Infrared Processing and Analysis Center
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The Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC) provides science operations, data management, data archives and community support for astronomy and planetary science missions. IPAC has a historical emphasis on infrared-submillimeter astronomy and exoplanet science. IPAC has supported NASA, NSF and privately funded projects and missions. It is located on the campus of the
California Institute of Technology The California Institute of Technology (Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such a"Cal Tech" and "CalTech" are incorrect. The Institute is also occasionally referred to as "CIT", most notably i ...
in
Pasadena, California Pasadena ( ; ) is a city in Los Angeles County, California, northeast of downtown Los Angeles. It is the most populous city and the primary cultural center of the San Gabriel Valley.
. IPAC was established in 1986 to provide support for the joint European-American orbiting infrared telescope, the
Infrared Astronomical Satellite The Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) was the first-ever space telescope to perform a astronomical survey, survey of the entire night sky at infrared wavelengths. Launched on 25 January 1983, its mission lasted ten months. The telescope was ...
, or IRAS. The IRAS mission performed an unbiased, sensitive all-sky survey at 12, 25, 60 and 100 µm during 1983. After the mission ended, IPAC started the
Infrared Science Archive The Infrared Science Archive (IRSA) is the primary archive An archive is an accumulation of Historical document, historical records – in any media – or the physical facility in which they are located. Archives contain primary source documen ...
(IRSA) to make the data available to anyone who needed it. Later, NASA designated IPAC as the U.S. science support center for the European
Infrared Space Observatory The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) was a space telescope for infrared light designed and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA), in cooperation with ISAS (now part of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, JAXA) and National Aeronautics and Spa ...
(ISO), which ceased operations in 1998. About that same time, IPAC was designated as the science center for the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF) -- renamed the
Spitzer Space Telescope The Spitzer Space Telescope, formerly the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), is a retired infrared Infrared (IR), sometimes called infrared light, is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with wavelengths longer than those of visible lig ...
after launch. IPAC also assumed the lead role in various other infrared space missions, including the Wide-field Infrared Explorer (WIRE) and the
Midcourse Space Experiment
Midcourse Space Experiment
(MSX). IPAC also expanded its support to include ground-based missions with the assumption of science support responsibilities for the Two-Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS), a near-infrared survey of the entire sky conducted by twin observatories in the Northern and Southern hemispheres. In 1999, IPAC formed an interferometry science center, originally called the Michelson Science Center (MSC) after interferometry pioneer Albert A. Michelson. MSC was renamed the NASA Exoplanet Science Institute (NExScI) in 2008. Today, the greater IPAC includes the Spitzer Science Center, the NASA Exoplanet Science Institute and the NASA Herschel Science Center. In 2014, NASA established th
Euclid NASA Science Center at IPAC
(ENSCI) in order to support US-based investigations using Euclid data. The combined efforts of these centers support more than a dozen science missions and archives. IPAC is also a participating organization in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO).


References


External links


IPAC official Web site

NExScI official Web site

SSC official Web site

NHSC official Web site

Infrared Science Archive official Web site

NASA Exoplanet Archive official Web site

NASA Extragalactic Database official Web site

Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer official Web site

Virtual Astronomical Observatory official Web site

Montage Image Mosaic Software official Web site

Euclid NASA Science Center at IPAC official Web site

Aperture Photometry Tool official Web site
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