last assignment. In 2005 he commented, "From the bottom of my heart, I hope that the Utzon Center
Utzon Center
will be a place where positive thoughts converge and where students from the School of Architecture gather when they want to get together to discuss their ideas. It is intended to be a power centre for the architects and people of the future."[29] Utzon died in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
on 29 November 2008, aged 90, of a heart attack in his sleep after a series of operations. He had never returned to Australia to see the completed opera house.[30][31] On 2 December 2008 the Parliament of New South Wales
New South Wales
passed a special motion of condolence to honour Utzon's life and work.[32] He was survived by his wife, Lis, his sons Jan and Kim, his daughter Lin, and several grandchildren. His sons are trained architects and his daughter is a designer,[15] muralist and artist who was at one time married to the Australian architect Alex Popov.[33] Buildings and projects[edit]

Major built projects

Svaneke
Svaneke
water tower (1951)

Water tower in Svaneke, Bornholm, Denmark, 1952[34] Architect's own house, Hellebæk, Denmark, 1952[35] House in Holte, Denmark, 1953[35] Kingo Houses, Helsingør, Denmark
Denmark
1956–59[36] Elineberg Housing, Helsingborg, Sweden, 1966[37] Planetstaden housing project in Lund, Sweden, 1957–58[38] Sydney Opera House, Sydney, Australia, 1973[39] Fredensborg
Fredensborg
Houses, courtyard housing in Fredensborg, Denmark, 1965[36] Melli Bank, University of Tehran
Tehran
Branch, Tehran, Iran, 1962[40] Hammershøj Care Centre, Helsingør, Denmark, 1966[37] Espansiva building system, pre-fabricated single-family houses, Denmark, 1960s[41] Bagsværd Church, Bagsværd, Denmark, 1976[34] Can Lis, Architect's own house, Majorca, Spain, 1971[35] National Assembly of Kuwait, Kuwait
Kuwait
City, Kuwait, 1982[34] Paustian Furniture Store, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1987[34] Can Feliz, Majorca, Spain, 1994[42] Skagen
Skagen
Odde Nature Centre, Skagen, Denmark, 1989 (completed by his son Jan Utzon
Jan Utzon
in 1999–2000)[43] Utzon Center, Aalborg, 2008 (with Kim Utzon)[44]

Elineberg Housing, Helsingborg, Sweden, (1954–66)

Hammershøj Care Centre, Helsingør, Denmark, (1962–66)

Paustian furniture store, Copenhagen
Copenhagen
(1987)

Utzon Center, Aalborg
Aalborg
(2005–08)

Skagen
Skagen
Odde Naturcenter, Denmark, 1989 (completed by his son Jan Utzon in 1999–2000)

Written works[edit]

Books

Jørn Utzon, The Courtyard Houses: Logbook Vol. I, Copenhagen, Edition Bløndal, 2004, 180 pages. ISBN 87-91567-01-7 Jørn Utzon, Bagsværd Church: Logbook Vol. II, Copenhagen, Edition Bløndal, 2005, 168 pages. ISBN 87-91567-07-6 Jørn Utzon, Two Houses on Majorca: Logbook Vol. III, Copenhagen, Edition Bløndal, 2004, 76 pages. ISBN 87-91567-03-3 Jørn Utzon, Kuwait
Kuwait
National Assembly: Logbook Vol. IV, Copenhagen, Edition Bløndal, 2008, 312 pages. ISBN 87-91567-21-1 Jørn Utzon, Additive Architecture: Logbook Vol. V, Copenhagen, Edition Bløndal, 2009, 312 pages. ISBN 87-91567-23-8 Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
and Philip Drew, Sydney Opera House, London, Phaidon Press, 1995, 60 pages. ISBN 0-7148-3297-9 Martin Keiding and Kim Dirckinck-Holmfeld (ed.), Utzon and the new tradition, Utzon Library, Copenhagen, Danish Architectural Press, 2005, 262 pages. ISBN 87-7407-313-3 Martin Keiding and Kim Dirckinck-Holmfeld (ed.), Utzon's own houses, Utzon Library, Copenhagen, Danish Architectural Press, 2004. ISBN 87-7407-316-8

Journal articles

Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
and Tobias Faber, Tendenser i nutidens arkitektur, Arkitektur, Copenhagen, 1947 (in Danish) Jørn Utzon, Additiv arkitektur, Arkitektur, Copenhagen
Copenhagen
1970, No. 1 (in Danish) Jørn Utzon, Platforms and Plateaus: Ideas of a Danish Architect, Zodiac 10, Milan 1962 Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
and others, A survey of Utzon's work, some descriptions by Utzon, and the Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House
as finally contemplated, Zodiac 5, Milan 1959[45] Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
and others, Utzon's descriptions of the Sydney Opera House, the Silkeborg Museum and the Zurich Theatre. Also Giedion's Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
and the Third Generation, Zodiac 14, Milan 1965[46]

Awards and recognition[edit] On 17 May 1985, Utzon was made an honorary Companion of the Order of Australia (AC).[47] He was given the Keys to the City of Sydney
City of Sydney
in 1998.[48] He was involved in redesigning the Opera House, and in particular, the Reception Hall, beginning in 1999.[49] In 2003, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Sydney; his son accepted the award on his behalf.[50] In 2003, he received the Pritzker Prize, architecture's highest honor.[51] In March 2006, Queen Elizabeth II opened the western colonnade addition to the building designed by Utzon who had not returned to Australia since 1966. His son, Jan, took his place at the opening ceremony instead, saying his father was "too old by now to take the long flight to Australia. But he lives and breathes the Opera House, and as its creator he just has to close his eyes to see it."[52] On 28 June 2007, the Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House
was declared a World Heritage Site.[53] Following Utzon's death in 2008, on 25 March 2009, a state memorial and reconciliation concert was held in the Concert Hall at Sydney Opera House.[54]

List of honours

1967 C. F. Hansen Medal[55] 1973 RAIA Gold Medal from the Royal Australian Institute of Architects[56] 1978 RIBA Royal Gold Medal[57] 1980 The Daylight and Building Component Award[58] 1982 Alvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
Medal[59] 1987 Nykredit Architecture Prize[60] 1992 Wolf Prize[61] 1998 Sonning Prize[62] 2000 Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement[63] 2003 Pritzker Prize[64]

Influence[edit] According to Kenneth Frampton, Utzon's architectural influence is manifest on three levels: the emphasis given to the roof element, the importance given to the grounding of the building, and the commitment to "the cultural validity of organic growth".[65] Kim Dirkinck-Holmfeld, writing in Dansk Arkitektur: 1960–1995, comments: Utzon did not obtain many commissions in his mother country but his importance was considerable in terms of direct imitation or inspiration. And he was the only Danish architect who made a significant contribution to the global development of Modernism.[66] See also[edit]

Architecture of Denmark

References[edit]

^ " Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House
designer Joern Utzon dies at 90". Associated Press. 29 November 2008. Retrieved 2016-10-24.  ^ Kathy Marks (27 June 2007). "World Heritage honour for 'daring' Sydney Opera House". The Independent. Independent News & Media. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2009.  ^ "Thomas Arvid Jaeger: Joern Utzons maritime roots". Academia.edu.  ^ Kasper Krogh, " Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
– visionens mester", Berlingste Tidende, 29 November 2008. (in Danish) Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ a b c Tobias Faber "Jørn Utzon", Kunstindekx Danmark & Weilbachskunstnerleksikon. (in Danish) Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ a b c d e " Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
(1918–2008)", Danishnet.com. Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ a b Jorn Utzon from Telegraph, 30 November 2008. ^ "Jørn Utzon". Famous Architects. Retrieved 2010-06-20.  ^ a b c d "Jørn Utzon: Danish architect who designed the Sydney Opera House", The Times, 1 December 2008. ^ Adrian Carter, "Between Earth and Sky: The work of Jørn Utzon, as an exemplary phenomenological approach to modern architecture made concrete." Retrieved 25 September 2011. ^ Richard Weston on Additive Architecture, Jorn Utzon, Logbook Vol V Archived 15 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Edition Bløndal. Retrieved 25 September 2011. ^ "Utzon, Jorn, 1918–2008: Jorn Utzon Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House
collection, 1956–1967", State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ a b Farrelly, Elizabeth, "High noon at Bennelong Point", Canberra Times. Retrieved 21 September 2011. ^ The Age: Obituary ^ a b Christopher Hawthorne, "Jorn Utzon dies at 90; Danish architect of Sydney Opera House", Los Angeles Times, 30 November 2008. Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ "Bagsværd Kirke (1976)" Archived 13 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Dansk Arkitektur Center. (in Danish) Retrieved 15 September 2011. ^ Michael Asgaard Andersen, "Revisiting Utzon’s Bagsværd Church"[permanent dead link], Nordisk Arkitekturforskning. 2005: 2, p. 95 et seq. Retrieved 16 September 2011. ^ Møller, Henrik Sten and Udsen, Vibe: Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
Houses, Living Architecture Publishing, Copenhagen, ISBN 87-987597-3-6 ^ a b "Jørn Utzon, 2003 laureate, Biography" Archived 25 October 2011 at WebCite, PritzkerPrize.com. Retrieved 17 September 2011. ^ "Jørn Utzon's sun-responsive houses". solarhousehistory.com.  ^ "Utzons Fredensborghuse", Danes Worldwide. (in Danish) Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ "Kocept: Arcsite Kanon", Dansk Architektur Center. (in Danish) Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ Kim Dirkinck-Holmfeld, "Dansk Arkitektur 1960–1995", Arkitektens Forlag, Copenhagen
Copenhagen
1995, p. 326. ISBN 978-87-7407-112-9 ^ "Utzon Center"[permanent dead link], Kim Utzon
Kim Utzon
Arkitekter. Retrieved 22 September 2011. ^ " Kuwait
Kuwait
National Assembly, 1972–82, by Jorn Utzon, 2003 Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureate". About.com. Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ "Bank Melli" Archived 12 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Arch Net. Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ a b " Can Lis
Can Lis
and Can Feliz in Mallorca, by Jørn Utzon", Stories of Houses. Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ "Can Lis" Archived 13 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Dansk Arkitectur Center. (in Danish) Retrieved 24 September 2011. ^ "Utzon Center". Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ OLSEN, Jan (29 November 2008). " Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House
designer Joern Utzon dies at 90". Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-11-29.  ^ BERNSTEIN, FRED (29 November 2008). "Jorn Utzon, 90, Dies; Created Sydney Opera House". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-12-04.  ^ "Ministerial Statement, Death of Joern Utzon". Hansard. 2 December 2008. Retrieved 2009-04-28.  ^ McGillick.com Archived 27 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b c d "Future Nordic Concrete Architecture" (PDF). Nordic Innovation Centre. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ a b c "Jorn Utzon". The Telegraph. 29 November 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ a b "Brick Bulletin" (PDF). Brick Development Association. 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ a b Miller, William (2016). Nordic Modernism: Scandinavian Architecture 1890–2017. The Crowood Press.  ^ "Utzons Lundahus får stärkt skydd". Sydsvenskan. 13 October 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ "Opera House wins top status". The Sydney Morning Herald. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ "Bank Melli". Archnet. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ Bergdoll, Barry; Christensen, Peter (2008). Home Delivery: Fabricating the Modern Dwelling, Part 1. The Museum of Modern Art. p. 29. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Utzon's Island Escape". Architecture AU. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ "Utzon Architects: Skagen
Skagen
Odde Nature Center", ArcSpace.com. Retrieved 21 September 2011. ^ Line Christensen, "Regarding Utzon Center", Utzoncenter.dk. Retrieved 18 September 2011. ^ "[UTZON, JORN]. Zodiac 5. International Magazine of Contemporary Architecture", Antiqbook. Retrieved 23 September 2011. ^ "Utzon, Jorn. Zodiac 14. Milan 1965" Retrieved 23 September 2011 ^ It's an Honour: AC ^ "Jan Gehl awarded key to the City of Sydney". Architecture AU. 9 February 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ " Jan Utzon
Jan Utzon
on the Past and Future of the Sydney Opera House". Architect Magazine. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ "Sydney Opera House's designer dies". The New York Times. 30 November 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ Sydney Morning Herald – his death ^ " Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
Biography", Sydney Opera House. Retrieved 23 September 2011. ^ Unesco website: Sydney Opera House ^ " Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House
architect Joern Utzon remembered". The Daily Telegraph. 25 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-28.  ^ "Tildelinger af medaljer C.F. Hansen Medaillen". Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ "Gold Medal". Australian Institute of Architects. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ "1970s". Royal Institute of British Architects. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ "The Daylight Award". The Velux Foundations. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ " Alvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
Medal awarded to Danish firm Tegnestuen Vandkunsten". Canadian Architect. 1 February 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ "Nykredit Architecture Prize". Nykredit website (in Danish). Copenhagen, Denmark: Nykredit Holding A/S. 2013. Archived from the original on 20 February 2010. Retrieved 30 November 2013.  ^ "Jorn Utzon Winner of Wolf Prize in Architecture – 1992". Wolf Foundation. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ " Sonning Prize recipients". University of Copenhagen. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ "7th International Architecture Exhibition". La Biennale di Venezia. Retrieved 21 September 2016.  ^ " Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
Pritzker Prize". Architecture Week. Retrieved 9 April 2017.  ^ Frampton, Kenneth: "Between Artifice and Nature" in Louisiana Revy Vol.44 No.2 Jørn Utzon: The Architects Universe", Louisiana Museum of Art, 2004 ^ Kim Dirkinck-Holmfeld, Dansk Arkitektur: 1960–1995, Arkitektens Forlag, 1995, p. 18–20.

Further reading[edit]

Françoise Fromonot: Jørn Utzon, The Sydney Opera House. Corte Madera, California: Gingko Press, 1998. ISBN 3-927258-72-5 Richard Weston: Utzon — Inspiration, Vision, Architecture. Denmark: Edition Bløndal, 2002. ISBN 87-88978-98-2 J.J. Ferrer Forés: Jørn Utzon. Obras y Proyectos. Works and Projects. Spain: GG 2006. ISBN 978-84-252-2060-9 Katarina Stübe and Jan Utzon, Sydney Opera House: A Tribute to Jørn Utzon. Reveal Books, 2009. ISBN 978-0-9806123-0-1

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Buildings by Jørn Utzon.

Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
at the archINFORM database Interview with Jørn Utzon, October 1992 Utzon Center Pritzker Architecture Prize
Pritzker Architecture Prize
2003, including essays and photographs. Profile at the Sydney Opera House Eoghan Lewis (2014). "Utzon's Opera House". Dictionary of Sydney. Dictionary of Sydney Trust. Retrieved 9 October 2015.  [CC-By-SA] Obituary in The Economist, 11 December 2008.

v t e

Jørn Utzon

Australia and Middle East

Sydney Opera House Kuwait
Kuwait
National Assembly Melli Bank

Denmark
Denmark
and Sweden

Bagsværd Church Elineberg Housing Fredensborg
Fredensborg
Houses Kingo Houses Paustian House Skagen
Skagen
Odde Nature Centre Svaneke
Svaneke
Water Tower Utzon Center Utzon's House in Hellebæk

Spain

Can Feliz Can Lis

Concepts

Additive Architecture Critical regionalism

Associated architects

Jan Utzon Kim Utzon

v t e

Laureates of the Wolf Prize in Arts

Architecture

Ralph Erskine (1983/4) Fumihiko Maki
Fumihiko Maki
/ Giancarlo De Carlo
Giancarlo De Carlo
(1988) Frank Gehry
Frank Gehry
/ Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
/ Denys Lasdun
Denys Lasdun
(1992) Frei Otto
Frei Otto
/ Aldo van Eyck
Aldo van Eyck
(1996/7) Álvaro Siza Vieira
Álvaro Siza Vieira
(2001) Jean Nouvel
Jean Nouvel
(2005) David Chipperfield
David Chipperfield
/ Peter Eisenman
Peter Eisenman
(2010) Eduardo Souto de Moura
Eduardo Souto de Moura
(2013) Phyllis Lambert (2016)

Music

Vladimir Horowitz
Vladimir Horowitz
/ Olivier Messiaen
Olivier Messiaen
/ Josef Tal
Josef Tal
(1982) Isaac Stern
Isaac Stern
/ Krzysztof Penderecki
Krzysztof Penderecki
(1987) Yehudi Menuhin
Yehudi Menuhin
/ Luciano Berio
Luciano Berio
(1991) Zubin Mehta
Zubin Mehta
/ György Ligeti
György Ligeti
(1995/6) Pierre Boulez
Pierre Boulez
/ Riccardo Muti
Riccardo Muti
(2000) Mstislav Rostropovich
Mstislav Rostropovich
/ Daniel Barenboim
Daniel Barenboim
(2004) Giya Kancheli
Giya Kancheli
/ Claudio Abbado
Claudio Abbado
(2008) Plácido Domingo
Plácido Domingo
/ Simon Rattle
Simon Rattle
(2012) Jessye Norman
Jessye Norman
/ Murray Perahia
Murray Perahia
(2015)

Painting

Marc Chagall
Marc Chagall
/ Antoni Tàpies
Antoni Tàpies
(1981) Jasper Johns
Jasper Johns
(1986) Anselm Kiefer
Anselm Kiefer
(1990) Gerhard Richter
Gerhard Richter
(1994/5) Louise Bourgeois
Louise Bourgeois
(2002/3) Michelangelo Pistoletto
Michelangelo Pistoletto
(2006/7) Rosemarie Trockel
Rosemarie Trockel
(2011)

Sculpture

Eduardo Chillida
Eduardo Chillida
(1984/5) Claes Oldenburg
Claes Oldenburg
(1989) Bruce Nauman
Bruce Nauman
(1993) James Turrell
James Turrell
(1998) Louise Bourgeois
Louise Bourgeois
(2002/3) Michelangelo Pistoletto
Michelangelo Pistoletto
(2006/7) Olafur Eliasson
Olafur Eliasson
(2014) Laurie Anderson
Laurie Anderson
/ Lawrence Weiner
Lawrence Weiner
(2017) Paul McCartney
Paul McCartney
/ Ádám Fischer
Ádám Fischer
(2018)

Agriculture Arts Chemistry Mathematics Medicine Physics

v t e

Recipients of the Sonning Prize

Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(1950) Albert Schweitzer
Albert Schweitzer
(1959) Bertrand Russell
Bertrand Russell
(1960) Niels Bohr
Niels Bohr
(1961) Alvar Aalto
Alvar Aalto
(1962) Karl Barth
Karl Barth
(1963) Dominique Pire
Dominique Pire
(1964) Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi
Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi
(1965) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1966) Willem Visser 't Hooft
Willem Visser 't Hooft
(1967) Arthur Koestler
Arthur Koestler
(1968) Halldór Laxness
Halldór Laxness
(1969) Max Tau
Max Tau
(1970) Danilo Dolci
Danilo Dolci
(1971) Karl Popper
Karl Popper
(1973) Hannah Arendt
Hannah Arendt
(1975) Arne Næss
Arne Næss
(1977) Hermann Gmeiner
Hermann Gmeiner
(1979) Dario Fo
Dario Fo
(1981) Simone de Beauvoir
Simone de Beauvoir
(1983) William Heinesen
William Heinesen
(1985) Jürgen Habermas
Jürgen Habermas
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1989) Václav Havel
Václav Havel
(1991) Krzysztof Kieślowski
Krzysztof Kieślowski
(1994) Günter Grass
Günter Grass
(1996) Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
(1998) Eugenio Barba
Eugenio Barba
(2000) Mary Robinson
Mary Robinson
(2002) Mona Hatoum (2004) Ágnes Heller
Ágnes Heller
(2006) Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano
(2008) Hans Magnus Enzensberger
Hans Magnus Enzensberger
(2010) Orhan Pamuk
Orhan Pamuk
(2012) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2014)

v t e

Pritzker Architecture Prize
Pritzker Architecture Prize
laureates

Philip Johnson
Philip Johnson
(1979) Luis Barragán
Luis Barragán
(1980) James Stirling (1981) Kevin Roche
Kevin Roche
(1982) I. M. Pei
I. M. Pei
(1983) Richard Meier
Richard Meier
(1984) Hans Hollein
Hans Hollein
(1985) Gottfried Böhm
Gottfried Böhm
(1986) Kenzo Tange (1987) Gordon Bunshaft
Gordon Bunshaft
and Oscar Niemeyer
Oscar Niemeyer
(1988) Frank Gehry
Frank Gehry
(1989) Aldo Rossi
Aldo Rossi
(1990) Robert Venturi
Robert Venturi
(1991) Álvaro Siza Vieira
Álvaro Siza Vieira
(1992) Fumihiko Maki
Fumihiko Maki
(1993) Christian de Portzamparc
Christian de Portzamparc
(1994) Tadao Ando
Tadao Ando
(1995) Rafael Moneo
Rafael Moneo
(1996) Sverre Fehn
Sverre Fehn
(1997) Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano
(1998) Norman Foster (1999) Rem Koolhaas
Rem Koolhaas
(2000) Herzog & de Meuron (2001) Glenn Murcutt
Glenn Murcutt
(2002) Jørn Utzon
Jørn Utzon
(2003) Zaha Hadid
Zaha Hadid
(2004) Thom Mayne
Thom Mayne
(2005) Paulo Mendes da Rocha
Paulo Mendes da Rocha
(2006) Richard Rogers
Richard Rogers
(2007) Jean Nouvel
Jean Nouvel
(2008) Peter Zumthor
Peter Zumthor
(2009) Kazuyo Sejima
Kazuyo Sejima
and Ryue Nishizawa / SANAA
SANAA
(2010) Eduardo Souto de Moura
Eduardo Souto de Moura
(2011) Wang Shu
Wang Shu
(2012) Toyo Ito
Toyo Ito
(2013) Shigeru Ban
Shigeru Ban
(2014) Frei Otto
Frei Otto
(2015) Alejandro Aravena
Alejandro Aravena
(2016) Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem, and Ramón Vilalta / RCR Arquitectes (2017) B. V. Doshi
B. V. Doshi
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 109411665 LCCN: n84149671 ISNI: 0000 0001 2147 3606 GND: 119044102 SELIBR: 323657 SUDOC: 034639470 BNF: cb12537421p (data) ULAN: 500001199 NDL: 00459434 BNE: XX1188295 KulturNav: 2e36625c-95e6-4f81-8c9e-8dabef5314e4 RKD: 232

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