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The Istrian Democratic Assembly (Croatian: Istarski demokratski sabor, Italian: Dieta democratica istriana or IDS-DDI) is a center-left regionalist[4] liberal[5] political party in Croatia
Croatia
primarily operating in the Istria
Istria
County. IDS was founded on the 14 February 1990 by the writer Ivan Pauletta. IDS embraces principles of respect for human rights and freedoms, regionalism and historical characteristics of Istria, protection of private property and anti-fascism. Party advocates greater regional autonomy, particularly in Istria, decentralization of Croatia
Croatia
and the establishment of a transnational and cross-border euro-region encompassing the whole of Istria. Current party president is Boris Miletić, Mayor
Mayor
of Pula
Pula
and one of 3 IDS's representatives in the Croatian Parliament. IDS held Ministry of European Integration between 2000 and 2001 in the Cabinet of Ivica Račan
Ivica Račan
and Ministry of Tourism between 2011 and 2016 in the Cabinet of Zoran Milanović. IDS member Valter Flego
Valter Flego
serves as current County Prefect of the Istrian County, while former IDS's president Ivan Jakovčić
Ivan Jakovčić
serves as a member of the European Parliament. 3 out 4 prefects of Istria
Istria
County were members of IDS. In addition, out of 10 towns in Istria
Istria
county, IDS rules over 9. IDS is member of the Liberal International
Liberal International
and Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.

Contents

1 Symbols 2 History 3 Electoral history

3.1 Parliament (Sabor) 3.2 European Parliament

4 References 5 External links

Symbols[edit] The three rams on the party coat of arms represent a historical symbol of the region, which is also represented by the ram in the fourth of the five parts of the crown resting atop the Croatian coat of arms (25-field white and red chequerboard) on the Croatian flag. History[edit] The party was founded in 1990 by Ivan Pauletta, Elio Martinčić and Mario Sandrić, on the eve of the first multi-party elections in Croatia
Croatia
after communism. The party decided not to participate, thus allowing the post-communist Social Democratic Party of Croatia
Croatia
(SDP) to sweep the region's votes. The party was led by Ivan Jakovčić
Ivan Jakovčić
between 1991 and 2014. IDS instead made its electoral debut in the 1992 elections and used the collapse of the SDP to take all three Istrian constituencies. This result turned Istria
Istria
into an area of significant concern for Croatian President Franjo Tuđman
Franjo Tuđman
and his Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), which had dominated every other region in Croatia. For the first elections for Croatian Chamber of Counties, which also coincided with the first election for newly formed Istria
Istria
County, state-controlled media launched an unprecedented media blitz directed almost exclusively at Istria. This effort spectacularly backfired as Istrian voters gave almost three quarters of their votes to IDS. After that no party challenged IDS supremacy in Istria, at least not directly. The main policy of the IDS is intercession of cultural and economical identity of Istria
Istria
and equal status for Italian and Croatian in Istria. This was in opposition to Tuđman and his hard-line nationalism. Other Croatian political parties were more pragmatic, and IDS cooperated with them in the Croatian Parliament
Croatian Parliament
and during elections. In Istria, however, IDS is bitterly opposed by local branches of SDP, as well as their former member and first Istrian prefect Luciano Delbianco who had defected and formed a new party called Istrian Democratic Forum. IDS was briefly part of the national government following 2000 parliamentary and presidential elections. One year later, IDS, dissatisfied with the way Ivica Račan
Ivica Račan
and his coalition partners treated Istria, left the government, although they continued to support it in Parliament. In 2006, IDS joined the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) Party. From 2010-2015 IDS was a member of the Kukuriku coalition. Its member Darko Lorencin served as the minister of tourism in the Croatian government; he is a cousin of Beatrice Lorenzin: they are of a same Italian-Croat family. In the Croatian Parliament, Damir Kajin
Damir Kajin
most frequently acted as the party's spokesperson, and he headed the party list in the 2007 elections where the party gained 3 representatives. Kajin was however removed from the party's membership on 3 January 2013 after forming his own coalition for the 2013 local elections in Istria.[6] This reduced the IDS from three to two representatives in the Croatian Sabor, and forced the party's parliamentary club to dissolve due to insufficient membership. Electoral history[edit] Parliament (Sabor)[edit]

Election In coalition with Votes won Percentage Seats won Change Government

(Coalition totals) (IDS only)

1992 (August) DA-PGS 83,623 3.18 (#7)

4 / 138

Opposition

1995 (October) HSS-HNS-HKDU-SBHS 441,390 18.26 (#2)

3 / 127

1 Opposition

2000 (January) HSS-HNS-LS-SDA 432,527 14.70 (#3)

4 / 151

1 Government

2003 (November) SDP-LIBRA–LS 560,593 22.6 (#2)

4 / 151

Opposition

2007 (November) None 38,267 1.5 (#4)

3 / 151

1 Opposition

2011 (December) SDP-HNS–HSU 958,312 40.4 (#1)

2 / 151

1 Government

2015 (November) PGS-RI 42,193 1.83 (#4)

3 / 151

1 Opposition

2016 (September) PGS-RI 43,180 2.27 (#5)

3 / 151

Opposition

European Parliament[edit]

Election In coalition with Votes won (Coalition totals) Percentage Total seats won (IDS only) Change

April 2013 - - -

0 / 12

May 2014 SDP-HNS–HSU-SDSS 275,904 29,93%

1 / 11

1

References[edit]

^ "Istarski Demokratski Sabor" (PDF) (in Croatian). HIDRA. Retrieved 23 October 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ [1] ^ Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck ^ Janusz Bugajski (1995). Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties. M.E. Sharpe. p. 461. ISBN 978-0-7656-1911-2.  ^ LUCIEN ELLINGTON (2004). Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Land, and Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 443. ISBN 978-1-57607-800-6.  ^ PREKRŠIO STRANAČKA PRAVILA Statut ga nije volio: Damir Kajin večeras izbrisan iz članstva IDS-a Archived 2013-01-06 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Official website (in Croatian)

v t e

Political parties in Croatia

Sabor

Government (61)

Croatian Democratic Union (56) Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
(5)

Government support (16)

Independent Democratic Serb Party (3) Croatian Christian Democratic Party
Croatian Christian Democratic Party
(2) Croatian Social Liberal Party
Croatian Social Liberal Party
(1) People's Party - Reformists (1) Bandić Milan 365 - Labour and Solidarity Party
Bandić Milan 365 - Labour and Solidarity Party
(2) Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia and Baranja
Croatian Democratic Alliance of Slavonia and Baranja
(1) Independent (6)

Opposition (74)

Social Democratic Party of Croatia
Croatia
(36) Bridge of Independent Lists (15) Croatian Peasant Party
Croatian Peasant Party
(5) Civic Liberal Alliance
Civic Liberal Alliance
(4) Human Blockade (3) Istrian Democratic Assembly (3) Let's Change Croatia
Croatia
(3) Independents for Croatia
Croatia
(2) Power - Party of People's and Civic engagement (1) Croatian Party of Pensioners
Croatian Party of Pensioners
(1) Independent (1)

European Parliament

Croatian Democratic Union
Croatian Democratic Union
(4) Social Democratic Party of Croatia
Croatia
(2) Istrian Democratic Assembly (1) Civic Liberal Alliance
Civic Liberal Alliance
(1) Croatian Conservative Party
Croatian Conservative Party
(1) Independent Davor Škrlec
Davor Škrlec
(1) Independent Marijana Petir (1)

Politics of Croatia List of political parties by country Politics portal

v t e

Member parties of international liberal organisations

Liberal International

Andorra: PLA Belgium: MR, VLD Bosnia and Herzegovina: LDS* Botswana: BMD* Bulgaria: DPS, NDSV Burkina Faso: ADF-RDA* Burma: NLD-LA* Burundi: ADR Cambodia: PSR Canada: Liberal Party Colombia: U* DR Congo: ANADER, ARC*, URC* Costa Rica: PML Côte d'Ivoire: RDR Croatia: HSLS Cuba: PLC, PSD, ULC Denmark: RV, Venstre Egypt: FEP, Ghad* Equatorial Guinea: UDENA Estonia: RE Ethiopia: EDP* Finland: Keskusta, SFP Georgia: RPG* Germany: FDP Gibraltar: Liberal Party Guatemala: MR*, PP Guinea: UFDG*, UFR* Honduras: PLH Hungary: MLP Iceland: FSF Indonesia: PD* Ireland: FF* Israel: Shinui Italy: Rad, FdL* Kenya: LDP* Kosovo: PLK* Latvia: LPP/LC Lebanon: Future Movement* Lithuania: LCU Luxembourg: DP Macedonia: LDP Madagascar: MFM* Malawi: UDF Malaysia: Gerakan*, PKR* Mali: PCR* Mexico: NA* Moldova: PRL* Mongolia: IZN Montenegro: LSCG Morocco: AdL*, UC, MP Mozambique: PPDD* Netherlands: D66 , VVD Nicaragua: PLI* Norway: Venstre Paraguay: PLRA Philippines: LP Romania: PNL Russia: Yabloko Senegal: PDS Serbia: LDP Seychelles: SNP* Slovakia: ANO Slovenia: LDS South Africa: DA Spain: CDC Sri Lanka: LP Sweden: Cp*, FpL Switzerland: FDP.The Liberals Taiwan: DPP Tanzania: CCW/CUF Thailand: DP Ukraine: UM* United Kingdom: APNI, Lib Dems Zambia: UNDP*

National groups:

Brazilian Group* German Group Israeli Group Italian Group* Netherlands Group Catalan Group British Group

* observer

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party

Andorra: PLA Austria: LIF Belgium: MR, VLD Bosnia and Herzegovina: LDS Bulgaria: DPS, NSDV Croatia: HNS-LD, HSLS, IDS Cyprus: ?D Czech Republic: ODA Denmark: RV , Venstre Estonia: Kesk, Reform Finland: Keskusta, SFP Germany: FDP Greece: DI.SY Hungary: SzDSz Ireland: FF Italy: Rad, IdV Kosovo: PLK Latvia: LC Lithuania: LRLS Luxembourg: DP Macedonia: LPM, LDP Moldova: AMN Netherlands: D66, VVD Norway: Venstre Poland: UED Portugal: IL Romania: ALDE Russia: Yabloko, RPR-PARNAS Serbia: LS Slovakia: ANO Slovenia: LDS Spain: CDC, C’s Sweden: Cp, FpL Switzerland: FDP.The Liberals United Kingdom: APNI, Lib Dems Youth organisation: LYMEC

Liberal South East European Network

Bosnia and Herzegovina: LDS Bulgaria: DPS, NSDV Croatia: HNS-LD, HSLS, IDS Hungary: SzDSz Kosovo: PLK Macedonia: LPM, LDP Romania: PNL Serbia: LS Slovenia: LDS

Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats

Cambodia: PSR Hong Kong: DP (represented through two individual members) Indonesia: PDI-P, PKB** Japan: DPJ** Malaysia: PGRM Mongolia: IZN Myanmar: NCUB Pakistan: LFP* Philippines: LP Singapore: SDP Sri Lanka: LP ROC Taiwan: DPP Thailand: DP

*associate member **observer

Africa Liberal Network

Angola: PLD Burkina Faso: ADF-RDA DR Congo: ANADER Côte d'Ivoire: RDR Equatorial Guinea: UDENA Madagascar: MFM Malawi: UDF Morocco: MP, UC Mozambique: PDD Senegal: PDS Seychelles: SNP South Africa: DA Tanzania: CUF, UDP Tunisia: PSL Zambia: UNDP

Liberal Network for Latin America

Argentina: Recrear, PPG Costa Rica: PML Guatemala: MR Mexico: NA Peru: JN

Arab Liberal Federation

Comoros: NAC Egypt: DFP, FEP, GTP Lebanon: NLP, FM Morocco: MP, UC Suda

.