Italus or Italos (from Ancient Greek: Ἰταλός) was a legendary
king of the Oenotrians, who were among the earliest inhabitants of
Italy. In his Fabularum Liber (or Fabulae), Gaius Julius Hyginus
recorded the myth that
Italus was a son of
Penelope and Telegonus.
Aristotle (Politics) and
Thucydides (History of the
Italus was the eponym of
Aristotle relates that, according to tradition,
Italus converted the
Oenotrians from a pastoral society to an agricultural one and gave
them various ordinances, being the first to institute their system of
Writing centuries later, the Greek historian Dionysius of
Halicarnassus in his Rhomaike Archaiologia (Antiquitates romanae,
"Roman Antiquities"), cites
Antioch of Syracuse for the information
Italus was an Oenotrian by birth and relates the tradition that
Italia was named after him, as well as another account that derives
the name "Italia" from a word for calf, an etymology also stated by
Timaeus, Varro, and Festus.
^ "Telegonus". Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite.
Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica. 2014.
^ Aristotle, Politics, 7.1329b, on Perseus
^ Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, 6.2.4, on Perseus
^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities, 1.35, on LacusCurtius
^ Rerum Rusticarum, 2.5
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