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The Ionian Sea
Sea
(Greek: Ιόνιο Πέλαγος, Greek pronunciation: [iˈonio ˈpelaɣos], Italian: Mar Ionio, Italian pronunciation: [mar ˈjɔːnjo], Albanian: Deti Jon, Albanian pronunciation: [dɛti jɔ:n]) is an elongated bay of the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Adriatic Sea. It is bounded by southern Italy
Italy
including Calabria, Sicily, and the Salento
Salento
peninsula to the west, southern Albania
Albania
to the north, and the west coast of Greece. All major islands in the sea belong to Greece. They are collectively named the Ionian Islands, the main ones being Corfu, Zakynthos, Kephalonia, Ithaca, and Lefkada. There are ferry routes between Patras and Igoumenitsa, Greece, and Brindisi
Brindisi
and Ancona, Italy, that cross the east and north of the Ionian Sea, and from Piraeus
Piraeus
westward. Calypso Deep, the deepest point in the Mediterranean at −5,267 m (−17,280 ft), is located in the Ionian Sea, at 36°34′N 21°8′E / 36.567°N 21.133°E / 36.567; 21.133.[1][2] The sea is one of the most seismically active areas in the world.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography

2.1 Extent 2.2 Places 2.3 Gulfs and straits 2.4 Islands

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Etymology[edit]

Boundaries of the Ionian Sea. Red lines define the I.H.O. border.

The name Ionian comes from the Greek language
Greek language
Ἰόνιον (πέλαγος). Its etymology is unknown.[3] Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
writers, especially Aeschylus, linked it to the myth of Io. In Ancient Greek the adjective Ionios (Ἰόνιος) was used as an epithet for the sea because Io swam across it.[4][5][6] According to the Oxford Classical Dictionary, the name may derive from Ionians
Ionians
who sailed to the West.[7] There were also narratives about other eponymic legendary figures;[8] according to one version, Ionius was a son of Adrias (eponymic for the Adriatic Sea); according to another, Ionius was a son of Dyrrhachus.[9] When Dyrrhachus was attacked by his own brothers, Heracles, who was passing through the area, came to his aid, but in the fight the hero killed his ally's son by mistake. The body was cast into the water, and thereafter was called the Ionian Sea.[9] Geography[edit] Extent[edit] The International Hydrographic Organization
International Hydrographic Organization
defines the limits of the Ionian Sea
Sea
as follows:[10]

On the North. A line running from the mouth of the Butrinto River (39°44'N) in Albania, to Cape Karagol in Corfu
Corfu
(39°45'N), along the North Coast of Corfu
Corfu
to Cape Kephali (39°45'N) and from thence to Cape Santa Maria di Leuca
Santa Maria di Leuca
in Italy.

On the East. From the mouth of the Butrinto River in Albania
Albania
down the coast of the mainland to Cape Matapan.

On the South. A line from Cape Matapan
Cape Matapan
to Cape Passero, the Southern point of Sicily.

On the West. The East coast of Sicily
Sicily
and the Southeast coast of Italy to Cape Santa Maria di Leuca.

Places[edit]

Gjipe in the Southern of Albania
Albania
where the Adriatic Sea
Sea
meets the Ionian Sea

The Ionian Sea, view from the island Lefkada, Greece

From south to north in the west, then north to south in the east:

Syracuse, port, W Catania, port, W Messina, port, W Taranto, port N Himara, small port, NE Saranda, port and a beach, NE Kerkyra, port, E Igoumenitsa, port, E Parga, small port, E Preveza, port, E Astakos, port, E Argostoli, small port, E Patra, port, E Kyparissia, port, E Pylos, port, E Methoni, small port and a beach Ionian Islands

Gulfs and straits[edit]

Strait of Messina, W Gulf of Catania, W Gulf of Taranto, NW Gulf of Squillace, NW Ambracian Gulf, E Gulf of Patras, connecting the Gulf of Corinth, ESE Gulf of Kyparissia, SE Messenian Gulf, SE Laconian Gulf, ESE

Islands[edit]

Corfu Zakynthos Kefalonia Ithaca Lefkada Paxi Kythira

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ionian Sea.

Calypso Deep

References[edit]

^ Gade, Martin (March 15, 2008). "The European Marginal and Enclosed Seas: An Overview". In Barale, Vittorio. Remote Sensing of the European Seas. Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 3–22. ISBN 978-1-4020-6771-6. LCCN 2007942178. Retrieved August 28, 2009.  ^ "NCMR - MAP". National Observatory of Athens. Archived from the original on August 28, 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2018.  ^ Babiniotis, Lexiko tis Neoellinikis Glossas. ^ Jakub Pigoń (18 December 2008). The Children of Herodotus: Greek and Roman Historiography and Related Genres. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 114. ISBN 978-1-4438-0251-2.  ^ LSJ, A Greek-English Lexicon s.v. Ἰόνιος. ^ John Freely (30 April 2008). The Ionian Islands: Corfu, Cephalonia and Beyond. I.B.Tauris. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-85771-828-0.  ^ John Keahey (15 July 2014). A Sweet and Glorious Land: Revisiting the Ionian Sea. St. Martin's Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-4668-7603-3.  ^ Charles Anthon (1869). A Classical Dictionary Containing an Account of the Principal Proper Names Mentioned in Ancient Authors [and Intended to Elucidate All the Important Points Connected with the Geography, History, Biography, Mythology, and Fine Arts of the Greeks and Romans: Together with an Account of Coins, Weights, and Measures, with Tabular Values of the Same.]. Harper [& Brothers]. p. 679.  ^ a b Gocha R. Tsetskhladze (2008). Greek Colonisation: An Account of Greek Colonies and Other Settlements Overseas. BRILL. p. 157. ISBN 90-04-15576-7.  ^ Limits of Oceans and Seas (PDF) (3rd ed.). Organisation hydrographique internationale. 1953. Retrieved February 7, 2010. 

External links[edit]

((in English)(in Italian)(in Greek)) The Ionian-Puglia Network of Ground Meteorological Stations (Real Time Weather Observations)

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