IZUMI SHIKIBU (Japanese : 和泉式部, b. 976?) was a mid Heian period Japanese poet. She is a member of the Thirty-six Medieval Poetry Immortals (中古三十六歌仙, chūko sanjurokkasen). She was the contemporary of Murasaki Shikibu , and Akazome Emon at the court of empress Joto Mon\'in .
She "is considered by many to have been the greatest woman poet of the Heian period." Her legacy includes 242 poems and 2 kashu .
"Torn between worldly ties and physical desire,
* 1 Early life
* 1.1 Affairs, marriages
* 2 Diary * 3 Later years * 4 Legacy * 5 Poetry * 6 References * 7 Bibliography * 8 External links
As is standard for
She had a sequence of affairs at the Imperial court in
While still married to Michisada, she fell in love and had an affair with Emperor Reizei 's third son, Prince Tametaka (Danjo no Miya Tametaka Shinnō:弾正宮為尊親王 977-1002). As a result of the scandal her husband divorced her and her family disowned her. The Eiga Monogatari implies that Tametaka fell ill and died because of his "continual nocturnal escapades." :8–9,11
After Tametaka's death, she was courted by Prince Atsumichi (敦道親王, Atsumichi Shinnō, 981–1007), Tametaka's brother. The first year of this affair is described in her semi-autobiographical Diary. Her motive in writing the diary "seems to have been written solely to appease her mind, and to record the poems which passed between them." Izumi then moved into Atsumichi's residence, and the two had a very public courtship until Atsumichi's death in 1007 at the age of 27. :12–13
Further testimony of the scandal caused by her successive affairs with the Princes Tametaka and Atsumichi can be found in two historical tales (rekishi monogatari) about the period, A Tale of Flowering Fortunes (or Eiga Monogatari ), c. mid-eleventh century, and The Great Mirror (or Ōkagami ), c. late eleventh century.
Her important work is present in the
While at the court in 1009, she married Fujiwara no Yasumasa (958-1036), a military commander under Michinaga famous for his bravery, and left the court to accompany him to his charge in Tango Province . She outlived her daughter Koshikibu no Naishi , but the year of her death is unknown. The last Imperial correspondence from her was a poem written in 1027. The Eiga Monogatari includes this poem, which accompanied Yasumasa's offering of jewels for a Buddha figure "made in memory of the Empress Dowager Yoshiko ." :13
In contemporary arts, the
National Opera of Paris and the Grand
A page 2nd collected works of
刈藻かき臥猪の床のゐを安み さこそねざらめ斯らずもがな karu mo kaki fusu wi no toko no wi wo yasumi sa koso nezarame kakarazu mo gana loosely: Trampling the dry grass the wild boar makes his bed, and sleeps. I would not sleep so soundly even were I without these feelings. ( Goshūi Wakashū 14:821)
黒髪のみだれも知らず打臥せば まづかきやりし人ぞ戀しき kurokami no midaremo shirazu uchifuseba madzu kakiyarishi hito zo kohishiki loosely: My black hair is unkempt; unconcerned, he lies down and first gently smooths it, my darling! ( Goshūi Wakashū 13:755)
長閑なる折こそなけれ花を思ふ心の うちに風はふかねど nodoka naru ori koso nakere hana wo omou kokoro no uchi ni kaze wa fukanedo loosely: "There is not even a moment of calmness. In the heart that loves the blossoms, the wind is already blowing." () * A large number of her poems are poems of lamentation (哀傷歌, aishō no uta). A few examples, first to Tametaka:
亡人のくる夜ときけど君もなし 我が住む宿や魂無きの里 naki hito no kuru yo to kikedo kimi mo nashi wa ga sumu yado ya tamanaki no sato loosely: They say the dead return tonight, but you are not here. Is my dwelling truly a house without spirit? ( Goshūi Wakashū 10:575)
Upon seeing her daughter Koshikibu no Naishi's name on her Imperial robes she received after her death:
諸共に苔のしたには朽ちずして 埋もれぬ名をみるぞ悲しき morotomo ni koke no shita ni ha kuchizu shite udzumorenu na wo miru zo kanashiki loosely: Beneath the moss, imperishable, her name of high renown: seeing it is a great sadness. (Kin\'yō Wakashū 10:620)
* ^ McMillan, Peter (2008). One Hundred Poets, One Poem Each .
Columbia University Press. p. 142. ISBN 9780231143998 .
* ^ A B Mulhern, Chieko (1994). Japanese Women Writers: A
Bio-Critical Sourcebook. Greenwood Press. p. 154. ISBN 0313254869 .
* ^ A B C D E F G Cranston , Edwin (1969). The
Edwin Cranston . Izumi Shikibu.
Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan.
Hiroaki Sato (2008). Japanese women poets: an anthology. M.E.
Earl Miner ; Hiroko Odagiri; Robert E. Morrell (1985). The
Princeton Companion to Classical Japanese Literature. Princeton
University Press . pp. 170–171. ISBN 0-691-06599-3 .
* Shūichi Katō (October 1995). A History of Japanese Literature.
Kodansha . ISBN 1-873410-48-4 .
* Janet Walker (June 1977). "Poetic Ideal and Fictional Reality in