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INGO DOUGLAS SWANN (14 September 1933, Telluride, Colorado
Telluride, Colorado
– 31 January 2013, New York City
New York City
) was a claimed psychic , artist, and author known for being the co-creator, along with Russell Targ and Harold Puthoff , of remote viewing , and specifically the Stargate Project .

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography * 2 Remote viewing * 3 Uri Geller
Uri Geller
* 4 Out-of-body experiment * 5 Magnetometer
Magnetometer
psychokinesis tests * 6 Early Coordinate Remote Viewing experiments * 7 Swann\'s Jupiter
Jupiter
rings * 8 Brain activity during remote viewing * 9 Psychic
Psychic
detectives * 10 Ufology
Ufology
* 11 Publications * 12 See also * 13 References * 14 Further reading * 15 External links

BIOGRAPHY

Swann was a claimed psychic who called himself a "consciousness researcher" who had sometimes experienced "altered states of consciousness." He said, "I don't get 'tested', I only work with researchers on well-designed experiments." According to Russell Targ and Harold Puthoff , "Swann-inspired innovations" have led to impressive results in parapsychology. Indeed, experiments not controlled by Swann have not been successful, and they are rarely mentioned, and if so, only in passing.

REMOTE VIEWING

Swann helped develop the process of remote viewing at the Stanford Research Institute in experiments that caught the attention of the Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
. He is commonly credited with proposing the idea of controlled remote viewing, a process in which viewers would view a location given nothing but its geographical coordinates, which was developed and tested by Puthoff and Targ with CIA funding.

URI GELLER

Due to the popularity of Uri Geller
Uri Geller
in the seventies, a critical examination of Swann's paranormal claims was basically overlooked by skeptics and historians. Uri Geller
Uri Geller
commented very favorably on Swann, saying, "If you were blind and a man appeared who could teach you to see with mind power, you would revere him as a guru. So why is Ingo Swann ignored by publishers and forced to publish his astounding life story on the Internet?"

Both Geller and Swann were tested by two experimenters, Russell Targ and Harold Puthoff , who concluded that they did indeed have unique skills. Others have strongly disputed the scientific validity of Targ and Puthoff's experiments. In a 1983 interview, magician Milbourne Christopher remarked that Swann was "one of the cleverest in the field."

OUT-OF-BODY EXPERIMENT

In 1972 in the newsletter of the American Society for Psychical Research (ASPR) , their director of research Karlis Osis described his personal controlled out-of-body experiment with Swann. The targets that Swann was to attempt to describe and illustrate were on a shelf two feet from the ceiling and several feet above Swann's head. Osis does not describe the height of the ceiling. Swann suggests, the ceiling was 14 feet in height. The room was illuminated by two kitchen-style overhead fixtures. Swann sat alone in the chamber with wires from electrodes fastened to his head running through the wall behind him. Swann sat just beneath the target tray. He was given a clipboard to use for sketching. Any movement while drawing did not result in "artifacts" in the brain readout. In Swann's book To Kiss Earth Goodbye there is a photograph of the objects on the shelf. Swann wrote that he was aware of most of the objects on shelf above his head, but he did not know it held four numbers on a side that would not have been visible if a reflecting surface had been angled near the end.

Psychological scales were developed for rating the quality and clarity (as subjectively described) by Swann of his OOB vision, which varied from time to time. The results were evaluated by blind judging. A psychologist, either Bonnie Preskari or Carole K. Silfen, was asked to match up Swann's responses without knowing which target they were meant for. She matched all the eight sessions. Osis stressed the odds about Swann being correct were forty thousand to one. There is no record of any experiments being performed in the dark.

Together, Silfen and Swann prepared an unofficial report of later out-of-body experiments and circulated it to 500 members of the ASPR, before the ASPR board was aware of it. According to Swann, Silfen has disappeared and cannot be located. He was searching for her and was asking for the public's help. According to Swann, in April 1972 a move was made at the ASPR in New York to discredit him and throw him out because he was a Scientologist .

MAGNETOMETER PSYCHOKINESIS TESTS

When Swann arrived at SRI, Harold Puthoff decided he would first be tested for PK . On June 6, 1972, the two men paid a visit to Dr. Arthur Heberd and his quark detector, a magnetometer , at the Varian Physics Building. The well-shielded magnetometer had a small magnetic probe in a vault five feet beneath the floor. The oscillation had been running silently for about an hour tracing out a stable pattern on the chart recorder. Putoff asked Swann if he could affect the magnetometer’s magnetic field. Swann said he focused his attention on the interior of the magnetometer and was getting nothing.

Then there are different versions of the following events. Puthoff states that after about a five-second delay, Heberd says it was a ten- to fifteen-minute delay, the frequency of the trace recorder oscillation doubled for about 30 seconds (reportedly a common occurrence due to variations in the shared helium line to the lab). Heberd continues, when the curve burped, Swann asked, "Is that what I am supposed to do?" Swann said he responded,"is that an effect?" Then according to Heberd, Swann crossed the room taking his attention away from the chart recorder. Swann said he took his mind off the machine and was sketching. Others watched the recorder to see if the irregularity would be repeated, and it was. Puthoff asked Swann, "Did you do that too?" Swann said he again responded, "Is that an effect?" According to Puthoff, Swann said he was then tired and couldn’t “hold it any longer” and let go. The chart recorder pattern returned to normal.

More supportive sources say that Heberd supports Puthoff's version that in the second instance Heberd suggested he would be more impressed if Swann could stop the field change altogether. Heberd denies he told James Randi
James Randi
that he never suggested it. Swann recalled he heard, “Can you do that again?” from Puthoff. Swann said his feats frightened some doctoral candidates, claiming that two "virtually ran" from the room and one collided with a "totally visible" structure support.

Puthoff writes Dr. Heberd suggested all along there must be something wrong with the equipment. The following day it was certain the magnetometer was malfunctioning. "The equipment was behaving erratically; it was not possible to obtain a stable background signal for calibration." Therefore, the experiment was not repeated. Swann related this SNAFU in his book, Remote Viewing: The Real Story. In his CIA report, paranormal expert, Dr. Kenneth A. Kress, does not record anything about Heberd's malfunctioning suggestions. Kress only writes, "These variations were never seen before or after this visit." Though Swann was to spend a year at SRI, in their book, Targ and Puthoff present no further data and, Swann did not mention he was involved in any other PK experiments with the magnetometer than those that occurred and were recorded on June 6, 1972.

Immediately after, Puthoff wrote a brief paper in a draft form. Rather than publishing the results in a scientific journal inviting peer review, this paper was circulated hand to hand throughout research and academic institutions across the U.S.A., and Puthoff accepted invitations to speak. This paper caught the attention of the CIA and two agents paid a visit to Hal Puthoff at SRI and also met Swann. Later this paper was published as a part of a conference proceedings.

EARLY COORDINATE REMOTE VIEWING EXPERIMENTS

Targ and Puthoff write about their pilot experiments, "We couldn't overlook the possibility that perhaps Ingo knew the geographical features of the earth and their approximate latitude and longitude. (It is Swann who suggests these Coordinate Remote Viewing tests, not the experimenters. He is in control.) "Or it was possible that we were inadvertently cueing the subject (Swann), since we as experimenters knew what the answers were."

Soon Targ and Puthoff performed more experiments with Swann and the controls were tightened to eliminate the possibility of error. This time Swann was given the latitude and longitude of ten targets, in the end there would be ten runs, for a total of 100. Only the evaluations of the ten targets from the tenth run, the last, were disclosed. The results of the targets from the previous ninety (runs 1-9) are ignored. For the tenth run Swann had seven hits, two neutral and one miss. The experiments came to a close. Targ and Puthoff were positive "Something was happening, but they are not clear what it is." (This method of selecting a small number of "guesses" from a larger, sometimes never disclosed larger number, is known as the free response method in remote viewing but could be called cherry picking .) According to Swann and Stanford Research International, his RV was correct probably 95% of the time. His personally trained students' RV were 85% correct, 85% of the time. See: Stargate Project

SWANN\'S JUPITER RINGS

Swann proposed a study to Targ and Puthoff. At first they resisted, for the resulting descriptions would be impossible to verify. Yet, on the evening 27 April 1973 Targ and Puthoff recorded Swann's remote viewing session of the planet Jupiter
Jupiter
and Jupiter\'s moons , prior to the Voyager probe\'s visit there in 1979.

Swann asked for 30 minutes of silence. According to Swann, his ability to see Jupiter
Jupiter
took about three and a half minutes. In the session he made several reports on the physical features of Jupiter, such as its surface – which he said was covered in crystals and studded with huge mountains – atmosphere and weather. Swann claimed to see bands of crystals in the atmosphere, which he likened to the rings of Saturn . The Voyager probe later confirmed the existence of the rings of Jupiter
Jupiter
, although these rings are not in the planet's atmosphere. Most claims made by Swann were shown to be untrue - Jupiter
Jupiter
has no rocky surface, and could not sustain mountains or crystals.

The following are Swann's exact statements:

6:06:20 "Very high in the atmosphere there are crystals ... they glitter. Maybe the stripes are like bands of crystals, maybe like rings of Saturn , though not far out like that. Very close within the atmosphere."(Unintelligible sentence.) "I bet you they'll reflect radio probes. Is that possible if you had a cloud of crystals that were assaulted by different radio waves ?"

BRAIN ACTIVITY DURING REMOTE VIEWING

In November 2001, there was an article by Michael Persinger published in The Journal of Neuropsychiatry -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ death certificate * ^ Jim Marrs (August 2008). Psi Spies: The True Story of America\'s Psychic
Psychic
Warfare Program. p. 74. ISBN 978-1-4270-9527-5 . Retrieved July 29, 2013. * ^ Smith, Paul. "Ingo Swann". Retrieved 31 January 2013. * ^ A B C Mind-Reach: Scientists Look at Psychic
Psychic
Ability by Russell Targ & Harold Puthoff, A Delta book, Dell Publishing Co. Inc., 1977. * ^ A B C "Chapter.Twelve". Biomindsuperpowers.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ Reading the Enemy's Mind: Inside Star Gate, America's Psychic Espionage Program by Paul H. Smith, Tom Doherty Associates, 2005, page 55 * ^ A B C D E F Mind-Reach: Scientists Look at Psychic
Psychic
Ability by Russell Targ ">(PDF). CIA Library. * ^ "Real Story - Chapter 48". Biomindsuperpowers.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ "Saucer Smear, October 10, 1998". Martiansgohome.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ ``The Search for Psychic
Psychic
Power: ESP and Parapsychology Revisited, C.E.M. Hansel, Prometheus Books, 1989. * ^ A Final Interview with Milbourne Christopher, The Skeptical Inquirer, Vol 9, No 2 / winter 1984–85, p 165 * ^ "New ASPR Search on Out-of-the Body Experiences", Karlis Osis, ASPR Newsletter, No. 14-Summer 1972 p. 2. * ^ "403 Forbidden". Archived from the original on May 2, 2007. Retrieved 2013-08-18. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link ) * ^ Search for the Soul by Milbourne Christopher, Thomas Y. Crowell, 1979 * ^ Kiss the Earth Good-bye: Adventures and Discoveries in the Nonmaterial, Recounted by the Man who has Astounded Physicists and Parapsychologists Throughout the World by Ingo Swann, Hawthorne Books, 1975 * ^ "New ASPR Search on Out-of-the Body Experiences", Karlis Osis, ASPR Newsletter, No. 14-Summer 1972 pp. 2,4. * ^ "Real Story: Chapter 47". Biomindsuperpowers.com. 1972-07-26. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ A B "Chapter 38". Biomindsuperpowers.com. 1972-06-07. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ "Chapter 25". Biomindsuperpowers.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ A B C D E "Chapter 37". Biomindsuperpowers.com. June 6, 1972. Retrieved January 1, 2010. * ^ A B C D Flim-Flam! Psychics, ESP, Unicorns and other Delusions by James Randi, Prometheus books, 9th printing 1987 * ^ A Skeptical Look at James Randi
James Randi
by Michael Prescott * ^ "\'\' Parapsychology
Parapsychology
in Intelligence: A Personal Review and Conclusion\'\' By Dr. Kenneth A. Kress, released to the public in 1996". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2006-04-28. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ Reading the Enemy's Mind: Inside Star Gate America's Psychic Espionage Program by Paul H. Smith, Tom Doherty Associates, LLC, 2005 * ^ Physics, Entropy and Psychokinesis
Psychokinesis
by H. E. Putoff and R. Targ in the proceedings of the conference Quantum Physics and Parapsychology
Parapsychology
(Geneva, Switzerland); (New York: Parapsychology Foundation, 1975) * ^ "CIA-Initiated RV Program at SRI". Biomindsuperpowers.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ Mind-Reach: Scientists Look at Psychic
Psychic
Ability by Russell Targ & Harold Puthoff, A Delta book, Dell Publishing Co. Inc., 1977, Page 28 * ^ Mind-Reach: Scientists Look at Psychic
Psychic
Ability by Russell Targ & Harold Puthoff, A Delta book, Dell Publishing Co. Inc., 1977, Page 29 & 30 * ^ "remote viewing". Skepdic.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ In psi literature the use of the free response method is not always divulged to the reader as is done in this instance by Targ and Puthoff. When these same experiments with Swann are described in Parapsychology: The Controversial Science by Richard S. Broughton, Broughton presents one example of Swann giving an instantaneous description of one target from the tenth run, that of a hit. Broughton writes nothing clearly about the 99 other attempts with neutrals or misses. * ^ http://www.trvnews.com/tmn/021502/trvwinning.html Here one can see the winning results of the 2001 Technical Remote Viewing contest for PSI TECH. 15 PAGES containing drawings and verbal responses are displayed. (TOTAL of RV contestants remains UNKNOWN.) The physical evidence, itself, indicates the free response method. From the large number of "guesses" a smaller number of hits are selected from the fifteen PAGES by the judges to match the target. All the hits do not come from the same page. The statue of liberty is thus matched and the winner is determined. * ^ "See video History of PSI TECH to hear Swann\'s own statements". Psitech.net. 2008-10-30. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ http://www.trvnews.com/tmn/062503/truehistory.html In 1983 Swann contracted to train four US Army officers and one female civilian. Their names were: CPT. Tom McNear, CPT. Edward Dames, CPT. Paul Smith, CPT. Bill Ray, Charlene Cavanaugh (who later married Brigadier General James Shufelt), DIA, the Defense Intelligence Agency. (Only Dames & Smith continued to participate as remote viewers in the DIA's RV unit - they later trained Mel Riley, Lyn Buchanan, Gabrielle Pettingell & Dave Morehouse.) * ^ Mind-Reach: Scientists Look at Psychic
Psychic
Ability by Russell Targ see Mitchell, 1981] * ^ "Feedback: Astral-nauts once performed a psychic probe of Jupiter". New Scientist. New Scientist. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 10 February 2017. * ^ "1973.Jupiter.RV.Probe". Biomindsuperpowers.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ "The Neuropsychiatry of Paranormal Experiences - Persinger 13 (4): 515 - J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci". Neuro.psychiatryonline.org. doi :10.1176/appi.neuropsych.13.4.515 . Retrieved January 6, 2010. * ^ The Blue Sense: Psychic
Psychic
Detectives and Crime by Arthur Lyons and Marcello Truzzi Ph.D., The Mysterious Press, 1991, Chapter 5, A Psi of Relief What Psychic
Psychic
Sleuths Do, p.92, Primary Source: Letter from Ingo Swann 03 Oct 1989 * ^ "I recoil from psychically sighting, as it were, stuff like cruelty, murders, locating dead and decomposing bodies, and other forms of carnage - because contacting and reliving those events wrecks not only my emotions but even impacts on my physiology. Thus I don\'t make for a very good psychic crime detective in the way other more stalwart psychics do.". Biomindsuperpowers.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ See: The Blue Sense: Psychic
Psychic
Detectives and Crime by Arthur Lyons and Marcello Truzzi Ph.D., The Mysterious Press, 1991, Chapter 6, Gerard Croiset: The Scrying Dutchman * ^ See: The Blue Sense: Psychic
Psychic
Detectives and Crime by Arthur Lyons and Marcello Truzzi Ph.D., The Mysterious Press, 1991, Chapter 7, Peter Hurkos: The Clown Prince`? * ^ BiomindSuperPowers.com * ^ "International Remote Viewing Association". * ^ "Saucer Smear". * ^ "Book Review of Penetration by Ingo Swann". Courtney Brown. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ "Book Review of Penetration by Ingo Swann". Courtney Brown. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ "Customer Reviews: Penetration: The Question of Extraterrestrial and Human Telepathy". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ "Penetration by Ingo Swann". Godlikeproductions.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ A B Fran King (2006-08-11). "To the Moon and Back With Love". Ufoexperiences.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ Ingo Swann (1991). Everybody's Guide to Natural ESP: Unlocking the Extrasensory Power of Your Mind. ISBN 978-0874776683 . * ^ Ingo Swann Tribute website * ^ " Psychic
Psychic
sexuality: The bio-psychic "anatomy" of sexual energies: Ingo Swann: Books". Amazon.com. 2009-01-02. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ "9780960494668 What Will Happen to You When the Soviets Take Over by Ingo Swann at TextbookX.com". Textbookx.com. 1980-01-01. Retrieved 2010-01-06. * ^ "Penetration: The Question of Extraterrestrial and Human Telepathy: Books: Ingo Swann". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2010-01-06.

FURTHER READING

* Buchanan, Lyn, The Seventh Sense: The Secrets Of Remote Viewing As Told By A " Psychic
Psychic
Spy" for the U.S. Military, ISBN 0-7434-6268-8 * McMoneagle, Joseph, The Stargate Chronicles: Memoirs of a Psychic Spy, Hampton Roads 2002, ISBN 1-57174-225-5 * Ronson, Jon, The Men Who Stare at Goats Simon ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Parapsychology
Parapsychology

Outline

TOPICS

* Apparitional experience
Apparitional experience
* Astral projection
Astral projection
* Auras * Bilocation
Bilocation
* Clairvoyance
Clairvoyance
* Deathbed phenomena
Deathbed phenomena
* Dermo-optical perception
Dermo-optical perception
* Dream telepathy
Dream telepathy
* Ectoplasm * Electronic voice phenomenon
Electronic voice phenomenon
* Extrasensory perception
Extrasensory perception
* Ganzfeld experiment
Ganzfeld experiment
* Ghosts * Kirlian photography
Kirlian photography
* Levitation * Materialization * Mediumship
Mediumship
* Near-death experience
Near-death experience
* Orb * Out-of-body experience
Out-of-body experience
* Pam Reynolds case * Parapsychology
Parapsychology
research at SRI * Past life regression * Plant perception (paranormal) * Poltergeist
Poltergeist
* Precognition * Psychic
Psychic
* Psychic
Psychic
detective * Psychic
Psychic
reading * Psychic
Psychic
surgery * Psychokinesis
Psychokinesis
* Psychometry * Pyrokinesis
Pyrokinesis
* Reincarnation
Reincarnation
* Remote viewing * Retrocognition * Second sight * Sensory leakage
Sensory leakage
* Spoon bending
Spoon bending
* Telepathy
Telepathy
* Thoughtography * Xenoglossy
Xenoglossy
* Zener cards

ACTIVE ORGANIZATIONS

* American Society for Psychical Research
American Society for Psychical Research
* Association for the Scientific Study of Anomalous Phenomena * College of Psychic
Psychic
Studies * Institut Métapsychique International * Institute of Noetic Sciences * International Association for Near-Death Studies * Koestler Parapsychology
Parapsychology
Unit * Parapsychological Association * Parapsychology
Parapsychology
Foundation * Rhine Research Center * Society for Psychical Research
Society for Psychical Research
* The Ghost
Ghost
Club

DEFUNCT ORGANIZATIONS

* American Psychical Institute
American Psychical Institute
* British College of Psychic
Psychic
Science * Cambridge Ghost
Ghost
Society * International Club for Psychical Research * International Institute for Psychical Research * London Dialectical Society * Metropolitan Psychical Society * National Laboratory of Psychical Research * Oxford Phasmatological Society * Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research Laboratory * Society for the Study of Supernormal Pictures

PEOPLE

* List of parapsychologists * Skeptics of parapsychology

PUBLICATIONS

* An Experiment with Time * Extrasensory Perception * Irreducible Mind * Journal of Near-Death Studies * Journal of Parapsychology
Parapsychology
* Journal of Scientific Exploration * Life After Life (book) * Life Before Life * Mental Radio
Mental Radio
* Old Souls: The Scientific Evidence For Past Lives * Parapsychology: Frontier Science of the Mind * The Roots of Coincidence
The Roots of Coincidence
* Twenty Cases Suggestive of Reincarnation
Reincarnation
* Varieties of Anomalous Experience

* CATEGORY * COMMONS

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 5565970 * LCCN : n81012517 * ISNI : 0000 0001 2118 9840 * BNF : cb126410476 (data) * NDL : 00516477 * IATH

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