The IONIAN SEA (Greek : Ιόνιο Πέλαγος, Greek
pronunciation: , Italian : Mar Ionio, Italian pronunciation: ,
Albanian : Deti Jon, Albanian pronunciation: ) is an elongated
embayment of the Mediterranean
Sea , south of the Adriatic
Sea . It is
bounded by southern
Sicily , and the
Salento peninsula to the west, southern
Albania to the north, and the
west coast of
All major islands in the sea belong to
Greece . They are collectively
referred to as the
Ionian Islands , the major ones being
Ithaca , and
Lefkada . There are ferry routes
Igoumenitsa , Greece, and
Italy, that cross the east and north of the Ionian Sea, and from
Calypso Deep , the deepest point in the
Mediterranean at −5,267 m (−17,280 ft), is located in the Ionian
Sea, at 36°34′N 21°8′E / 36.567°N 21.133°E / 36.567;
21.133 . The sea is one of the most seismically active areas in the
* 1 Etymology
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Extent
* 2.2 Places
* 2.3 Gulfs and straits
* 3 See also
* 4 References
* 5 External links
Boundaries of the Ionian Sea. Red lines define the I.H.O.
The name Ionian comes from the
Greek language Ἰόνιον
(πέλαγος). Its etymology is unknown.
Ancient Greek writers,
Aeschylus , linked it to the myth of Io . In Ancient Greek
the adjective Ionios (Ἰόνιος) was used as an epithet for the
sea because Io swam across it. According to the Oxford Classical
Dictionary , the name may derive from Ionians who sailed to the West.
There were also narratives about other eponymic legendary figures;
according to one version, Ionius was a son of Adrias (eponymic for the
Sea ); according to another, Ionius was a son of Dyrrhachus .
When Dyrrhachus was attacked by his own brothers,
Heracles , who was
passing through the area, came to his aid, but in the fight the hero
killed his ally's son by mistake. The corpse was cast into the sea,
which thereafter was called the Ionian Sea.
International Hydrographic Organization
International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the
Sea as follows: On the North. A line running from the mouth
of the Butrinto River (39°44'N) in
Albania , to Cape Karagol in Corfu
(39°45'N), along the North Coast of
Corfu to Cape Kephali (39°45'N)
and from thence to Cape
Santa Maria di Leuca
Santa Maria di Leuca in Italy. On the
East. From the mouth of the Butrinto River in
Albania down the coast
of the mainland to
Cape Matapan . On the South. A line from Cape
Cape Passero , the Southern point of
Sicily . On the
West. The East coast of
Sicily and the Southeast coast of
Cape Santa Maria di Leuca.
Gjipe in the Southern of
Albania where the Adriatic
Sea The Ionian Sea, view from the island
From south to north in the west, then north to south in the east:
* Syracuse , port, W
Catania , port, W
Messina , port, W
Taranto , port N
Himara , small port, NE
Saranda , port and a beach, NE
Kerkyra , port, E
Igoumenitsa , port, E
Parga , small port, E
Preveza , port, E
Astakos , port, E
Argostoli , small port, E
* Patra , port, E
Kyparissia , port, E
Pylos , port, E
* Methoni , small port and a beach
GULFS AND STRAITS
* Strait of
Messina , W
* Gulf of
Catania , W
* Gulf of
Taranto , NW
Gulf of Squillace , NW
Ambracian Gulf , E
* Gulf of
Patras , connecting the
Gulf of Corinth , ESE
* Gulf of
Kyparissia , SE
Messenian Gulf , SE
Laconian Gulf , ESE
Wikimedia Commons has media related to IONIAN SEA .
* ^ Barale, Vittorio (2008). "The European Marginal and Enclosed
Seas: An Overview". In Vittorio Barale and Martin Gade (eds). Remote
Sensing of the European Seas.
Springer Science+Business Media
Springer Science+Business Media . pp.
3–22. ISBN 978-1-4020-6771-6 . LCCN 2007942178 . Retrieved 28 August
2009. CS1 maint: Extra text: editors list (link )
* ^ NCMR - MAP
* ^ Babiniotis, Lexiko tis Neoellinikis Glossas.
* ^ Jakub Pigoń (18 December 2008). The Children of Herodotus:
Greek and Roman Historiography and Related Genres. Cambridge Scholars
Publishing. p. 114. ISBN 978-1-4438-0251-2 .
* ^ LSJ, A Greek-English Lexicon s.v. Ἰόνιος.
* ^ John Freely (30 April 2008). The Ionian Islands: Corfu,
Cephalonia and Beyond. I.B.Tauris. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-85771-828-0 .
* ^ John Keahey (15 July 2014). A Sweet and Glorious Land:
Revisiting the Ionian Sea. St. Martin's Press. p. 116. ISBN
* ^ Charles Anthon (1869). A Classical Dictionary Containing an
Account of the Principal Proper Names Mentioned in Ancient Authors .
Harper . p. 679.
* ^ A B Gocha R. Tsetskhladze (2008). Greek Colonisation: An
Account of Greek Colonies and Other Settlements Overseas. BRILL. p.
157. ISBN 90-04-15576-7 .
* ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International
Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
* ((in English)(in Italian)(in Greek)) The