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Imperial Cricket
Cricket
Conference(1909-65) International Cricket
Cricket
Conference (1965-89)

Formation 15 June 1909; 108 years ago (1909-06-15)

Type Federation of national associations

Headquarters Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Membership

104 members

Official languages

English

Chairman

Shashank Manohar

President

Zaheer Abbas[1]

CEO

David Richardson

Website www.icc-cricket.com

The International Cricket
Cricket
Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket. It was founded as the Imperial Cricket
Cricket
Conference in 1909 by representatives from England, Australia and South Africa, renamed the International Cricket
Cricket
Conference in 1965, and took up its current name in 1989. The ICC has 104 members: 12 Full Members that play Test matches and 92 Associate Members.[2] The ICC is responsible for the organisation and governance of cricket's major international tournaments, most notably the Cricket
Cricket
World Cup. It also appoints the umpires and referees that officiate at all sanctioned Test matches, One Day International
One Day International
and Twenty20
Twenty20
Internationals. It promulgates the ICC Code of Conduct, which sets professional standards of discipline for international cricket,[3] and also co-ordinates action against corruption and match-fixing through its Anti-Corruption and Security Unit (ACSU). The ICC does not control bilateral fixtures between member countries (which include all Test matches), it does not govern domestic cricket in member countries, and it does not make the laws of the game, which remain under the control of the Marylebone Cricket
Cricket
Club. The Chairman heads the board of directors and on 26 June 2014, N. Srinivasan, the former president of BCCI, was announced as the first chairman of the council.[4] The role of ICC president has become a largely honorary position since the establishment of the chairman role and other changes were made to the ICC constitution in 2014. It has been claimed that the 2014 changes have handed control to the so-called 'Big Three' nations of England, India and Australia.[5] The current ICC president is Zaheer Abbas,[1] who was appointed in June 2015 following the resignation of Mustafa Kamal in April 2015. Kamal, the former president of the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Cricket
Cricket
Board, resigned shortly after the 2015 World Cup, claiming the organisation operated both unconstitutionally and unlawfully. The current CEO is David Richardson, who succeeded Haroon Lorgat.[6]

Contents

1 History 2 Location 3 Rules and regulation 4 Income generation 5 Umpires and referees 6 Members 7 Regional bodies 8 Competitions and awards 9 Anti-corruption and security 10 Global Cricket
Cricket
Academy 11 ICC Cricket
Cricket
World Program 12 Criticism 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] On 15 June 1909 representatives from England, Australia and South Africa met at Lord's
Lord's
and founded the Imperial Cricket
Cricket
Conference. Membership was confined to the governing bodies of cricket within the British Empire
British Empire
where Test cricket
Test cricket
was played. West Indies, New Zealand and India were elected as Full Members in 1926, doubling the number of Test-playing nations to six. That year it was also agreed to make a change in membership, with election being for; "governing bodies of cricket in countries within the Empire to which cricket teams are sent, or which send teams to England." However, the United States did not meet these criteria and was not made a member.[7] After the formation of Pakistan
Pakistan
in 1947, it was given Test status
Test status
in 1952, becoming the seventh Test-playing nation. In May 1961 South Africa left the Commonwealth and therefore lost membership. In 1965, it was renamed as the International Cricket
Cricket
Conference and new rules adopted to permit the election of countries from outside the Commonwealth. This led to the expansion of the Conference, with the admission of Associate Members. Associates were each entitled to one vote, while the Foundation and Full Members were entitled to two votes on ICC resolutions. Foundation Members retained a right of veto. Sri Lanka was admitted as a Full Member in 1981, returning the number of Test-playing nations to seven. In 1989, new rules were adopted and the current name, the International Cricket
Cricket
Council came into existence. South Africa was re-elected as a Full Member of the ICC in 1991, after the end of apartheid; this was followed in 1992 by the admission of Zimbabwe as the ninth Test-playing nation. Then, in 2000 Bangladesh
Bangladesh
received Test status. In 2017, Afghanistan Cricket
Cricket
Board and Cricket
Cricket
Ireland were confirmed as Full Members of the International Cricket
Cricket
Council after a unanimous vote at the ICC Full Council meeting at The Oval. Location[edit]

The ICC's offices in Dubai

From its formation, the ICC had Lord's
Lord's
Cricket
Cricket
Ground as its home, and from 1993 had its offices in the "Clock Tower" building at the nursery end of the ground. The independent ICC was funded initially by commercial exploitation of the rights to the World Cup of One Day International cricket. As not all Member countries had double-tax agreements with the United Kingdom, it was necessary to protect cricket's revenues by creating a company, ICC Development (International) Pty Ltd – known as IDI, outside the UK. This was established in January 1994 and was based in Monaco. For the remainder of the nineties, the administration of IDI was a modest affair. But with the negotiation of a bundle of rights to all ICC events from 2001–2008, revenues available to International cricket and the ICC member countries rose substantially. This led to a growth in the number of commercial staff employed by IDI in Monaco. It also had the disadvantage that the Council's cricket administrators, who remained at Lord's, were separated from their commercial colleagues in Monaco. The Council decided to seek ways of bringing all of their staff together in one office while protecting their commercial income from tax. The option of staying at Lord's
Lord's
was investigated and a request was made, through Sport England, to the British Government to allow the ICC to have all its personnel (including those working on commercial matters) in London – but be given special exemption from paying UK corporation tax on its commercial income. The British Government was unwilling to create a precedent and would not agree to this request. As a consequence, the ICC examined other locations and eventually settled on the emirate of Dubai
Dubai
in the United Arab Emirates. ICC is registered in British Virgin Islands. In August 2005, the ICC moved its offices to Dubai, and subsequently closed its offices at Lord's and Monaco. The move to Dubai
Dubai
was made after an 11–1 vote by the ICC's Executive Board in favour.[8] While the principal driver of the ICC's move to Dubai
Dubai
was the wish to bring its main employees together in one tax efficient location, a secondary reason was the wish to move offices closer to the increasingly important new centres of cricketing power in South Asia. Lord's
Lord's
had been a logical venue when the ICC had been administered by the MCC (a situation that lasted until 1993). But the growing power of India and Pakistan
Pakistan
in world cricket had made the continued control of international cricket by a British private members club (the MCC) anachronistic and unsustainable. A direct consequence of the changes and reforms instituted in 1993 was eventually to be the move away from Lord's
Lord's
to a more neutral venue.[9] Rules and regulation[edit] The International Cricket
Cricket
Council oversees playing conditions, bowling reviews, and other ICC regulations. The ICC does not have copyright to the Laws of Cricket: only the MCC may change the Laws, though this is usually done in consultation with the game's global governing body. The ICC maintains a set of playing conditions for international cricket which make slight amendments to the Laws. They also have a "Code of Conduct" to which teams and players in international matches are required to adhere. Where breaches of this code occur the ICC can apply sanctions, usually fines. In 2008, the ICC imposed 19 penalties on players.[10] Income generation[edit]

Variant ICC Logo with old motto

The ICC generates income from the tournaments it organises, primarily the Cricket
Cricket
World Cup, and it distributes the majority of that income to its members. Sponsorship and television rights of the World Cup brought in over US$1.6 billion between 2007 and 2015, by far the ICC's main source of income.[11][12] In the nine-month accounting period to 31 December 2007 the ICC had operating income of USD 12.66 million, mainly from member subscriptions and sponsorship. In contrast, event income was USD 285.87 million, including USD 239 million from the 2007 World Cup. There was also investment income of USD 6.695 million in the period. The ICC has no income streams from the bilateral international cricket matches (Test matches, One Day International
One Day International
and Twenty20 Internationals), that account for the great majority of the international playing schedule, as they are owned and run by its members. It has sought to create other new events to augment its World Cup revenues. These include the ICC Champions Trophy
ICC Champions Trophy
and the ICC Super Series played in Australia in 2005. However these events have not been as successful as the ICC hoped. The Super Series was widely seen as a failure and is not expected to be repeated, and India called for the Champions Trophy to be scrapped in 2006.[13] The Champions Trophy 2004 event was referred to in Wisden 2005 by the editor as a "turkey of a tournament" and a "fiasco"; although the 2006 edition was seen as a greater success due to a new format.[14][15] The ICC World Twenty20, first played in 2007, was a success. The ICC's current plan is to have an international tournament every year, with a Twenty20
Twenty20
World Cup played in even number years, the World Cup continuing to be held the year before the Olympic Games, and the ICC Champions Trophy in the remaining year of the cycle. This cycle will begin in 2010, one year after the 2009 edition. Umpires and referees[edit] The ICC appoints international umpires and Match referees who officiate at all sanctioned Test matches, One-Day Internationals and Twenty20
Twenty20
Internationals. The ICC operates 3 panels of umpires: namely the Elite Panel, the International Panel, and the Associates and Affiliates Panel. As of April 2012, the Elite Panel includes twelve umpires. In theory, two umpires from the Elite Panel officiate at every Test match, while one Elite Panel umpire stands in ODI matches together with an umpire from the International Panel. In practice, members of the International Panel stand in occasional Test matches, as this is viewed as a good opportunity to see whether they can cope at the Test level, and whether they should be elevated to the Elite Panel. The Elite Panel are full-time employees of the ICC, although do still, very occasionally umpire first-class cricket in their country of residence. The average, annual, officiating schedule for Elite Umpires is 8–10 Test matches and 10–15 ODIs, a potential on-field workload of 75 days plus travel and preparation time per year.[16] The International Panel is made up of officials nominated from each of the ten Test-playing cricket boards. The Panel Members officiate in ODI matches in their home country, and assist the Elite Panel at peak times in the cricket calendar when they can be appointed to overseas ODI and Test matches. International Panel members also undertake overseas umpiring assignments such as the ICC Under 19 Cricket
Cricket
World Cup to improve their knowledge and understanding of overseas conditions, and help them prepare for possible promotion onto the Elite Panel. Some of these umpires also officiate in the Cricket
Cricket
World Cup. Each of the Test cricket
Test cricket
boards nominates a "third umpire" who can be called upon to review certain on-field decisions through instant television replays. All third umpires are first-class umpires in their own county, and the role is seen as a step onto the International Panel, and then the Elite Panel.[17] The inaugural ICC Associate and Affiliate International Umpires Panel was formed in June 2006. It superseded the ICC Associate and Affiliate International Umpires Panel, created in 2005, and serves as the pinnacle for umpires from non-Test playing Members, with selection achieved through each of the five ICC Development Program Regional Umpires Panels. Members of the Associate and Affiliate International Umpires Panel are eligible for appointments to ODIs involving ICC Associate Members, ICC Intercontinental Cup
ICC Intercontinental Cup
matches and other Associate and Affiliate tournaments. High-performing umpires may also be considered for other ICC events, including the ICC U/19 Cricket World Cup, and could also be invited to be involved in the ICC Champions Trophy and ICC Cricket
Cricket
World Cup.[18] There is also an Elite Panel of ICC Referees who act as the independent representative of the ICC at all Test and ODI matches. As of January 2009, it has 6 members, all highly experienced former international cricketers. The Referees do not have the power to report players or officials (which has to be done by the umpires), but they are responsible for conducting hearings under the ICC Code of Conduct and imposing penalties as required at matches, ranging from an official reprimand to a lifetime ban from cricket. Decisions can be appealed, but the original decision is upheld in most cases. The Council failed to achieve consensus among the cricket playing nations – as of June 2012 – on the universal application of Umpire's Decision Review System, due to opposition by BCCI. It will continue to be applied subject to mutual agreement of the playing countries.[19] In July 2012, ICC decided to send a delegation to show the ball tracking research done by Dr Ed Rosten, an expert on computer vision and technology, to BCCI to remove the scepticism about the use of DRS technology.[20] Members[edit] Main article: List of International Cricket
Cricket
Council members

Current ICC members by membership status:      Full members      Associate members      Affiliate members      Non-members

The ICC has two classes of membership:

Full Members - the twelve governing bodies of teams that play official Test matches;

The twelve full members are: Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, England, India, Ireland, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, West Indies, Zimbabwe

Associate Members - the 92 governing bodies in countries previously covered where cricket is firmly established and organised but have not yet been granted Full membership;

There were previously three classes of membership, but the ICC removed the Affiliate Membership in 2017, with all previous Affiliates becoming Associate Members.[21] Regional bodies[edit] These regional bodies aim to organise, promote and develop the game of cricket:

African Cricket
Cricket
Association Asian Cricket
Cricket
Council ICC Americas ICC East Asia-Pacific European Cricket
Cricket
Council

Two further regional bodies were disestablished following the creation of the African Cricket
Cricket
Association:

East and Central Africa Cricket
Cricket
Council West Africa Cricket
Cricket
Council

Competitions and awards[edit] Main article: International cricket The ICC organises various international First-Class, One-Day and Twenty20
Twenty20
cricket competitions:

Format Tournament Notes

First-Class ICC Test Championship Notional league (for Test rankings)

ICC Intercontinental Cup Test league for associate members

ICC World Test Championship Premier Test league

One Day ICC ODI Championship Notional league (for ODI rankings)

ICC Cricket
Cricket
World Cup Premier ODI league

ICC Women's Cricket
Cricket
World Cup Premier ODI league for women

ICC Champions Trophy ODI league for Test-playing nations

ICC Under-19 Cricket
Cricket
World Cup Premier ODI league for youth

ICC World Cricket
Cricket
League ODI league for associate members

ICC World Cup Qualifier Qualifier league for teams ranked below 8

Twenty20 ICC T20I Championship Notional league (for T20I rankings)

ICC World Twenty20 Premier T20 league

ICC Women's World Twenty20 Premier T20 league for women

ICC World Twenty20
Twenty20
Qualifier Qualifier league for teams ranked below 8

The ICC has instituted the ICC Awards
ICC Awards
to recognise and honour the best international cricket players of the previous 12 months. The inaugural ICC Awards
ICC Awards
ceremony was held on 7 September 2004, in London. The ICC Player Rankings are a widely followed system of rankings for international cricketers based on their recent performances. The current sponsor is MRF Tyres who signed a 4-year deal with the ICC that will last until 2020.[22] Australia won the prize money of 3975000 US dollars while New Zealand as Runners-up won 1750000 US dollars as prize money in 2015. Anti-corruption and security[edit] The ICC has also had to deal with drugs and bribery scandals involving top cricketers. Following the corruption scandals by cricketers connected with the legal and illegal bookmaking markets, the ICC set up an Anti-Corruption and Security Unit (ACSU) in 2000 under the retired Commissioner of the London Metropolitan Police, Lord Condon. Among the corruption on which they have reported was that of former South African captain Hansie Cronje
Hansie Cronje
who had accepted substantial sums of money from an Indian bookmaker for under-performing or ensuring that certain matches had a pre-determined result. Similarly, the former Indian captain Mohammad Azharuddin
Mohammad Azharuddin
and Ajay Jadeja
Ajay Jadeja
were investigated, found guilty of match-fixing, and banned from playing cricket (for life and for five years, respectively). The ACSU continues to monitor and investigate any reports of corruption in cricket and protocols have been introduced, which for example prohibit the use of mobile telephones in dressing rooms. Prior to the 2007 Cricket
Cricket
World Cup ICC chief executive Malcolm Speed warned against any corruption and said that the ICC would be vigilant and intolerant against it.[23] Following a scandal that occurred during the 2010 Pakistan
Pakistan
tour of England, 3 Pakistani players, Mohammad Amir, Mohammad Asif
Mohammad Asif
and Salman Butt were found to be guilty of spot-fixing, and were banned for 5 years, 7 years and 10 years respectively. On 3 November 2011, jail terms were handed down of 30 months for Butt, one year for Asif, six months for Amir and two years eight months for Majeed, the sports agent that facilitated the bribes.[24][25][26][27] Global Cricket
Cricket
Academy[edit] Main article: ICC Global Cricket
Cricket
Academy The ICC Global Cricket
Cricket
Academy (GCA) is located at Dubai
Dubai
Sports City in the United Arab Emirates. The GCA's facilities include two ovals, each with 10 turf pitches, outdoor turf and synthetic practice facilities, indoor practice facilities including hawk eye technology and a cricket specific gymnasium. Rod Marsh has been appointed as the Academy's Director of Coaching. The opening, originally planned for 2008, took place in 2010. ICC Cricket
Cricket
World Program[edit] Main article: ICC Cricket
Cricket
World Program The International Cricket
Cricket
Council telecasts a weekly program on television called ICC Cricket
Cricket
World. It is produced by Sportsbrand. It is a weekly 30-minute program providing the latest cricket news, recent cricket action including all Test and One-Day International matches, as well as off-field features and interviews Criticism[edit] Journalist Peter Della Penna, of ESPN
ESPN
Cricinfo, has criticised the ICC for what he has perceived as attempts to minimise reports of security issues relating to unruly fans at matches.[28] In 2015, Sam Collins and Jarrod Kimber made the documentary Death of a Gentleman
Death of a Gentleman
on the internal organization of the ICC. See also[edit]

Association of Cricket
Cricket
Officials International structure of cricket Federation of International Cricketers' Associations List of International Cricket
Cricket
Council presidents

References[edit]

^ a b " Zaheer Abbas
Zaheer Abbas
Appointed ICC President". Gulf News. 25 June 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015.  ^ "ICC Members". ICC. Retrieved 31 October 2017.  ^ "International Cricket
Cricket
Council – ICC Events, ICC Cricket
Cricket
Rankings, Live Cricket
Cricket
Scores" (PDF). Icc-cricket.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2011.  ^ "Srinivasan elected as the new Chairman of ICC from July 2014 onwards". Jagran Prakashan. Jagran Prakashan. February 10, 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2017.  ^ "Mustafa Kamal quits as ICC president after World Cup snub". BBC Sport. 1 April 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2015.  ^ International Sports Security Conference. "Securing Sport 2015". Profile of speakers at the conference. Retrieved 19 September 2013. [dead link] ^ 1909 – 1963 – Imperial Cricket
Cricket
Conference Archived 21 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Cricket
Cricket
chiefs move base to Dubai". BBC News. 7 March 2005.  ^ "Cricket's home moves closer to the money". Asia Times Online. April 23, 2005. Retrieved August 18, 2017.  ^ 2008: Penalties imposed on players for breaches of ICC Code of Conduct Archived 21 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "ICC rights go to ESPN-Star". Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 8 May 2011.  ^ "ICC set to cash in on sponsorship rights". Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved 8 May 2011.  ^ "Biggest player in the game flexes muscle". The Age. Melbourne. 7 January 2006.  ^ Murgatroyd, Brian / ICC (November 6, 2006). "ICC President thanks India for "outstanding" ICC Champions Trophy". Cricinfo. ESPN. Retrieved August 18, 2017.  ^ "When the cricket did all the talking". Cricinfo. ESPN. November 7, 2006. Retrieved August 18, 2017.  ^ "Match officials". www.icc-cricket.com. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ "Emirates International Panel of ICC Umpires". www.icc-cricket.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ "ICC Associate and Affiliate International Umpires Panel". www.icc-cricket.com. Archived from the original on 2 June 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ "No decision yet on universal application of DRS". Times of India. 27 June 2012.  ^ "Research on DRS to be shown to BCCI". Times of India. 10 July 2012.  ^ "Ireland and Afghanistan ICC newest full members amid wide-ranging governance reform". icc-cricket.com. ICC. Retrieved 22 June 2017.  ^ "ICC announces MRF Tyres as Global Partner". International Cricket Council. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 2016-01-27.  ^ "Speed warns against corruption during World Cup". The Jamaica Star. 13 February 2007. Archived from the original on 1 February 2009.  ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
cricketers and agent jailed for betting scam". BBC News. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2011.  ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
spot-fixing players and agent sentenced to lengthy jail terms". The Guardian. UK. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2011.  ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
spot-fixing scandal: convictions of Salman Butt, Mohammad Asif and Mohammad Amir
Mohammad Amir
just one step on a long road". The Daily Telegraph. UK. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2011.  ^ "Cricketers jailed for match-fixing". The Independent. UK. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2011.  ^ " Cricket
Cricket
World Cup: Another scare from unruly crowd". ESPN. Retrieved 8 March 2011. 

External links[edit]

Look up international cricket council in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Official website

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Cricket
Council (ICC) ICC Awards ICC members

Forms

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Global events

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(qualifier) Under-19 World Cup Champions Trophy Intercontinental Cup World Cricket
Cricket
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Asia

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Africa

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ICC Americas
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– Americas Championship South American Championship

East Asia and Pacific

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Cricket
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Cricket
Trophy (Twenty20)

Europe

ECC – European Championship Women's European Championship

v t e

International sports federations

ASOIF (28) Summer Olympics Federations

WA (archery) IAAF (athletics) BWF (badminton) FIBA
FIBA
(basketball) AIBA (boxing) ICF (canoeing) UCI (cycling) FEI (equestrianism) FIE (fencing) FIFA
FIFA
(football/soccer) IGF (golf) FIG (gymnastics) IHF (handball) FIH (field hockey) IJF (judo) UIPM (modern pentathlon) FISA (rowing) WR (rugby) WS (sailing) ISSF (shooting) FINA
FINA
(aquatic sports) ITTF (table tennis) WT (taekwondo) ITF (tennis) ITU (triathlon) FIVB (volleyball) IWF (weightlifting) UWW (wrestling)

AIOWF (7) Winter Olympics Federations

IBU (biathlon) IBSF (bobsleigh and skeleton) WCF (curling) IIHF (ice hockey) FIL (luge) ISU (skating sports) FIS (skiing sports)

ARISF (39) Others recognised by IOC

FAI (air sports) IFAF (american football) FIA (auto racing) FIB (bandy) WBSC (baseball and softball) FIPV (basque pelota) WCBS (billiard sports) CMSB (boules) WB (bowling) WBF (bridge) ICU (cheer) FIDE
FIDE
(chess) UIAA (mountaineering) ICC (cricket) WDSF (dance sport) FMJD (draughts) IFF (floorball) WFDF (flying disc) WKF (karate) IKF (korfball) ILSF (life saving) FIM (motorcycle sport) IFMA (muay Thai) INF (netball) IOF (orienteering) FIP (polo) UIM (powerboating) IRF (racquetball) FIRS (roller sports) ISMF (ski mountaineering) IFSC (sports climbing) WSF (squash) IFS (sumo) ISA (surfing) TWIF (tug-of-war) CMAS (underwater sports) FISU (university sports) IWWF (waterski and wakeboard) IWUF (wushu)

Others in GAISF (21)

IAF (aikido) IFBB (body building) ICSF (casting) WDF (darts) IDBF (dragon boat) IFA (fistball) IGF (go) IFI (ice stock sport) JJIF (ju-jitsu) FIK (kendo) WAKO (kickboxing) FIL (lacrosse) WMF (minigolf) IPF (powerlifting) FIAS (sambo) FISav (savate) ISTAF (sepaktakraw) ISFF (sleddog) ISTF (soft tennis) CIPS (sport fishing)

GAISF observer members (9)

WAF (arm wrestling) WDA (dodgeball) FIFG (footgolf) IUKL (kettlebell lifting) IFP (poker) IPSF (pole dance) ITSF (table football/soccer) RLIF (rugby league) IPF (padel)

Others (20)

ARI (australian rules football) IBA (bodyboarding) PBA (bowls) IFBA (broomball) WCF (croquet) IGAA (gaelic football and hurling) IKF (kabaddi) IMMAF (mixed martial arts) WMRA (mountain running) IPSC (practical shooting) IQA (quidditch) IFMAR (radio-controlled racing) IRF (rogaining) WSSF (snowshoe running) ISF (skyrunning) WSSA (sport stacking) ITPF (tent pegging) FIT (touch football) ITRA (trail running) IAU (ultra running)

International Olympic Committee International World Games Association Global Association of International Sports Federations

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Cricket
portal