Israel Moiseevich Gelfand, also written Israïl Moyseyovich Gel'fand,
or Izrail M. Gelfand (Yiddish: ישראל געלפֿאַנד,
Russian: Изра́иль Моисе́евич Гельфа́нд; 2
September [O.S. 20 August] 1913 – 5 October 2009) was a
prominent Soviet mathematician. He made significant contributions to
many branches of mathematics, including group theory, representation
theory and functional analysis. The recipient of many awards,
including the
Contents 1 Early years 2 Work 3 Influence outside mathematics 4 Family 5 Honors and awards 6 Death 7 Publications 8 See also 9 References 9.1 Notes 9.2 Sources 10 External links Early years[edit]
A native of
the book Calculus of Variations (1963), which he co-authored with
Sergei Fomin
the
Influence outside mathematics[edit]
The Gelfand–Tsetlin basis (also in the common spelling Zetlin) is a
widely used tool in theoretical physics and the result of Gelfand's
work on the representation theory of the unitary group and Lie groups
in general.
Gelfand also published works on biology and medicine.[4] For a long
time he took an interest in cell biology and organized a research
seminar on the subject.[5][6]
He worked extensively in mathematics education, particularly with
correspondence education. In 1994, he was awarded a MacArthur
Fellowship for this work.
Family[edit]
Gelfand was married to Zorya Shapiro, and their two sons, Sergei and
Vladimir both live in the United States. A third son, Aleksandr, died
of leukemia. Following the divorce from his first wife, Gelfand
married his second wife, Tatiana; together they had a daughter,
Tatiana. The family also includes four grandchildren and three
great-grandchildren.[7][8] The memories about I.Gelfand are collected
at the special site[9] handled by his family.
Honors and awards[edit]
Gelfand held several honorary degrees and was awarded the Order of
Lenin three times for his research. In 1977 he was elected a Foreign
Member of the Royal Society. He won the
Gelfand, I. M. (1998), Lectures on linear algebra, Courier Dover
Publications, ISBN 978-0-486-66082-0
Gelfand, I. M.; Fomin, Sergei V. (1963), Silverman, Richard A., ed.,
Calculus of variations, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall Inc.,
ISBN 978-0-486-41448-5, MR 0160139
Gelfand, I.; Raikov, D.; Shilov, G. (1964) [1960], Commutative normed
rings, Translated from the Russian, with a supplementary chapter, New
York: Chelsea Publishing Co., ISBN 978-0-8218-2022-3,
MR 0205105
Gel'fand, I. M.; Shilov, G. E. (1964) [1958], Generalized functions.
Vol. I: Properties and operations, Translated by Eugene Saletan,
Boston, MA: Academic Press, ISBN 978-0-12-279501-5,
MR 0166596 [13]
Gelfand, I. M.; Shilov, G. E. (1968) [1958], Generalized functions.
Vol. 2. Spaces of fundamental and generalized functions, Translated
from the Russian by Morris D. Friedman, Amiel Feinstein and Christian
P. Peltzer, Boston, MA: Academic Press, ISBN 978-0-12-279502-2,
MR 0230128 [13]
Gelfand, I. M.; Shilov, G. E. (1967) [1958], Generalized functions.
Vol. 3: Theory of differential equations, Translated from the Russian
by Meinhard E. Mayer, Boston, MA: Academic Press,
MR 0217416 [13]
Gelfand, I. M.; Vilenkin, N. Ya. (1964) [1961], Generalized functions.
Vol. 4: Applications of harmonic analysis, Translated by Amiel
Feinstein, Boston, MA: Academic Press, ISBN 978-0-12-279504-6,
MR 0173945 [13]
Gelfand, I. M.; Graev, M. I.; Vilenkin, N. Ya. (1966) [1962],
Generalized functions. Vol. 5:
See also[edit] Gelfand duality Gelfand pair Gelfand ring Gelfand triple References[edit] Notes[edit] ^
Sources[edit] Chang, Kenneth. "Israel Gelfand, Math Giant, Dies at 96", The New York
Times (October 7, 2009)
"Leading mathematician
External links[edit] Israel Moiseevich Gelfand, dedicated site, maintained by Tatiana V.
Gelfand and Tatiana I. Gelfand
v t e Laureates of the
1970s
1980s
1990s
2000s
2010s
Agriculture Arts Chemistry Mathematics Medicine Physics Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 49355156 LCCN: n50028279 ISNI: 0000 0000 8380 926X GND: 118831364 SELIBR: 188092 SUDOC: 060832967 BNF: cb12941063z (data) BIBSYS: 90330273 MGP: 1 |