Iran Aviation Industries Organization (IAIO) (Persian:
سازمان صنایع هوایی ایران) was established in
1966 for the purpose of planning, controlling, and managing the
military aviation industry of Iran.
Currently, the IAIO is responsible for directing five aviation
organizations: SAHA, HESA, PANHA, GHODS, Shahid Basir Industry. These
five organizations have different and complementary roles in the
Iranian defense industry
Iranian defense industry and Iranian civil aviation, and have
progressed, with the exception of Ghods, from repair and maintenance
facilities to larger defence enterprises with several thousands
Helicopter Support and Renewal Company (IHSRC), or PANHA, was
formed in 1969, the Iranian Aircraft Industries (IACI) in 1970, and
Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries Corporation (IAMI), also known
under its Persian acronym HESA, in 1974. Two other important
Iran Aviation Industries Organization of the Armed Forces,
(also known as the
Iranian Armed Forces
Iranian Armed Forces Aviation Industries
Organization (IAFAIO)), and GHODS Research Center were formed in the
3 Major Projects
3.1 Jet engines
4 Legal issues
5 See also
7 External links
IAIO acts as a policy maker and coordinator to promote an indigenous
Iranian aeronautical industry by providing and assisting the Iranian
aircraft industries with needed technologies, knowledge and parts.
Iran's aviation industry is making rapid strides. As evidenced by the
inaugural flight of Iran's indigenously designed and manufactured
Saeqeh fighter jet to the mass production and launch of
helicopters, turboprops, and passenger planes.
Iran has also produced
Boeing 737-800 simulator, a first in Mideast. With a population
of 81 million,
Iran needs to have 6,300 airplanes while it does not
possess more than nine aircraft for every one million individuals.
Iran's aviation industry infrastructure was by and large established
in the 1930s, at the time of the Shah Reza Pahlavi, where the German
Junkers & Co Aviation provided the foreign expertise and
The industry was later expanded in the 1970s in the reign of Shah
Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, benefiting from the boosted oil revenues. Not
only did the Shah order vast quantities of America’s most advanced
weapons, he was also acquiring the capability to produce them in Iran.
Under a multibillion-dollar industrialisation programme, the Shah
commissioned US arms firms to build entire weapons factories from
scratch in Iran.
Bell Helicopter (a division of Textron, Inc.) was building a
factory to produce Model-214 helicopters in Isfahan. Northrop
Corporation was also a joint partner in
Iran Aircraft Industries,
inc., which maintained many of the
US military aircraft sold to Iran
and was expected to produce aircraft components and eventually
complete planes. These efforts represented a large share of US
industrial involvement in Iran, and were a centrepiece of the Shah’s
efforts to develop modern, high-technology industries.
After western sanctions following the Iranian Revolution, the general
official policy of Iranian government changed from having the best
available in the world to being able to manufacture independently in
order to meet domestic needs, specially of technological products and
therefore becoming "sanction-proof".
In no other field this urgency was higher than aeronautics. Therefore,
Iran has avoided the need to purchase better western aircraft
available to it from time to time in favor of inferior ones that could
be manufactured in
Iran through arrangements of purchasing licenses
and technologies as well as reverse-engineering parts, mostly to avoid
Iran has gone through during the 1980s till now by not
being able to maintain what it had due to domestic technological
See also: Science and technology in Iran
HESA manufactured and flown IrAn-140-100
Former Iranian President
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad had favored the purchase
of aircraft such as Iran-140 which are manufactured in Iran.
Iran’s Aviation Industries Organization plans to manufacture 100
Tu-204 airplanes with a capacity of 210
persons each in cooperation with
Russia within the next 10 years.
Iran also intends to manufacture at least 50
Ka-32 helicopters in Iran
under license of Kamov and negotiations are underway to manufacture
An-148 under licence, probably with similar arrangements as
Iran-140 to be named Iran-148. Agreements were signed with
Russia for co-development and co-manufacture of an uncertain amount of
Tu-334 airliners in
Iran with production to commence simultaneously
Iran and Russia. Another agreement with Poltava Helicopter
Iran to manufacture the Aerokopter AK1-3
Sanka ultra-light multi-purpose helicopters in Iran. Yet, Iran
says it is prepared to order passenger planes from
Boeing and Airbus
United States lifts sanctions against Iran. In 2010, Iran's
Defense Ministry said it will begin the production phase of a
domestically-manufactured medium-size passenger plane designed to
carry up to 150 passengers. This project is scheduled to be
completed by 2018. Qaher-313, single-seat stealth fighter aircraft
prototype, was publicly announced in 2013. In 2016,
Technology Development Headquarter (IATDH) reached agreement for the
transfer of technology with a number of knowledge-based French
companies in the field of avionics and parts.
See also: Industry of Iran
Iran unveiled its first "national turbojet engine" dubbed
"Owj" (Zenith). Manufactured with more than 14,000 parts, it is
capable of flight at 50,000 feet and can be mounted on planes with a
maximum takeoff weight of ten tons.
Iran says that superalloys and
specialized furnaces "made in Iran" have been used for this engine.
Some analysts have pointed out that this engine shows close
resemblance to the
General Electric J85
General Electric J85 turbojet engine (expected to
serve with U.S. Air Force until 2040.)
Textron sued IAIO, for producing counterfeits of six types of
its Bell unit helicopters without licenses thereby using trade secrets
and patented designs without permission and demanded compensation for
damages. In another lawsuit (
Textron Inc. v. Islamic
Republic of Iran, Case No. 06cv1694, in U.S. District Court for the
District of Columbia) brought by
Textron earlier, Iran
had sought damages against unfulfilled contracts dating back before
Textron ultimately sent five commercial helicopters to
Iran in addition to providing spare parts and training in 1994 to
settle the dispute.
In summer of 2010,
Iran requested that the
United States deliver the
F-14 it had purchased in 1974, but delivery was denied after the
Iran Civil Aviation Organization
Airlines of Iran
Iranian Space Agency
Economy of Iran
Fajr Aviation & Composites Industry (civilian Co.)
List of military equipment manufactured in Iran
^ a b John Pike. "
Iran Aviation Industry". Globalsecurity.org.
Iran unveils new plane, opens drones' production lines".
Payvand.com. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
Iran to introduce wide-body plane in 2013". Payvand.com. Retrieved
^ "Iran's Air Forces: - The Washington Institute for Near East
Policy". Washingtoninstitute.org. 2005-12-22. Retrieved
Iran signs LoI for 50 Antonov
An-148 regional jets".
Flightglobal.com. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
^ Video on YouTube[dead link]
Iran Daily - National 06/22/08[permanent dead link]
^ John Pike. "PANHA
Helicopter Support and Renewal Company".
Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
^ John Pike. "An 148 (Antonov 148)". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved
^ "Government portal ::
Iran ready to launch batch production of
An-148 planes". Kmu.gov.ua. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
Iran plans to build Russian
Ka-32 helicopters under license World
RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
^ John Pike. "Tu-334". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
^ "No Operation". Presstv.com. Archived from the original on
2012-05-27. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
^  Archived January 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
^ "No Operation". Presstv.com. Archived from the original on
2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-07-03.
^ a b
^ "The Providence Journal Rhode Island breaking news, sports,
politics, business, entertainment, weather and traffic -
providencejournal.com - Providence Journal". Projo.com. Retrieved
^ "Iranian Air Force seeks return of
F-14 bombers from U.S." Tehran
^ Parsons, Gary. "
Iran wants its
F-14 back." Archived 2012-03-08 at
the Wayback Machine. AirForces Monthly, 5 August 2010.
Iran's Aviation Industry on
Iran's aviation industry -
Aerospace research and industries - Part I on
YouTube Part II on
HESA Shahed 285
HESA Shahed 278
Sofreh Mahi (under development)
Iranian space program
Iranian Space Agency
Iranian Space Research Center
Iran Aviation Industries Organization
Iran Electronics Industries
Semnan Space Center
Qom Space Center
Emamshahr Space Center
Spacecraft and capsules
Qom Flight Center
Imam Khomeini Spaceport
Mohammad Ali Forghani
Public-sector space agencies
European Space Agency
See also: Timeline of first orbital launches by country
1 Preceded by the So