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Ital, also spelled I-tal (/ˈaɪtɑːl/), is food often celebrated by those in the Rastafari movement. It is compulsory in the Nyabinghi mansion though not in the Twelve Tribes of Israel or Remi mansions. The word derives from the English word "vital", with the initial "v" removed.[1] This is done to many words in the Rastafari vocabulary to signify the unity of the speaker with all of nature. The expression of Ital eating varies widely from Rasta to Rasta, and there are few universal rules of Ital living.

Rastafari

Main doctrines

Jah Ital

Zion Cannabis use

Central figures

Haile Selassie I Jesus

Menen Asfaw Marcus Garvey

Key scriptures

Bible Kebra Nagast

My Life and Ethiopia's Progress

The Promise Key Holy Piby

Royal Parchment Scroll of Black Supremacy

Branches

Mansions in the U.S.

Bobo Ashanti Nyabinghi

Twelve Tribes of Israel

Festivals

Shashamane Grounation Day

Reasoning

Notable individuals

Leonard Howell Joseph Hibbert Archibald Dunkley Mortimer Planno Vernon Carrington Charles Edwards Bob Marley Peter Tosh

See also

Vocabulary Persecution

Dreadlocks Reggae

Roots reggae Lion of Judah Ethiopian Christianity Chalice Index of Rastafari articles

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The primary goal of adhering to an Ital diet is to increase Livity, or the life energy that Rastafari generally believe lives within all human beings, as conferred from the Almighty.[2] A common tenet of Rastafari beliefs is the sharing of a central Livity among living things, and what is put into one's body should enhance Livity rather than reduce it. Though there are different interpretations of ital regarding specific foods, the general principle is that food should be natural, or pure, and from the earth; Rastafari therefore often avoid food which is chemically modified or contains artificial additives (e.g., colour, flavourings, and preservatives). Some also avoid added salt in foods, especially salt with the artificial addition of iodine, while pure sea or kosher salt is eaten by some. In strict interpretations, foods that have been produced using chemicals such as pesticides and fertilizer are not considered ital.[3] Early adherents adopted their dietary laws based on their interpretation of several books of the Bible, including the Book of Genesis ("Then God said, "I give you every Seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food." (Genesis 1:29)), the books of Leviticus and Deuteronomy. Along with growing dreadlocks and the sacramental smoking of ganja, observing a vegetarian diet is one of the practices early Rastafari adopted from Indian indentured servants living in Jamaica. Rastafari's founder Leonard Howell, affectionately called "Gong" and "Gyangunguru Maragh", though not of Indian descent, was fascinated with Hindu practices and was instrumental in promoting a plant-based diet in the Rastafari community of Pinnacle. Vegetarianism[edit] Most expressions of the Ital diet include adherence to a strict vegetarian diet. This is based in part on the belief that since meat is dead, eating it would therefore work against Livity elevation. It is also practiced because as strict adherents to natural living, Rastafarian often believe the human being is a natural vegetarian based on human physiology and anatomy. Some adherents to Ital diets are strict vegans, as they do not consider dairy to be natural for human consumption either.[4] The most strict interpretations also avoid the consumption of rock salt (sea salt can be substituted), and food that has been preserved by canning or drying, and even prohibit the use of metal cooking utensils. In this case, only clay and wood cooking pots, crockery, and cutlery are used. Few adherents of ital follow the strictest interpretation; some Rastafarian do not adhere to them at all. Rastafarian do not approve of excessive alcohol consumption.[5] However they can drink alcohol in moderation as long as it does not reach a level that clouds the mind or reduces their livity. Most Rastafari disapprove of cigarettes due to the serious health concerns associated with their use, and many Rastafari avoid coffee and other caffeinated beverages, though this is less common. In fact some Rastafari grow their own coffee, sugar, and chocolate. See also[edit]

Christian vegetarianism Kashrut Halal Taboo food and drink

References[edit]

^ Ital Cooking - EatJamaican.com ^ Robert, Shepherd. Rastafari Livity: A Basic Information Text: Amazon.co.uk: Kwende Anbessa-Ebanks: 9781872121048: Books. Amazon.co.uk. ASIN 1872121047.  ^ "Ital Food (Jamaica)". Jamaicans.com. Retrieved 2012-02-27.  ^ Wood, A., Logan, J. and Rose, J., Movement and Change: Movement and Change, Nelson Thrones, 1997. ISBN 0-17-437067-9, ISBN 978-0-17-437067-3 ^ "0892819332: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2012-02-27. 

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Human diets

Main articles Cuisine Dietitian Hunger Leptin Meal Nutrition Obesity Staple food

Diet

Basic types

Omnivore Entomophagy Pescetarian Plant-based

Religious diets

Buddhist Christian Hindu Islamic Jain Jewish Rastafari Sikh

Vegetarianism and veganism

Dried fruit Fruitarianism Meat analogue Milk substitute Raw vegan Tofu Semi-vegetarianism

Supplement diets

Bodybuilding supplements Meal replacement Plumpy'nut Therapeutic food

Non-solid diets

Liquid diets Very low calorie

Specific restrictions

Calorie restrictions Gluten-free Gluten-free and casein-free Low-carbohydrate No-carbohydrate Specific carbohydrate FODMAP Low-fat Low-glycemic Low-sodium

Other diets

Cotton ball Pica DASH Inuit MIND Raw foodist U.S. military

Food faddism

Atkins Cambridge Macrobiotic Junk food Superfood Slow-Carb Paleolithic Ketogenic

List of diets

Diet food Dieting

Nutrition

Amino acids

Alanine Arginine Asparagine Aspartic acid Cysteine Glutamic acid Glutamine Glycine Histidine Isoleucine Leucine Lysine Methionine Phenylalanine Proline Selenocysteine Serine Threonine Tryptophan Tyrosine Valine

Vitamins

Vitamin A Vitamin B1 Vitamin B2 Vitamin B3 Vitamin B5 Vitamin B6 Vitamin B7 Vitamin B9 Vitamin B12 Vitamin C Vitamin D Vitamin E Vitamin K

Minerals

Calcium Chlorine Chromium Cobalt Copper Iodine Iron Magnesium Manganese Molybdenum Nickel Phosphorus Potassium Selenium Sodium Vanadium Zinc

Nutritional advice

5 A Day Dairy Council of California Food circle Food pyramid Fruits & Veggies – More Matters Healthy eating pyramid Latin American Diet Pyramid French paradox Mediterranean Diet Pyramid MyPlate MyPyramid Vegetarian Diet Pyramid

Category Commons Cookbook Food portal, Health and fitness portal

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Veganism and vegetarianism

Perspectives

Veganism

Animal-free agriculture Fruitarianism History Juice fasting Low-carbon diet Raw veganism Nutrition Vegan organic gardening

Vegetarianism

Economic vegetarianism Environmental vegetarianism History Lacto vegetarianism Ovo vegetarianism Ovo-lacto vegetarianism Cuisine Vegetarian Diet Pyramid Ecofeminism Nutrition By country

Lists

Vegans Vegetarians Vegetarian festivals Vegetarian organizations Vegetarian restaurants

Ethics

Secular

Animal rights Animal welfare Carnism Deep ecology Environmental vegetarianism Ethics of eating meat Meat paradox Nonviolence Speciesism Tirukkural

Religious

Buddhism Christianity Hinduism

Sattvic Ahimsa

Jainism Judaism Pythagoreanism Rastafari Sikhism

Food, drink

Agar Agave nectar Meat analogue

List of meat substitutes

Miso Mochi Mock duck Nutritional yeast Plant cream Plant milk Quinoa Quorn Seitan Soy yogurt Tempeh Tofu Tofurkey Cheese Hot dog Vegetarian mark Sausage Beer Wine Veggie burger

Groups, events, companies

Vegan

American Vegan Society Beauty Without Cruelty Food Empowerment Project Go Vegan Movement for Compassionate Living Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine Plamil Foods Vegan Awareness Foundation Vegan flag Vegan Ireland Vegan Outreach Vegan Prisoners Support Group The Vegan Society Veganz World Vegan Day

Vegetarian

American Vegetarian Party Boston Vegetarian Society Christian Vegetarian Association European Vegetarian Union Hare Krishna Food for Life International Vegetarian Union Jewish Veg Linda McCartney Foods Meat-free days

Meatless Monday

Swissveg Toronto Vegetarian Association Vegetarian Society Vegetarian Society (Singapore) Veggie Pride Viva! Health World Esperantist Vegetarian Association World Vegetarian Day

Books, reports

Thirty-nine Reasons Why I Am a Vegetarian (1903) The Benefits of Vegetarianism (1927) Diet for a Small Planet (1971) Moosewood Cookbook (1977) Fit for Life (1985) Diet for a New America (1987) The China Study (2004) Raw Food Made Easy for 1 or 2 People (2005) Skinny Bitch (2005) Livestock's Long Shadow (2006) Eating Animals (2009) The Kind Diet (2009) Why We Love Dogs, Eat Pigs, and Wear Cows (2009) Eat & Run (2012) Meat Atlas (annual)

Films

Meet Your Meat (2002) Peaceable Kingdom (2004) Earthlings (2005) A Sacred Duty (2007) Fat, Sick and Nearly Dead (2010) Planeat (2010) Forks Over Knives (2011) Vegucated (2011) Live and Let Live (2013) Cowspiracy (2014) What the Health (2017) Carnage (2017)

Magazines

Naked Food Vegetarian Times VegNews

Physicians, academics

Neal D. Barnard Rynn Berry T. Colin Campbell Caldwell Esselstyn Gary L. Francione Joel Fuhrman Michael Greger Melanie Joy Michael Klaper John A. McDougall Reed Mangels Jack Norris Dean Ornish Richard H. Schwartz

Related

Semi-vegetarianism

Macrobiotic d

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