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In relational databases, the information schema (information_schema) is an ANSI-standard set of read-only views that provide information about all of the tables, views, columns, and procedures in a database.[1] It can be used as a source of the information that some databases make available through non-standard commands, such as:

 => SELECT count(table_name) FROM information_schema.tables;
  count 
 -------
     99
 (1 row)
 => SELECT column_name, data_type, column_default, is_nullable
       FROM information_schema.columns WHERE table_name='alpha';
  column_name | data_type | column_default | is_nullable 
 -------------+-----------+----------------+-------------
  foo         | integer   |                | YES
  bar         | character |                | YES
 (2 rows)
 => SELECT * FROM information_schema.information_schema_catalog_name;
  catalog_name 
 --------------
  johnd
 (1 row)

Implementation

As a notable exception among major database systems, Oracle does not as of 2015 implement the information schema. An open-source project exists to address this.

RDBMSs that support information_schema include:

RDBMSs that do not support information_schema include:

See also

External links

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