Interior Minister
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An interior ministry (sometimes called ministry of internal affairs or ministry of home affairs) is a
government ministry Ministry or department, also less commonly used secretariat, office, or directorate are designations used by a first-level executive bodies in the machinery of governments that manage a specific sector of public administration." Энцикло ...
responsible for internal affairs, particularly
public security Public security is the function of governments which ensures the protection of citizens, persons in their territory, organizations, and institutions against threats to their well-being – and to the prosperity of their communities. To meet the in ...
,
emergency management Emergency management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian Humanitarianism is an active belief in the value of human life, whereby human Humans (''Homo sapiens'') ar ...
, civil registration and identification, supervision of regional and
local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. This particular usage of the word government refers specifically to a level of administration that is both geographically-locali ...
s, conduct of
election An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multiple individuals to hold Public administration, public office.
s,
public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, government policy and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servant, civil employees for working in the public service. As a "field of inquiry ...
and
immigration Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle as Permanent residency, permanent residents or Naturalization, naturalized ...

immigration
(including passport issuance) matters. Such a ministry is often headed by a minister of the interior, a minister of internal affairs or a minister of home affairs. In some jurisdictions there is no department named "interior ministry", the relevant responsibilities being allocated to other departments.


Remit and role

In some countries, matters relating to the maintenance of law and order and the
administration of justice The Administration of Justice is the process by which the legal system The contemporary national legal systems are generally based on one of four basic systems: civil law, common law, statutory law, religious law or combinations of these. ...
are the responsibility of a separate
justice ministry A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a ministry or other government agency in charge of the administration of justice. The ministry or department is often headed by a minister of justice (minister for justice in a ...
. In some countries, public security belongs to a separate ministry (often titled "ministry of public order", "ministry of security" etc.), with the interior ministry being limited to control over local governments, public administration, elections, etc. Notable examples include Greece ( Ministry of Citizen Protection) and Israel (
Ministry of Public Security Ministry of Public Security can refer to: * Ministry of Justice and Public Security (Brazil) * Ministry of Public Security of Burundi * Ministry of Public Security (China) * Ministry of Public Security of Costa Rica that supervises the Public Force ...
). In countries with a
federal Federal or foederal (archaic) may refer to: Politics General *Federal monarchy, a federation of monarchies *Federation, or ''Federal state'' (federal system), a type of government characterized by both a central (federal) government and states or ...

federal
constitution, interior ministers will often be found at both the federal and sub-national levels. Similarly, autonomous entities and
dependent territories A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence upright=1.0, Pedro I of Brazil, Pedro surrounded by a crowd in São Paulo after breaking the news of Independence of Brazi ...
may also have interior ministers.


By country

In the United Kingdom the position of
Secretary of State for the Home Department The home secretary is a senior minister of the Crown within the Government of the United Kingdom, and head of the Home Office. As one of the four Great Offices of State, the home secretary is a senior member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom ...
, normally referred to as "Home Secretary", was created in the British governmental reorganisation of 1782. The
United States Department of the Interior The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is a federal executive department of the U.S. government. It is responsible for the management and conservation of most federal lands and natural resources, and the administration of programs ...
has responsibilities different from similarly-named departments elsewhere, primarily the management and conservation of natural resources, and programs and policies dealing with
indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to as First people, Aboriginal people, Native people, or autochthonous people, are culturally distinct ethnic groups who are native to a particular place. The term ''indigenous'' was first, in its modern contex ...
. The functions that fall under what most other countries call an "interior ministry" come under other government departments—mostly the
Department of Homeland Security The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is the U.S. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America North Amer ...
(established in 2002 with functions such as immigration management, public safety and disaster relief), with some others falling under the
Department of Justice A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a ministry or other government agency A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of governme ...
(with functions such as handling the national police and the management of prisons) and individual state governments (e.g. election management). The post of Minister of the Interior in Canada existed from 1873 to 1936, replacing the previous role of the
Secretary of State for the Provinces Secretary of State for the Provinces was an office in the Cabinet of Canada, active from 1867 to 1873. The office was superseded by the Minister of the Interior on May 3, 1873. The position was responsible for managing the responsibilities and i ...
; it included functions similar to the US Department of the Interior. After 1936 the post was abolished, its responsibilities being transferred to other departments. In Hong Kong, the
Secretary for Home Affairs The Secretary for Home Affairs is the head of the Home Affairs Bureau of the Government of Hong Kong, which is responsible for local issues, and the provision of community, leisure, and cultural services. List of office holders Registrars Gener ...
is responsible for matters relating to communities, culture, sports and local governance. Policing and related matters are the responsibilities of the
Secretary for Security The Secretary for Security is the member of the Government of Hong Kong The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region , commonly known as the Hong Kong Government or HKSAR Government, refers to the Executive (government), ...
. The Ministry of Home Affairs in India (MHA) is responsible for internal security and
demographics Demography (from prefix ''demo-'' from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the classical antiquity, ancient world from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided ...

demographics
, promoting the official languages. It carries out specialized functions through its departments, namely the Department of Border Management, the Department of Internal Security, the Department of Jammu & Kashmir Affairs, the Department of Home, the Department of Official Language and the Department of States. As such it heads such functions as the internal intelligence, and police and
Civil Services of India The Civil Services refer to the career civil servants who are the permanent executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State ( ...
, also handling protocol, freedom-fighter pensions and manning of the
courts A court is any person or institution, often as a government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), state. In the case of its broad associative definition, govern ...

courts
. In Japan, law enforcement is decentralised with the National Public Safety Commission coordinating between the National Police Agency and the
government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), state. In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, Executive (government), ex ...
through its chairman, who is a cabinet member. National security and immigration matters fall under the
Ministry of JusticeA Ministry of Justice is a common type of government department that serves as a justice ministry. Lists of current ministries of justice Named "Ministry" * Ministry of Justice (Abkhazia) * Ministry of Justice (Afghanistan) * Ministry of Justice ...
, whilst the
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications The is a cabinet-level ministry in the Government of Japan The is the central government of Japan. The Government of Japan consists of legislature, executive and judiciary branches and is accountable to the Emperor of Japan. The Prime Min ...
handles the administrative system, local government, elections, telecommunication and post matters. In Vietnam, the
Ministry of Public Security Ministry of Public Security can refer to: * Ministry of Justice and Public Security (Brazil) * Ministry of Public Security of Burundi * Ministry of Public Security (China) * Ministry of Public Security of Costa Rica that supervises the Public Force ...
is responsible for policing, national security, and immigration matters.


Lists

* List of current interior ministers *
List of female interior ministers A ''list'' is any set of items. List or lists may also refer to: People * List (surname)List or Liste is a European surname. Notable people with the surname include: List * Friedrich List (1789–1846), German economist * Garrett List (1943 ...


See also

*
Ministry of home affairs A ministry of home affairs is a common type of government department Ministry or department, also less commonly used secretariat, office, or directorate are designations used by a first-level executive Executive may refer to: Role, title, or func ...
*
Justice ministry A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a ministry or other government agency in charge of the administration of justice. The ministry or department is often headed by a minister of justice (minister for justice in a ...


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Interior Ministry
Interior Interior may refer to: Arts and media * Interior (Degas), ''Interior'' (Degas) (also known as ''The Rape''), painting by Edgar Degas * Interior (play), ''Interior'' (play), 1895 play by Belgian playwright Maurice Maeterlinck * The Interior (novel) ...
Internal affairs ministries,