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The International Air Transport Association
International Air Transport Association
(IATA /aɪˈɑːtə/[1]) is a trade association of the world’s airlines. Consisting of 278 airlines, primarily major carriers, representing 117 countries, the IATA's member airlines account for carrying approximately 83% of total Available Seat Miles air traffic.[2] IATA supports airline activity and helps formulate industry policy and standards. It is headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada with Executive Offices in Geneva, Switzerland.[3]

Contents

1 History 2 Priorities

2.1 Safety 2.2 Security 2.3 Simplifying the Business 2.4 Environment 2.5 Services 2.6 Strategic partners 2.7 Publications - standards

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] IATA was formed in April 1945 in Havana, Cuba. It is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, which was formed in 1919 at The Hague, Netherlands.[4] At its founding, IATA consisted of 57 airlines from 31 countries. Much of IATA’s early work was technical and it provided input to the newly created International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which was reflected in the annexes of the Chicago Convention, the international treaty that still governs the conduct of international air transport today. The Chicago Convention couldn’t resolve the issue of who flies where, however, and this has resulted in the thousands of bilateral air transport agreements in existence today. The benchmark standard for the early bilaterals was the 1946 United States-United Kingdom Bermuda Agreement.[5][6] IATA was also charged by the governments with setting a coherent fare structure that avoided cut-throat competition but also looked after the interests of the consumer. The first Traffic Conference was held in 1947[7] in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
and reached unanimous agreement on some 400 resolutions. Aviation grew rapidly over the following decades and IATA’s work duly expanded. Priorities[edit] Safety[edit] Safety is the number one priority for IATA.[8] The main instrument for safety is the IATA Operational Safety Audit
IATA Operational Safety Audit
(IOSA). IOSA has also been mandated at the state level by several countries. In 2017, aviation posted its safest year ever, surpassing the previous record set in 2012. The new global Western-built jet accident rate became the equivalent of one accident every 7.36 million flights.[9] Future improvements will be founded on data sharing with a database fed by a multitude of sources and housed by the Global Safety Information Center. In June 2014 the IATA set up a special panel to study measures to track aircraft in flight in real time. The move was in response to the disappearance without trace of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370
Malaysia Airlines Flight 370
on 8 March 2014.[10] Security[edit] Security has become increasingly important following the September 11 attacks in 2001. Following a series of uncoordinated rules by different countries, the industry has developed a Checkpoint of the Future,[11][12] which is based on risk assessment and passenger differentiation. Simplifying the Business[edit] Simplifying the Business[13] was launched in 2004. This initiative has introduced a number of crucial concepts to passenger travel, including the electronic ticket[14] and the bar coded boarding pass. Many other innovations are being established as part of the Fast Travel initiative, including a range of self-service baggage options. An innovative program, launched in 2012 is New Distribution Capability.[15] This will replace the pre-Internet EDIFACT messaging standard that is still the basis of the global distribution system /travel agent channel and replace it with an XML standard.[16] This will enable the same choices to be offered to high street travel shoppers as are offered to those who book directly through airline websites. A filing with the US Department of Transportation brought over 400 comments.[17][18] Environment[edit] IATA members and all industry stakeholders have agreed to three sequential environmental goals:

An average improvement in fuel efficiency of 1.5% per annum from 2009 through 2020 A cap on net carbon emissions from aviation from 2020 (carbon-neutral growth) A 50% reduction in net aviation carbon emissions by 2050 relative to 2005 levels.

At the 69th IATA annual general meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, members overwhelmingly endorsed a resolution on “Implementation of the Aviation Carbon-Neutral Growth (CNG2020) Strategy.”[19] The resolution provides governments with a set of principles on how governments could:

Establish procedures for a single market-based measure (MBM) Integrate a single MBM as part of an overall package of measures to achieve CNG2020

IATA member airlines agreed that a single mandatory carbon offsetting scheme would be the simplest and most effective option for an MBM. Services[edit] IATA provides consulting and training services in many areas crucial to aviation. Travel Agent accreditation is available for travel professionals. Full accreditation allows agents to sell tickets on behalf of all IATA member airlines. Cargo Agent accreditation is a similar program. IATA also runs the Billing and Settlement Plan, which is a $300 billion-plus financial system that looks after airline money. And it provides a number of business intelligence publications and services. Training covers all aspects of aviation and ranges from beginner courses through to senior management courses. IATA manages the Ticket Tax Box Service (TTBS), a database of taxes for airlines.[20] Strategic partners[edit] IATA's Strategic Partners are aviation solution providers who, through their work with various IATA work groups, help build and maintain relationships with key industry stakeholders and work with IATA in serving the air transport industry.[21] Publications - standards[edit] A number of standards are defined under the umbrella of IATA. One of the most important is the transport of dangerous goods (HAZMAT). See also[edit]

Air Transport Action Group (ATAG) Conex box Flight planning IATA airport code IATA Operational Safety Audit
IATA Operational Safety Audit
(IOSA) International Civil Aviation Organization
International Civil Aviation Organization
(ICAO) International Society of Transport Aircraft Trading Kenneth Beaumont Standard Schedules Information Manual

References[edit]

^ "IATA". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. 11 July 2013.  ^ "IATA by Region". International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 14 February 2016.  ^ "International Air Transport Association". CAPA Centre for Aviation. Retrieved 2 February 2015.  ^ Sebastian Höhne. "IT in general Aviation: Pen and Paper vs. Bits and Bytes" (PDF). hoehne.net. p. 38. Retrieved 5 May 2014.  ^ "Contemporary Issues in Air Transport Air Law & Regulation" (PDF). Institute of Air & Space Law, McGill University, Montreal. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ "Bilateral Air Service Agreements". Aviation Knowledge. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ Airline
Airline
Tariff Publishing Company. "ATPCO corporate history". Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ "Safety top priority for aviation industry: IATA". China Daily. Retrieved 2 February 2015.  ^ Oliver Smith. "2017 was the safest year in aviation history – but which was the deadliest?". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 January 2018.  ^ "IATA wants new airline tracking equipment". Malaysia Sun. Retrieved 10 June 2014.  ^ "IATA Reveals Checkpoint of the Future". EVA International Media LTD, Aviation Publishers & Events Specialists. Retrieved 18 November 2013. [permanent dead link] ^ "IATA reveals checkpoint of the future". SecureIDNews. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ Gouldman, Anna (25 April 2005). "Airlines to Scrap Paper Tickets by 2007: Industry Feedback". Breaking Travel News. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ Greenwood, Gemma (27 August 2007). "IATA makes final paper ticket order". Arabian Travel News. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ Boehmer, Jay (18 October 2012). "IATA Votes To Adopt New Distribution Standards". The Beat. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ IATA. Cargo-XML Standards: Modernizing air cargo communication. ^ Vanasse, Zachary-Cy (1 May 2013). "New Distribution Capability Or New Industry Model?". Travel Hot News. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ Orukpe, Abel. "IATA urges stakeholders to collaborate, give passengers value". Daily Independent. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ Harvey, Fiona (4 June 2013). "Airlines agree to curb their greenhouse gas emissions by 2020". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 November 2013.  ^ "Ticket Box Tax Service (TTBS)" TTBS ^ "IATA Strategic Partners". IATA Strategic Partners. Archived from the original on 27 March 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 

External links[edit]

Official website Clippings about International Air Transport Association
International Air Transport Association
in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics (ZBW).

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Members of the International Air Transport Association

Africa regional office

Africa World Airlines Air Botswana Air Burkina Air Madagascar Air Mauritius Air Namibia Air Seychelles Airlink Allied Air Arik Air Camair-Co CemAir Comair Dana Air Ethiopian Airlines FlySafair Kenya Airways LAM Mozambique Airlines Overland Airways Precision Air RwandAir Safair South African Airways South African Express TAAG Angola Airlines TACV

Asia-Pacific regional office

Air Calédonie Air India Air New Zealand Air Niugini Air Tahiti Air Tahiti
Air Tahiti
Nui Air Vanuatu Aircalin All Nippon Airways Asiana Airlines Bangkok Airways Biman Bangladesh Airlines Fiji Airways Garuda Indonesia Japan Airlines Jet Airways Korean Air Lao Airlines Malaysia Airlines Myanmar Airways International Nippon Cargo Airlines Pakistan International Airlines Philippine Airlines Qantas Royal Brunei Airlines SilkAir Singapore Airlines Singapore Airlines
Singapore Airlines
Cargo SriLankan Airlines T'way Air Thai Airways Thai Lion Air VietJet Air Vietnam Airlines Virgin Australia

China and North Asia regional office

Air China Air Koryo Air Macau Beijing Capital Airlines Cathay Dragon Cathay Pacific China Airlines China Cargo Airlines China Eastern Airlines China Express Airlines China Postal Airlines China Southern Airlines EVA Air GX Airlines Hainan Airlines Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong Express Juneyao Airlines Loong Air Lucky Air Mandarin Airlines MIAT Mongolian Airlines Okay Airways SF Airlines Shandong Airlines Shanghai Airlines Shenzhen Airlines Sichuan Airlines Suparna Airlines Tianjin Airlines XiamenAir

Europe regional office

Adria Airways Aegean Airlines Aer Lingus Aigle Azur Air Austral airBaltic Air Corsica Air Europa Air France Air Malta Air Nostrum Air Serbia Alitalia Arkia AtlasGlobal Austrian Airlines Azores Airlines Binter Canarias Blue Air Blue Panorama Airlines BMI Regional Braathens Regional Aviation British Airways Brussels Airlines Bulgaria Air CAL Cargo Air Lines Cargolux Carpatair CityJet Cobalt Air Condor Corendon Airlines Corsair International Croatia Airlines Czech Airlines DHL Air UK El Al EuroAtlantic Airways European Air Transport Leipzig Eurowings Finnair Flybe Freebird Airlines Germania Hahn Air Hi Fly Iberia Icelandair InterSky Israir Airlines KLM LOT Polish Airlines Lufthansa Lufthansa
Lufthansa
Cargo Lufthansa
Lufthansa
CityLine Luxair Malmö Aviation Martinair Meridiana Mistral Air Montenegro Airlines Neos Nextjet Niki Olympic Air Onur Air Pegasus Airlines Portugália Airlines PrivatAir Scandinavian Airlines SATA Air Açores SunExpress Swiss International Air Lines TAP Air Portugal TAROM Turkish Airlines TUIfly Vueling Virgin Atlantic Wamos Air White Airways Widerøe

Latin America and the Caribbean regional office

ABSA Cargo Airline Aerolíneas Argentinas Aeroméxico Austral Líneas Aéreas Avianca Avianca
Avianca
Brazil Avianca
Avianca
Costa Rica Avianca
Avianca
Ecuador Avianca
Avianca
El Salvador Avianca
Avianca
Perú Azul Brazilian Airlines Bahamasair Boliviana de Aviación Caribbean Airlines Cayman Airways Copa Airlines Copa Airlines
Copa Airlines
Colombia Cubana de Aviación Gol Transportes Aéreos Insel Air Interjet LATAM Argentina LATAM Brasil LATAM Cargo Brasil LATAM Cargo Chile LATAM Cargo Mexico LATAM Chile LATAM Colombia LATAM Ecuador LATAM Paraguay LATAM Perú LIAT MasAir SBA Airlines Sky Airline Surinam Airways TAME Volaris

Middle East and North Africa regional office

Air Algérie Air Arabia Air Cairo AlMasria Universal Airlines DHL International Aviation ME EgyptAir Emirates Etihad Airways Flydubai FlyEgypt Gulf Air Iran Air Iran Air
Iran Air
Tours Iran Aseman Airlines Jazeera Airways Jordan Aviation Kish Air Kuwait Airways Mahan Air Mauritania Airlines International Middle East Airlines Nesma Airlines Nile Air Nouvelair Oman Air Qatar Airways Royal Air Maroc Royal Jordanian Safi Airways Saudia Syrian Air Tassili Airlines Tunisair Yemenia

North America regional office

Air Canada Air Transat Alaska Airlines American Airlines Atlas Air Cargojet
Cargojet
Airways Delta Air Lines FedEx Express Hawaiian Airlines JetBlue
JetBlue
Airways United Airlines UPS Airlines WestJet

Russia and the CIS regional office

Aeroflot Air Astana Air Moldova AirBridgeCargo Azerbaijan Airlines Belavia Dniproavia Georgian Airways Nordavia Nordwind Airlines Rossiya Airlines S7 Airlines Ukraine International Airlines Ural Airlines Utair
Utair
Aviation Uzbekistan Airways Volga-Dnepr Airlines

v t e

Commercial air travel

Airlines

Airline
Airline
codes Airline
Airline
holding companies Charter airlines Low-cost airlines Passenger airlines Regional airlines

Alliances

Oneworld SkyTeam Star Alliance Value Alliance Vanilla Alliance U-FLY Alliance

Trade groups

International (ACO ATAG IATA IATAN ISTAT) United States (A4A RAA) Europe (AEA EBAA ELFAA ERA) Other regions (AACO AAPA AFRAA RAAA)

Aircrew

Captain First Officer Second Officer Third Officer Flight attendant Flight engineer Loadmaster Pilot Purser Deadheading

Airliner

Travel class

First class (aviation) First class travel Business Premium economy Economy

Aircraft cabin Aircraft lavatory Aircraft seat map Airline
Airline
meal Airline
Airline
seat Buy on board Crew rest compartment In-flight entertainment Inflight smoking Galley Sickness bag

Airport

Aerodrome Airline
Airline
hub Airport
Airport
check-in Airport
Airport
lounge Airport
Airport
rail link Airport
Airport
terminal Airstair Boarding Domestic airport Gate International airport Jet bridge Low cost carrier terminal Runway Transit hotel

Customs
Customs
/ Immigration

Arrival card
Arrival card
(Landing card) Border control Departure card Passport Timatic Travel document Visa

Environmental impact

Hypermobility Impact on environment

Law

Air transport agreement

Bermuda Agreement
Bermuda Agreement
(UK-US, 1946-78) Bermuda II Agreement (UK-US, 1978-2008) China-US Cross-Strait charter
Cross-Strait charter
(China-Taiwan)

Beijing Convention Cape Town
Cape Town
Treaty Chicago Convention Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives European Common Aviation Area Flight permit Freedoms of the air Hague Hijacking Convention Hague Protocol ICAO Montreal
Montreal
Convention Open skies
Open skies
(EU–US Open Skies Agreement) Paris Convention of 1919 Rome Convention Sabotage Convention Tokyo Convention Warsaw Convention

Luggage

Bag tag Baggage
Baggage
allowance Baggage
Baggage
carousel Baggage
Baggage
cart Baggage
Baggage
reclaim Baggage
Baggage
handler Baggage
Baggage
handling system Checked baggage Hand luggage Lost luggage Luggage lock

Safety

Air Navigation and Transport Act Air rage Air traffic control
Air traffic control
(ATC) Aircraft safety card Airport
Airport
authority Airport
Airport
crash tender Airport
Airport
police Airport
Airport
security Brace position Evacuation slide Flight recorder National aviation authority Overwing exits Pre-flight safety demonstration Sky marshal Unruly aircraft passenger

Ticketing

Airline
Airline
booking ploys Airline
Airline
reservations system Airline
Airline
ticket Airline
Airline
timetable Bereavement flight Boarding pass Codeshare agreement Continent pass Electronic ticket Fare basis code Flight cancellation and delay Frequent-flyer program Government contract flight One-way travel Open-jaw ticket Passenger name record Red-eye flight Round-the-world ticket Standby Tracking Travel agency Travel website

Groundcrew

Aircraft maintenance technician Aircraft ground handler Baggage
Baggage
handler Flight dispatcher

Miscellaneous

Mile high club

Aviation portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 142731388 LCCN: n81038751 ISNI: 0000 0001 2173 3092 GND: 1011-X SELIBR: 119042 SUDOC: 027604497 BNF: cb12044483v (data) NLA: 35226218 NDL: 002

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