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The IRISH GRID REFERENCE SYSTEM is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Ireland
Ireland
(both Northern Ireland
Ireland
and the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
). The Irish grid lies within the British grid , but uses a different co-ordinate system with a meridian more suited to the westerly location.

CONTENTS

* 1 Usage * 2 Grid letters * 3 Eastings and northings * 4 Summary parameters of the Irish Grid coordinate system * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 External links

USAGE

In general, neither Ireland
Ireland
nor Great Britain
Great Britain
uses latitude or longitude in describing internal geographic locations. Instead grid reference systems are in common usage.

The national grid referencing system was devised by the Ordnance Survey , and is heavily used in their survey data, and in maps (whether published by the Ordnance Survey of Ireland
Ireland
, the Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland
Ireland
or commercial map producers) based on those surveys. Additionally grid references are commonly quoted in other publications and data sources, such as guide books or government planning documents.

The Ordnance Survey of Ireland
Ireland
has implemented a new coordinate system for Ireland
Ireland
called Irish Transverse Mercator , or ITM, which will initially run in parallel with the existing Irish grid system. In both systems, the true origin is at 53° 30' N, 8° W — a point in Lough Ree , close to the western (Co. Roscommon ) shore, whose grid reference is N 000 500.

GRID LETTERS

Irish grid

The area of Ireland
Ireland
is divided into 25 squares, measuring 100 by 100 km (62 by 62 mi), each identified by a single letter. The squares are numbered A to Z with I being omitted. Seven of the squares do not actually cover any land in Ireland: A, E, K, P, U, Y and Z.

EASTINGS AND NORTHINGS

Within each square, eastings and northings from the origin (south west corner) of the square are given numerically. For example, G0305 means 'square G, 3 km (1.9 mi) east, 5 km (3.1 mi) north'. A location can be indicated to varying resolutions numerically, usually from two digits in each coordinate (for a 1 km (0.62 mi) square) through to five (for a 1 m (3 ft 3 in)) square; the most common usage is the _six figure grid reference_, employing three digits in each coordinate to determine a 100 m (330 ft) square.

Coordinates may also be given relative to the origin of the entire 500 by 500 km (310 by 310 mi) grid (in the format easting, northing). For example, the location of the Spire of Dublin on O\'Connell Street may be given as 315904, 234671 as well as O1590434671. Coordinates in this format must never be truncated, because, for example, 31590, 23467 is also a valid location.

SUMMARY PARAMETERS OF THE IRISH GRID COORDINATE SYSTEM

Spheroid: Airy Modified, Datum: 1965, Map projection: Transverse Mercator Latitude
Latitude
of Origin: 53°30'00 N Longitude
Longitude
of Origin: 8°00\'00 W Scale Factor: 1.000 035 False Easting: 200000 m False Northing: 250000 m

NOTES

* ^ OS Ireland
Ireland

REFERENCES

* Leahy, Derek (September 26, 2008). "Irish Grid Reference System". _ Ordnance Survey Ireland
Ireland
: 185 years of innovation in mapping_. Dublin: Ordnance Survey Ireland. Archived from the original on September 11, 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2009.

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