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An international parliament or supranational legislature is a branch of an intergovernmental organization tasked with legislative powers and thus establishing a hybrid system of not only intergovernmentalism, but also supranationalism. It could be based on a predecessor inter-parliamentary institution or a newly established organization-level legislature. Such branches of intergovernmental organizations are typically established in order to provide for representation of citizens, rather than governments who are represented in other bodies within the organization. The assembly can be composed of members of the national legislatures (whose members are directly elected in most cases) or of its own directly elected members, further strengthening the supranationalism of the organization. List of international parliaments[edit] See also: Inter-parliamentary institution

Inter-parliamentary institutions and international parliaments

Name Sessions Legislative power Direct election Related organization and notes

ASEAN Inter Parliamentary Assembly 1977 - no no Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Inter-Parliamentary Union 1889 - no no none

Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
(PACE) 1949 - no no CoE

European Parliament[note 1] 1952 - 1970 1979 EU

Nordic Council 1953 - no no none

Benelux Parliament 1955 - no no Benelux Union

Assembly of the Western European Union 1955-2011 no no WEU that dissolved and was effectively succeeded by the EU.

NATO Parliamentary Assembly 1955 - no no NATO

Latin American Parliament 1964 - no no none [note 2]

African Parliamentary Union 1976 - no no none

Andean Parliament 1979 - no no CAN

British Irish Parliamentary Assembly 1990 - no no none [note 3]

Central American Parliament 1991 - no no SICA

Baltic Assembly 1991 - no no none

Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe 1992 - no no OSCE

Inter-Parliamentary Assembly of the Commonwealth of Independent States 1992 - no no CIS

Parliamentary Union of the OIC Member States 1999 - no no OIC

Asian Parliamentary Assembly 1999 - proposed no none [note 4]

ACP–EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly 2000 - no no none [note 5]

East African Legislative Assembly 2001 - no no EAC

Inter-Parliamentary Assembly of the Eurasian Economic Community 2002 - no no EurAsEC

Arab Parliament 2004 - no no AL

Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly 2004 - no no none [note 6]

Pan African Parliament 2004 - no [note 7] no [note 7] AU

Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly 2006 - no no none [note 8]

Mercosur
Mercosur
Parliament 2007 -

2014 [note 9] Mercosur

Parliamentary Assembly of Turkic-speaking Countries 2008 - no no Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States

Assembly of Caribbean Community
Caribbean Community
Parliamentarians

no CARICOM

Inter-Parliamentary Committee of the West African Economic and Monetary Union

no UEMOA

Parliament of the Economic Community of West African States

no ECOWAS

Parliamentary Assembly of French-speaking countries

no no OdLF

Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean

no no none

Euronest Parliamentary Assembly 2011 no no none [note 10]

South American Parliament proposed USAN

United Nations
United Nations
Parliamentary Assembly proposed UN

Parliamentary assembly of the World Trade Organization proposed

WTO

^ The initially consultative European Parliamentary Assembly
European Parliamentary Assembly
of ECSC, EEC and Euratom subsequently was renamed, gained legislative powers and became directly elected. ^ Multiple regional organizations in Latin America
Latin America
such as the Rio Group, Latin American Economic System
Latin American Economic System
and Latin American Integration Association have similar membership. ^ Multiple regional organizations in the British Isles have similar membership. ^ The Asian Cooperation Dialogue
Asian Cooperation Dialogue
continental organization has similar membership. ^ Parliamentary Assembly established by the Cotonou Agreement
Cotonou Agreement
between the European Union
European Union
and the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States. ^ Related to the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
initiative of the EU's European Neighborhood Policy. ^ a b There are proposals to transform the Pan African Parliament
Pan African Parliament
into a directly elected international parliament with legislative powers. ^ Established by the parliaments of the European Union, Mercosur, Andean Community, Central American Integration System, Mexico, Chile and the Latin American Parliament. ^ The Mercosur Parliament
Mercosur Parliament
is expected to transform into a directly elected international parliament in 2014. ^ Related to the Eastern Partnership
Eastern Partnership
initiative of the EU's European Neighborhood Policy.

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. See also[edit]

Parliamentary assembly Inter-Parliamentary Union International Parliament for Safety and Peace List of legislature

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