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Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
(French pronunciation: ​[ɛ̃dʁ‿e lwaʁ]) is a department in west-central France
France
named after the Indre
Indre
and the Loire rivers.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Politics 4 Tourism 5 See also 6 External links

History[edit] Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution
French Revolution
on 4 March 1790. It was created from the former province of Touraine. Tours, the departmental prefecture, was a centre of learning in the early Middle Ages, having been a key focus of Christian evangelisation since St Martin became its first bishop in c. 375. From the mid-15th century, the royal court repaired to the Loire Valley, with Tours
Tours
as its capital, and at the confluence/crossing-point of the Loire and Cher rivers it became a centre of silk manufacturing and other luxury goods, including the wine-trade, creating a prosperous bourgeoisie. After the creation of the department it remained politically conservative, as Honoré de Balzac
Honoré de Balzac
recorded in several of his novels. Conservative Tours
Tours
refused to welcome the railways which instead were obliged to route their lines by way of Saint-Pierre-des-Corps
Saint-Pierre-des-Corps
on the city's eastern edge. The moderate temper of the department's politics remained apparent after the Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
of 1870: sentiments remained predominantly pro-royalist during the early years of the Third Republic. For most of the nineteenth century, Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
was a rural department, but pockets of heavy-duty industrialisation began to appear towards the century's end, accompanied by left-wing politics. 1920 saw the birth of the French Communist Party
French Communist Party
at the Congress of Tours. By 1920 Saint-Pierre-des-Corps
Saint-Pierre-des-Corps
had become a major railway hub and a centre of railway workshops: it had also acquired a reputation as a bastion of working class solidarity. Geography[edit] Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
is part of the current region of Centre-Val de Loire and is surrounded by the departments of Loir-et-Cher, Indre, Vienne, Maine-et-Loire, and Sarthe. Politics[edit] The President of the General Council is Marisol Touraine
Marisol Touraine
of the Socialist Party.

Party seats

• Socialist Party 18

Miscellaneous Right 8

Union for a Popular Movement 5

• Miscellaneous Left 2

New Centre 2

• French Communist Party 1

Tourism[edit] Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
is home to numerous outstanding châteaux that are open to the public, among them are the following:

Château
Château
d'Amboise Château
Château
of Azay-le-Rideau Château
Château
de la Bourdaisière Château
Château
de Chenonceau Château
Château
de Chinon Château
Château
de la Guerche Château
Château
de Langeais Château
Château
de Loches Château
Château
de Marçay Château
Château
de Montpoupon Château
Château
de Plessis-lez-Tours Château
Château
du Rivau Château
Château
de Tours Château
Château
de Villandry

Tours
Tours
Cathedral

Chinon

Château
Château
de Chenonceau

Château
Château
d'Azay-le-Rideau

Château
Château
d'Amboise

Montrésor

See also[edit]

Cantons of the Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
department Communes of the Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
department Arrondissements of the Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
department

External links[edit]

(in French) Prefecture website (in French) General Council website (in English) Indre-et-Loire
Indre-et-Loire
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) (in French) Official tourist website of Touraine
Touraine
Loire Valley

v t e

Departments of France

01 Ain 02 Aisne 03 Allier 04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 07 Ardèche 08 Ardennes 09 Ariège 10 Aube 11 Aude 12 Aveyron 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 14 Calvados 15 Cantal 16 Charente 17 Charente-Maritime 18 Cher 19 Corrèze 2A Corse-du-Sud 2B Haute-Corse 21 Côte-d'Or 22 Côtes-d'Armor 23 Creuse 24 Dordogne 25 Doubs 26 Drôme 27 Eure 28 Eure-et-Loir 29 Finistère 30 Gard 31 Haute-Garonne 32 Gers 33 Gironde 34 Hérault 35 Ille-et-Vilaine 36 Indre 37 Indre-et-Loire 38 Isère 39 Jura 40 Landes 41 Loir-et-Cher 42 Loire 43 Haute-Loire 44 Loire-Atlantique 45 Loiret 46 Lot 47 Lot-et-Garonne 48 Lozère 49 Maine-et-Loire 50 Manche 51 Marne 52 Haute-Marne 53 Mayenne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 56 Morbihan 57 Moselle 58 Nièvre 59 Nord 60 Oise 61 Orne 62 Pas-de-Calais 63 Puy-de-Dôme 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 66 Pyrénées-Orientales 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin 69D Rhône 70 Haute-Saône 71 Saône-et-Loire 72 Sarthe 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie 75 Paris 76 Seine-Maritime 77 Seine-et-Marne 78 Yvelines 79 Deux-Sèvres 80 Somme 81 Tarn 82 Tarn-et-Garonne 83 Var 84 Vaucluse 85 Vendée 86 Vienne 87 Haute-Vienne 88 Vosges 89 Yonne 90 Territoire de Belfort 91 Essonne 92 Hauts-de-Seine 93 Seine-Saint-Denis 94 Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d'Oise

Overseas departments 971 Guadeloupe 972 Martinique 973 French Guiana 974 Réunion 976 Mayotte

Metropolis with territorial collectivity statute 69M Lyon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 127494899 LCCN: n83214250 GND: 4253420-3 SUDOC: 028639766 BNF:

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