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Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
/ˈlæŋmjʊər/[3] (January 31, 1881 – August 16, 1957) was an American chemist and physicist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Chemistry
in 1932 for his work in surface chemistry. Langmuir's most famous publication is the 1919 article "The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules" in which, building on Gilbert N. Lewis's cubical atom theory and Walther Kossel's chemical bonding theory, he outlined his "concentric theory of atomic structure".[4] Langmuir became embroiled in a priority dispute with Lewis over this work; Langmuir's presentation skills were largely responsible for the popularization of the theory, although the credit for the theory itself belongs mostly to Lewis.[5] While at General Electric from 1909 to 1950, Langmuir advanced several fields of physics and chemistry, invented the gas-filled incandescent lamp and the hydrogen welding technique. The Langmuir Laboratory for Atmospheric Research near Socorro, New Mexico, was named in his honor, as was the American Chemical Society
American Chemical Society
journal for surface science called Langmuir.[1]

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Early years 1.2 Education 1.3 Research 1.4 Later years 1.5 Personal life 1.6 In fiction

2 Honors 3 Patents 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Biography[edit] Early years[edit] Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
was born in Brooklyn, New York, on January 31, 1881. He was the third of the four children of Charles Langmuir and Sadie, née Comings. During his childhood, Langmuir's parents encouraged him to carefully observe nature and to keep a detailed record of his various observations. When Irving was eleven, it was discovered that he had poor eyesight.[6] When this problem was corrected, details that had previously eluded him were revealed, and his interest in the complications of nature was heightened.[7] During his childhood, Langmuir was influenced by his older brother, Arthur Langmuir. Arthur was a research chemist who encouraged Irving to be curious about nature and how things work. Arthur helped Irving set up his first chemistry lab in the corner of his bedroom, and he was content to answer the myriad questions that Irving would pose. Langmuir's hobbies included mountaineering, skiing, piloting his own plane, and classical music. In addition to his professional interest in the politics of atomic energy, he was concerned about wilderness conservation. Education[edit] Langmuir attended his early education at various schools and institutes in America and Paris (1892–1895). Langmuir graduated high school from Chestnut Hill Academy
Chestnut Hill Academy
(1898), an elite private school located in the affluent Chestnut Hill area in Philadelphia. He graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in metallurgical engineering (Met.E.) from the Columbia University
Columbia University
School of Mines (the first mining and metallurgy school in the U.S., established,1864 and presently known as Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science) in 1903. He earned his Ph.D. degree in 1906 under Friedrich Dolezalek in Göttingen,[2] for research done using the "Nernst glower", an electric lamp invented by Nernst. His doctoral thesis was entitled “On the Partial Recombination of Dissolved Gases During Cooling.” He later did postgraduate work in chemistry. Langmuir then taught at Stevens Institute of Technology
Stevens Institute of Technology
in Hoboken, New Jersey, until 1909, when he began working at the General Electric
General Electric
research laboratory (Schenectady, New York). Research[edit]

Langmuir (center) in 1922 in his lab at GE, showing radio pioneer Guglielmo Marconi
Guglielmo Marconi
(right) a new 20 kW triode tube

General Electric
General Electric
Company Pliotron

His initial contributions to science came from his study of light bulbs (a continuation of his Ph.D. work). His first major development was the improvement of the diffusion pump, which ultimately led to the invention of the high-vacuum rectifier and amplifier tubes. A year later, he and colleague Lewi Tonks discovered that the lifetime of a tungsten filament could be greatly lengthened by filling the bulb with an inert gas, such as argon, the critical factor (overlooked by other researchers) being the need for extreme cleanliness in all stages of the process. He also discovered that twisting the filament into a tight coil improved its efficiency. These were important developments in the history of the incandescent light bulb. His work in surface chemistry began at this point, when he discovered that molecular hydrogen introduced into a tungsten-filament bulb dissociated into atomic hydrogen and formed a layer one atom thick on the surface of the bulb.[8] His assistant in vacuum tube research was his cousin William Comings White.[9] As he continued to study filaments in vacuum and different gas environments, he began to study the emission of charged particles from hot filaments (thermionic emission). He was one of the first scientists to work with plasmas, and he was the first to call these ionized gases by that name because they reminded him of blood plasma.[10][11][12] Langmuir and Tonks discovered electron density waves in plasmas that are now known as Langmuir waves.[13] He introduced the concept of electron temperature and in 1924 invented the diagnostic method for measuring both temperature and density with an electrostatic probe, now called a Langmuir probe
Langmuir probe
and commonly used in plasma physics. The current of a biased probe tip is measured as a function of bias voltage to determine the local plasma temperature and density. He also discovered atomic hydrogen, which he put to use by inventing the atomic hydrogen welding process; the first plasma weld ever made. Plasma welding has since been developed into gas tungsten arc welding. In 1917, he published a paper on the chemistry of oil films[14] that later became the basis for the award of the 1932 Nobel Prize in chemistry. Langmuir theorized that oils consisting of an aliphatic chain with a hydrophilic end group (perhaps an alcohol or acid) were oriented as a film one molecule thick upon the surface of water, with the hydrophilic group down in the water and the hydrophobic chains clumped together on the surface. The thickness of the film could be easily determined from the known volume and area of the oil, which allowed investigation of the molecular configuration before spectroscopic techniques were available.[15]

Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
– chemist and physicist

Later years[edit] Following World War I
World War I
Langmuir contributed to atomic theory and the understanding of atomic structure by defining the modern concept of valence shells and isotopes. Langmuir was president of the Institute of Radio Engineers in 1923.[16] Based on his work at General Electric, John B. Taylor developed a detector ionizing beams of alkali metals,[17] called nowadays the Langmuir-Taylor detector. He joined Katharine B. Blodgett
Katharine B. Blodgett
to study thin films and surface adsorption. They introduced the concept of a monolayer (a layer of material one molecule thick) and the two-dimensional physics which describe such a surface. In 1932 he received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Chemistry
"for his discoveries and investigations in surface chemistry." In 1938, Langmuir's scientific interests began to turn to atmospheric science and meteorology. One of his first ventures, although tangentially related, was a refutation of the claim of entomologist Charles H. T. Townsend that the deer botfly flew at speeds of over 800 miles per hour. Langmuir estimated the fly's speed at 25 miles per hour. After observing windrows of drifting seaweed in the Sargasso Sea
Sargasso Sea
he discovered a wind-driven surface circulation in the sea. It is now called the Langmuir circulation.

Langmuir's house in Schenectady

During World War II, Langmuir worked on improving naval sonar for submarine detection, and later to develop protective smoke screens and methods for deicing aircraft wings. This research led him to theorize that the introduction of dry ice and iodide into a sufficiently moist cloud of low temperature could induce precipitation (cloud seeding); though in frequent practice, particularly in Australia and the People's Republic of China, the efficiency of this technique remains controversial today. In 1953 Langmuir coined the term "pathological science", describing research conducted with accordance to the scientific method, but tainted by unconscious bias or subjective effects. This is in contrast to pseudoscience, which has no pretense of following the scientific method. In his original speech, he presented ESP and flying saucers as examples of pathological science; since then, the label has been applied to polywater and cold fusion. His house in Schenectady, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976. Personal life[edit] Langmuir was married to Marion Mersereau (1883-1971) in 1912 with whom he adopted two children: Kenneth and Barbara. After a short illness, he died in Woods Hole, Massachusetts
Woods Hole, Massachusetts
from a heart attack on August 16, 1957. His obituary ran on the front page of The New York Times.[18] On his religious views, Langmuir was an agnostic.[19] In fiction[edit] According to author Kurt Vonnegut, Langmuir was the inspiration for his fictional scientist Dr. Felix Hoenikker in the novel Cat's Cradle.[20] The character's invention of ice-nine eventually destroyed the world. Langmuir had worked with Vonnegut's brother, Bernard Vonnegut.[21] Honors[edit]

Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
(1918)[22] Perkin Medal
Perkin Medal
(1928)[23] Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
(1932) Franklin Medal
Franklin Medal
(1934) Faraday Medal
Faraday Medal
(1944) John J. Carty Award of the National Academy of Sciences (1950)[24] Mount Langmuir [1] [2] (elevation 8022 ft / 2445m ) in Alaska is named after him (Chugach National Forest, Copper River, AK) Langmuir College, a residential college at Stony Brook University
Stony Brook University
in H-Quad, named for him in 1970 [3] [4] grandson, Roger R Summerhayes, directed/wrote/produced/edited a 57-minute documentary in 1999 called Langmuir's World [5]

Patents[edit]

Langmuir, U.S. Patent 1,180,159, "Incandescent Electric Lamp" Langmuir, U.S. Patent 1,244,217, "Electron-discharge apparatus and method of operating the same" Langmuir, U.S. Patent 1,251,388, "Method of and apparatus for controlling x-ray tubes"

See also[edit]

18-Electron rule Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
House Langmuir isotherm Langmuir Trough Langmuir equation, an equation that relates the coverage or adsorption of molecules on a solid surface to gas pressure or concentration of a medium above the solid surface at a fixed temperature Langmuir wave, a rapid oscillation of the electron density in conducting media such as plasmas or metals Langmuir states, three-dimensional quantum states of Helium when both electrons move in phase on Bohr circular orbits and mutually repel Langmuir–Blodgett film Child-Langmuir Law Langmuir-Taylor detector

References[edit]

^ a b c Taylor, H. (1958). " Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
1881-1957". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 4: 167. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1958.0015.  ^ a b Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
- Chemistry
Chemistry
Tree ^ "Langmuir, Irving", in Webster's Biographical Dictionary (1943), Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster. ^ Langmuir, Irving (June 1919). "The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 41 (6): 868–934. doi:10.1021/ja02227a002.  ^ Coffey, Patrick (2008). Cathedrals of Science: The Personalities and Rivalries That Made Modern Chemistry. Oxford University Press. pp. 134–146. ISBN 978-0-19-532134-0.  ^ Suits, C. Guy., ed. (1962), Langmuir - The man and the scientist. Collected Works of Irving Langmuir, 12, Pergamon Press, ASIN B0007EIFMO  ASIN states author is Albert Rosenfeld; does not name an editor or state a volume. ^ Rajvanshi, Anil K. (July 2008), " Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
- A Pioneering Industrial Physical Chemist" (PDF), Resonance, 13 (7): 619–626, doi:10.1007/s12045-008-0068-z  ^ Coffey 2008, pp. 64–70 ^ Anderson, J. M. (2002). " Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
and the origins of electronics". IEEE Power Engineering Review. 22 (3): 38. doi:10.1109/MPER.2002.989191.  ^ Mott-Smith, Harold M. (1971). "History of "plasmas"" (PDF). Nature. 233. p. 219. Bibcode:1971Natur.233..219M. doi:10.1038/233219a0.  ^ Tonks, Lewi (1967). "The birth of "plasma"". American Journal of Physics. 35. pp. 857–858. Bibcode:1967AmJPh..35..857T. doi:10.1119/1.1974266.  ^ Brown, Sanborn C. (1978). "Chapter 1: A Short History of Gaseous Electronics". In HIRSH, Merle N. e OSKAM, H. J. Gaseous Electronics. 1. Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-12-349701-7. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) ^ Tonks, Lewi; Langmuir, Irving (1929). "Oscillations in ionized gases" (PDF). Physical Review. 33: 195–210. Bibcode:1929PhRv...33..195T. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.33.195.  ^ Langmuir, Irving (September 1917). "The Constitution and Fundamental Properties of Solids and Liquids: II. Liquids". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 39 (9): 1848–1906. doi:10.1021/ja02254a006.  ^ Coffey 2008, pp. 128–131 ^ "Irving Langmuir". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. Retrieved 9 August 2011.  ^ Taylor, John (1930). "The Reflection of Beams of the Alkali Metals from Crystals". Physical Review. 35 (4): 375–380. Bibcode:1930PhRv...35..375T. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.35.375.  ^ Staff writers (17 August 1957). "Dr. Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
Dies at 76; Winner of Nobel Chemistry
Chemistry
Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 October 2008.  ^ Albert Rosenfeld (1961). The Quintessence of Irving Langmuir. Pergamon Press. p. 150. Though Marion herself was not an assiduous churchgoer and had no serious objection to Irving's agnostic views, her grandfather had been an Episcopalian clergyman.  ^ Musil, Robert K. (2 August 1980). "There Must Be More to Love Than Death: A Conversation With Kurt Vonnegut". The Nation. 231 (4): 128–132. ISSN 0027-8378.  ^ Bernard Vonnegut, 82, Physicist Who Coaxed Rain From the Sky, NY Times, 27 April 1997. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter L" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 14 April 2011.  ^ "SCI Perkin Medal". Science History Institute. Retrieved 24 March 2018.  ^ "John J. Carty Award for the Advancement of Science". National Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 29 December 2010. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 

External links[edit]

Works by or about Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
at Internet Archive Langmuir Journal ACS Chemistry
Chemistry
Journal of Surfaces and Colloids "Langmuir, Irving" Infoplease.com. " Irving Langmuir's Ball Lightning Tube". Ball Lightning Page. Science Hobbyist. " Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
shows Whitney one of his inventions, the Pliotron tube. ca. 1920.". Willis Rodney Whitney: the "Father of basic research in industry". "Pathological Science" – noted lecture of 18 December 1953 at GE Labs "The Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms and Molecules" JACS, Vol. 41, No. 6, 868. "The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum" JACS, Vol. 40, No. 9, 1361. " Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
a great physical Chemist"; Resonance, July 2008 Key Participants: Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling
and the Nature of the Chemical Bond: A Documentary History National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir

v t e

Laureates of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry

1901–1925

1901 Jacobus van 't Hoff 1902 Emil Fischer 1903 Svante Arrhenius 1904 William Ramsay 1905 Adolf von Baeyer 1906 Henri Moissan 1907 Eduard Buchner 1908 Ernest Rutherford 1909 Wilhelm Ostwald 1910 Otto Wallach 1911 Marie Curie 1912 Victor Grignard
Victor Grignard
/ Paul Sabatier 1913 Alfred Werner 1914 Theodore Richards 1915 Richard Willstätter 1916 1917 1918 Fritz Haber 1919 1920 Walther Nernst 1921 Frederick Soddy 1922 Francis Aston 1923 Fritz Pregl 1924 1925 Richard Zsigmondy

1926–1950

1926 Theodor Svedberg 1927 Heinrich Wieland 1928 Adolf Windaus 1929 Arthur Harden
Arthur Harden
/ Hans von Euler-Chelpin 1930 Hans Fischer 1931 Carl Bosch
Carl Bosch
/ Friedrich Bergius 1932 Irving Langmuir 1933 1934 Harold Urey 1935 Frédéric Joliot-Curie
Frédéric Joliot-Curie
/ Irène Joliot-Curie 1936 Peter Debye 1937 Norman Haworth
Norman Haworth
/ Paul Karrer 1938 Richard Kuhn 1939 Adolf Butenandt
Adolf Butenandt
/ Leopold Ružička 1940 1941 1942 1943 George de Hevesy 1944 Otto Hahn 1945 Artturi Virtanen 1946 James B. Sumner
James B. Sumner
/ John Northrop / Wendell Meredith Stanley 1947 Robert Robinson 1948 Arne Tiselius 1949 William Giauque 1950 Otto Diels
Otto Diels
/ Kurt Alder

1951–1975

1951 Edwin McMillan
Edwin McMillan
/ Glenn T. Seaborg 1952 Archer Martin
Archer Martin
/ Richard Synge 1953 Hermann Staudinger 1954 Linus Pauling 1955 Vincent du Vigneaud 1956 Cyril Hinshelwood / Nikolay Semyonov 1957 Alexander Todd 1958 Frederick Sanger 1959 Jaroslav Heyrovský 1960 Willard Libby 1961 Melvin Calvin 1962 Max Perutz
Max Perutz
/ John Kendrew 1963 Karl Ziegler
Karl Ziegler
/ Giulio Natta 1964 Dorothy Hodgkin 1965 Robert Woodward 1966 Robert S. Mulliken 1967 Manfred Eigen
Manfred Eigen
/ Ronald Norrish / George Porter 1968 Lars Onsager 1969 Derek Barton / Odd Hassel 1970 Luis Federico Leloir 1971 Gerhard Herzberg 1972 Christian B. Anfinsen
Christian B. Anfinsen
/ Stanford Moore / William Stein 1973 Ernst Otto Fischer
Ernst Otto Fischer
/ Geoffrey Wilkinson 1974 Paul Flory 1975 John Cornforth
John Cornforth
/ Vladimir Prelog

1976–2000

1976 William Lipscomb 1977 Ilya Prigogine 1978 Peter D. Mitchell 1979 Herbert C. Brown
Herbert C. Brown
/ Georg Wittig 1980 Paul Berg
Paul Berg
/ Walter Gilbert
Walter Gilbert
/ Frederick Sanger 1981 Kenichi Fukui
Kenichi Fukui
/ Roald Hoffmann 1982 Aaron Klug 1983 Henry Taube 1984 Robert Merrifield 1985 Herbert A. Hauptman
Herbert A. Hauptman
/ Jerome Karle 1986 Dudley R. Herschbach
Dudley R. Herschbach
/ Yuan T. Lee
Yuan T. Lee
/ John Polanyi 1987 Donald J. Cram
Donald J. Cram
/ Jean-Marie Lehn
Jean-Marie Lehn
/ Charles J. Pedersen 1988 Johann Deisenhofer
Johann Deisenhofer
/ Robert Huber
Robert Huber
/ Hartmut Michel 1989 Sidney Altman / Thomas Cech 1990 Elias Corey 1991 Richard R. Ernst 1992 Rudolph A. Marcus 1993 Kary Mullis
Kary Mullis
/ Michael Smith 1994 George Olah 1995 Paul J. Crutzen
Paul J. Crutzen
/ Mario J. Molina
Mario J. Molina
/ Frank Rowland 1996 Robert Curl
Robert Curl
/ Harold Kroto / Richard Smalley 1997 Paul D. Boyer
Paul D. Boyer
/ John E. Walker / Jens Christian Skou 1998 Walter Kohn
Walter Kohn
/ John Pople 1999 Ahmed Zewail 2000 Alan J. Heeger / Alan MacDiarmid / Hideki Shirakawa

2001–present

2001 William Knowles / Ryoji Noyori / K. Barry Sharpless 2002 John B. Fenn / Koichi Tanaka
Koichi Tanaka
/ Kurt Wüthrich 2003 Peter Agre
Peter Agre
/ Roderick MacKinnon 2004 Aaron Ciechanover
Aaron Ciechanover
/ Avram Hershko
Avram Hershko
/ Irwin Rose 2005 Robert H. Grubbs
Robert H. Grubbs
/ Richard R. Schrock
Richard R. Schrock
/ Yves Chauvin 2006 Roger D. Kornberg 2007 Gerhard Ertl 2008 Osamu Shimomura
Osamu Shimomura
/ Martin Chalfie
Martin Chalfie
/ Roger Y. Tsien 2009 Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
/ Thomas A. Steitz
Thomas A. Steitz
/ Ada E. Yonath 2010 Richard F. Heck
Richard F. Heck
/ Akira Suzuki / Ei-ichi Negishi 2011 Dan Shechtman 2012 Robert Lefkowitz
Robert Lefkowitz
/ Brian Kobilka 2013 Martin Karplus
Martin Karplus
/ Michael Levitt
Michael Levitt
/ Arieh Warshel 2014 Eric Betzig
Eric Betzig
/ Stefan Hell
Stefan Hell
/ William E. Moerner 2015 Tomas Lindahl
Tomas Lindahl
/ Paul L. Modrich
Paul L. Modrich
/ Aziz Sancar 2016 Jean-Pierre Sauvage
Jean-Pierre Sauvage
/ Fraser Stoddart
Fraser Stoddart
/ Ben Feringa 2017 Jacques Dubochet
Jacques Dubochet
/ Joachim Frank
Joachim Frank
/ Richard Henderson

v t e

Presidents of the American Chemical Society

1876–1900

John W. Draper (1876) J. Lawrence Smith
J. Lawrence Smith
(1877) Samuel W. Johnson (1878) T. Sterry Hunt (1879) Frederick A. Genth (1880) Charles F. Chandler
Charles F. Chandler
(1881) John W. Mallet (1882) James C. Booth (1883) Albert B. Prescott (1886) Charles Anthony Goessmann
Charles Anthony Goessmann
(1887) T. Sterry Hunt (1888) Charles F. Chandler
Charles F. Chandler
(1889) Henry B. Nason (1890) George F. Barker (1891) George C. Caldwell (1892) Harvey W. Wiley (1893) Edgar Fahs Smith
Edgar Fahs Smith
(1895) Charles B. Dudley (1896) Charles E. Munroe (1898) Edward W. Morley (1899) William McMurtrie
William McMurtrie
(1900)

1901–1925

Frank W. Clarke (1901) Ira Remsen (1902) John H. Long (1903) Arthur Amos Noyes
Arthur Amos Noyes
(1904) Francis P. Venable (1905) William F. Hillebrand (1906) Marston T. Bogert (1907) Willis R. Whitney (1909) Wilder D. Bancroft (1910) Alexander Smith (1911) Arthur Dehon Little
Arthur Dehon Little
(1912) Theodore W. Richards (1914) Charles H. Herty (1915) Julius Stieglitz (1917) William H. Nichols
William H. Nichols
(1918) William A. Noyes (1920) Edgar Fahs Smith
Edgar Fahs Smith
(1921) Edward C. Franklin (1923) Leo H. Baekeland (1924) James Flack Norris (1925)

1926–1950

George D. Rosengarten (1927) Samuel W. Parr (1928) Irving Langmuir
Irving Langmuir
(1929) William McPherson (1930) Moses Gomberg
Moses Gomberg
(1931) L.V. Redman (1932) Arthur B. Lamb (1933) Charles L. Reese (1934) Roger Adams (1935) Edward Bartow
Edward Bartow
(1936) Edward R. Weidlein (1937) Frank C. Whitmore (1938) Charles A. Kraus (1939) Samuel C. Lind (1940) William Lloyd Evans (1941) Harry N. Holmes (1942) Per K. Frolich (1943) Thomas Midgley Jr.
Thomas Midgley Jr.
(1944) Carl S. Marvel (1945) Bradley Dewey (1946) W. Albert Noyes Jr. (1947) Charles A. Thomas (1948) Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling
(1949) Ernest H. Volwiler (1950)

1951–1975

N. Howell Funnan (1951) Edgar C. Britton (1952) Farrington Daniels (1953) Harry L. Fisher (1954) Joel H. Hildebrand (1955) John C. Warner (1956) Roger J. Williams (1957) Clifford F. Rassweiler (1958) John C. Bailar Jr. (1959) Albert L. Elder (1960) Arthur C. Cope (1961) Karl Folkers (1962) Henry Eyring (1963) Maurice H. Arveson (1964) Charles C. Price
Charles C. Price
(1965) William J. Sparks (1966) Charles G. Overberger (1967) Robert W. Cairns (1968) Wallace R. Brode
Wallace R. Brode
(1969) Byron Riegel (1970) Melvin Calvin
Melvin Calvin
(1971) Max Tishler
Max Tishler
(1972) Alan C. Nixon (1973) Bernard S. Friedman (1974) William J. Bailey (1975)

1976–2000

Glenn T. Seaborg
Glenn T. Seaborg
(1976) Henry A. Hill
Henry A. Hill
(1977) Anna J. Harrison
Anna J. Harrison
(1978) Gardner W. Stacy (1979) James D. D'Ianni (1980) Albert C. Zettlemoyer (1981) Robert W. Parry (1982) Fred Basolo (1983) Warren D. Niederhauser (1984) Ellis K. Fields (1985) George C. Pimentel (1986) Mary L. Good
Mary L. Good
(1987) Gordon L. Nelson (1988) Clayton F. Callis (1989) Paul G. Gassman (1990) S. Allen Heininger (1991) Ernest L. Eliel (1992) Helen M. Free (1993) Ned D. Heindel (1994) Brian M. Rushton (1995) Ronald Breslow
Ronald Breslow
(1996) Paul S. Anderson (1997) Paul H.L. Walter (1998) Edel Wasserman (1999) Daryle H. Busch (2000)

2001–present

Attila E. Pavlath (2001) Eli M. Pearce (2002) Elsa Reichmanis
Elsa Reichmanis
(2003) Charles P. Casey (2004) William F. Carroll Jr. (2005) Elizabeth Ann Nalley
Elizabeth Ann Nalley
(2006) Catherine T. Hunt
Catherine T. Hunt
(2007) Bruce E. Bursten (2008) Thomas H. Lane (2009) Joseph Francisco (2010) Nancy B. Jackson
Nancy B. Jackson
(2011) Bassam Z. Shakhashiri (2012) Marinda Li Wu (2013) Thomas J. Barton (2014) Diane Grob Schmidt
Diane Grob Schmidt
(2015) Donna J. Nelson (2016) Allison A. Campbell (2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 25398504 LCCN: n83828424 ISNI: 0000 0001 0960 5258 GND: 118778706 SUDOC: 079989241 BNF: cb115039429 (data) MGP: 126039 NDL: 00551

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