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The Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge is a deep gorge, containing the River Severn
River Severn
in Shropshire, England. It was first formed by a glacial overflow from the long drained away Lake Lapworth, at the end of the last ice age. The deep exposure of the rocks cut through by the gorge exposed commercial deposits of coal, iron ore, limestone and fireclay, which enabled the rapid economic development of the area during the early Industrial Revolution.[1][2] Originally called the Severn Gorge, the gorge now takes its name from its famous Iron
Iron
Bridge, the first iron bridge of its kind in the world, and a monument to the industry that began there. The bridge was built in 1779 to link the industrial town of Broseley
Broseley
with the smaller mining town of Madeley and the growing industrial centre of Coalbrookdale. There are two reasons the site was so useful to the early industrialists. The raw materials, coal, iron ore, limestone and clay, for the manufacture of iron, tiles and porcelain are exposed or easily mined in the gorge. The deep and wide river allowed easy transport of products to the sea.

Contents

1 Formation 2 The Gorge parish 3 Conservation in the Gorge 4 Photos 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Formation[edit] The gorge carries the River Severn
River Severn
south towards the Bristol Channel. It was formed during the last ice age when the water from the previously north-flowing river became trapped in a lake (Lake Lapworth) created when the Irish Sea
Irish Sea
ice sheet dammed the river. The lake level rose until the water flowed through the hills to the south. This flow eroded a path through the hills, forming the gorge and permanently diverting the Severn southwards.[3][4][5][6] The Gorge parish[edit] The Gorge is a civil parish of Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
borough. It covers the part of Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge that falls within the Telford
Telford
and Wrekin Council area, which is most of it, and includes settlements such as Ironbridge, Coalbrookdale
Coalbrookdale
and Coalport
Coalport
(but not Buildwas
Buildwas
or Broseley) and part of Jackfield. It is divided into three parish wards: Lightmoor, Ironbridge, and Coalport
Coalport
& Jackfield. The parish council has its offices and holds its meetings at the Maws Craft Centre in Jackfield.[7] The population of this civil parish at the 2011 census was 3,275.[8] Conservation in the Gorge[edit] Green Wood Centre has spent over twenty years training new coppice and woodland workers, with the aim of reviving the coppicing industry. Severn Gorge Countryside Trust manages most of the woodland, grassland and other countryside within the Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge World Heritage Site, around 260 hectares (640 acres) in all. BTCV's Green Gym works with the trust to assist them on woodland work. Severn Gorge Countryside Trust and The Green Wood Centre run a joint volunteer project enabling local people to engage locally in activities such as coppicing, scrub removal, deer fencing, step building and woodland management. Photos[edit]

Downstream from the ironbridge Redressing the bridge Aerial view

See also[edit]

Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge Museums Geology of Shropshire Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Power Station

References[edit]

^ Pannett, David (2008). "The Ice Age Legacy in North Shropshire" (PDF). Proceedings of the Shropshire
Shropshire
Geological Society. 13: 86–91. ISSN 1750-855X.  ^ Wills, L.J. (1924). "The Development of the Severn Valley in the Neighbourhood of Iron- Bridge
Bridge
and Bridgnorth". Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society. 80: 274–308. doi:10.1144/GSL.JGS.1924.080.01-04.15.  ^ Lapworth, C. (1898).  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Harmer, F.W. (1907). "The Origin of Certain Cañon-like Valleys". Quart. J. geol. Soc. Lond. 63: 470–514. doi:10.1144/GSL.JGS.1907.063.01-04.33.  ^ Wills, L.J. (1924). "The Development of the Severn Valley in the Neighbourhood of Iron- Bridge
Bridge
and Bridgnorth". Quart. J. geol. Soc. Lond. 80: 274–308. doi:10.1144/GSL.JGS.1924.080.01-04.15.  ^ Beckinsale, R.P.; Richardson, L. (1964). "Recent Findings on the Physical Development of the Lower Severn Valley". The Geographical Journal. 130 (1): 87–105. JSTOR 1794269.  ^ "Welcome". The Gorge Parish Council. 2014-02-04. Retrieved 2014-05-22.  ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 25 November 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge.

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Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge Visitor Information Telford
Telford
Culture Zone Tourism Website for Ironbridge Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge.com Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Pub Locations Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge Tourism website ITV Local footage at Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge Photo of the Gorge from the air[permanent dead link] The Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge by Virtual Shropshire World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
information from UNESCO Map of UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Archaeology Green Wood Centre Severn Gorge Countryside Trust Green Gym Landslides in the Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge by the British Geological Survey

v t e

Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge Museums

Blists Hill Victorian Town Broseley
Broseley
Pipeworks Coalbrookdale
Coalbrookdale
Museum of Iron Coalport
Coalport
China Museum Darby Houses Enginuity Iron
Iron
Bridge
Bridge
and Tollhouse Jackfield
Jackfield
Tile
Tile
Museum Museum of the Gorge Tar Tunnel

v t e

Ceremonial county of Shropshire

Unitary authorities

Shropshire
Shropshire
Council Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
Council

Major settlements

Bishop's Castle Bridgnorth Broseley Church Stretton Cleobury Mortimer Clun Craven Arms Ellesmere Ludlow Market Drayton Much Wenlock Newport Oswestry Shifnal Shrewsbury Telford
Telford
(Dawley Madeley Oakengates Wellington) Wem Whitchurch See also: List of civil parishes in Shropshire

Rivers

Camlad Clun Corve Ledwyche Onny Perry Rea Rea Brook Redlake Roden Severn Teme Tern Unk Vyrnwy Worfe

Canals

Llangollen Canal Montgomery Canal Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
Canal Shropshire
Shropshire
Union Canal

Topics

Flag Geology Settlements History Museums Schools Parliamentary constituencies SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Railways Windmills

v t e

World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom

England

Bath Blenheim Palace Canterbury Cathedral, St. Augustine's Abbey and St. Martin's Church Cornwall and West Devon Mining
Mining
Landscape Derwent Valley Mills Durham Castle
Durham Castle
and Cathedral Frontiers of the Roman Empire

Hadrian's Wall

Ironbridge
Ironbridge
Gorge Jurassic Coast Kew Royal Botanic Gardens Lake District Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City Maritime Greenwich Saltaire Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites Studley Royal Park
Studley Royal Park
and Fountains Abbey Tower of London Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey
and St. Margaret's Church

Scotland

Edinburgh Old Town and New Town Forth Bridge Frontiers of the Roman Empire

Antonine Wall

Heart of Neolithic Orkney New Lanark St. Kilda

Wales

Blaenavon Industrial Landscape Castles and Town Walls of King Edward I in Gwynedd Pontcysyllte Aqueduct

Northern Ireland

Giant's Causeway

British Overseas Territories

Gorham's Cave
Gorham's Cave
Complex Gough Island Inaccessible Island Henderson Island Town of St. George and Related Fo

.