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International rules football
International rules football
(Irish: Peil na rialacha idirnáisiunta; also known as inter rules in Australia and compromise rules in Ireland) is a team sport consisting of a hybrid of football codes, which was developed to facilitate international representative matches between Australian rules football
Australian rules football
players and Gaelic football
Gaelic football
players. The first tour, known as the Australian Football
Football
World Tour, took place in 1967, with matches played in Ireland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The following year, games were played between Australia and a touring County Meath Gaelic football
Gaelic football
team, Meath being the reigning All-Ireland senior football champions.[1] Following intermittent international tests between Australia and Ireland, the International Rules Series
International Rules Series
between the senior Australian international rules football team and Ireland international rules football team
Ireland international rules football team
has been played intermittently since 1984, and has generally been a closely matched contest. The sport has raised interest and exposure in developing markets for Gaelic and Australian football and has been considered a development tool by governing bodies of both codes, particularly by the AFL Commission. International rules football
International rules football
does not have any dedicated clubs or leagues. It is currently played by men's, women's, and junior teams only in tournaments or Test matches.

Contents

1 Rules

1.1 2006 rule changes 1.2 2008 rule changes 1.3 2014 rule changes 1.4 Women's internal rules football 1.5 Juniors 1.6 Amateurs 1.7 Masters

2 International rules football
International rules football
around the world 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Rules[edit] The rules are designed to provide a compromise or combine between those of the two codes, with Gaelic football
Gaelic football
players being advantaged by the use of a round ball and a rectangular field measured about 160 yards long by 98 yards wide (Australian rules uses an oval ball and field), while the Australian rules football
Australian rules football
players benefit from the opportunity to tackle by grabbing between the shoulders and thighs and pulling to the ground, something banned in Gaelic football. The game also introduces the concept of the mark, from Australian rules football, with a free kick awarded for a ball caught from a kick of over 15 metres, where the kick must be in the forward direction if originating from a teammate.[2] A player must bounce, solo (kick into one's own hands) or touch the ball on the ground once every 10 metres or six steps.[2] A maximum of two bounces per possession are allowed, while players can solo the ball as often as they wish on a possession.[2] Unlike in Gaelic football, the ball may be lifted directly off the ground, without putting a foot underneath it first.[2] Players however cannot scoop the ball off the ground to a team-mate, nor pick up the ball if they are on their knees or on the ground.[2] If a foul is committed, a free kick will be awarded, though referees (called umpires in Australian Rules) can give the fouled player advantage to play on at their discretion.[2]

Scoring in International rules football

The game uses two large posts usually sets 6.5 metres apart, and connected 2.5 metres above the ground by a crossbar with a goal net that could extend behind the goalposts and attached to the crossbar and lower goalposts, as in Gaelic football. A further 6.5 metres apart on either side of those and not connected by a crossbar are 2 small posts, known as behind posts, as in Australian rules football. Points are scored as follows:

Under the crossbar and into the goal net (a goal): 6 points, umpire waves a green flag and raises both index fingers.[2] Over the crossbar and between the two large posts (an over): 3 points, umpire waves red flag and raises one arm above his head.[2] Between either of the large posts and small posts (a behind): 1 point, umpire waves white flag and raises one index finger.[2]

Scores are written so as to clarify how many of each type of score were made as well as, like Australian football, giving the total points score for each team; for example, if a team scores one goal, four overs and 10 behinds, the score is written as 1-4-10 (28), meaning one goal (six points) plus 4 overs (4 × 3 = 12 points) plus 10 behinds (10 × 1 = 10 points), for a total score of 28 points. An international rules match lasts for 72 minutes (divided into four quarters of 18 minutes each).[2] Inter-county Gaelic football
Gaelic football
matches go on for 70 minutes, divided into two halves, and Australian rules matches consist of four 20 minute quarters of game time, although with the addition of stoppage time, most quarters actually last between 25 and 30 minutes. As in Gaelic football, teams consist of fifteen players, including a goalkeeper, whereas eighteen are used in Australian rules (with no keeper). 2006 rule changes[edit] A number of rule changes were introduced before the 2006 International Rules Series:

Time per quarter was reduced from 20 minutes to 18 minutes. A player who received a red card is to be sent off and no replacement is allowed; in addition to this a penalty is awarded regardless of where the incident takes place. (Previously a replacement was allowed and a penalty was only awarded if the incident happened in the penalty area.)[3] A yellow card now means a 15-minute sin bin for the offending player, who will be sent off if he receives a second card.[4]

2008 rule changes[edit]

Maximum of 10[5] interchanges per quarter. Teams are allowed only four consecutive hand passes (ball must then be kicked).[5] Match time reduced from 80 minutes to 72 minutes (18 minutes per quarter).[2] The goalkeeper can no longer kick the ball to himself from the kick-out.[2] Suspensions may carry over to GAA and AFL matches if the Match Review Panel sees fit.[2] A dangerous "slinging" tackle will be an automatic red card. A front-on bump (known as a shirtfront in Australian football) endangering the head will result in a red card. Physical intimidation can result in a yellow card. The keeper cannot be tackled or touched when the keeper is charging. An independent referee can cite players for reportable offences from the stands. Yellow card sin bin reduced to 10 minutes.[2]

2014 rule changes[edit]

Maximum number of interchanges per quarter increased from 10 to 16. Unlimited number of interchanges allowed at quarter and half time breaks. Number of consecutive hand-passes teams are allowed increased from 4 to 6. Marks will not be paid for backwards kicks caught by a teammate. Goalkeepers required to kick the ball out beyond the 45 m line after all wides, behinds and overs. Failure of a goalkeeper to kick over the 45 m line will result in a free kick to the opposition (from the 45 m line).[6]

Women's internal rules football[edit] See also: Australia women's international rules football team While ladies' Gaelic football
Gaelic football
has been growing almost exponentially since the 1970s, Women's Australian rules football
Australian rules football
has far fewer players, though numbers have grown strongly since the 1990s. In early 2006, representatives of the Ladies' Gaelic Football
Football
Association and Women's Australian Football
Football
Leagues met at a Ladies' Gaelic football festival in Singapore, and agreed to compete in the hybrid version of the two football codes to coincide with the senior men's series. The 2006 Women's Series has been the only series to take place.

2006 Women's Series

Date Teams Stadium Location Attendance

31 October 2006 Ireland 6.26.16 (134) def. Australia 1.2.3 (15) Breffni Park Cavan

[7][8]

4 November 2006 Ireland 3.5.6 (39) def. Australia 0.4.6 (18) Parnell Park Dublin

[8]

Juniors[edit] Among the first schoolboys' international tests was that played in Melbourne
Melbourne
in 1983, when a Victorian under-17 team played Ireland. An interesting twist in these compromise matches is that the ball used was the oval shaped Australian football rather than the round ball.[9] An official junior series at Under-17 level has been played in alternate nations since the early 2000s. Ireland completed a hat-trick of series wins from 2003–2005 before Australia won the junior series for 2006. The junior series was largely instituted by both leagues as a means to identify emerging talent. It has since been abandoned.

2005 Junior Series

Date Result Venue Location Age Notes

2005 Game 1 Ireland 73 def. Australia 32 Crossmaglen, County Armagh U/17 [10]

2005 Game 2 Ireland 44 def. by Australia 56 Dublin, County Dublin U/17 [10]

2005 Game 3 Ireland 39 def. Australia 31 Killarney, County Kerry U/17 [10]

Australian player of the series: Joel Selwood Irish player of the series: Ray Cullivan

2006 Junior Series

Date Result Venue Location Age Notes

2006 Game 1 Australia 0.11.6 (39) drew Ireland 2.7.6 (39) Docklands Stadium, Melbourne U/17 [11]

2006 Game 2 Australia 1.6.11 (35) drew Ireland 3.4.5 (35) Football
Football
Park, Adelaide U/17 [11]

2006 Game 3 Australia 2.6.15 (45) def. Ireland 1.6.6 (30) Fremantle Oval, Perth U/17 [12]

Irish player of the series: Kevin Nolan Australian player of the series: Bryce Gibbs

Amateurs[edit] The Australian Amateur Football
Football
Council has sent an amateur Under-23 All-Australian team to Ireland in both 2005 and 2008. The Australian amateur team wore a different jersey to the AFL representative side, dark green and gold, with a kangaroo emblem. Recently, the Victorian Amateur Football
Football
Association (VAFA) has sent a squad of players sourced from the top six divisions of its competition to tour Ireland and play various clubs and representative teams.[13]

Amateur matches

Date Teams Stadium Location Attendance Notes

2005 AAFC (U-23) 17 def. by Ireland GAA 105 Croke Park Dublin, County Dublin N/A [14]

2005 AAFC (U-23) 30 def. by All-Ireland Universities 34 University Grounds National University of Ireland, Galway N/A [14]

2005 AAFC (U-23) 74 def. Irish Banks/Allied Forces 52 Pearse Stadium Galway, County Galway N/A [14]

2005 AAFC (U-23) 53 def. Bishopstown GAA
Bishopstown GAA
47 Bishopstown GAA
Bishopstown GAA
Club Cork County Cork N/A [14]

2008 AAFC (U-23) 46 def. Bishopstown GAA
Bishopstown GAA
39 Bishopstown GAA
Bishopstown GAA
Club Cork, County Cork

[15]

2008 AAFC (U-23) 55 def. by Donaghmore Ashbourne 60 Killegland West Ashbourne, County Meath 2,500 [15]

2008 Sydney AFL
Sydney AFL
43 def. NSW GAA 42 Mahoney Park Marrickville, New South Wales

[16]

2011 VAFA
VAFA
28 def. Donaghmore Ashbourne 26 Killegland West Ashbourne, County Meath

[13]

2011 VAFA
VAFA
7 def. by Ireland GAA 81 Croke Park Dublin, County Dublin

[13]

2013 VAFA
VAFA
102 def. Na Piarsaigh 16 Páirc Uí Chonaire Cork City, County Cork

[17]

2013 VAFA
VAFA
0.10.9 (39) def. by Combined Dublin
Dublin
Universities 4.10.3 (57) St Vincent's GAA Club Marino, Dublin, County Dublin

[18]

Masters[edit] International rules also has a masters category with several competitions. There is also a Masters International Rules Series
International Rules Series
which follows the format of the senior men's series and involves many retired Australian Rules and Gaelic Football
Football
players. International rules football
International rules football
around the world[edit]

The 2014 International Rules match at the University of Birmingham

International rules is played in various locations throughout North America and the Caribbean, Europe, Asia, and Australia and New Zealand between fledgling Australian rules football
Australian rules football
and Gaelic football
Gaelic football
clubs. In 2006, an exhibition match between South African youth teams and an Indigenous Australian
Indigenous Australian
touring side composed of players from the Clontarf Foundation, led by Sydney's Adam Goodes, was held at Potchefstroom. The University of Birmingham, UK, holds an annual International Rules match between its Australian Rules football team and its Gaelic Football
Football
team, with the 2013 edition won by the Australian Rules team 56–55, before a crowd of over 400 students.[19] In the International Rules Series, the most well-known International Rules event, Australia and Ireland are at an impasse, with 10 series wins apiece. Most recently in 2017, Australia defeated Ireland with two Test wins and an aggregate score of 116-103. See also[edit]

Australian rules football Gaelic football Relationship between Gaelic football
Gaelic football
and Australian rules football International Rules Series

Australia international rules football team Ireland international rules football team

Composite rules shinty-hurling Hybrid sports

References[edit]

^ "History of International Rules Football". Retrieved 18 April 2008.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Heaney, Paddy (23 October 2008). "The rules of engagement: A brief guide". The Irish News. p. 58.  ^ "Rule changes for International series agreed". Rte.ie. 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2017-03-15.  ^ [1] ^ a b Heaney, Paddy (23 October 2008). "Time for talk is over". The Irish News. p. 58.  ^ "No more short kick-outs for International Rules". Rte.ie. 2014-07-22. Retrieved 2017-03-05.  ^ " Breffni Park
Breffni Park
hosts first-ever women's International Rules tie". Irish Examiner. 2006-10-31. Retrieved 2009-10-26.  ^ a b "Brave Aussie ladies like ewes to the slaughter in Ireland". World Footy News. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2013-05-22.  ^ "Image A6180, 29/7/83/11". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 6 January 2008.  ^ a b c Peter Parry. "Ireland take U-17 IR series 2-1". World Footy News. Retrieved 2017-03-05.  ^ a b Peter Parry. "Two drawn Tests and Under 17's series rests on Fremantle Test". World Footy News. Retrieved 2017-03-05.  ^ Peter Parry. "Australia win decider in youth IR series". World Footy News. Retrieved 2017-03-05.  ^ a b c "Big V in Ireland". Archived from the original on 6 October 2013.  ^ a b c d Peter Parry. "Under 23 Australian Amateurs tour of Ireland". World Footy News. Retrieved 2017-03-05.  ^ a b Peter Parry. "Australian Amateurs Under 23 tour of Ireland". World Footy News. Retrieved 2017-03-05.  ^ "Latest News - AFL NSW ACT - SportsTG". Sportingpulse.com. Retrieved 2017-03-05.  ^ "Big V Smashes Cork". Archived from the original on 6 March 2014.  ^ " VAFA
VAFA
Fall to Combined Dublin
Dublin
Universities". Archived from the original on 6 March 2014.  ^ "Aussie Rules claim victory against Gaelic Football". University of Birmingham. 6 June 2013. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 

External links[edit]

International rules pages at the Gaelic Athletic Association
Gaelic Athletic Association
website International rules pages at the Australian Football League
Australian Football League
website WFN international rules A catalogue of some of the scores of games in the code around the world. Laws of the game (Updated in 2014) AFL Europe Page Tarik's International Rules football results and rankings

Links to related articles

v t e

International Rules Series

Australia Ireland

World tours

1967 1968

3-Test series

1984 1986 1987 1990

2-Test series

1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2008 2010 2011 2013 2017

1-Test series

2014 2015

Cancelled series

2007 2009

Adelaide
Adelaide
Oval Breffni Park Canberra Stadium Carrara Stadium Croke Park Docklands Stadium Football
Football
Park Gaelic Grounds

Melbourne
Melbourne
Cricket
Cricket
Ground Páirc Uí Chaoimh Pearse Stadium Subiaco Oval WACA Ground Waverley Park

v t e

Hybrid sports

Austus Bossaball Chess boxing Composite rules shinty–hurling Disc golf Football
Football
tennis Footgolf Footvolley International rules football Iomain Korfball Padbol Parahawking Polocrosse Samoa rules Sepak takraw Slamball Tennis polo Universal football Volata

v t e

Team sports

Sport Governing bodies Sportspeople National sport

Basket sports

Basketball

beach deaf 3x3 water wheelchair

Cestoball Korfball Netball

Fast5 indoor wheelchair

Rezball Ringball Slamball

Football
Football
codes

Association football

amputee beach freestyle Futsal indoor Jorkyball paralympic powerchair roller street walking

Australian rules football

AFLX Lightning football Metro footy Nine-a-side Rec footy

Gaelic football

Ladies'

Circle rules football

Gridiron codes

American football

eight-man flag nine-man six-man sprint touch wheelchair

Canadian football Indoor American football

Arena football

Hybrid codes

Austus Eton wall game International rules football Samoa rules Speedball Swedish football Universal football Volata

Medieval football
Medieval football
codes

Ba game Caid Calcio fiorentino Camping Cnapan Cornish hurling Cuju Harpastum Kemari Ki-o-rahi Jegichagi La soule Lelo burti Marn grook Pasuckuakohowog Royal Shrovetide Uppies and downies Yubi lakpi

Rugby codes

Beach Rugby league

masters mod nines sevens tag wheelchair

Rugby union

American flag mini sevens snow tag touch tens

Touch Wheelchair

Bat-and-ball games

Baseball Brännboll British baseball Corkball Cricket

One Day Test Twenty20

Danish longball Indoor cricket Kickball Lapta Matball Oină Over-the-line Pesäpallo Rounders Softball

Fastpitch

Stickball Stoolball Town ball Vigoro Vitilla Wiffle ball Wireball

Stick and ball sports

Bando Cammag Hurling

Camogie Super11s Shinty–Hurling

Indigenous North American stickball Iomain Knattleikr Knotty Lacrosse

box/indoor field intercrosse women's

Ritinis Shinty

Shinty–Hurling

Hockey
Hockey
sports

Ball hockey Bandy

rink

Broomball

Moscow

Field hockey

indoor

Floor hockey Floorball Ice hockey

pond power ice sledge underwater

Ringette Rinkball Roller hockey

in-line quad

Rossall hockey Shinny Street hockey Underwater hockey Unicycle hockey

Polo
Polo
sports

Auto polo Cowboy polo Cycle polo Elephant polo Horseball Motoball Pato Polo

Arena polo chovgan snow polo

Polocrosse Segway polo Yak polo

Net sports

Ball badminton Beach
Beach
tennis Biribol Bossaball Fistball Footbag net Football
Football
tennis Footvolley Jianzi Jokgu Newcomb ball Peteca Sepak takraw Throwball Volleyball

beach paralympic

Other sports

Airsoft Angleball Balle à la main Ballon au poing Basque pelota

frontenis jai alai xare

Bo-taoshi Boules

Bocce Bocce
Bocce
volo Boccia Bowls Jeu provençal Pétanque Raffa

Buzkashi Combat (juggling) Curling

wheelchair

Cycle ball Digor Dodgeball Flickerball Gateball Goalball Guts Handball

beach Czech field

Hornussen Ice stock sport Jereed Kabaddi

indoor beach

Kho kho Kin-Ball Lagori Longue paume Makura-Nage Mesoamerican ballgame Paintball Pelota mixteca Prisonball Pushball Quidditch Rollball Roller derby Slahal Snow snake Synchronized skating Synchronized swimming Tamburello Tchoukball

beach

Tejo Tug of war Ulama Ultimate Underwater football Underwater rugby Valencian pilota

Llargues

Water polo

canoe inner tube beach

Waboba Whirlyball Woodball Yukigassen

v t e

Gaelic football

Positions

Sam Maguire Cup Senior Championship (2018) National Football
Football
League (2018) Under 21 Championship Minor Championship (2018) Junior Championship Club Football
Football
Championship All Stars Awards Olympics

v t e

Australian rules football

Leagues and competitions

National

Australian Football
Football
League AFL Women's

Second-tier

North East Australian Football
Football
League South Australian National Football
Football
League Victorian Football
Football
League West Australian Football
Football
League

Junior

AFL Under 18 Championships TAC Cup

Other

Northern Territory Football
Football
League Queensland Australian Football
Football
League Sydney AFL Tasmanian Football
Football
League

History

Australian rules football
Australian rules football
during the World Wars History of the VFL/AFL Interstate football Marn Grook Origins Women's Australian rules football

Variations

AFLX Auskick Comparison of Gaelic football
Gaelic football
and Australian rules football Footy 9s International rules football Lightning football Major League Footy Metro footy Rec footy Superules VFA rules (1938–1949)

International

Australian Football
Football
International Australian Football
Football
International Cup Countries playing Australian rules football Tournaments

Awards

Men's

AFL Coaches Association
AFL Coaches Association
awards AFL Players Association awards – Leigh Matthews Trophy AFL Rising Star All-Australian team Australian Football
Football
Hall of Fame Brownlow Medal
Brownlow Medal
(Winners) Club best-and-fairest Coleman Medal Goal of the Year Magarey Medal Mark of the Year Norm Smith Medal Michael Tuck Medal Sandover Medal

Women's

AFL Women's
AFL Women's
All-Australian team AFL Women's
AFL Women's
best and fairest (Winners) AFL Women's
AFL Women's
leading goalkicker AFL Women's
AFL Women's
Rising Star Club best-and-fairest

Major recurring events

AFL finals series AFL Grand Final AFL Women's
AFL Women's
Grand Final Anzac Day clash Anzac Day Eve clash Dreamtime at the 'G Easter Monday clash International Rules Series Opening Game QClash Queen's Birthday clash Showdown Sydney Derby The Len Hall Tribute game Western Derby

Culture

AFL Record Australian rules football
Australian rules football
families Australian popular culture Banner Barassi Line Footy tipping Mascot Manor Television shows Terms and jargon Trading cards Video games

Related articles

AFL Coaches Association AFL Commission AFL Players Association AFL Women's
AFL Women's
premiers AFL Umpires Association After the siren kicks Current AFL coaches Current AFL Women's
AFL Women's
coaches First kick/first goal VFL/AFL premiers VFL/AFL premiership and grand final statistics VFL/AFL records 300 game players 500

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