Intarabus was a Gaulish god in the pantheon of the Treveri and some neighbouring peoples. His name is known from nine inscriptions from a relatively compact area in what are now Belgium, Luxembourg, western Germany and eastern France. He may have been the tutelary deity of one of the three pagi (subdivisions) of the Treveri. In most cases, Intarabus is invoked alone – without any synthesis to a Roman deity, and without accompanying female deities. However, one inscription invokes him as Mars Intarabus, noting that a fanum and simulacrum of this god had been restored at Trier. Meanwhile, another inscription from Mackwiller in Alsace gives Intarabus the epithet Narius. An inscription at Ernzen in Germany has his name as [In]tarabus, while another from Foy-Noville (now within the town of Bastogne in Belgium), invokes Entarabus in conjunction with the Genius Ollodagus.
A bronze statuette from the Foy-Noville site, identified on the base as Deo Intarabo (in the dative case), depicts the god as a beardless, long-haired man in a tunic, draped with a wolf skin. His raised right hand would presumably have held a spear or some other implement, while his left hand, extended at waist length, is now missing.
The theatre at Echternach appears to have been dedicated to Intarabus, as was an aedicula at Ernzen. A silver ring engraved simply with the name Intarabo (again, in the dative case) was found at Dalheim.
The name ‘Intarabus’ has been characterized as “etymologically obscure”; Xavier Delamarre, however, takes the name to mean entar-abus "Entre-Rivières" (between rivers).
- ^ Nicole Jufer & Thierry Luginbühl (2001). Les dieux gaulois : répertoire des noms de divinités celtiques connus par l'épigraphie, les textes antiques et la toponymie. Paris: Editions Errance. ISBN 2-87772-200-7. (in French)
- ^ Ton Derks (1998). Gods, Temples and Ritual Practices: The Transformation of Religious Ideas and Values in Roman Gaul. Amsterdam University Press. ISBN 978-90-5356-254-3. p.199.
- ^ CIL 13, 03653
- ^ Joan Carbonell Manils and H. Gimeno Pascual. "Un fanum in Turgalium". p.15. In Faventia 27/2, 2005. (in Spanish)
- ^ AE 1957, 0155b
- ^ AE 1978, 0513
- ^ CIL 13, 03632
- ^ David Colling (2011), La statuette d'Intarabus de Foy-Noville, Annales de l'Institut Archéologique du Luxembourg, 145, p. 83-89, ISSN 0776-1244
- ^ a b Drawing of the ring and descriptions as given on a wall plaque at the Musée national d'histoire et d'art, Luxembourg.
- ^ Jean-Luc Bodeux. « Fabuleux bestiaire d'Ardenne ». Le Soir, 23 August 2006. (in French)
- ^ CIL XIII, 3653
- ^ Frank Sear (2006). Roman Theatres: An Architectural Survey. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-814469-4. p.210.
- ^ Weihedenkmal des Gottes Intarabus in Ernzen and Kulturgüter in der Region Trier, both concerning reconstructed monuments to Intarabus at Ernzen (with photographs). (in German)
- ^ Bernhard Maier (1998). Dictionary of Celtic Religion and Culture. Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 978-0-85115-660-6. p.158.
- ^ Xavier Delamarre (2003). Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise : Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, 2e édition. Éditions Errance. ISBN 2-87772-237-6. pp.29, 162. (in French)