HOME
The Info List - Iran Aviation Industries Organization


--- Advertisement ---



The Iran
Iran
Aviation Industries Organization (IAIO) (Persian: سازمان صنایع هوایی ایران‎) was established in 1966 for the purpose of planning, controlling, and managing the military aviation industry of Iran. Currently, the IAIO is responsible for directing five aviation organizations: SAHA, HESA, PANHA, GHODS, Shahid Basir Industry. These five organizations have different and complementary roles in the Iranian defense industry
Iranian defense industry
and Iranian civil aviation, and have progressed, with the exception of Ghods, from repair and maintenance facilities to larger defence enterprises with several thousands employees.[1] The Iran
Iran
Helicopter
Helicopter
Support and Renewal Company (IHSRC), or PANHA, was formed in 1969, the Iranian Aircraft Industries (IACI) in 1970, and Iran
Iran
Aircraft Manufacturing Industries Corporation (IAMI), also known under its Persian acronym HESA, in 1974. Two other important companies, Iran
Iran
Aviation Industries Organization of the Armed Forces, (also known as the Iranian Armed Forces
Iranian Armed Forces
Aviation Industries Organization (IAFAIO)), and GHODS Research Center were formed in the early 1980s.

Contents

1 Overview 2 History 3 Major Projects

3.1 Jet engines

4 Legal issues 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Overview[edit] IAIO acts as a policy maker and coordinator to promote an indigenous Iranian aeronautical industry by providing and assisting the Iranian aircraft industries with needed technologies, knowledge and parts. Iran's aviation industry is making rapid strides. As evidenced by the inaugural flight of Iran's indigenously designed and manufactured Azarakhsh
Azarakhsh
and Saeqeh
Saeqeh
fighter jet to the mass production and launch of helicopters, turboprops, and passenger planes. Iran
Iran
has also produced a Boeing 737-800
Boeing 737-800
simulator, a first in Mideast.[2] With a population of 81 million, Iran
Iran
needs to have 6,300 airplanes while it does not possess more than nine aircraft for every one million individuals.[3] History[edit] Iran's aviation industry infrastructure was by and large established in the 1930s, at the time of the Shah Reza Pahlavi, where the German Junkers
Junkers
& Co Aviation provided the foreign expertise and assistance. The industry was later expanded in the 1970s in the reign of Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, benefiting from the boosted oil revenues. Not only did the Shah order vast quantities of America’s most advanced weapons, he was also acquiring the capability to produce them in Iran. Under a multibillion-dollar industrialisation programme, the Shah commissioned US arms firms to build entire weapons factories from scratch in Iran. Thus Bell Helicopter
Bell Helicopter
(a division of Textron, Inc.) was building a factory to produce Model-214 helicopters in Isfahan. Northrop Corporation was also a joint partner in Iran
Iran
Aircraft Industries, inc., which maintained many of the US military
US military
aircraft sold to Iran and was expected to produce aircraft components and eventually complete planes. These efforts represented a large share of US industrial involvement in Iran, and were a centrepiece of the Shah’s efforts to develop modern, high-technology industries.[1] After western sanctions following the Iranian Revolution, the general official policy of Iranian government changed from having the best available in the world to being able to manufacture independently in order to meet domestic needs, specially of technological products and therefore becoming "sanction-proof". In no other field this urgency was higher than aeronautics. Therefore, Iran
Iran
has avoided the need to purchase better western aircraft available to it from time to time in favor of inferior ones that could be manufactured in Iran
Iran
through arrangements of purchasing licenses and technologies as well as reverse-engineering parts, mostly to avoid situations that Iran
Iran
has gone through during the 1980s till now by not being able to maintain what it had due to domestic technological starvation.[4][5] Major Projects[edit] See also: Science and technology in Iran

HESA manufactured and flown IrAn-140-100

Former Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
had favored the purchase of aircraft such as Iran-140 which are manufactured in Iran.[6] Iran’s Aviation Industries Organization plans to manufacture 100 advanced Tupolev
Tupolev
Tu-214
Tu-214
and Tu-204
Tu-204
airplanes with a capacity of 210 persons each in cooperation with Russia
Russia
within the next 10 years.[7] Iran
Iran
also intends to manufacture at least 50 Ka-32
Ka-32
helicopters in Iran under license of Kamov[8] and negotiations are underway to manufacture 50 An-148
An-148
under licence, probably with similar arrangements as Iran-140 to be named Iran-148.[9][10][11] Agreements were signed with Russia
Russia
for co-development and co-manufacture of an uncertain amount of Tu-334
Tu-334
airliners in Iran
Iran
with production to commence simultaneously both in Iran
Iran
and Russia.[12] Another agreement with Poltava Helicopter Company of Ukraine
Ukraine
allows Iran
Iran
to manufacture the Aerokopter AK1-3 Sanka ultra-light multi-purpose helicopters in Iran.[13] Yet, Iran says it is prepared to order passenger planes from Boeing
Boeing
and Airbus if the United States
United States
lifts sanctions against Iran.[14] In 2010, Iran's Defense Ministry said it will begin the production phase of a domestically-manufactured medium-size passenger plane designed to carry up to 150 passengers.[15] This project is scheduled to be completed by 2018.[16] Qaher-313, single-seat stealth fighter aircraft prototype, was publicly announced in 2013. In 2016, Iran
Iran
Aviation Technology Development Headquarter (IATDH) reached agreement for the transfer of technology with a number of knowledge-based French companies in the field of avionics and parts.[17][18] Jet engines[edit] See also: Industry of Iran In 2016, Iran
Iran
unveiled its first "national turbojet engine" dubbed "Owj" (Zenith).[19] Manufactured with more than 14,000 parts, it is capable of flight at 50,000 feet and can be mounted on planes with a maximum takeoff weight of ten tons.[19] Iran
Iran
says that superalloys and specialized furnaces "made in Iran" have been used for this engine. Some analysts have pointed out that this engine shows close resemblance to the General Electric J85
General Electric J85
turbojet engine (expected to serve with U.S. Air Force until 2040.)[20] Legal issues[edit] In 2006 Textron
Textron
sued IAIO, for producing counterfeits of six types of its Bell unit helicopters without licenses thereby using trade secrets and patented designs without permission and demanded compensation for damages. In another lawsuit ( Bell Helicopter
Bell Helicopter
Textron
Textron
Inc. v. Islamic Republic of Iran, Case No. 06cv1694, in U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia) brought by Iran
Iran
against Textron
Textron
earlier, Iran had sought damages against unfulfilled contracts dating back before revolution. Textron
Textron
ultimately sent five commercial helicopters to Iran
Iran
in addition to providing spare parts and training in 1994 to settle the dispute.[21] In summer of 2010, Iran
Iran
requested that the United States
United States
deliver the 80th F-14
F-14
it had purchased in 1974, but delivery was denied after the Islamic Revolution.[22][23] See also[edit]

Iran
Iran
portal Aviation portal

Iran
Iran
Civil Aviation Organization Airlines of Iran Iran
Iran
airshow Iranian Space Agency Economy of Iran Fajr Aviation & Composites Industry (civilian Co.) List of military equipment manufactured in Iran

References[edit]

^ a b John Pike. " Iran
Iran
Aviation Industry". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ " Iran
Iran
unveils new plane, opens drones' production lines". Payvand.com. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ " Iran
Iran
to introduce wide-body plane in 2013". Payvand.com. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ "Iran's Air Forces: - The Washington Institute for Near East Policy". Washingtoninstitute.org. 2005-12-22. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ " Iran
Iran
signs LoI for 50 Antonov An-148
An-148
regional jets". Flightglobal.com. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ Video on YouTube[dead link] ^ Iran
Iran
Daily - National 06/22/08[permanent dead link] ^ John Pike. "PANHA Iran
Iran
Helicopter
Helicopter
Support and Renewal Company". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ John Pike. "An 148 (Antonov 148)". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ "Government portal :: Iran
Iran
ready to launch batch production of An-148
An-148
planes". Kmu.gov.ua. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ " Iran
Iran
plans to build Russian Ka-32
Ka-32
helicopters under license World RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ John Pike. "Tu-334". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ "No Operation". Presstv.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ [1] Archived January 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "No Operation". Presstv.com. Archived from the original on 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sxbpl_SnSLQ ^ http://en.mehrnews.com/news/120563/Iran-France-to-form-joint-knowledge-based-company ^ https://financialtribune.com/articles/economy-business-and-markets/55080/french-aviation-firms-gauge-iran-opportunities ^ a b http://en.mehrnews.com/photo/119105/Rouhani-pays-visit-to-AIO-of-Defense-Ministry ^ http://www.aviationanalysis.net/2016/08/iran-unveil-indigenous-turbojet-engine.html ^ "The Providence Journal Rhode Island breaking news, sports, politics, business, entertainment, weather and traffic - providencejournal.com - Providence Journal". Projo.com. Retrieved 2012-07-03.  ^ "Iranian Air Force seeks return of F-14
F-14
bombers from U.S." Tehran Times ^ Parsons, Gary. " Iran
Iran
wants its F-14
F-14
back." Archived 2012-03-08 at the Wayback Machine. AirForces Monthly, 5 August 2010.

External links[edit]

Videos

Iran's Aviation Industry on YouTube
YouTube
PressTV
PressTV
(2012) Iran's aviation industry - PressTV
PressTV
(2011) (in Persian) Iran
Iran
Aerospace
Aerospace
research and industries - Part I on YouTube
YouTube
Part II on YouTube
YouTube
(Documentary)

v t e

Iranian-built aircraft

Trainer aircraft

Parastoo Dorna Tazarv Simorgh Fajr F.3 Shafaq

Fighter aircraft

Azarakhsh Saegheh Shafaq Qaher-313

Transport aircraft

HESA IrAn-140

Helicopters

Attack

HESA Shahed 285 Toufan Panha
Panha
2091 Zafar 300

Utility

HESA Shahed 278 Shabaviz 2061 Shabaviz 275

Seaplane

Bavar 2

UAVs

Ghods Ababil Ghods Mohajer Nazir Ra'd Hodhod Sabokbal Saeghe Talash Zohal Shahed 129 Sayeh Yasir Raad 85 Siraf

UCAVs

Karrar Hamaseh Sofreh Mahi
Sofreh Mahi
(under development) Shahed 129 H-110 Sarir A1 Shaparak Fotros

v t e

Iranian space program

Organizations

Iranian Space Agency Iran
Iran
Aerospace
Aerospace
Association Iranian Space Research Center Iran
Iran
Aviation Industries Organization Iran
Iran
Electronics Industries

Space centres

Semnan Space Center Qom Space Center Emamshahr Space Center

Satellites

Reconnaissance/Spy

Sina-1 Mesbah-1 Mesbah-2 Fajr

Remote sensing

Zafar Rasad 1 Navid Pars-2 Masud-2 AmirKabir Toloo

Communication

Omid

Launch vehicles

Kavoshgar Safir Simorgh

Spacecraft and capsules

Pishgam

Space observatories

Maragheh observatory

Primary spaceports

Semnan Emamshahr Qom Flight Center Imam Khomeini Spaceport

People

Scientists

Mohammad Ali Forghani

v t e

Public-sector space agencies

Africa

ASAL GSSTC NARRS NASRDA SANSA

Americas

North America

CSA AEM NASA AFSPC

South America

CONAE AEB

DCTA INPE ITA

CCE

ABAE IVIC

Asia

East Asia

CNSA

CALT CAST CCF CGWIC COSTIND

JAXA

ISAS NAL NASDA

NICT USEF NRSC NADA KARI SaTReC NSPO

Southeast Asia

LAPAN MNSA PAGASA SSTA IN.Genius GISTDA

South Asia

SPARRSO ISRO

Antrix Corp DoS

SUPARCO

Southwest Asia

MAKA1 IAIO

ISA SAHA

ISA

NCSR

GORS TÜBİTAK UZAY UAESA

Central Asia

KazCosmos

TNSA

Europe

ASA BSA1 BISA SRTI CSO DTU Space ECSS ESA EUMETSAT EUSC CNES DLR ISARS HSO ASI Luxinnovation SRON NSC CBK ROSA

RKA1

SRI1 VKO

SSP INTA SNSB SSO TÜBİTAK UZAY UKSA SSAU1

Oceania

CSIRO NZSA

World

APSCO COSPAR IAA INTELSAT Interkosmos Intersputnik UNCOPUOS UNOOSA European Space Agency

See also: Timeline of first orbital launches by country 1 Preceded by the So

.