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Internet
Internet
slang ( Internet
Internet
shorthand, cyber-slang, netspeak, or chatspeak) refers to a variety of slang languages used by different people on the Internet. An example of Internet
Internet
slang is "LOL" meaning "laugh out loud". It is difficult to provide a standardized definition of Internet
Internet
slang due to the constant changes made to its nature.[1] However, it can be understood to be a type of slang that Internet users have popularized, and in many cases, have coined. Such terms often originate with the purpose of saving keystrokes or to compensate for small character limits. Many people use the same abbreviations in texting and instant messaging, and social networking websites. Acronyms, keyboard symbols and abbreviations are common types of Internet
Internet
slang. New dialects of slang, such as leet or Lolspeak, develop as ingroup internet memes rather than time savers.

Contents

1 Creation and evolution

1.1 Origins

2 In pop culture

2.1 Motivations

3 Types of slang 4 Views on Internet
Internet
slang

4.1 Journalism

5 Use beyond computer-mediated communication

5.1 Internet
Internet
slang today

6 Around the world 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Creation and evolution[edit] Origins[edit] Internet
Internet
slang originated in the early days of the Internet
Internet
with some terms predating the Internet.[2] Internet
Internet
slang is used in chat rooms, social networking services, online games, video games and in the online community. Since 1979, users of communications networks like Usenet
Usenet
created their own shorthand.[3] In pop culture[edit] In Japanese, the term moe has come into common use among slang users to mean something extremely cute and appealing.[citation needed] Aside from the more frequent abbreviations, acronyms, and emoticons, Internet
Internet
slang also uses archaic words or the lesser-known meanings of mainstream terms.[1] Regular words can also be altered into something with a similar pronunciation but altogether different meaning, or attributed new meanings altogether.[1] Phonetic transcriptions of foreign words, such as the transformation of "impossible" into "impossibru" in Japanese and then [the transliteration of that] back to [the character set used for] English, also occur.[citation needed] In places where logographic languages are used, such as China, a visual Internet
Internet
slang exists, giving characters dual meanings, one direct and one implied.[1] Motivations[edit] The primary motivation for using a slang unique to the Internet
Internet
is to ease communication. However, while Internet
Internet
slang shortcuts save time for the writer, they take two times as long for the reader to understand, according to a study by the University of Tasmania.[4] On the other hand, similar to the use of slang in traditional face-to-face speech or written language, slang on the Internet
Internet
is often a way of indicating group membership.[5] Internet
Internet
slang provides a channel which facilitates and constrains our ability to communicate in ways that are fundamentally different from those found in other semiotic situations. Many of the expectations and practices which we associate with spoken and written language are no longer applicable. The Internet
Internet
itself is ideal for new slang to emerge because of the richness of the medium and the availability of information.[6] Slang is also thus motivated for the “creation and sustenance of online communities”.[6] These communities, in turn, play a role in solidarity or identification[1][7] or an exclusive or common cause.[8] David Crystal distinguishes among five areas of the Internet
Internet
where slang is used- The Web itself, email, asynchronous chat (for example, mailing lists), synchronous chat (for example, Internet
Internet
Relay Chat), and virtual worlds.[9] The electronic character of the channel has a fundamental influence on the language of the medium. Options for communication are constrained by the nature of the hardware needed in order to gain Internet
Internet
access. Thus, productive linguistic capacity (the type of information that can be sent) is determined by the preassigned characters on a keyboard, and receptive linguistic capacity (the type of information that can be seen) is determined by the size and configuration of the screen. Additionally, both sender and receiver are constrained linguistically by the properties of the internet software, computer hardware, and networking hardware linking them. Electronic discourse refers to writing that is "very often reads as if it were being spoken – that is, as if the sender were writing talking".[10] Types of slang[edit] Internet
Internet
slang does not constitute a homogeneous language variety. Rather, it differs according to the user and type of Internet situation.[11] However, within the language of Internet
Internet
slang, there is still an element of prescriptivism, as seen in style guides, for example Wired Style,[12] which are specifically aimed at usage on the Internet. Even so, few users consciously heed these prescriptive recommendations on CMC, but rather adapt their styles based on what they encounter online.[13] Although it is difficult to produce a clear definition of Internet
Internet
slang, the following types of slang may be observed. This list is not exhaustive.

Class Description

Letter homophones Included within this group are abbreviations and acronyms. An abbreviation is a shortening of a word, for example "CU" or "CYA" for "see you (see ya)". An acronym, on the other hand, is a subset of abbreviations and are formed from the initial components of a word. Examples of common acronyms include "LOL" for "laugh out loud" and "BTW" for "by the way". There are also combinations of both, like "CUL8R" for "see you later".

Punctuation, capitalizations, and other symbols Such features are commonly used for emphasis. Periods or exclamation marks may be used repeatedly for emphasis, such as "........" or "!!!!!!!!!!". Question marks and exclamation marks are often used together in strings such as "?!?!?!?!" when one is angry while asking a question. Grammatical punctuation rules are also relaxed on the Internet. "E-mail" may simply be expressed as "email", and apostrophes can be dropped so that "John's book" becomes "johns book". Examples of capitalizations include "STOP IT", which can convey a stronger emotion of annoyance as opposed to "stop it". Bold, underline and italics are also used to indicate stress.

Onomatopoeic and/or stylized spellings Onomatopoeic spellings have also become popularized on the Internet. One well-known example is "hahaha" to indicate laughter. Onomatopoeic spellings are very language specific. For instance, in Spanish, laughter will be spelled as "jajaja" instead because J it's pronounced like H. In Thai it's 55555 because 5 in Thai is said Ha. In Korean, it is "kekeke"

Keyboard-generated emoticons and smileys Emoticons are generally found in web forums, instant messengers, and online games. They are culture-specific and certain emoticons are only found in some languages but not in others. For example, the Japanese equivalent of emoticons, kaomoji (literally "face marks"), focus on the eyes instead of the mouth as in Western emoticons. They are also meant to be read right-side up, as in ^_^ as opposed to sideways, :3. More recently than face emoticons, other emoticon symbols such as <3 (which is a sideways heart) have emerged. Compared to emoticons used in Western cultures such as the United States, kaomoji play a very distinct social role in online discourse.[14]

Direct requests These are found in chat engines such as Internet
Internet
Relay Chat or online games, where personal identities may be concealed. As such, questions such as "A/S/L?" which stands for "age, sex, location?" are commonly posed.[15]

Leet Leetspeak, or 1337,[16] is an alternative alphabet for the English language which uses various combinations of ASCII characters to replace Latinate letters. For example, may be expressed as "//1<1p3[)14". It originated from computer hacking, but its use has been extended to online gaming as well. Leet
Leet
is far less common now than in the first decades of the internet.

Novel syntactic features Unusual syntactic structures such as "I Can Has Cheezburger?" and "You are doing me a frighten" have been encouraged and spread by highly successful memes. Pluralization of "the internets" is another example, which has become common since it was used by George W. Bush
George W. Bush
during a televised event.

Flaming Flaming refers to the use of rude or profane language in interactions between Internet
Internet
users.[17] It can be caused by any subject of polarizing nature. For example, there is an ongoing debate among users of Windows and classic Mac OS/macOS as to which is "superior". Historically, the act of flaming has been described as an intrinsic quality of emails due to an absence of visual and auditory cues in computer-mediated communication (CMC).[18]

Padonkaffsky jargon Olbanian language is a Russian cant language developed by padonki of Runet. The language entered mainstream culture and it has been suggested that Olbanian should be taught in schools.[19] Similar systems exist for other languages with non-Roman scripts such as Hebrew and Arabic.

Views on Internet
Internet
slang[edit] There have been ongoing debates about how the use of slang on the Internet
Internet
influences language usage outside of technology. Even though the direct causal relationship between the Internet
Internet
and language has yet to be proven by any scientific research,[20] Internet
Internet
slang has invited split views on its influence on the standard of language use in non-computer-mediated communications. Prescriptivists tend to have the widespread belief that the Internet has a negative influence on the future of language, and that it would lead to a degradation of standard.[9] Some would even attribute any declination of standard formal English to the increase in usage of electronic communication.[20] It has also been suggested that the linguistic differences between Standard English and CMC can have implications for literacy education.[21] This is illustrated by the widely reported example of a school essay submitted by a Scottish teenager, which contained many abbreviations and acronyms likened to SMS
SMS
language. There was great condemnation of this style by the mass media as well as educationists, who expressed that this showed diminishing literacy or linguistic abilities.[22] On the other hand, descriptivists have counter-argued that the Internet
Internet
allows better expressions of a language.[20] Rather than established linguistic conventions, linguistic choices sometimes reflect personal taste.[23] It has also been suggested that as opposed to intentionally flouting language conventions, Internet
Internet
slang is a result of a lack of motivation to monitor speech online.[24] Hale and Scanlon describe language in Emails as being derived from "writing the way people talk", and that there is no need to insist on 'Standard' English.[12] English users, in particular, have an extensive tradition of etiquette guides, instead of traditional prescriptive treatises, that offer pointers on linguistic appropriateness.[23] Using and spreading Internet
Internet
slang also adds onto the cultural currency of a language.[25] It is important to the speakers of the language due to the foundation it provides for identifying within a group, and also for defining a person’s individual linguistic and communicative competence.[25] The result is a specialized subculture based on its use of slang.[26] In scholarly research, attention has, for example, been drawn to the effect of the use of Internet
Internet
slang in ethnography, and more importantly to how conversational relationships online change structurally because slang is used.[25] In German, there is already considerable controversy regarding the use of anglicisms outside of CMC.[27] This situation is even more problematic within CMC, since the jargon of the medium is dominated by English terms.[11] An extreme example of an anti-anglicisms perspective can be observed from the chatroom rules of a Christian site,[28] which bans all anglicisms ("Das Verwenden von Anglizismen ist strengstens untersagt!" [Using anglicisms is strictly prohibited!]), and also translates even fundamental terms into German equivalents.[11] Journalism[edit] In April 2014, Gawker's editor-in-chief Max Read instituted new writing style guidelines banning internet slang for his writing staff.[29][30][31][32][33][34] Use beyond computer-mediated communication[edit] Internet
Internet
slang has crossed from being mediated by the computer into other non-physical domains.[35] Here, these domains are taken to refer to any domain of interaction where interlocutors need not be geographically proximate to one another, and where the Internet
Internet
is not primarily used. Internet
Internet
slang is now prevalent in telephony, mainly through short messages (SMS) communication. Abbreviations
Abbreviations
and interjections, especially, have been popularized in this medium, perhaps due to the limited character space for writing messages on mobile phones. Another possible reason for this spread is the convenience of transferring the existing mappings between expression and meaning into a similar space of interaction.[36] At the same time, Internet
Internet
slang has also taken a place as part of everyday offline language, among those with digital access.[35] The nature and content of online conversation is brought forward to direct offline communication through the telephone and direct talking, as well as through written language, such as in writing notes or letters. In the case of interjections, such as numerically based and abbreviated Internet
Internet
slang, are not pronounced as they are written physically or replaced by any actual action. Rather, they become lexicalized and spoken like non-slang words in a “stage direction” like fashion, where the actual action is not carried out but substituted with a verbal signal. The notions of flaming and trolling have also extended outside the computer, and are used in the same circumstances of deliberate or unintentional implicatures.[6] The expansion of Internet
Internet
slang has been furthered through codification and the promotion of digital literacy. The subsequently existing and growing popularity of such references among those online as well as offline has thus advanced Internet
Internet
slang literacy and globalized it.[37] Awareness and proficiency in manipulating Internet slang in both online and offline communication indicates digital literacy and teaching materials have even been developed to further this knowledge.[38] A South Korean publisher, for example, has published a textbook that details the meaning and context of use for common Internet
Internet
slang instances and is targeted at young children who will soon be using the Internet.[39] Similarly, Internet
Internet
slang has been recommended as language teaching material in second language classrooms in order to raise communicative competence by imparting some of the cultural value attached to a language that is available only in slang.[40] Meanwhile, well-known dictionaries such as the OED[41] and Merriam-Webster
Merriam-Webster
have been updated with a significant and growing body of slang jargon. Besides the all too common examples, lesser known slang and slang with a non-English etymology have also found a place in standardized linguistic references. Along with these instances, literature in user-contributed dictionaries such as Urban Dictionary has also been added on to. Codification seems to be qualified through frequency of use, and novel creations are often not accepted by other users of slang.[42] Internet
Internet
slang today[edit] Although Internet
Internet
slang began as a means of "opposition" to mainstream language, its popularity with today's globalized digitally literate population has shifted it into a part of everyday language, where it also leaves a profound impact.[43] Frequently used slang also have become conventionalised into memetic "unit[s] of cultural information".[6] These memes in turn are further spread through their use on the Internet, prominently through websites. The Internet
Internet
as an "information superhighway" is also catalysed through slang.[26] The evolution of slang has also created a 'slang union'[1] as part of a unique, specialised subculture.[26] Such impacts are, however, limited and requires further discussion especially from the non-English world. This is because Internet
Internet
slang is prevalent in languages more actively used on the Internet, like English, which is the Internet’s lingua franca.[44][45] Around the world[edit]

Chinese seal carving work. The character is a combination of three characters, which is done by Chinese netizen. This is a satire of Chinese Internet
Internet
censorship. See Grass Mud Horse.

The Internet
Internet
has helped people from all over the world to become connected to one another, enabling "global" relationships to be formed.[46] As such, it is important for the various types of slang used online to be recognizable for everyone. It is also important to do so because of how other languages are quickly catching up with English on the Internet, following the increase in Internet
Internet
usage in countries predominantly non-English speaking. In fact, as of May 31, 2011, only approximately 27% of the online population is made up of English speakers.[47] Different cultures tend to have different motivations behind their choice of slang, on top of the difference in language used. For example, in China, because of the tough Internet
Internet
regulations imposed, users tend to use certain slang to talk about issues deemed as sensitive to the government. These include using symbols to separate the characters of a word to avoid detection from manual or automated text pattern scanning and consequential censorship.[48] An outstanding example is the use of the term river crab to denote censorship. River crab (hexie) is pronounced the same as "harmony"—the official term used to justify political discipline and censorship. As such Chinese netizens reappropriate the official terms in a sarcastic way.[49] Abbreviations
Abbreviations
are popular across different cultures, including countries like Japan, China, France, Portugal, etc., and are used according to the particular language the Internet
Internet
users speak. Significantly, this same style of slang creation is also found in non-alphabetical languages[1] as, for example, a form of "e gao" or alternative political discourse.[8] The difference in language often results in miscommunication, as seen in an onomatopoeic example, "555", which sounds like "crying" in Chinese, and "laughing" in Thai.[50] A similar example is between the English "haha" and the Spanish "jaja", where both are onomatopoeic expressions of laughter, but the difference in language also meant a different consonant for the same sound to be produced. For more examples of how other languages express "laughing out loud", see also: LOL In terms of culture, in Chinese, the numerically based onomatopoeia "770880" (simplified Chinese: 亲亲你抱抱你; traditional Chinese: 親親你抱抱你; pinyin: qīn qīn nǐ bào bào nǐ), which means to 'kiss and hug you', is used.[50] This is comparable to "XOXO", which many Internet
Internet
users use. In French, "pkoi" is used in the place of pourquoi, which means why. This is an example of a combination of onomatopoeia and shortening of the original word for convenience when writing online. In conclusion, every different country has their own language background and cultural differences and hence, they tend to have their own rules and motivations for their own Internet
Internet
slang. However, at present, there is still a lack of studies done by researchers on some differences between the countries. On the whole, the popular use of Internet
Internet
slang has resulted in a unique online and offline community as well as a couple sub-categories of "special internet slang which is different from other slang spread on the whole internet… similar to jargon … usually decided by the sharing community".[7] It has also led to virtual communities marked by the specific slang they use[7] and led to a more homogenized yet diverse online culture.[1][7] See also[edit]

TL;DR Computer-mediated communication Cyberculture: social culture contained and created within cyberspace English language
English language
spelling reform Internet
Internet
linguistics Internet
Internet
meme Jargon File Languages used on the Internet List of acronyms List of Chinese Internet
Internet
Slang Netiquette Padonkaffsky jargon, a description of Russian Internet
Internet
jargon SMS
SMS
language, a description on language as used in SMSes. Relevant to Internet
Internet
slang due to transfer of slang into SMS
SMS
conversation. Tironian notes, scribal abbreviations and ligatures: Roman and medieval abbreviations used to save space on manuscripts and epigraphs Troll (Internet)

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h Yin Yan (2006) World Wide Web
World Wide Web
and the Formation of the Chinese and English " Internet
Internet
Slang Union". Computer-Assisted Foreign Language Education. Vol. 1. ISSN 1001-5795 ^ Daw, David. "Web Jargon Origins Revealed". Pcworld.com. Retrieved 2014-01-18.  ^ Meggyn. "Trolling For Slang: The Origins of Internet
Internet
Werdz". Theunderenlightened.com. Retrieved 2014-01-18.  ^ "Don't be 404, know the tech slang". BBC. December 10, 2008.  ^ Crystal, David (1997). The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language (Second ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  ^ a b c d Flamand, E (2008). "The impossible task of dialog analysis in chatboxes".  ^ a b c d Wei Miao Miao (2010) " Internet
Internet
slang used by online Japanese anime fans." 3PM Journal of Digital Researching and Publishing. Session 2 2010 pp 91–98 ^ a b Meng Bingchun (2011) "From Steamed Bun to Grass Mud Horse: E Gao as alternative political discourse on the Chinese Internet." Global Media and Communication
Communication
April 2011 vol. 7 no. 1 33–51 ^ a b Crystal, David (2001). Language and the Internet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-80212-1.  ^ Davis, B.H. & Brewer, J. P. (1997). Electronic discourse: linguistic individuals in virtual space. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ a b c Hohenhaus, Peter (2005). Elements of traditional and "reverse" purism in relation to computer-mediated communication. In Langer, Nils and Winifred V. Davies (eds.), Linguistic Purism in the Germanic Languages. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 203-220. ^ a b [Hale, C. and Scanlon, J (1999). Wired Style: Principles of English Usage in the Digital Age. New York: Broadway Books] ^ Baron, Naomi. (2000). Alphabet to Email. London: Routledge. ^ Katsuno, Hirofumi and Christine R. Yano (2002), Asian Studies Review 26(2): 205-231 ^ Thurlow, C. (2001), Language and the Internet, In R, Mesthrie & R, Asher (Eds), The concise encyclopedia of sociolinguistics, London: Pergamon ^ "1337 - what is it and how to be 1337". Retrieved 30 April 2012.  ^ Baron, N.S. (2003). Language of the Internet. In A. Farghali (Ed.), The Stanford handbook for language engineers (pp. 59—127). Stanford, California: CSLI ^ Lea, Martin, Tim O’Shea, Pat Fung, and Russel Spears (1992), ‘Flaming’ in Computer-Mediated Communication. Contexts of Computer-Mediated Communication, ed. Martin Lea, 89-112. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf. ^ "Reuters". Usrbc.org. 2008-01-29. Retrieved 2014-01-18.  ^ a b c "Internet's Effect on Language Debated". Newjerseynewsroom.com. 2010-01-20. Archived from the original on 2012-04-22. Retrieved 2012-04-25.  ^ Hawisher, Gale E. and Cynthia L. Selfe (eds). (2002). Global Literacies and the World-Wide Web. London/New York: Routledge ^ " BBC
BBC
NEWS UK Is txt mightier than the word?". Newsvote.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-04-25.  ^ a b Baron, Naomi S. (2002). Who sets email style: Prescriptivism, coping strategies, and democratizing communication access. The Information Society 18, 403-413 ^ Baron, Naomi (2003) “Why Email
Email
Looks Like Speech: Proofreading Pedagogy and Public Face.” In New Media Language, ed. Jean Aitchison and Diana M. Lewis, 85–94. London: Routledge. ^ a b c Garcia, Angela Cora, Standlee, Alecea I., Beckhoff, Jennifer and Yan Cui. Ethnographic Approaches to the Internet
Internet
and Computer-Mediated Communication. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography. Vol. 38 No. 1 pp 52–84 ^ a b c Simon-Vandenbergen, Anne Marie (2008) Deciphering L33t5p34k: Internet
Internet
Slang on Message Boards. Thesis paper. Ghent University Faculty of Arts and Philosophy ^ Hohenhaus, Peter. (2002). Standardization, language change, resistance and the question of linguistic threat: 18th-century English and present-day German. In: Linn, Andrew R. and Nicola McLelland (eds.). Standardization - Studies from the Germanic languages. Amsterdam: Benjamins (= Current Issues in Linguistic Theory volume 235), 153-178 ^ [1] ^ Beaujon, Andrew (3 April 2014). " Gawker
Gawker
bans ' Internet
Internet
slang'". Poynter Institute. Archived from the original on 28 November 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014.  ^ Crugnale, James (3 April 2014). " Gawker
Gawker
Rips Buzzfeed in Ban on 'WTF,' 'Epic' and Other Internet
Internet
Slang From Its Website". TheWrap. Retrieved 4 January 2014.  ^ Kassel, Matthew (3 April 2014). "'Massive' Attack: Gawker
Gawker
Goes After Whopping Word". The New York Observer. Retrieved 4 January 2014.  ^ Weaver, Alex (3 April 2014). " Gawker
Gawker
Editor Bans ' Internet
Internet
Slang,' Challenges Staff to 'Sound Like Regular Human Beings'". BostInno. Retrieved 4 January 2014.  ^ Poole, Steven (10 April 2014). "A ban on internet slang? That's derp". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 January 2014.  ^ McWhorter, John (7 April 2014). " Gawker
Gawker
is Trying to Use 'Adult' Language. Good Luck to Them". The New Republic. Retrieved 4 January 2014.  ^ a b Crystal, David (September 20, 2001). Language and the Internet. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-80212-1. ^ "Don't be 404, know the tech slang". BBC. December 10, 2008. ^ Wellman, Barry (2004) The glocal village: Internet
Internet
and community. Arts and Science Review. University of Toronto. Issue 1, Series 1. ^ Singhal, M. (1997). "The Internet
Internet
and foreign language education: Benefits and challenges". The Internet
Internet
TESL Journal.  ^ Ashcroft, Brian (2010) Hey Korean Kids, Let’s Learn Leetspeak And Internet
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Slang. Published February 11th, 2010. Retrieved from [2] ^ Quintana, M. (2004) Integration of Effective Internet
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Resources for Future Teachers of Bilingual Ed. National Association of African American Studies, 2004 ^ "Oxford Dictionary official blog". Blog.oxforddictionaries.com. Retrieved 2014-01-18.  ^ Jones, Brian. "Rejects". Noslang.com. Retrieved 28 November 2017.  ^

Eller, Lara L. (2005). "Instant Message Communication
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and its Impact upon Written Language". Thesis. West Virginia University.  "Alternate source". WVU Scholar. (Subscription required (help)).  "Alternate source". University of Hong Kong. (Subscription required (help)).  "Alternate source" (pdf). Research Gate. 

^ "Learn English online: How the internet is changing language".  ^ "English - the universal language on the Internet?". English essentially is the universal language of the Internet  ^ Barry Wellman (2004). "The Glocal Village: Internet
Internet
and Community." Ideas&s Vol 1:1 ^ " Internet
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World Stats". Internet
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World Stats. Retrieved 2012-04-25.  ^ Zhou Shuguang (2008). "Notes On The Net." Index on Censorship
Censorship
Vol 37:2 ^ Nordin, Astrid and Richaud, Lisa (2014), "Subverting official language and discourse in China? Type river rrab for harmony," China Information 28, 1 (March): 47–67. ^ a b Crystal Tao (6 May 2010). "Why Thai Laugh When Chinese Cry?". Lovelovechina.com. Archived from the original on 20 April 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-25. 

Further reading[edit]

Baron, Naomi S. (2000). Alphabet to E-mail: How Written English Evolved and Where It's Heading. London; New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-18685-4.  Aunger, Robert (2002). The Electric Meme: A new theory of how we think. New York: Free Press. ISBN 9781451612950.  Androutsopoulos, Jannis (2006). "Introduction: Sociolinguistics and computer-mediated communication". Journal of Sociolinguistics. 10 (4): 419–438. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9841.2006.00286.x.  Baron, Naomi S. (2008). Always on: language in an online and mobile world. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-531305-5.  Vizgirdaite, Jurgita (2009). "Filling the Child-Parent Relationship Gap via the Parent Self-Education and Intergenerational Education on Internet
Internet
Slang". Socialiniai Mokslai [Social Sciences]. Kaunas University of Technology. 64 (2): 57–66. ISSN 1392-0758. Archived from the original on 2011.  Garber, Megan (2013). "English Has a New Preposition, Because Internet". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 31, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Look up Wiktionary:Other dictionaries on the Web in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Internet
Internet
slang.

Dictionaries of slang and abbreviations:

All Acronyms FOLDOC, computing InternetSlang.com Internet
Internet
Slangs[permanent dead link] Slang Dictionary Full Form Dictionary Full Forms Portal

v t e

Internet
Internet
slang dialects

3arabizi Alay (Indonesia) Denglisch Doge Fingilish (Persian) Greeklish Gyaru-moji (Japan) Jejemon (Philippines) Leet
Leet
("1337") Lolspeak / LOLspeak / Kitteh Martian language (Chinese) Miguxês (Portuguese) Padonkaffsky jargon
Padonkaffsky jargon
(Russian) Translit Volapuk

See also English internet slang (at Wiktionary) SMS
SMS
language

v t e

Internet
Internet
slang

Abuse

cyberbullying cyberstalking doxing flaming griefer hacker keylogger malware

spyware

phishing script kiddie Stealth banning spamming troll

Chatspeak

emoticon emoji leet

owned Pr0n pwn teh w00t

fap LOL nsfw padonkaffsky jargon sexting

Imageboard

4chan anonymous -chan CP goatse.cx lolcat lulz lurk newbie OP pedobear rickrolling Rule 34 tripcode weeaboo

Memes

advertising and products animation and comics challenges email film gaming images music politics videos miscellaneous

Usenet

eternal September PKB plonk

Category

.