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Islām Qala (Persian/Pashto: اسلام قلعه, also ''Eslām Qalʿeh''), known historically as Kafir Qala, is a border town in the western Herat province of Afghanistan, near the border with Iran. It is the official entry by land from neighboring Taybad, Iran. Islam Qala is part of the Kohsan District in Herat Province and is linked to the city of Herat via the Islam Qala-Herat Highway. It plays an important role when it comes to the economy of Afghanistan because a lot of trade between Afghanistan and other other countries passes through this town. AH1 passes through the town, part of the Asian Highway Network leading from Tokyo, Japan to west of Istanbul where it connects to the E80 which reaches to Lisbon. The town has a population of about 16,408. The Afghan Border Police (ABP) secures the border while the regular Afghan National Police are in charge of all other law enforcement activities. The Afghan Armed Forces also have a small base at Islam Qala.


History


The town was the site of an important victory against the Persians. At 1818 the Afghan Vizier defeated the Persian invasion at the Battle of Kafir Qala. On February 13, 2021, due to corruption and mismanagement 100s of trucks were burnt after a fire incident at Islam Qala.

Climate

With an influence from the local steppe climate, Islam Qala features a cold semi-arid climate (''BSk'') under the Köppen climate classification. The average temperature in Islam Qala is 17.3 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 225 mm. July is the hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 29.5 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of 5.5 °C.

See also

*Demogan *Ghulam Khan *Hairatan *Herat Province *Sher Khan Bandar *Spin Boldak *Torghundi *Torkham *Zaranj


References





External links



Planet satellite imagery:truck explosion
* , February 22, 2013, Al Jazeera English. * , January 20, 2011, Voice of America. {{Authority control Category:Populated places in Herat Province Category:Afghanistan–Iran border crossings