HOME
TheInfoList



The International Paralympic Committee (IPC; german: Internationales Paralympisches Komitee) is an international non-profit organisation and the global governing body for the Paralympic Movement. The IPC organizes the
Paralympic Games The Paralympic Games or Paralympics are a periodic series of international multi-sport events involving athletes with a range of disabilities, including impaired muscle power (e.g. paraplegia and quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, post-polio ...
and functions as the international federation for nine sports. Founded on 22 September 1989 in Düsseldorf, Germany, its mission is to "enable Paralympic athletes to achieve sporting excellence and inspire and excite the world". Furthermore, the IPC wants to promote the Paralympic values and to create sport opportunities for all persons with a disability, from beginner to elite level. The IPC has a democratic constitution and structure and is composed of representatives from 176
National Paralympic Committee A National Paralympic Committee (NPC) is a national constituent of the worldwide Paralympic movement. Subject to the controls of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), NPCs are responsible for organizing their people's participation in the P ...
s (NPCs), four international organizations of sport for the disabled (IOSDs) and five regional organizations. The IPC's headquarters is located in
Bonn, Germany
Bonn, Germany
.


Overview

On the basis of being able to organize the
Paralympic Games The Paralympic Games or Paralympics are a periodic series of international multi-sport events involving athletes with a range of disabilities, including impaired muscle power (e.g. paraplegia and quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, post-polio ...
more efficiently and to give the Paralympic movement one voice, the four international organizations of sports for the disabled, founded the International Co-ordination Committee of World Sports Organizations for the Disabled (ICC) in 1982. In the upcoming years, other organizations joined and the need for a democratically guided organization emerged, demanded by the nations participating in the Paralympic Movement. They desired a democratic structure, to improve national and regional representation, which led to the foundation of the IPC as it is known today. The
1994 Winter Paralympics The 1994 Winter Paralympics (Norwegian: ''Paralympiske vinterleker 1994''), the sixth Winter Paralympics, were held in Lillehammer, Norway Norway ( nb, ; nn, ; se, Norga; smj, Vuodna; sma, Nöörje), officially the Kingdom of No ...
, Norway, were the first to be organized by the IPC. The IPC functions as an umbrella organization, representing several sports and disabilities, in contrast to other international sports organizations for athletes with a disability, which are predominantly limited to a single sport or disability (as well as the
International Olympic Committee The International Olympic Committee (IOC; french: Comité international olympique, CIO) is a non-governmental Sports governing body, sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. Founded by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1 ...
, who relies on separate member sanctioning bodies representing each Olympic sport). A fifteen-member Governing Board oversees the IPC between meetings of the General Assembly. Dr. Robert D. Steadward became the first President in 1989. Since 2017, Andrew Parsons is President of the IPC.


Presidents

The International Paralympic Committee has had three presidents to date. Its founding president, who presided it from 1989 to 2001, was the Canadian Robert Steadward, who had previously founded the Canadian Sports Fund for the Physically Disabled. He was succeeded in 2001 by Sir Philip Craven, Philip Craven, a British Paralympian and former President of the International Wheelchair Basketball Federation, who served as President until 2017. Craven was succeeded by Brazil's Andrew Parsons (sport administrator), Andrew Parsons, IPC Vice President from 2013 to 2017 and a former President of the Brazilian Paralympic Committee.


Governing Board

The IPC Governing Board consists of 14 members elected at the General Assembly, including the President and Vice President. Twelve members were elected on 8 September 2017 to four year teams: * Andrew Parsons (sport administrator), Andrew Parsons (NPC Brazil), President * Duane Kale (NPC New Zealand), Vice President * Debra Alexander (International Triathlon Union) * Mohamed Alhameli (NPC United Arab Emirates) * Marianna Davis, Marianna "Muffy" Davis (United States Olympic & Paralympic Committee, NPC USA) * Rita van Driel (NOC*NSF, NPC Netherlands) * Sung Il Kim (NPC Korea) * Luca Pancalli (Italian Paralympic Committee, NPC Italy) * Leonel da Rocha Pinto (African Paralympic Committee) * Tim Reddish (NPC Great Britain) * Juan Pablo Salazar (NPC Colombia) * Yasushi Yamawaki (NPC Japan) The IPC Athletes' Council Chairperson, who has voting rights on the board, is Canadian Swimming (sport), swimmer Chelsey Gotell.


IPC Honorary Board

The IPC has an honorary board of distinguished individuals who support the IPC's goals and use their profile to raise funds and awareness for its work. Current honorary board members are: * Princess Margriet of the Netherlands * Grand Duchess Maria Teresa of Luxembourg * Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden * Albert II, Prince of Monaco, Prince Albert of Monaco * James Wolfensohn, former President of the World Bank * Maria Guleghina, opera singer * Princess Haya Bint Al Hussein * Thérèse Rein, Founder of Ingeus * Princess Astrid of Belgium.


History

Chronology of milestones in the development of the International Paralympic Committee and the Summer Paralympics, Summer and Winter Paralympics.


Publications

The IPC publishes ''The Paralympian'' three times a year.


ParalympicSport.TV

The Paralympics and other sport events related to the Paralympic Movement can be watched on the Internet TV channel for Paralympic Sports created by the IPC.


Paralympic Hall of Fame

* 2006: Jouko Grip , Ulla Renvall , Annemie Schneider * 2008: Connie Hansen , Claudia Hengst , Peter Homann , André Viger , Kevin McIntosh (coach) * 2010: Tanja Kari , Chris Waddell , Rolf Hettich (coach) * 2012: Louise Sauvage , Trischa Zorn-Hudson , Roberto Marson , Frank Ponta , Chris Holmes (swimmer), Chris Holmes * 2014: Jon Kreamelmeyer , Eric Villalon, Eric Villalon Fuentes , Verena Bentele


Paralympic marketing


The Organizing Committees

In June 2001, the
International Olympic Committee The International Olympic Committee (IOC; french: Comité international olympique, CIO) is a non-governmental Sports governing body, sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. Founded by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1 ...
(IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) signed an agreement that would ensure that the staging of the
Paralympic Games The Paralympic Games or Paralympics are a periodic series of international multi-sport events involving athletes with a range of disabilities, including impaired muscle power (e.g. paraplegia and quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, post-polio ...
is automatically included in the Bids for Olympic Games, bid for the Olympic Games.IPC-IOC Co-operation
The official website of the International Paralympic Committee
The agreement came into effect at the 2008 Paralympic Summer Games in Beijing, and the 2010 Paralympic Winter Games in Vancouver. However, the Salt Lake Organizing Committee for the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games of 2002, Salt Lake 2002 Organizing Committee (SLOC), chose to follow the practice of "one bid, one city" already at the 2002 Games in Salt Lake City, with one Organizing Committees for the Olympic Games, Organizing Committee for both Games, which was followed up by the 2004 Games in Athens and Beijing in 2008. The agreement was adjusted in 2003. An extension was signed in June 2006. A further extension was signed in 2012, valid until 2020. In March 2018, a historic long-term extension was signed establishing a partnership until 2032.


National Paralympic Committees (NPCs)

The National Paralympic Committee, NPCs receive financial support for the training and development of Paralympic teams, Paralympic athletes and Paralympic hopefuls.


International Paralympic Sports Federations (IFs)

There are 11 international federations recognized by the IPC, and there are four disability specific organizations, while the IPC itself serves as the international federation for 10 sports.Contacts - International Sports Federations (IFs)
International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
On 30 November 2016, the IPC officially adopted the "World Para" brand for all sports in which it is the international federation. Sports contested in the Summer Paralympics began using the new branding immediately. For winter sports, whose competitive seasons had already started by the announcement, only the world championships were immediately changed to reflect the new branding; the full switchover did not occur until the 2017–18 season. Note that the Paralympic versions of some sports have different governing structures than the able-bodied versions of the same sports: * The remit of World Para Nordic Skiing includes both Para biathlon and Para cross-country skiing; the able-bodied versions of the two disciplines are governed by entirely separate international federations, respectively the International Biathlon Union (IBU) and International Ski Federation (FIS). * Able-bodied Alpine skiing and snowboarding are also governed by FIS. The IPC has distinct governing councils for its versions of the sports.


World Para Alpine Skiing

Supervises and co-ordinates the World Para Alpine Skiing Championships and other competitions. * Official website
WorldParaAlpineSkiing.orgParalympic.org/alpine-skiing
* Sport name: Para alpine skiing * Former sport committee name: IPC Alpine Skiing


World Para Athletics

Supervises and co-ordinates the World Para Athletics Championships, World Para Athletics European Championships and other competitions. * Official website
WorldParaAthletics.orgParalympic.org/athletics
* Sport name: Para athletics * Former sport committee name: IPC Athletics


World Para Dance Sport

Supervises and co-ordinates the World Para Dance Sport Championships and other competitions. The rebranding saw the sport renamed from "wheelchair dance sport" to "Para dance sport" due to the IPC's desire to expand the sport beyond wheelchair users. * Official website
WorldParaDanceSport.orgParalympic.org/dance-sport
* Sport name: Para dance sport * Former sport committee name: IPC Wheelchair Dance Sport


World Para Ice Hockey

Supervises and co-ordinates the World Para Ice Hockey Championships and other competitions. With the November 2016 rebranding, the official name of the sport was changed from "sledge hockey" to "Para ice hockey". This change was made upon the request of the sport's community, partly due to the word "sledge" having different meanings across languages. * Official website
WorldParaIceHockey.orgParalympic.org/ice-hockey
* Sport name: Para ice hockey * Former sport committee name: IPC Ice Sledge Hockey


World Para Nordic Skiing

Supervises and co-ordinates the World Para Nordic Skiing Championships and other competitions. * Official website
WorldParaNordicSkiing.orgParalympic.org/nordic-skiing
* Sport name: Para Nordic skiing (includes Para biathlon and Para cross-country skiing) * Former sport committee names: IPC Biathlon & IPC Cross-Country


World Para Powerlifting

Supervises and co-ordinates the World Para Powerlifting Championships and other competitions. * Official website
WorldParaPowerlifting.orgParalympic.org/powerlifting
* Sport name: Para powerlifting * Former sport committee name: IPC Powerlifting


World Shooting Para Sport

Supervises and co-ordinates the World Shooting Para Sport Championships and other competitions. The rebranding saw the sport renamed as "shooting Para sport" to avoid possible confusion with parachuting. * Official website
WorldShootingParaSport.orgParalympic.org/shooting
* Sport name: Shooting Para sport * Former sport committee name: IPC Shooting


World Para Snowboard

Supervises and co-ordinates the World Para Snowboard Championships and other competitions. * Official website
WorldParaSnowboard.orgParalympic.org/snowboard
* Sport name: Para snowboard * Former sport committee name: IPC Snowboard


World Para Swimming

Supervises and co-ordinates the World Para Swimming Championships and other competitions. * Official website
WorldParaSwimming.orgParalympic.org/swimming
* Sport name: Para swimming * Former sport committee name: IPC Swimming


The Paralympic Partner programme

The Paralympic Partner (TOP) sponsorship programme includes the following commercial sponsors of the Paralympic Games. * Atos * Bridgestone * Ottobock * Panasonic * Samsung * Toyota * Visa Inc., Visa


See also

* Disabled sports


References


IPC Style Guide
International Paralympic Committee (IPC)


External links

*
Paralympic Sport TV YouTube channel
{{Authority control International Paralympic Committee, Parasports organizations International organisations based in Bonn Sports organizations established in 1989 1989 establishments in West Germany