HOME
The Info List - International Astronomical Union


--- Advertisement ---



The International
International
Astronomical Union (IAU; French: Union astronomique internationale, UAI) is an international association of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond, active in professional research and education in astronomy.[2] Among other activities, it acts as the internationally recognized authority for assigning designations to celestial bodies (stars, planets, asteroids, etc.) and any surface features on them.[3] The IAU is a member of the International
International
Council for Science (ICSU). Its main objective is to promote and safeguard the science of astronomy in all its aspects through international cooperation. The IAU maintains friendly relations with organizations that include amateur astronomers in their membership. The IAU has its head office on the second floor of the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris
Paris
in the 14th arrondissement of Paris.[4] Working groups include the Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN), which maintains the astronomical naming conventions and planetary nomenclature for planetary bodies, and the Working Group on Star
Star
Names (WGSN), which catalogs and standardizes proper names for stars. The IAU is also responsible for the system of astronomical telegrams which are produced and distributed on its behalf by the Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams. The Minor Planet
Planet
Center also operates under the IAU, and is a "clearinghouse" for all non-planetary or non-moon bodies in the Solar System.[5] The Working Group for Meteor Shower Nomenclature and the Meteor Data Center coordinate the nomenclature of meteor showers.

Contents

1 History 2 Composition 3 General Assemblies 4 The Commission 46: Education in astronomy 5 List of IAU-approved Star
Star
Names 6 Publications 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] The IAU was founded on July 28, 1919, at the Consitutive Assembly of the International
International
Research Council (now International
International
Council for Science) held in Brussels, Belgium.[6][7] Two subsidiaries of the IAU were also created at this assembly: the International
International
Time Commission seated at the International
International
Time Bureau in Paris, France, and the International
International
Central Bureau of Astronomical Telegrams initially seated in Copenhagen, Denmark.[6] The 7 initial member states were Belgium, Canada, France, Great Britain, Greece, Japan, and the United States, soon to be followed by Italy and Mexico.[6] The first executive committee consisted of Benjamin Baillaud (President, France), Alfred Fowler
Alfred Fowler
(General Secretary, UK), and four vice presidents: William Campbell (USA), Frank Dyson (UK), Georges Lecointe (Belgium), and Annibale Riccò (Italy).[6] Thirty-two Commissions (referred to initially as Standing Committees) were appointed at the Brussels meeting and focused on topics ranging from relativity to minor planets. The reports of these 32 Commissions formed the main substance of the first General Assembly, which took place in Rome, Italy, May 2–10, 1922. By the end of the first General Assembly, ten additional nations (Australia, Brazil, Czecho-Slovakia, Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, South Africa, and Spain) had joined the Union, bringing the total membership to 19 countries. Although the Union was officially formed eight months after the end of World War I, international collaboration in astronomy had been strong in the pre-war era (e.g., the Astronomische Gesellschaft Katalog projects since 1868, the Astrographic Catalogue since 1887, and the International
International
Union for Solar research since 1904).[6] The first 50 years of the Union's history are well documented.[6][7] Subsequent history is recorded in the form of reminiscences of past IAU Presidents and General Secretaries. Twelve of the fourteen past General Secretaries in the period 1964-2006 contributed their recollections of the Union's history in IAU Information Bulletin No. 100.[8] Six past IAU Presidents in the period 1976–2003 also contributed their recollections in IAU Information Bulletin No. 104.[9] Composition[edit] The IAU includes a total of 12,664 individual members who are professional astronomers from 96 countries worldwide.[10] 83% of all individual members are male, while 17% are female, among them the union's current president, Mexican astronomer Silvia Torres-Peimbert. Membership also includes 79 national members, professional astronomical communities representing their country's affiliation with the IAU. National members include the Australian Academy of Science, the Chinese Astronomical Society, the French Academy of Sciences, the Indian National Science Academy, the National Academies (United States), the National Research Foundation of South Africa, the National Scientific and Technical Research Council (Argentina), KACST (Saudi Arabia), the Council of German Observatories, the Royal Astronomical Society (United Kingdom), the Royal Astronomical Society of New Zealand, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Science Council of Japan, among many others.[11] The sovereign body of the IAU is its General Assembly, which comprises all members. The Assembly determines IAU policy, approves the Statutes and By-Laws of the Union (and amendments proposed thereto) and elects various committees. The right to vote on matters brought before the Assembly varies according to the type of business under discussion. The Statutes consider such business to be divided into two categories:

issues of a "primarily scientific nature" (as determined by the Executive Committee), upon which voting is restricted to individual members, and all other matters (such as Statute revision and procedural questions), upon which voting is restricted to the representatives of national members.

On budget matters (which fall into the second category), votes are weighted according to the relative subscription levels of the national members. A second category vote requires a turnout of at least two-thirds of national members in order to be valid. An absolute majority is sufficient for approval in any vote, except for Statute revision which requires a two-thirds majority. An equality of votes is resolved by the vote of the President of the Union.

The IAU includes member organizations from 79 countries (designated as National Members)[11]

General Assemblies[edit] Since 1922, the IAU General Assembly meets every three years, with the exception of the period between 1938 and 1948, due to World War II. After a Polish request in 1967, and by a controversial decision of the then President of the IAU, an Extraordinary IAU General Assembly was held in September 1973 in Warsaw, Poland,[12] to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the birth of Nicolaus Copernicus, soon after the regular 1973 GA had been held in Sydney, Australia.

Meeting Year Venue

Ist IAU General Assembly (1st) 1922 Rome, Italy

IInd IAU General Assembly (2nd) 1925 Cambridge, England, United Kingdom

IIIrd IAU General Assembly (3rd) 1928 Leiden, Netherlands

IVth IAU General Assembly (4th) 1932 Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Vth IAU General Assembly (5th) 1935 Paris, France

VIth IAU General Assembly (6th) 1938 Stockholm, Sweden

VIIth IAU General Assembly (7th) 1948 Zürich, Switzerland

VIIIth IAU General Assembly (8th) 1952 Rome, Italy

IXth IAU General Assembly (9th) 1955 Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Xth IAU General Assembly (10th) 1958 Moscow, Soviet Union

XIth IAU General Assembly (11th) 1961 Berkeley, California, United States

XIIth IAU General Assembly (12th) 1964 Hamburg, West Germany

XIIIth IAU General Assembly (13th) 1967 Prague, Czechoslovakia

XIVth IAU General Assembly (14th) 1970 Brighton, England, United Kingdom

XVth IAU General Assembly (15th) 1973 Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

XVIth IAU General Assembly (16th) 1976 Grenoble, France

XVIIth IAU General Assembly (17th) 1979 Montreal, Quebec, Canada

XVIIIth IAU General Assembly (18th) 1982 Patras, Greece

XIXth IAU General Assembly (19th) 1985 New Delhi, India

XXth IAU General Assembly (20th) 1988 Baltimore, Maryland, United States

XXIst IAU General Assembly (21st) 1991 Buenos Aires, Argentina

XXIInd IAU General Assembly (22nd) 1994 The Hague, Netherlands

XXIIIrd IAU General Assembly (23rd) 1997 Kyoto, Kansai, Japan

XXIVth IAU General Assembly (24th) 2000 Manchester, England, United Kingdom

XXVth IAU General Assembly (25th) 2003 Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

XXVIth IAU General Assembly (26th) 2006 Prague, Czech Republic

XXVIIth IAU General Assembly (27th) 2009 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

XXVIIIth IAU General Assembly (28th) 2012 Beijing, China

XXIXth IAU General Assembly (29th) 2015 Honolulu, Hawaii, United States

XXXth IAU General Assembly (30th) 2018 Vienna, Austria

XXXIst IAU General Assembly (31st) 2021 Busan, South Korea

The Commission 46: Education in astronomy[edit] Commission 46 is a Committee of the Executive Committee of the IAU, playing a special role in the discussion of astronomy development with governments and scientific academies. The IAU is affiliated with the International
International
Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU), a non-governmental organization representing a global membership that includes both national scientific bodies and international scientific unions. They often encourage countries to become members of the IAU. The Commission further seeks to development, information or improvement of astronomical education. Part of Commission 46, is Teaching Astronomy for Development (TAD) program in countries where there is currently very little astronomical education. Another program is named the Galileo Teacher Training Program (GTTP), being a project of the International
International
Year of Astronomy
Astronomy
2009, among which Hands-On Universe that will concentrate more resources on education activities for children and schools designed to advance sustainable global development. GTTP is also concerned with the effective use and transfer of astronomy education tools and resources into classroom science curricula. A strategic plan for the period 2010-2020 has been published.[13] List of IAU-approved Star
Star
Names[edit] List of IAU-approved Star
Star
Names The entry: List of proper names of stars Publications[edit]

Cover picture of CAP Journal issue 19[14]

In 2004 the IAU contracted with the Cambridge
Cambridge
University Press to publish the Proceedings of the International
International
Astronomical Union.[15] In 2007, the Communicating Astronomy
Astronomy
with the Public Journal Working Group prepared a study assessing the feasibility of the Communicating Astronomy
Astronomy
with the Public Journal (CAP Journal). See also[edit]

Astronomical acronyms Astronomical naming conventions Planetary nomenclature

References[edit]

^ Fienberg, Rick (14 August 2015). "A New Tally of Individual IAU Members" (PDF). Kai'aleleiaka. p. 3. Retrieved 11 October 2016.  ^ "About the IAU". International
International
Astronomical Union. Retrieved 11 October 2016.  ^ Overbye, Dennis (4 August 2014). "You Won't Meet the Beatles in Space - Plan to Liven Official Naming of Stars and Planets Hits Clunky Notes". New York Times. Retrieved 11 October 2016.  ^ "IAU Secretariat." International
International
Astronomical Union. Retrieved on 26 May 2011. "Address: IAU - UAI Secretariat 98-bis Blvd Arago F–75014 PARIS FRANCE" and "The IAU Secretariat is located in the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 2nd floor, offices n°270, 271 and 283." ^ "Centres – Minor Planet
Planet
Center". International
International
Astronomical Union. Retrieved 20 April 2016.  ^ a b c d e f Blaauw, Adriaan (1994). History of the IAU : the birth and first half-century of the International
International
Astronomical Union. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 0-7923-2979-1.  ^ a b Adams, Walter S. (February 1949). "The History of the International
International
Astronomical Union" (PDF). Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 61 (358): 5. Bibcode:1949PASP...61....5A. doi:10.1086/126108. Retrieved 20 April 2016.  ^ IAU Information Bulletin No. 100, July 2007 ^ IAU Information Bulletin No. 104, June 2009 ^ As of 1 February 2017, IAU.org ^ a b "National Members". International
International
Astronomical Union. Retrieved 11 October 2016.  ^ https://www.iau.org/science/meetings/past/general_assemblies/72/ ^ Astronomy
Astronomy
for the Developing World, Building from the IYA 2009, Strategic Plan 2010-20 ^ "CAPjournal Rosetta Special
Special
Out Now". Retrieved 28 March 2016.  ^ "Proceedings of the International
International
Astronomical Union". Cambridge Journals Online. Cambridge
Cambridge
University Press. Retrieved 1 September 2015. 

Statutes of the IAU, VII General Assembly (1948), pp. 13–15

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to International
International
Astronomical Union.

Official website XXVIth General Assembly 2006 XXVIIth General Assembly 2009 XXVIIIth General Assembly 2012 XXIXth General Assembly 2015 XXXth General Assembly 2018

v t e

International
International
Council for Science (ICSU)

National members

Albania Angola Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Bolivia Bosnia & Herzegovina (Republic of Srpska) Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cameroon Canada Caribbean Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Czech Republic Côte d'Ivoire Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Hungary India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria North Korea Norway Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russia Rwanda Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa South Korea South Pacific Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vatican City Venezuela Vietnam Zambia Zimbabwe

International scientific unions

International
International
Astronomical Union (IAU) International
International
Brain Research Organization (IBRO) International
International
Cartographic Association (ICA) International
International
Geographical Union (IGU) International
International
Mathematical Union (IMU) International
International
Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS) International
International
Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine (IUPESM) International
International
Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics (IUPAB) International
International
Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) International
International
Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (IUAES) International
International
Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology (IUPHAR) International
International
Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) International
International
Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS) International
International
Union of Crystallography (IUCr) International
International
Union of Food Science and Technology (IUFoST) International
International
Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) International
International
Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) International
International
Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) International
International
Union of History and Philosophy of Science (IUHPS) International
International
Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) International
International
Union of Materials Research Societies (IUMRS) International
International
Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS) International
International
Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS) International
International
Union of Physiological Sciences (IUPS) International
International
Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS ) International
International
Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) International
International
Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) International
International
Union of Radio Science (URSI) International
International
Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) International
International
Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM) International
International
Union of Toxicology

Scientific associates

Academia de Ciencias de América Latina (ACAL) Engineering Committee on Oceanic Resources (ECOR) Federation of Asian Scientific Academies and Societies (FASAS) International
International
Arctic Science Committee (IASC) International
International
Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR) International
International
Commission for Acoustics (ICA) International
International
Commission for Optics (ICO) International
International
Council for Laboratory Animal Science (ICLAS) International
International
Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) International
International
Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) International
International
Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) International
International
Federation of Societies for Microscopy (IFSM) International
International
Federation of Surveyors (FIG) International
International
Foundation for Science (IFS) International
International
Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) International
International
Union for Vacuum Science, Technique and Applications (IUVSTA) International
International
Union of Speleology (UIS) International
International
Water Association (IWA) Pacific Science Association (PSA) Society for Social Studies of Science (4S) The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS)

Astronomy
Astronomy
portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153155943 LCCN: n79049221 ISNI: 0000 0001 0945 5675 GND: 1033-9 SUDOC: 034886885 BNF: cb11867739k (data) NLA: 35227297 NDL: 00925510

.