THE IRISH TIMES is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper launched on 29 March 1859. The editor is Paul O\'Neill who succeeded Kevin O\'Sullivan in 2017; the deputy editor is Denis Staunton. The Irish Times is published every day except Sundays. It employs 420 people.
Though formed as a Protestant nationalist paper, within two decades and under new owners it had become the voice of Irish unionism . It is no longer considered a unionist paper; it is generally perceived as being politically "liberal and progressive ", as well as promoting neoliberalism on economic issues. The editorship of the newspaper from 1859 until 1986 was controlled by the Anglo-Irish Protestant minority, only gaining its first nominal Irish Catholic editor 127 years into its existence.
The paper's most prominent columnists include writer and arts
commentator Fintan O\'Toole and satirist
Miriam Lord . The late
Garret FitzGerald was once a columnist. Senior international
One of its most famous columns was the biting and humorous Cruiskeen Lawn satire column written by Myles na gCopaleen , the pen name of Brian O'Nolan (Brian Ó Nualláin) who also wrote books using the name Flann O\'Brien . Cruiskeen Lawn is an Anglicised spelling of the Irish words cruiscín lán, meaning 'the full little jug'. Cruiskeen Lawn made its debut in October 1940, and appeared with varying regularity until O'Nolan's death in 1966.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Origins * 1.2 The Arnotts * 1.3 The Irish Times Trust
* 1.4 Recent history
* 1.4.1 Diversification
* 2 Offices * 3 Online * 4 Format and content * 5 Newspaper Circulation * 6 Columns * 7 Advertising * 8 Editors * 9 Past and present contributors * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links
The first appearance of a newspaper using the name The Irish Times
occurred in 1823, but this closed in 1825. The title was revived as a
thrice-weekly publication by Major
Lawrence E. Knox , with the first
edition being published on 29 March 1859. It was founded as a moderate
Protestant Nationalist newspaper, reflecting the politics of Knox, who
stood unsuccessfully as a parliamentary candidate for
Isaac Butt 's
Home Rule League . Its headquarters were at 4 Lower
Abbey Street in
Dublin. Its main competitor in its early days was the
After Knox's death in 1873, the paper was sold to the widow of Sir
John Arnott , MP , a former
Lord Mayor of Cork and owner of Arnotts ,
Though the paper became a publicly listed company in 1900, the family continued to hold a majority shareholding until the 1960s (even after the family lost control, the great-grandson of the original purchaser was the paper's London editor). The last member of the Arnott family to sit on the paper's board was Sir Lauriston Arnott, who died in 1958.
The editor during the 1930s,
R. M. Smyllie , had strong anti-fascist
views: he angered the
Irish Catholic hierarchy by opposing General
Franco during the
Spanish Civil War
THE IRISH TIMES TRUST
In 1974, ownership was transferred to a non-charitable trust, The Irish Times Trust. The former owner, Major Thomas McDowell , was made "president for life" of the trust which runs the paper and was paid a large dividend. However several years later the articles of the Trust were adjusted, giving Major McDowell 10 preference shares and one more vote than the combined votes of all the other directors should any move be made to remove him. Major McDowell died in 2009. The Trust was set up in 1974 as "a company limited by guarantee" to purchase The Irish Times Limited and to ensure that The Irish Times would be published as an independent newspaper with specific editorial objectives. (See below).
The Trust is regulated by a legal document, the Memorandum and Articles of Association, and controlled by a body of people (the Governors) under company law. It is not a charity and does not have charitable status. It has no beneficial shareholders and it cannot pay dividends. Any profits made by The Irish Times cannot be distributed to the Trust but must be used to strengthen the newspaper, directly or indirectly.
The Trust is composed of a maximum of 11 Governors. The Trust appoints Governors who are required to be "representative broadly of the community throughout the whole of Ireland".
As of June 2012, Ruth Barrington is the chair of the trust, and the governors are Tom Arnold, David Begg, Noel Dorr, Margaret Elliott, Rosemary Kelly, Eoin O'Driscoll, Fergus O'Ferrall, Judith Woodworth, Barry Smyth, and Caitriona Murphy.
In 1969, the longest-serving editor of The Irish Times, Douglas
Gageby , was allegedly called a "white nigger" by the company chairman
(a former British army officer), because of the newspaper's coverage
The paper established its first bureau in Asia when foreign correspondent Conor O\'Clery moved to Beijing in 1996.
The paper suffered considerable financial difficulty in 2002 when a drop in advertising revenue coincided with a decision by the company to invest its reserves in the building of a new printing plant. None of the journalists were laid off, but many took a voluntary redundancy package when the paper was greatly restructured. Some foreign bureaux were closed and it also stopped publishing 'colour' pages devoted to local Irish regions, with regional coverage now merged with news. The paper's problems stemmed partly from internal strife which led to Major McDowells's daughter, Karen Erwin, not being made Chief Executive. The reorganisation had the desired effect; after posting losses of almost €3 million in 2002, the paper returned to profit in 2003.
John Waters , the only columnist to speak out about the perceived vast salaries of the editor, managing director and deputy editor, was sacked and re-hired a week later, in November 2003. Former editor Geraldine Kennedy was paid more than the editor of the UK's top non-tabloid newspaper The Daily Telegraph, which has a circulation of about nine times that of The Irish Times. Later, columnist Fintan O\'Toole told the Sunday Independent : "We as a paper are not shy of preaching about corporate pay and fat cats but with this there is a sense of excess. Some of the sums mentioned are disturbing. This is not an attack on Ms. Kennedy, it is an attack on the executive level of pay. There is double-standard of seeking more job cuts while paying these vast salaries.
In January 2005, the paper was due to run a front-page story on the
The following May, the paper launched a new international edition,
which is available in London and southeast England at the same time as
other daily newspapers (previously, copies of the Irish edition were
In 2009, the Supreme Court ordered the paper to pay €600,000 in costs despite winning its case about the importance of protecting journalistic sources, and called its destruction of evidence "reprehensible conduct".
The newspaper has been criticized for its perceived support of the
British Army. An article in The Phoenix magazine examined an article
The Irish Times published in August 2010 on Irish nationals serving
in the British Army. According to The Phoenix, the article
romanticized the war in
On 9 September 2011, the paper published a pseudonymous article by Kate Fitzgerald . Unknown to the paper, she had committed suicide the previous August 22. The revelation sparked a nationwide debate on suicide with her parents appearing on television to discuss suicide and depression. The article criticised the reaction to her illness by her employer, The Communications Clinic , although it was only after she was identified as the author that her employer became known. The article was later removed from the paper's website, causing controversy online. The editor later told her parents that sections of her article were factually incorrect, but could not say which ones. Kate's parents complained to the Office of the Press Ombudsman about an apology made to The Communications Clinic , their complaint was upheld.
The company has diversified from its original Irish Times title as a
source of revenue. Irish Times Limited has taken a majority share for
€5m in the Gazette Group Newspapers, a group publishing three local
newspapers in West
The managing director said in 2009 that mobile phone applications would be a key investment for newspapers and The Irish Times now has an application for the iPhone and Android smartphones.
In June 2010, Gazette group newspapers' managing director claimed the company's affairs were being conducted oppressively by its majority shareholder, the Irish Times.
In 1895, the paper moved from its original offices on Middle Abbey
Street to D\'Olier Street in the centre of Dublin. "D'Olier Street"
became a metonym of
The Irish Times which in turn was personified as
"The Old Lady of D'Olier Street". In October 2006, the paper relocated
to a new building on nearby
In 1994, The Irish Times established a website called Irish-times.ie; it was the first newspaper in Ireland and one of the first 30 newspapers in the world to do so. The company acquired the domain name Ireland.com in 1997, and from 1999 to 2008, used it to publish its online edition. It was freely available at first but charges and a registration fee were introduced in 2002 for access to most of the content. A number of blogs were added in April 2007 written by Jim Carroll, Shane Hegarty, and Conor Pope. On 30 June 2008, the company relaunched Ireland.com as a separate lifestyle portal and the online edition of the newspaper was now published at irishtimes.com. It was supplied free of charge, but a subscription was charged to view its archives.
On 15 October 2012 John O'Shea, Head of Online, The Irish Times, announced that the ireland.com domain name had been sold to Tourism Ireland, and that the ireland.com email service would end on 7 November 2012. The domain name was sold for €495,000. The ending of the email service affected about 15,000 subscribers.
The newspaper announced on 17 February 2015 the reintroduction of a paywall for its website, irishtimes.com, beginning on 23 February.
FORMAT AND CONTENT
The paper has the same standard layout every day. The front page contains one main picture and three main news stories, with the left-hand column, News Digest, providing a 'teaser' of some of the stories inside the Home News, World News, Sport and Business Today sections as well as other information such as winning lottery numbers and weather forecasts. Inside, it usually contains eight to twelve pages of Irish news, called "Home News", covering Ireland and Northern Ireland . It devotes several pages to important stories such as the publication of government reports, government budgets, important courts cases, and so on.
World News contains news from its correspondents abroad and from news wires and services such as Reuters, the Guardian Service, and the Los Angeles Times-Washington Post service. The paper has correspondents in London, Paris, Brussels, and Washington.
The Irish Times publishes its residential property supplement every
Thursday, one of the printed residential property listings for the
A business supplement is published every Friday, as is an entertainment supplement called The Ticket, with film, music, theatre reviews, interviews, articles, and media listings. It features cinema writer Donald Clarke and music writers Jim Carroll, Brian Boyd, Tony Clayton-Lea and others. Michael Dwyer , the distinguished film critic and recipient of the Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres, wrote for the supplement until his death in 2010.
On Saturdays, a Weekend section is published, with news features, arts profiles, television and radio columns, and book reviews of mainly literary and biographical works, with occasional reviews in the technology sector. The Saturday edition also includes the Magazine with consumer and lifestyle features on food, wine, gardening, and there are travel and sports supplements.
The paper carries political cartoons by Martyn Turner and the American cartoon strip, Doonesbury . The business section has a satirical illustration by David Rooney every Friday. Tom Mathews contributes an arts-inspired cartoon (called "Artoon") to the arts section on Saturday.
A weekly Irish language page is carried on Wednesdays.
The Irish Times tended to support the
* Circulation was 117,370 for the period July 2005 to December 2005. * Circulation was 100,951 for the period January 2011 to June 2011.
* Circulation was 92,565 for the period January to June 2012. * Circulation was 88,356 for the period July to December 2012. * Circulation was 80,332 for the period January 2014 to June 2014. * Circulation was 76,882 for the period July 2014 to December 2014.
* Circulation was 76,194 for the period January 2015 to June 2015. * Circulation was 72,011 for the period January 2016 to June 2016. * Circulation was 66,251 for the period July to December 2016. * Circulation was 62,423 for the period January to July 2017.
Regular columns include:
* An Irishman's Diary
* Another Life is a weekly natural history column written and
illustrated since 1977 by
Michael Viney .
* Rite and Reason is a weekly religious column. It is edited by the
Patsy McGarry . Many prominent
There is some television adverts for the paper of recent years available on YouTube but all television adverts since 1961 will be online late summer 2017 and restored to the television screen.
* Dr. George Ferdinand Shaw (1859) * Rev. George Bomford Wheeler (1859–77) * James Scott (1877–99) * William Algernon Locker (1901–7) * John Edward Healy (1907–34) * Robert Maire "Bertie" Smyllie (1934–54) * Alec Newman (1954–61) * Alan Montgomery (1961–63) * Douglas Gageby (1963–74 and 1977–86) * Fergus Pyle (1974–77) * Conor Brady (1986–2002) * Geraldine Kennedy (2002–11) * Kevin O\'Sullivan (2011–2017) * Paul O\'Neill (2017–present)
PAST AND PRESENT CONTRIBUTORS
* Charles Acton
* ^ Paul O\'Neill appointed new \'Irish Times\' Editor The Irish
Times, 5 April 2017. (subscription required)
* ^ Irish Times appointments The Irish Times, 13 August 2011.
* ^ Flanagan, Peter (28 January 2011). "\'Irish Times seeking €2m
in cost savings". Irish Independent. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
* ^ O'Brien, Mark (2008). The Irish Times: A History. Four Courts
Press . ISBN 978-1-84682-123-3 .
* ^ Brown, Terrance (2015). The Irish Times: 150 Years of
Influence. Bloomsbury. p. 448. ISBN 9781472919069 .
* ^ McCabe,Conor, Sins of the Father: Tracing the Decisions That
Shaped the Irish Economy (Dublin, 2011), p. 179.
* ^ "Sir John Maxwell\'s Position". The Irish Times.
* ^ "The fighting Irish". The Irish Times. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010. * ^ "Irish Times for Queen and Country" (PDF ). The Phoenix . 13 August 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010. (subscription required) * ^ "Employers failing people with mental health issues". Irish Times. 9 September 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011. * ^ "X Factor star for Saturday Night Show". RTÉ Ten. Raidió Teilifís Éireann . 2 December 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2011. * ^ "Legal Redaction". Irish Times. 9 September 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011. (subscription required) * ^ "\'Let Kate Have The Final Word". Broadsheet.ie. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011. * ^ ""Kate" fitzgerald and the Irish times apology to the communications clinic the press council decision". Broadsheet.ie. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2012. * ^ "Daft.ie Now Ireland\'s Busiest Certified Property Site". ABCe . 18 July 2006. Archived from the original on 15 November 2007. Retrieved 1 January 2010. * ^ Heatley, Colm (2 August 2006). "Irish Web Site Bought For 50 Million Euro". The Irish Examiner. Retrieved 18 October 2012. * ^ Connolly, Niamh (28 June 2009). "Times staffers want a review of paper\'s direction". The Sunday Business Post . Retrieved 28 June 2009. * ^ Hancock, Ciarán (3 October 2009). "Irish Times registers €37.8m loss for 2008". The Irish Times. Retrieved 3 October 2009. * ^ Flanagan, Peter (23 October 2010). "Irish Times CEO got €1m payoff as losses mount". Irish Independent . * ^ O'Mahony, Catherine (25 October 2009). "Media World". The Sunday Business Post . Retrieved 25 January 2010. * ^ Healy, Tim (29 June 2010). "Gazette group MD accuses the \'Irish Times\' of oppression". Irish Independent. Retrieved 25 October 2010. * ^ "\'The Irish Times\' free online at irishtimes.com". The Irish Times. 30 June 2008. Retrieved 30 June 2008. * ^ O'Connell, Hugh (17 October 2012). "ireland.com email users slam \'disgraceful\' decision to end service". Business. The Journal. Retrieved 17 October 2012. * ^ Irish Times to introduce metered paywall online RTÉ News, 17 February 2015. * ^ The Irish Times to introduce digital subscriptions next week Irish Times, 17 February 2015. * ^ Irish Times to introduce paywall next week, costing up to €50 a month Irish Independent, 17 February 2015. * ^ "\'Irish Times\' records highest circulation rise of any daily". * ^ Noonan, Laura (26 August 2011). "\'Independent\' still leads way as nation\'s favourite". Irish Independent . Retrieved 26 August 2011. * ^ "Irish Morning Newspaper ABC Circulations, Jan-June 2012". ilevel.ie. * ^ "Morning Newspapers ABC Circulations, July-Dec 2012". ilevel.ie. Retrieved 23 February 2013. * ^ "Morning Newspaper Circulation Jan-June 2014". ilevel.ie. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. * ^ "ABC Morning Newspaper Circulation July-December 2014". ilevel.ie. Archived from the original on 20 February 2015. Retrieved 20 February 2015. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2015-08-20. * ^ Doyle, Conor. "ABC Jan-June 2016 Morning Market - Media and Marketing Consulting, PPC, SEO Ireland, Search Engine Optimisation,". www.ilevel.ie. * ^ https://www.abc.org.uk/Certificates/48212281.pdf * ^ https://www.abc.org.uk/Certificates/48554363.pdf * ^ "The Irish Times: The Editors". Irish Times. Archived from the original on 12 July 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
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