A special election for one judge of the International Criminal Court was held during the resumption of the 13th session of the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court which took place in The Hague from 24 to 25 June 2015.
The judge elected at this election was chosen to complete the term, until 10 March 2021, of the judge he replaced.
The election was governed by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Its article 36(8)(a) states that "[t]he States Parties shall, in the selection of judges, take into account the need, within the membership of the Court, for:
Furthermore, article 36(3)(b) and 36(5) provide for two lists:
Each candidate must belong to exactly one list.
Further rules of election were adopted by a resolution of the Assembly of States Parties in 2004.
Following these rules, the nomination period of judges for the 2015 special election lasted from 18 February to 31 March 2015 and could have been extended up to three times if there had been a lack of candidates from a group for which a minimum voting requirement was in place. The following persons were nominated:
|Name||Nationality||List A or B||Region||Gender|
|Ibrahim Aljazy||Jordan||List B||Asia-Pacific States||Male|
|Raul Cano Pangalangan||Philippines||List B||Asia-Pacific States||Male|
Minimum voting requirements governed part of the election. This is to ensure that article 36(8)(a) cited above is fulfilled. For this election, the following minimum voting requirements existed; they could have been adjusted once the election is underway.
Regarding the List A or B requirement, there was no minimum voting requirement.
Regarding the regional criteria, there was a voting requirement for one judge from the Asia-Pacific States.
Regarding the gender criteria, there was no minimum voting requirement.
The regional criterion could have been adjusted even before the election depending on the number of candidates. Paragraph 20(b) of the ASP resolution that governs the elections states that if there are less than double the number of candidates required for each region, the minimum voting requirement shall be a (rounded-up) half of the number of candidates; except when there is only one candidate which results in no voting requirement.
The regional criterion can be dropped if after four ballots the seat is not filled.
The voting requirements were as follows:
|Criterion||Voting requirement ex ante||Candidates as of now||Adjusted voting requirement||Adjusted requirement equals ex ante?|
|Lists A or B|
|Eastern European states||0||0||0||Yes|
|Latin American and Caribbean States||0||0||0||Yes|
|Western European and other States||0||0||0||Yes|
The ballot took place on 24 June 2015. The voting totals were as follows:
|Name||Nationality||List A or B||Region||Gender||1st round||2nd round|
|Number of States Parties voting||83||84|
|Ibrahim Aljazy||Jordan||List B||Asia-Pacific States||Male||30||25|
|Raul Cano Pangalangan||Philippines||List B||Asia-Pacific States||Male||53||59|