The Initiative on Global Markets (IGM) is a research center at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business in the United States. The initiative supports original research on international business, financial markets, and public policy. The IGM is most famous for the weekly polls it conducts of its Economics Experts Panel, a panel of 51 leading economists in United States universities. The IGM also organizes and sponsors conferences.
The Initiative on Global Markets was launched with a founding grant (4 years, $1.5 million) from the Chicago Mercantile Exchange Trust (CME Trust), announced December 14, 2006. IGM began its activities in 2007: it co-sponsored (along with the Rosenberg Institute of Global Finance at Brandeis University) the 2007 U.S. monetary policy conference in Washington, D.C. on March 9, 2007.
IGM polls and the Economics Experts Panel
The IGM maintains an Economics Experts Panel (called the IGM Panel for short) comprising leading economists at top United States universities. It circulates poll questions to the IGM Panel and publishes the responses of the IGM Panel members on its website, the IGM Forum.
All IGM poll questions are phrased in the form of a statement, to which participants can choose options from a Likert scale: Strongly Agree, Agree, Uncertain, Disagree, Strongly Disagree. Participants must also indicate a confidence level in their response (on a scale of 10). They may additionally providing a free-form comment to explain their selection.
The poll is conducted over email, with one question sent every week to the IGM Panel members. Candidate poll questions can be submitted by the general public through the website. The final decision on what question to include is made by IGM faculty. Responses of all poll participants (excluding No Opinion responses), along with confidence level and comment, are available on the IGM Forum poll results page, allowing analysts to better understand the reasoning behind the poll responses. In addition, an unweighted and confidence-weighted summary of responses is available.
Size and composition of the IGM Panel
As of July 2016, the IGM Panel has 51 economists. The IGM Forum website includes a biography and vote history for each panelist.
According to economist Justin Wolfers, the IGM Panel is geographically and ideologically diverse and are "a good sample of the leading economists in the nation".
In November 2013, ten new economists joined the IGM Panel.
The New York Times has cited the IGM polls on raising the minimum wage, the utility to consumers of allowing services such as Uber and Lyft to compete on equal footing with taxi firms, and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
Forbes has also cited the IGM poll on high-skilled immigration, noting the consensus in favor of immigration.
U.S. News & World Report has cited the IGM poll on tax cuts.
The New York Times praised the IGM polls for providing "an easily digested summary of the insights of mainstream economics into continuing political controversies".
Nobel Memorial Prize laureate Paul Krugman, writing for The New York Times in January 2013, noted that the IGM polls did not focus on areas that are disputed by macroeconomists.
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- ^ a b "2007 US Monetary Policy Forum". Initiative on Global Markets. March 9, 2007. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- ^ Greenlaw, David; Hatzius, Jan; Kashyap, Anil K.; Shin, Hyun Song (2008). "Leveraged Losses: Lessons from the Mortgage Market Meltdown". Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- ^ "Chicago Mercantile Exchange Trust Awards Its First Grants". Philanthropy News Digest. December 14, 2006. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- ^ a b "Participants". IGM Forum. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
- ^ a b Wolfers, Justin (July 25, 2012). "The Secret Consensus Among Economists". Freakonomics. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- ^ a b c "Laffer Curve. Question A: A cut in federal income tax rates in the US right now would lead to higher GDP within five years than without the tax cut". IGM Forum. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- ^ "IGM Economics Experts Panel". IGM Forum. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- ^ a b c Justin Wolfers (July 29, 2014). "What Debate? Economists Agree the Stimulus Lifted the Economy". The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
- ^ "Daron Acemoglu". IGM Forum. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- ^ "10 New Economic Experts join the IGM Panel". IGM Forum. November 6, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
- ^ Catherine Rampell (March 4, 2013). "What Economists Think About Raising the Minimum Wage". The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
- ^ a b Justin Wolfers (September 30, 2014). "Uber Improves Life, Economists Agree". The New York Times. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
- ^ Adam Ozimek (February 12, 2013). "Economists Agree: High-Skilled Immigration Makes Americans Better Off". Forbes. Archived from the original on May 7, 2016. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
- ^ Chad Stone (June 29, 2012). "Economists Agree: Tax Cuts Cost Revenue". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved July 10, 2016.
- ^ Paul Krugman (January 5, 2013). "Ideology and Economics". The New York Times. Retrieved July 10, 2016.