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(i) (i) (i) (i)

ITAL, also spelled I-TAL (/ˈaɪtɑːl/ ), is food often celebrated by those in the Rastafari movement
Rastafari movement
. It is compulsory in the Nyabinghi mansion though not in the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Remi mansions . The word derives from the English word "vital", with the initial "v" removed. This is done to many words in the Rastafari vocabulary
Rastafari vocabulary
to signify the unity of the speaker with all of nature. The expression of Ital
Ital
eating varies widely from Rasta to Rasta, and there are few universal rules of Ital
Ital
living.

RASTAFARI

MAIN DOCTRINES

*

* Jah
Jah
* Ital

*

* Zion * Cannabis use

CENTRAL FIGURES

*

* Haile Selassie I * Jesus
Jesus

*

* Menen Asfaw
Menen Asfaw
* Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey

KEY SCRIPTURES

*

* Bible
Bible
* Kebra Nagast
Kebra Nagast

*

* My Life and Ethiopia\'s Progress

*

* The Promise Key
The Promise Key
* Holy Piby
Holy Piby

* Royal Parchment Scroll of Black Supremacy

BRANCHES

*

* Mansions * in the U.S.

*

* Bobo Ashanti
Bobo Ashanti
* Nyabinghi
Nyabinghi

* Twelve Tribes of Israel

FESTIVALS

*

* Shashamane
Shashamane
* Grounation Day
Grounation Day

* Reasoning

NOTABLE INDIVIDUALS

* Leonard Howell
Leonard Howell
* Joseph Hibbert * Archibald Dunkley * Mortimer Planno * Vernon Carrington * Charles Edwards * Bob Marley
Bob Marley
* Peter Tosh
Peter Tosh

SEE ALSO

*

* Vocabulary * Persecution

*

* Dreadlocks
Dreadlocks
* Reggae
Reggae

* Roots reggae
Roots reggae
* Lion of Judah
Lion of Judah
* Ethiopian Christianity * Chalice * Index of Rastafari
Rastafari
articles

* v * t * e

The primary goal of adhering to an Ital
Ital
diet is to increase Livity , or the life energy that Rastafari
Rastafari
generally believe lives within all human beings, as conferred from the Almighty. A common tenet of Rastafari
Rastafari
beliefs is the sharing of a central Livity among living things, and what is put into one's body should enhance Livity rather than reduce it. Though there are different interpretations of ital regarding specific foods, the general principle is that food should be natural, or pure, and from the earth; Rastafari
Rastafari
therefore often avoid food which is chemically modified or contains artificial additives (e.g., colour , flavourings , and preservatives ). Some also avoid added salt in foods, especially salt with the artificial addition of iodine , while pure sea or kosher salt is eaten by some. In strict interpretations, foods that have been produced using chemicals such as pesticides and fertilizer are not considered ital. Early adherents adopted their dietary laws based on their interpretation of several books of the Bible
Bible
, including the Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
("Then God said, "I give you every Seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food." (Genesis 1:29)), the books of Leviticus
Leviticus
and Deuteronomy
Deuteronomy
. Along with growing dreadlocks and the sacramental smoking of ganja , observing a vegetarian diet is one of the practices early Rastafari adopted from Indian indentured servants living in Jamaica. Rastafari's founder Leonard Howell
Leonard Howell
, affectionately called "Gong" and "Gyangunguru Maragh", though not of Indian descent, was fascinated with Hindu practices and was instrumental in promoting a plant-based diet in the Rastafari
Rastafari
community of Pinnacle
Pinnacle
.

VEGETARIANISM

Most expressions of the Ital
Ital
diet include adherence to a strict vegetarian diet . This is based in part on the belief that since meat is dead, eating it would therefore work against Livity elevation. It is also practiced because as strict adherents to natural living, Rastafari
Rastafari
often believe the human being is a natural vegetarian based on human physiology and anatomy. Some adherents to Ital
Ital
diets are strict vegans , as they do not consider dairy to be natural for human consumption either.

The most strict interpretations also avoid the consumption of rock salt (sea salt can be substituted), and food that has been preserved by canning or drying , and even prohibit the use of metal cooking utensils . In this case, only clay and wood cooking pots , crockery , and cutlery are used. Few adherents of ital follow the strictest interpretation; some Rastafari
Rastafari
do not adhere to them at all.

Rastafari
Rastafari
do not approve of excessive alcohol consumption. However they can drink alcohol in moderation as long as it does not reach a level that clouds the mind or reduces their livity. Most Rastafari disapprove of cigarettes due to the serious health concerns associated with their use, and many Rastafari
Rastafari
avoid coffee and other caffeinated beverages, though this is less common. In fact some Rastafari
Rastafari
grow their own coffee, sugar, and chocolate .

SEE ALSO

* Christian vegetarianism * Kashrut
Kashrut
* Halal
Halal
* Taboo food and drink
Taboo food and drink

REFERENCES

* ^ Ital
Ital
Cooking - EatJamaican.com * ^ Robert, Shepherd. Rastafari
Rastafari
Livity: A Basic Information Text: Amazon.co.uk: Kwende Anbessa-Ebanks: 9781872121048: Books. Amazon.co.uk. ASIN 1872121047. * ^ " Ital
Ital
Food (Jamaica)". Jamaicans.com. Retrieved 2012-02-27. * ^ Wood, A., Logan, J. and Rose, J., Movement and Change: Movement and Change, Nelson Thornes, 1997. ISBN 0-17-437067-9 , ISBN 978-0-17-437067-3 * ^ "0892819332: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-02-27.

* v * t * e

Human
Human
diets

Main articles Cuisine
Cuisine
Dietitian Hunger Leptin
Leptin
Meal
Meal
Nutrition
Nutrition
Obesity
Obesity
Staple food
Staple food

DIET

BASIC TYPES

* Omnivore
Omnivore
* Entomophagy
Entomophagy
* Pescetarian * Plant-based

RELIGIOUS DIETS

* Buddhist * Christian * Hindu * Islamic * Jain * Jewish * Rastafari * Sikh

Vegetarianism
Vegetarianism
and veganism

* Dried fruit
Dried fruit
* Fruitarianism
Fruitarianism
* Meat analogue
Meat analogue
* Milk substitute
Milk substitute
* Raw vegan * Tofu
Tofu
* Semi-vegetarianism

SUPPLEMENT DIETS

* Bodybuilding supplements * Meal
Meal
replacement * Plumpy\'nut * Therapeutic food

NON-SOLID DIETS

* Liquid diets * Very low calorie

SPECIFIC RESTRICTIONS

* Calorie restrictions * Gluten-free * Gluten-free and casein-free * Low-carbohydrate * No-carbohydrate * Specific carbohydrate * FODMAP * Low-fat * Low-glycemic * Low-sodium

Other feeding behaviors

* Cotton ball * Pica * DASH * Inuit * MIND * Raw foodist * U.S. military

FOOD FADDISM

* Atkins * Cambridge * Macrobiotic * Junk food
Junk food
* Superfood * Slow-Carb * Paleolithic * Ketogenic

LIST OF DIETS

* Diet food * Dieting

NUTRITION

AMINO ACIDS

* Alanine
Alanine
* Arginine
Arginine
* Asparagine
Asparagine
* Aspartic acid * Cysteine
Cysteine
* Glutamic acid
Glutamic acid
* Glutamine
Glutamine
* Glycine
Glycine
* Histidine
Histidine
* Isoleucine
Isoleucine
* Leucine
Leucine
* Lysine * Methionine
Methionine
* Phenylalanine * Proline
Proline
* Selenocysteine * Serine
Serine
* Threonine
Threonine
* Tryptophan
Tryptophan
* Tyrosine
Tyrosine
* Valine
Valine

VITAMINS

* Vitamin
Vitamin
A * Vitamin
Vitamin
B1 * Vitamin
Vitamin
B2 * Vitamin
Vitamin
B3 * Vitamin
Vitamin
B5 * Vitamin
Vitamin
B6 * Vitamin
Vitamin
B7 * Vitamin
Vitamin
B9 * Vitamin
Vitamin
B12 * Vitamin
Vitamin
C * Vitamin
Vitamin
D * Vitamin
Vitamin
E * Vitamin
Vitamin
K

MINERALS

* Calcium
Calcium
* Chlorine
Chlorine
* Chromium
Chromium
* Cobalt
Cobalt
* Copper
Copper
* Iodine
Iodine
* Iron
Iron
* Magnesium
Magnesium
* Manganese
Manganese
* Molybdenum
Molybdenum
* Nickel
Nickel
* Phosphorus
Phosphorus
* Potassium
Potassium
* Selenium
Selenium
* Sodium
Sodium
* Vanadium
Vanadium
* Zinc
Zinc

NUTRITIONAL ADVICE

* 5 A Day
5 A Day
* Dairy Council of California * Food circle * Food pyramid * Fruits ;font-weight: bold;">

* Category
Category
* Commons * Cookbook * Food portal, Health and fitness portal

* v * t * e

Veganism
Veganism
and vegetarianism

PERSPECTIVES

VEGANISM

* Animal-free agriculture
Animal-free agriculture
* Fruitarianism
Fruitarianism
* History of veganism * Juice fasting
Juice fasting
* Low-carbon diet
Low-carbon diet
* Raw veganism
Raw veganism
* Vegan nutrition
Vegan nutrition
* Vegan organic gardening
Vegan organic gardening

VEGETARIANISM

* Economic vegetarianism * Environmental vegetarianism
Environmental vegetarianism
* History of vegetarianism
History of vegetarianism
* Lacto vegetarianism
Lacto vegetarianism
* Ovo vegetarianism
Ovo vegetarianism
* Ovo-lacto vegetarianism * Vegetarian cuisine
Vegetarian cuisine
* Vegetarian Diet Pyramid * Vegetarian ecofeminism * Vegetarian nutrition * Vegetarianism
Vegetarianism
by country

SEMI-VEGETARIANISM

* Macrobiotic diet
Macrobiotic diet
* Pescetarianism

LISTS

* List of vegans
List of vegans
* List of vegetarians
List of vegetarians
* List of vegetarian festivals * List of vegetarian organizations * List of vegetarian restaurants

ETHICS

SECULAR

* Animal rights
Animal rights
* Animal welfare
Animal welfare
* Carnism
Carnism
* Deep ecology
Deep ecology
* Environmental vegetarianism
Environmental vegetarianism
* Ethics of eating meat
Ethics of eating meat
* Meat paradox
Meat paradox
* Nonviolence
Nonviolence
* Speciesism
Speciesism
* Tirukkuṛaḷ
Tirukkuṛaḷ

RELIGIOUS

* Ahimsa
Ahimsa
* Buddhist vegetarianism
Buddhist vegetarianism
* Christian vegetarianism * Diet in Hinduism
Diet in Hinduism
* Diet in Sikhism * Ital
Ital
(Rastafari) * Jain vegetarianism
Jain vegetarianism
* Jewish vegetarianism * Pythagorean diet * Sattvic diet

Food, drink

* Agar
Agar
* Agave nectar
Agave nectar

* Meat analogue
Meat analogue

* List of meat substitutes
List of meat substitutes

* Miso
Miso
* Mochi
Mochi
* Mock duck
Mock duck
* Nutritional yeast * Plant cream
Plant cream
* Plant milk * Quinoa
Quinoa
* Quorn
Quorn
* Seitan * Soy yogurt
Soy yogurt
* Tempeh
Tempeh
* Tofu
Tofu
* Tofurkey
Tofurkey
* Vegan cheese
Vegan cheese
* Vegetarian hot dog * Vegetarian mark * Vegetarian sausage * Vegetarianism
Vegetarianism
and beer * Vegetarianism
Vegetarianism
and wine * Veggie burger
Veggie burger

Groups, events, companies

VEGAN

* American Vegan Society * Beauty Without Cruelty * Food Empowerment Project * Go Vegan * Movement for Compassionate Living * Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine * Plamil Foods
Plamil Foods
* Vegan Awareness Foundation * Vegan flag * Vegan Ireland * Vegan Outreach * Vegan Prisoners Support Group * The Vegan Society * Veganz * World Vegan Day

VEGETARIAN

* American Vegetarian Party * Boston Vegetarian Society * Christian Vegetarian Association * European Vegetarian Union
European Vegetarian Union
* Hare Krishna Food for Life * International Vegetarian Union
International Vegetarian Union
* Jewish Veg * Linda McCartney Foods

* Meat-free days

* Meatless Monday

* Swissveg * Toronto Vegetarian Association * Vegetarian Society
Vegetarian Society
* Vegetarian Society
Vegetarian Society
(Singapore) * Veggie Pride * Viva! Health * World Esperantist Vegetarian Association * World Vegetarian Day

Books, reports

* Thirty-nine Reasons Why I Am a Vegetarian (1903) * The Benefits of Vegetarianism
Vegetarianism
(1927) * Diet for a Small Planet (1971) * Moosewood Cookbook
Moosewood Cookbook
(1977) * Fit for Life (1985) * Diet for a New America (1987) * The China Study (2004) * Raw Food Made Easy for 1 or 2 People (2005) * Skinny Bitch (2005) * Livestock\'s Long Shadow (2006) * Eating Animals (2009) * The Kind Diet
The Kind Diet
(2009) * Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows
Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows
(2009) * Eat border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Meet Your Meat (2002) * Peaceable Kingdom (2004) * Earthlings (2005) * A Sacred Duty (2007) * Fat, Sick and Nearly Dead (2010) * Planeat (2010) * Forks Over Knives
Forks Over Knives
(2011) * Vegucated (2011) * Live and Let Live (2013) * Cowspiracy
Cowspiracy
(2014) * What the Health (2017) * Carnage (2017)

MAGAZINES

* Naked Food Magazine * Vegetarian Times
Vegetarian Times
* VegNews

Physicians, academics

* Neal D. Barnard * T. Colin Campbell * Caldwell Esselstyn * Gary L. Francione
Gary L. Francione
* Joel Fuhrman * Michael Greger
Michael Greger
* Melanie Joy
Melanie Joy
* Michael Klaper * John A. McDougall * Reed Mangels * Dean Ornish
Dean Ornish
*