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The Peerage of Ireland consists of those titles of nobility created by the English monarchs in their capacity as Lord or King of Ireland, or later by monarchs of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.[1] The creation of such titles came to an end in the 19th century. The ranks of the Irish peerage are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount
Viscount
and Baron. As of 2016, there were 135 titles in the Peerage of Ireland extant: two dukedoms, ten marquessates, 43 earldoms, 28 viscountcies, and 52 baronies. The Crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland continues to exercise jurisdiction over the Peerage of Ireland, including those peers whose titles derive from places located in what is now the Republic of Ireland.[2] Article 40.2 of the Irish Constitution
Irish Constitution
forbids the state conferring titles of nobility and a citizen may not accept titles of nobility or honour except with the prior approval of the Government.[3] As stated above, this issue does not arise in respect of the Peerage of Ireland, as no creations of titles in it have been made since the Constitution came into force. However, this provision has not prevented William Hay, Baron
Baron
Hay of Ballyore, an Irish citizen, from being created a life peer in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. In the following table, each peer is listed only by his or her highest Irish title, showing higher or equal titles in the other peerages. Those peers who are known by a higher title in one of the other peerages are listed in italics.

Contents

1 History 2 Extant Irish peerages

2.1 Dukes 2.2 Marquesses 2.3 Earls 2.4 Viscounts 2.5 Barons

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit]

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William FitzGerald, 2nd Duke
Duke
of Leinster.

A handful of titles in the peerage of Ireland date from the Middle Ages. Before 1801, Irish peers had the right to sit in the Irish House of Lords, on the abolition of which by the Union effective in 1801 by an Act of 1800 they regularly elected a small proportion: twenty-eight representative peers of their number to the House of Lords
House of Lords
at Westminster.[4] Both before and after the Union, Irish peerages were often used as a way of creating peerages which did not grant a seat in the English House of Lords
House of Lords
and so allowed the grantee (such as Clive of India) to sit in the House of Commons in London. As a consequence, many Irish peers had little or no connection to Ireland, and indeed the names of some Irish peerages refer to places in Great Britain (for example, the Earldom of Mexborough refers to a place in England and the Ranfurly refers to a village in Scotland). Irish peerages continued to be created for almost a century after the Union, although the treaty of Union placed restrictions on their numbers: three needed to become extinct before a new peerage could be granted, until there were only one hundred Irish peers (exclusive of those who held any peerage of Great Britain subsisting at the time of the union, or of the United Kingdom created since the union)– a condition still not achieved. There was a spate of creations of Irish peerages from 1797 onward, mostly peerages of higher ranks for existing Irish peers, as part of the negotiation of the Act of Union; this ended in the first week of January 1801, but the restrictions of the Act were not applied to the last few peers. Irish peerages were created in the early nineteenth century at least as often as the Act permitted, but the pace then slowed. The last two grants of Irish peerages were: the promotion of the Marquess
Marquess
of Abercorn (a peerage of Great Britain) to be Duke
Duke
of Abercorn in the Irish Peerage when he became Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland in 1868 and the granting of the Curzon of Kedleston barony to George Curzon when he became Viceroy of India in 1898. Peers of Ireland have precedence below peers of England, Scotland, and Great Britain of the same rank, and above peers of the United Kingdom of the same rank; but Irish peers created after 1801 yield to United Kingdom peers of earlier creation. Accordingly, the Duke
Duke
of Abercorn (the junior Duke
Duke
in the Peerage of Ireland) ranks between the Duke
Duke
of Sutherland and the Duke
Duke
of Westminster
Westminster
(both dukes in the Peerage of the United Kingdom). When one of the Irish representative peers died, the Irish Peerage met to elect his replacement; but the officers required to arrange this were abolished as part of the creation of the Irish Free State. The existing representative peers kept their seats in the House of Lords, but they have not been replaced. Since the death of Francis Needham, 4th Earl
Earl
of Kilmorey in 1961, none remains. The right of the Irish Peerage to elect Representatives was abolished by statute in 1971. Extant Irish peerages[edit] In the following table of the Peerage of Ireland as it currently stands,[5] each peer's highest titles in each of the other peerages (if any) are also listed. Irish peers possessed of titles in any of the other peerages (except Scotland, which only got the right to an automatic seat in 1963, with the Peerage Act 1963) had automatic seats in the House of Lords
House of Lords
until 1999. Dukes[edit]

Title Creation Other titles

The Duke
Duke
of Leinster 1766 Viscount
Viscount
Leinster in the Peerage of Great Britain Lord Kildare in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

The Duke
Duke
of Abercorn 1868 Earl
Earl
of Abercorn in the Peerage of Scotland Marquess
Marquess
of Abercorn in the Peerage of Great Britain

Marquesses[edit]

Title Creation Other titles

The Marquess
Marquess
of Waterford 1789 Baron
Baron
Tyrone
Tyrone
in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Marquess
Marquess
of Downshire 1789 Earl
Earl
of Hillsborough in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Marquess
Marquess
of Donegall 1791 Lord Fisherwick in the Peerage of Great Britain Lord Templemore in the Peerage of the UK

The Marquess
Marquess
of Headfort 1800 Lord Kenlis in the Peerage of the UK

The Marquess
Marquess
of Sligo 1800 Lord Monteagle in the Peerage of the UK

The Marquess
Marquess
of Ely 1801 Lord Loftus in the Peerage of the UK

The Marquess
Marquess
of Londonderry 1816 Earl
Earl
Vane in the Peerage of the UK

The Marquess
Marquess
Conyngham 1816 Lord Minster in the Peerage of the UK

Earls[edit]

Title Creation Other titles; Notes

The Earl
Earl
of Waterford 1446 Earl
Earl
of Shrewsbury in the Peerage of England

The Earl
Earl
of Cork and Orrery 1620; 1660 Lord Boyle of Marston in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Earl
Earl
of Westmeath 1621  

The Earl
Earl
of Meath 1627 Lord Chaworth in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Desmond 1628 Earl
Earl
of Denbigh in the Peerage of England

The Earl
Earl
of Cavan 1647  

The Earl
Earl
of Drogheda 1661 Lord Moore in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Granard 1684 Lord Granard in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Kerry and Shelburne 1722; 1753 Marquess
Marquess
of Lansdowne in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Earl
Earl
of Darnley 1725 Lord Clifton in the Peerage of England

The Earl
Earl
of Bessborough 1739 Lord Ponsonby in the Peerage of Great Britain Lord Duncannon in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Carrick 1748 Lord Butler in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Shannon 1756 Lord Carleton in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Earl
Earl
of Mornington 1760 Duke
Duke
of Wellington in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Arran 1762 Lord Sudley in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Courtown 1762 Lord Saltersford in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Earl
Earl
of Mexborough 1766  

The Earl
Earl
Winterton 1766  

The Earl
Earl
of Kingston 1768  

The Earl
Earl
of Roden 1771  

The Earl
Earl
of Lisburne 1776  

The Earl
Earl
of Clanwilliam 1776 Lord Clanwilliam in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Antrim 1785  

The Earl
Earl
of Longford 1785 Lord Silchester and Pakenham in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Portarlington 1785  

The Earl
Earl
of Mayo 1785  

The Earl
Earl
Annesley 1789  

The Earl
Earl
of Enniskillen 1789 Lord Grinstead in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
Erne 1789 Lord Fermanagh
Fermanagh
in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Lucan 1795 Lord Bingham in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
Belmore 1797  

The Earl
Earl
Castle Stewart 1800  

The Earl
Earl
of Donoughmore 1800 Viscount
Viscount
Hutchinson in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Caledon 1800  

The Earl
Earl
of Limerick 1803 Lord Foxford in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Clancarty 1803 Viscount
Viscount
Clancarty in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Gosford 1806 Lord Worlingham and Acheson in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Rosse 1806  

The Earl
Earl
of Normanton 1806 Lord Mendip in the Peerage of Great Britain Lord Somerton in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Kilmorey 1822  

The Earl
Earl
of Listowel 1822 Lord Hare in the Peerage of the UK

The Earl
Earl
of Norbury 1827  

The Earl
Earl
of Ranfurly 1831 Lord Ranfurly in the Peerage of the UK

Viscounts[edit]

Title Creation Other titles

The Viscount
Viscount
Gormanston 1478 Lord Gormanston in the Peerage of the UK

The Viscount
Viscount
Mountgarret 1550 Lord Mountgarret in the Peerage of the UK

The Viscount
Viscount
Grandison 1620 Earl
Earl
of Jersey in the Peerage of England

The Viscount
Viscount
Valentia 1622  

The Viscount
Viscount
Dillon 1622  

The Viscount
Viscount
Lumley 1628 Earl
Earl
of Scarbrough in the Peerage of England

The Viscount
Viscount
Massereene and Ferrard 1660; 1797 Lord Oriel in the Peerage of the UK

The Viscount
Viscount
Cholmondeley 1661 Earl
Earl
of Cholmondeley in the Peerage of England Lord Newburgh in the Peerage of Great Britain Marquess
Marquess
of Cholmondeley in the Peerage of the UK

The Viscount
Viscount
Charlemont 1665  

The Viscount
Viscount
Downe 1681 Lord Dawnay in the Peerage of the UK

The Viscount
Viscount
Molesworth 1716  

The Viscount
Viscount
Chetwynd 1717  

The Viscount
Viscount
Midleton 1717 Lord Brodrick in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Viscount
Viscount
Boyne 1717 Lord Brancepeth in the Peerage of the UK

The Viscount
Viscount
Grimston 1719 Lord Forrester
Lord Forrester
in the Peerage of Scotland Lord Verulam in the Peerage of Great Britain Earl
Earl
of Verulam in the Peerage of the UK

The Viscount
Viscount
Gage 1720 Lord Gage in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Viscount
Viscount
Galway 1727  

The Viscount
Viscount
Powerscourt 1743 Lord Powerscourt in the Peerage of the UK

The Viscount
Viscount
Ashbrook 1751  

The Viscount
Viscount
Southwell 1776  

The Viscount
Viscount
de Vesci 1776  

The Viscount
Viscount
Lifford 1781  

The Viscount
Viscount
Bangor 1781  

The Viscount
Viscount
Doneraile 1785  

The Viscount
Viscount
Harberton 1791  

The Viscount
Viscount
Hawarden 1793  

The Viscount
Viscount
Monck 1801 Lord Monck in the Peerage of the UK

The Viscount
Viscount
Gort 1816  

Barons[edit] In Ireland, barony may also refer to an obsolete political subdivision of a county. There is no connection between such a barony and the noble title of baron.

Title Creation Other titles

The Lord Kingsale 1397  

The Lord Dunsany 1439  

The Lord Trimlestown 1461  

The Lord Dunboyne 1541  

The Lord Louth 1541  

The Lord Inchiquin 1543  

The Lord Digby 1620 Lord Digby in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Lord Conway and Killultagh 1712 Lord Conway in the Peerage of England Marquess
Marquess
of Hertford in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Lord Newborough 1715 Marquess
Marquess
of Cholmondeley in the Peerage of the UK

The Lord Carbery 1715  

The Lord Aylmer 1718  

The Lord Farnham 1756  

The Lord Lisle 1758  

The Lord Clive 1762 Lord Clive in the Peerage of Great Britain Earl
Earl
of Powis in the Peerage of the UK

The Lord Mulgrave 1767 Marquess
Marquess
of Normanby in the Peerage of the UK

The Lord Newborough 1776  

The Lord Macdonald 1776  

The Lord Kensington 1776 Lord Kensington in the Peerage of the UK

The Lord Westcote 1776 Viscount
Viscount
Cobham in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Lord Massy 1776  

The Lord Muskerry 1781  

The Lord Hood 1782 Viscount
Viscount
Hood in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Lord Sheffield 1783 Lord Stanley of Alderley and Eddisbury in the Peerage of the UK

The Lord Kilmaine 1789  

The Lord Auckland 1789 Lord Auckland in the Peerage of Great Britain

The Lord Waterpark 1792  

The Lord Bridport 1794 Viscount
Viscount
Bridport in the Peerage of the UK

The Lord Graves 1794  

The Lord Huntingfield 1796  

The Lord Carrington 1796 Lord Carrington in the Peerage of Great Britain Lord Carington of Upton in the Peerage of the UK for life

The Lord Rossmore 1796 Lord Rossmore in the Peerage of the UK

The Lord Hotham 1797  

The Lord Crofton 1797  

The Lord ffrench 1798  

The Lord Henley 1799 Lord Northington in the Peerage of the UK

The Lord Langford 1800  

The Lord Dufferin and Claneboye 1800  

The Lord Henniker 1800 Lord Hartismere in the Peerage of the UK

The Lord Ventry 1800  

The Lord Dunalley 1800  

The Lord Clanmorris 1800  

The Lord Ashtown 1800  

The Lord Rendlesham 1806  

The Lord Castlemaine 1812  

The Lord Decies 1812  

The Lord Garvagh 1818  

The Lord Talbot of Malahide 1831  

The Lord Carew 1834 Lord Carew in the Peerage of the UK

The Lord Oranmore and Browne 1836 Lord Mereworth in the Peerage of the UK

The Lord Bellew 1848  

The Lord Fermoy 1865  

The Lord Rathdonnell 1868  

See also[edit]

List of Irish representative peers Irish nobility, which distinguishes three groups of Irish nobility, the other two being:

Gaelic nobility of Ireland Hiberno-Normans

References[edit]

^ With the establishment of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the separate title "King of Ireland" ceased. ^ "The Peerage of Ireland genealogy project". geni_family_tree. Retrieved 2017-07-12.  ^ "40.2" (PDF), Constitution of Ireland, Dublin: Stationery Office, archived from the original (PDF) on 30 July 2009  ^ "The Peerage of Ireland". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-07-12.  ^ Cracroft's Peerage – The Peerage of Ireland

External links[edit]

Courthope, William (editor) (1838). Debrett's Complete Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland: 22nd edition. London. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Lodge, John; Archdall, Mervyn (1789). The Peerage of Ireland: Volume I. Dublin: James Moore.  Lodge, John; Archdall, Mervyn (1789). The Peerage of Ireland: Volume II. Dublin: James Moore.  Kimber, Edward (1768). The Peerage of Ireland: Volume II. London: J Alman. 

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