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The IONIAN SEA (Greek : Ιόνιο Πέλαγος, Greek pronunciation: , Italian : _Mar Ionio_, Italian pronunciation: , Albanian : _Deti Jon_, Albanian pronunciation: ) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea
Sea
, south of the Adriatic Sea
Sea
. It is bounded by southern Italy
Italy
including Calabria
Calabria
, Sicily
Sicily
, and the Salento
Salento
peninsula to the west, southern Albania
Albania
to the north, and the west coast of Greece
Greece
.

All major islands in the sea belong to Greece
Greece
. They are collectively referred to as the Ionian Islands , the major ones being Corfu
Corfu
, Zakynthos
Zakynthos
, Kephalonia , Ithaca
Ithaca
, and Lefkada . There are ferry routes between Patras
Patras
and Igoumenitsa , Greece, and Brindisi
Brindisi
and Ancona , Italy, that cross the east and north of the Ionian Sea, and from Piraeus
Piraeus
westward. Calypso Deep , the deepest point in the Mediterranean at −5,267 m (−17,280 ft), is located in the Ionian Sea, at 36°34′N 21°8′E / 36.567°N 21.133°E / 36.567; 21.133 . The sea is one of the most seismically active areas in the world.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Extent * 2.2 Places * 2.3 Gulfs and straits

* 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

ETYMOLOGY

Boundaries of the Ionian Sea. Red lines define the I.H.O. border.

The name _Ionian_ comes from the Greek language
Greek language
Ἰόνιον (πέλαγος). Its etymology is unknown. Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
writers, especially Aeschylus , linked it to the myth of Io . In Ancient Greek the adjective _Ionios_ (Ἰόνιος) was used as an epithet for the sea because Io swam across it. According to the _Oxford Classical Dictionary _, the name may derive from Ionians who sailed to the West. There were also narratives about other eponymic legendary figures; according to one version, _Ionius_ was a son of _Adrias_ (eponymic for the Adriatic Sea
Sea
); according to another, _Ionius_ was a son of _Dyrrhachus _. When Dyrrhachus was attacked by his own brothers, Heracles
Heracles
, who was passing through the area, came to his aid, but in the fight the hero killed his ally's son by mistake. The corpse was cast into the sea, which thereafter was called the Ionian Sea.

GEOGRAPHY

EXTENT

The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Ionian Sea
Sea
as follows: _On the North._ A line running from the mouth of the Butrinto River (39°44'N) in Albania
Albania
, to Cape Karagol in Corfu
Corfu
(39°45'N), along the North Coast of Corfu
Corfu
to Cape Kephali (39°45'N) and from thence to Cape Santa Maria di Leuca in Italy. _On the East._ From the mouth of the Butrinto River in Albania
Albania
down the coast of the mainland to Cape Matapan . _On the South._ A line from Cape Matapan to Cape Passero , the Southern point of Sicily . _On the West._ The East coast of Sicily
Sicily
and the Southeast coast of Italy
Italy
to Cape Santa Maria di Leuca.

PLACES

Gjipe in the Southern of Albania
Albania
where the Adriatic Sea
Sea
meets the Ionian Sea
Sea
The Ionian Sea, view from the island Lefkada , Greece
Greece

From south to north in the west, then north to south in the east:

* Syracuse , port, W * Catania
Catania
, port, W * Messina
Messina
, port, W * Taranto
Taranto
, port N * Himara , small port, NE * Saranda
Saranda
, port and a beach, NE * Kerkyra , port, E * Igoumenitsa , port, E * Parga , small port, E * Preveza
Preveza
, port, E * Astakos , port, E * Argostoli , small port, E * Patra , port, E *