OverviewOn the basis of being able to organize the more efficiently and to give the Paralympic movement one voice, the four international organizations of sports for the disabled, founded the International Co-ordination Committee of World Sports Organizations for the Disabled (ICC) in 1982. In the upcoming years, other organizations joined and the need for a democratically guided organization emerged, demanded by the nations participating in the Paralympic Movement. They desired a democratic structure, to improve national and regional representation, which led to the foundation of the IPC as it is known today. The , Norway, were the first to be organized by the IPC. The IPC functions as an umbrella organization, representing several sports and disabilities, in contrast to other international sports organizations for athletes with a disability, which are predominantly limited to a single sport or disability (as well as the , who relies on separate member sanctioning bodies representing each Olympic sport). A fifteen-member Governing Board oversees the IPC between meetings of the General Assembly. Dr. Robert D. Steadward became the first President in 1989. Since 2017, Andrew Parsons is President of the IPC.
PresidentsThe International Paralympic Committee has had three presidents to date. Its founding president, who presided it from 1989 to 2001, was the Canadian Robert Steadward, who had previously founded the Canadian Sports Fund for the Physically Disabled. He was succeeded in 2001 by Sir Philip Craven, Philip Craven, a British Paralympian and former President of the International Wheelchair Basketball Federation, who served as President until 2017. Craven was succeeded by Brazil's Andrew Parsons (sport administrator), Andrew Parsons, IPC Vice President from 2013 to 2017 and a former President of the Brazilian Paralympic Committee.
Governing BoardThe IPC Governing Board consists of 14 members elected at the General Assembly, including the President and Vice President. Twelve members were elected on 8 September 2017 to four year teams: * Andrew Parsons (sport administrator), Andrew Parsons (NPC Brazil), President * Duane Kale (NPC New Zealand), Vice President * Debra Alexander (International Triathlon Union) * Mohamed Alhameli (NPC United Arab Emirates) * Marianna Davis, Marianna "Muffy" Davis (United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee, NPC USA) * Rita van Driel (NOC*NSF, NPC Netherlands) * Sung Il Kim (NPC Korea) * Luca Pancalli (Italian Paralympic Committee, NPC Italy) * Leonel da Rocha Pinto (African Paralympic Committee) * Tim Reddish (NPC Great Britain) * Juan Pablo Salazar (NPC Colombia) * Yasushi Yamawaki (NPC Japan) The IPC Athletes' Council Chairperson, who has voting rights on the board, is Canadian Swimming (sport), swimmer Chelsey Gotell.
IPC Honorary BoardThe IPC has an honorary board of distinguished individuals who support the IPC's goals and use their profile to raise funds and awareness for its work. Current honorary board members are: * Princess Margriet of the Netherlands * Grand Duchess Maria Teresa of Luxembourg * Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden * Albert II, Prince of Monaco, Prince Albert of Monaco * James Wolfensohn, former President of the World Bank * Maria Guleghina, opera singer * Princess Haya Bint Al Hussein * Thérèse Rein, Founder of Ingeus * Princess Astrid of Belgium.
HistoryChronology of milestones in the development of the International Paralympic Committee and the Summer Paralympics, Summer and Winter Paralympics.
PublicationsThe IPC publishes ''The Paralympian'' three times a year.
ParalympicSport.TVThe Paralympics and other sport events related to the Paralympic Movement can be watched on the Internet TV channel for Paralympic Sports created by the IPC.
Paralympic Hall of Fame* 2006: Jouko Grip , Ulla Renvall , Annemie Schneider * 2008: Connie Hansen , Claudia Hengst , Peter Homann , André Viger , Kevin McIntosh (coach) * 2010: Tanja Kari , Chris Waddell , Rolf Hettich (coach) * 2012: Louise Sauvage , Trischa Zorn-Hudson , Roberto Marson , Frank Ponta , Chris Holmes (swimmer), Chris Holmes * 2014: Jon Kreamelmeyer , Eric Villalon, Eric Villalon Fuentes , Verena Bentele
The Organizing CommitteesIn June 2001, the (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) signed an agreement that would ensure that the staging of the is automatically included in the Bids for Olympic Games, bid for the Olympic Games.IPC-IOC Co-operation
National Paralympic Committees (NPCs)The National Paralympic Committee, NPCs receive financial support for the training and development of Paralympic teams, Paralympic athletes and Paralympic hopefuls.
International Paralympic Sports Federations (IFs)There are 11 international federations recognized by the IPC, and there are four disability specific organizations, while the IPC itself serves as the international federation for 10 sports.
World Para Alpine SkiingSupervises and co-ordinates the World Para Alpine Skiing Championships and other competitions. * Official website
World Para AthleticsSupervises and co-ordinates the World Para Athletics Championships, World Para Athletics European Championships and other competitions. * Official website
World Para Dance SportSupervises and co-ordinates the World Para Dance Sport Championships and other competitions. The rebranding saw the sport renamed from "wheelchair dance sport" to "Para dance sport" due to the IPC's desire to expand the sport beyond wheelchair users. * Official website
World Para Ice HockeySupervises and co-ordinates the World Para Ice Hockey Championships and other competitions. With the November 2016 rebranding, the official name of the sport was changed from "sledge hockey" to "Para ice hockey". This change was made upon the request of the sport's community, partly due to the word "sledge" having different meanings across languages. * Official website
World Para Nordic SkiingSupervises and co-ordinates the World Para Nordic Skiing Championships and other competitions. * Official website
World Para PowerliftingSupervises and co-ordinates the World Para Powerlifting Championships and other competitions. * Official website
World Shooting Para SportSupervises and co-ordinates the World Shooting Para Sport Championships and other competitions. The rebranding saw the sport renamed as "shooting Para sport" to avoid possible confusion with parachuting. * Official website
World Para SnowboardSupervises and co-ordinates the World Para Snowboard Championships and other competitions. * Official website
World Para SwimmingSupervises and co-ordinates the World Para Swimming Championships and other competitions. * Official website
The Paralympic Partner programmeThe Paralympic Partner (TOP) sponsorship programme includes the following commercial sponsors of the Paralympic Games. * Atos * Bridgestone * Ottobock * Panasonic * Samsung * Toyota * Visa Inc., Visa
See also* Disabled sports