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The Israeli pound
Israeli pound
(Hebrew: לירה ישראלית‎ Lira Yisr'elit, Arabic: ليرة إسرائيلية‎) or Israeli lira was the currency of the State of Israel
Israel
from 9 June 1952 until 23 February 1980, when it was replaced with the shekel on 24 February 1980, which was again replaced with the New Shekel
Shekel
in 1985. Until 1952, the name used on the notes of the Anglo-Palestine Bank
Anglo-Palestine Bank
was Palestine pound, in Hebrew לירה א"י (lira E.Y. i.e. lira Eretz-Yisraelit). In Arabic, the name was given as junayh filisţīnī (جنيه فلسطيني).[1] On 1 May 1951, all the assets and liabilities of the Anglo Palestine Bank were transferred to a new company called Bank Leumi
Bank Leumi
Le-Yisrael ( Israel
Israel
National Bank) and the currency name became: lira yisraelit (לירה ישראלית) in Hebrew, junayh isrāīlī in Arabic, and Israel
Israel
pound in English.[2] The new currency was issued in 1952, and entered circulation on June 9th. From 1955, after the Bank of Israel was established and took over the duty of issuing banknotes, only the Hebrew name was used, along with the symbol "I£".[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Coins 3 Banknotes

3.1 Bank Leumi
Bank Leumi
Series (1952) 3.2 First Series of the Pound (1955) 3.3 Second Series of the Pound (1959) 3.4 Third Series of the Pound (1970) 3.5 Fourth Series of the Pound (1975)

4 Features for the blind 5 See also 6 References 7 Footnotes 8 External links

History[edit] The British Mandate of Palestine, which administered the territory now known as Israel, Jerusalem, the West Bank and Gaza prior to May 15, 1948, issued the Palestine pound, a currency equal in value and pegged to the UK Pound, which was divided into 1000 mils. Banknotes in circulation were issued by the Palestine Currency
Currency
Board, which was subject to the British Secretary of State for the Colonies. Israel
Israel
inherited the Palestine pound
Palestine pound
but, shortly after the establishment of the state, new banknotes were issued by the London-based Anglo-Palestine bank of the Zionist movement. The new coins were the first to bear the new state's name, while the banknotes said "The Anglo-Palestine Bank
Anglo-Palestine Bank
Limited". While the first coins minted by Israel
Israel
still bore the name "mil", the next ones bore the Hebrew name prutah (Hebrew: פרוטה‎). A second series of banknotes was issued after the Anglo-Palestine Bank
Anglo-Palestine Bank
moved its headquarters to Tel Aviv and became the Bank Leumi
Bank Leumi
(Hebrew: בנק לאומי‎ "National Bank"). The pegging to the UK Pound was abolished on January 1, 1954, and in 1960, the sub-division of the pound was changed from 1000 prutot to 100 agorot (singular agora, Hebrew: אגורה ,אגורות‎). During the 1960s, a debate over the non-Hebrew name of the Israeli currency resulted in a law ordering the Minister of Finance to change the name pound into a Hebrew name, Shekel
Shekel
(שקל). The law allowed the minister to decide on a proper date for the change. The law did not come into effect until February 1980, when the Israeli government decided to change the monetary system and introduce the shekel at a rate of 1 shekel = 10 lirot. Coins[edit] Israel's first coins were aluminium 25 mil pieces, dated 1948 and 1949, which were issued in 1949 before the adoption of the pruta. Later in 1949, coins were issued in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 250 prutah. The coins were conceived, in part, by Israeli graphic designer Otte Wallish. All coins and banknotes issued in Israel
Israel
before June 1952 were part of the Palestine pound. In 1960, coins were issued denominated in agora. There were 1, 5, 10 and 25 agorot pieces. In 1963, 1/2 and 1 pound coins were introduced, followed by 5 lirot coins in 1978. Banknotes[edit] In 1948, the government issued fractional notes for 50 and 100 mils. The Anglo-Palestine Bank
Anglo-Palestine Bank
issued banknotes for 500 mils, 1, 5, 10 and 50 lirot (pounds) between 1948 and 1951. In 1952, the government issued a second series of fractional notes for 50 and 100 prutah with 250 prutah notes added in 1953. Also in 1952, the "Bank Leumi Le-Israel" took over paper money production and issued the same denominations as the Anglo-Palestine Bank
Anglo-Palestine Bank
except that the 500 mils was replaced by a 500 prutah note. The Bank of Israel
Israel
began note production in 1955, also issuing notes for 500 pruta, 1, 5, 10 and 50 lirot. In 1968, 100 lirot notes were introduced, followed by 500 lirot notes in 1975. Bank Leumi
Bank Leumi
Series (1952)[edit]

Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of

Obverse Reverse issue ceased to be legal tender

500 prutah (I£1/2) 148 × 72 mm Olive-green on light-blue The denomination in centre and above " Bank Leumi
Bank Leumi
le- Israel
Israel
B.M." all in Hebrew; all surrouned by guilloches. The denomination and " Bank Leumi
Bank Leumi
le- Israel
Israel
B.M." all in Arabic
Arabic
and English; all surrouned by guilloches. 9 June 1952 7 February 1961

1 Israeli pound
Israeli pound
(I£1) 150 × 75 mm Green-pink

5 Israeli pounds (I£5) 155 × 80 mm Red-brown

10 Israeli pounds (I£10) 155 × 80 mm Gray-pink

50 Israeli pounds (I£10) 160 × 85 mm Brown-green

First Series of the Pound (1955)[edit]

Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of

Observe Reverse Watermark issue ceased to be legal tender

500 pruta (I£1/2) 130 × 72 mm Red Ruins of an ancient synagogue at Bir'am in the Upper Galilee. An abstract design. Menorah with an imprint of cyclamen. 4 August 1955 31 March 1984

1 Israeli pound
Israeli pound
(I£1) 135 × 72 mm Blue View of the Upper Galilee. Menorah with an imprint of anemones. 27 October 1955

5 Israeli pounds (I£5) 140 × 78 mm Brown Negev
Negev
landscape with a settlement and farm equipment. Menorah with an imprint of irises.

10 Israeli pounds (I£10) 150 × 82 mm Green View of the Jezreel Valley
Jezreel Valley
depicting settlements and cultivated fields. Menorah with an imprint of tulips. 4 August 1955

50 Israeli pounds (I£50) 160 × 87 mm Blue The road to Jerusalem. Menorah with an imprint of oleander. 19 September 1957

Second Series of the Pound (1959)[edit]

Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of

Observe Reverse Watermark issue ceased to be legal tender

1/2 Israeli pound
Israeli pound
(I£1/2) 130 × 70 mm Green Pioneer-woman soldier holding a basket of oranges against a background of fields. Tomb of the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem. The profile of the woman. 15 October 1959 31 March 1984

1 Israeli pound
Israeli pound
(I£1) 135 × 75 mm Blue Fisherman carrying fishing gear against a background of a bay. Mosaic from the floor of an ancient synagogue at lssafiya on Mt. Carmel. The profile of the fisherman.

5 Israeli pounds (I£5) 140 × 78 mm Brown Labourer holding a sledge-hammer against a background of an industrial plant. Roaring lion depicted on an ancient Hebrew seal found at Megiddo. The profile of the labourer.

10 Israeli pounds (I£10) 150 × 82 mm Purple Scientist in a laboratory. Passage from the Book of Isaiah
Book of Isaiah
and the Dead Sea Scrolls. The profile of the scientist.

50 Israeli pounds (I£50) 178 × 93 mm Brown Two young pioneers against a background of an agricultural settlement in the Negev. Menorah from the ancient synagogue of Nirim
Nirim
in the Negev. The profile of the pioneers. 9 December 1960

Third Series of the Pound (1970)[edit]

Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of

Observe Reverse Watermark issue ceased to be legal tender

5 Israeli pounds (I£5) 150 × 75 mm Light blue Portrait of Albert Einstein. The Atomic reactor at Nahal
Nahal
Sorek. Profile of Albert Einstein. 13 January 1972 31 March 1984

10 Israeli pounds (I£10) 160 × 82 mm Yellow-ivory Portrait of Chaim Nachman Bialik. Bialik's home in Tel-Aviv. Profile of Chaim Nachman Bialik. 6 August 1970

50 Israeli pounds (I£50) 170 × 84 mm Brown-red Portrait of Chaim Weizmann. The Knesset
Knesset
Building in Jerusalem. Profile of Chaim Weizmann. 13 January 1972

100 Israeli pounds (I£100) 180 × 90 mm Blue Portrait of Theodor Herzl. The Emblem of the State of Israel
Israel
surrounded by the emblems of the twelve tribes. Profile of Theodor Herzl. 27 February 1969

Fourth Series of the Pound (1975)[edit]

Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of

Observe Reverse Watermark issue ceased to be legal tender

5 Israeli pounds (I£5) 128 × 76 mm Brown Portrait of Henrietta Szold; Hadassah Hospital on Mt. Scopus in Jerusalem. Lion's Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem. Profile of Henrietta Szold. 11 March 1976 31 March 1984

10 Israeli pounds (I£10) 135 × 76 mm Pink-purple Portrait of Moshe Montefiori; the Mishkanot Shaananim quarter in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
with the windmill. Jaffa Gate
Jaffa Gate
in the Old City of Jerusalem. Profile of Moshe Montefiori. 30 January 1975

50 Israeli pounds (I£50) 141 × 76 mm Green Portrait of Chaim Weizmann; the Wix Library at the Weizmann Institute of Science. Damascus gate in the Old City of Jerusalem. Profile of Chaim Weizmann. 26 January 1978

100 Israeli pounds (I£100) 147 × 76 mm Blue Portrait of Theodor Herzl; the entrance gate to Mt. Herzl in Jerusalem. Zion Gate
Zion Gate
in the Old City of Jerusalem. Profile of Theodor Herzl. 14 March 1975

500 Israeli pounds (I£500) 153 × 76 mm Ivory-brown Portrait of David Ben-Gurion; the library at kibbutz Sde Boker. Golden Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem. Profile of David Ben-Gurion. 26 May 1977

Features for the blind[edit] In the third banknote issue, released between 1973 and 1975, a feature was added to assist vision-impaired and blind people in identifying the denomination of a note. A tactile set of dots was used, with three on the five pound note, two on the 10 pound note, one on the 50 pound note, none on the 100 pound note, and a large bar the length of three dots on the 500 pound note.[citation needed] See also[edit]

Bank of Israel Economy of Israel Paul Kor

References[edit]

Krause, Chester L.; Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801–1991 (18th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873411501.  Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors) (7th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9. 

Footnotes[edit] [4] [5] [6]

^ One Palestine Pound, IL: Bank of Israel, archived from the original on April 27, 2006  ^ One Israeli Pound, IL: Bank of Israel, archived from the original on 2007-09-27  ^ First Series of the Pound, IL: Bank Le-Israel, archived from the original on 2007-09-27  ^ One Palestine Pound, IL: Bank of Israel
Israel
- Anglo Palestine Bank Series ^ One Israeli Pound, IL: Bank of Israel
Israel
- Le- Israel
Israel
Series ^ First Series of the Pound, IL: Bank of Israel
Israel
- First Series of the Pound

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Israeli Lira.

Bank of Israel
Israel
catalogue of Israeli currency since 1948 Israeli Lirah coins with pictures

v t e

Historical currencies of Israel     

Year May 1948 – June 1952 June 1952 – 1960 1960–1980 1980–1985 1985–present

Main unit Palestine pound Israeli pound (Old) Shekel New shekel

Subunit 1/1000 = mil 1/1000 = pruta 1/100 = agora 1/100 = new agora 1/100 = agora

v t e

Currencies named pound or similar

Current

Pound sterling: (Alderney pound • Falkland Islands pound • Gibraltar pound • Guernsey pound • Jersey pound • Manx pound • Saint Helena pound) Egyptian pound Lebanese pound South Sudanese pound Sudanese pound Syrian pound Turkish lira

Local alternative currency

Bristol Pound Brixton Pound Lewes Pound Stroud Pound Totnes Pound

Defunct

Anglo-Saxon pound Australian pound Bahamian pound Bermudian pound Biafran pound British West African pound Canadian pound Connecticut pound Cypriot pound Delaware pound Fijian pound French livre:(Livre parisis • Livre tournois) French colonial livre: ( Guadeloupe livre  • Haitian livre • New France livre • Saint Lucia livre) Gambian pound Georgia pound Ghanaian pound Irish pound Israeli pound Jamaican pound Japanese government-issued Oceanian Pound Libyan pound Lombardo-Venetian pound Luccan pound Luxembourgish livre Malawian pound Maltese pound Maltese lira Maryland pound Massachusetts pound New Brunswick pound New Guinean pound New Hampshire pound New Jersey pound New York pound New Zealand pound Newfoundland pound Nigerian pound North Carolina pound Nova Scotian pound Oceanian pound Ottoman lira Palestine pound Papal lira Parman lira Pennsylvania pound Pound Scots Prince Edward Island pound Rhode Island pound Rhodesian pound Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound Sammarinese lira Sardinian lira Solomon Islands pound South Carolina pound Southern Rhodesian pound South African pound South African Republic pound South West African pound Tongan pound Tuscan pound Vatican lira Virginia pound West Indian pound Western Samoan pound Zambian pound

See also

Dinar Pou

.