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Indre
Indre
(French pronunciation: ​[ɛ̃dʁ]) is a department in the centre of France named after the river Indre. The inhabitants of the department are called Indriens. Indre
Indre
is part of the current region of Centre-Val de Loire
Centre-Val de Loire
and is surrounded by the departments of Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher, Cher, Creuse, Vienne, and Haute-Vienne. The préfecture (capital) is Châteauroux
Châteauroux
and there are three subpréfectures at Le Blanc, La Châtre
La Châtre
and Issoudun.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Politics 4 Tourism 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Indre
Indre
is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, by order of the National Constituent Assembly.[1] The new departments were to be uniformly administered and approximately equal in size and population to one another. The department was created from part of the former province of Berry.[1] Before the Roman conquest, the Celtic Bituriges
Bituriges
tribe occupied an area that included Indre, Cher, and part of Limousin. Their capital was Avaricum (Bourges), and another important settlement was at Argenton-sur-Creuse. The area then became part of Roman Gaul
Roman Gaul
after its conquest by Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
around 58 BC, and enjoyed a period of stability. Following the collapse of the Roman Empire in the West, the Frankish tribes living in Gaul were united under the Merovingians, and succeeded in conquering most of the country in the sixth century AD. From this time, the Franks controlled most of Gaul and the Carolingian Empire was the last stage of their rule. The Carolingian dynasty reached its peak with the crowning of Charlemagne
Charlemagne
and after his death in 814, it began to fragment. The Carolingian territories were divided into three sections in 843 at the Treaty of Verdun, and the area that is now the department of Indre, became part of West Francia. In 869, the king of Middle Francia
Francia
died without leaving a legitimate heir, and eventually part of that kingdom was added to West Francia
Francia
to effectively form the medieval Kingdom of France.[2] A castle was built at Châteauroux
Châteauroux
in the late tenth century. In the eleventh century, the lords of Châteauroux
Châteauroux
were powerful in the region; their "principality" covered two thirds of the current Department of Indre
Indre
and they had their own coinage.[3] Geography[edit] Indre
Indre
is a department in central France and is part of the region of Centre-Val de Loire. The capital and largest town in the department is Châteauroux. To the north of Indre
Indre
lies Loir-et-Cher, to the east Cher, to the south lies Creuse
Creuse
and Haute-Vienne, to the southwest lies Vienne, and to the northwest lies Indre-et-Loire. Most of the department is relatively level plains in the broad Loire
Loire
Valley.[4] The area of the department is 5,880 km2 (2,270 sq mi) and it is some 100 km (62 mi) from north to south and some 90 km (56 mi) wide. The land is undulating and slopes gently towards the northwest. The main rivers are the Creuse, the Claise and the Indre.[5] The Creuse, a tributary of the Vienne, is 264 kilometres (164 mi) long and has been impounded in several places; at the time it was built in 1926, the Eguzon Dam
Eguzon Dam
was the largest dam in Europe.[6] The Claise is 88 kilometres (55 mi) long and is a tributary of the Creuse. The Indre
Indre
is a longer waterway and flows centrally through the department from south to north, through the major towns of La Châtre, Châteauroux
Châteauroux
and Loches. It is a tributary of the Loire, joining it at Chinon
Chinon
in the neighbouring department of Loir-et-Cher.[5] Indre
Indre
is divided into four natural regions; North Boischaut is undulating land with an altitude between 80 and 215 m (260 and 710 ft) and occupies the northeast of the department, South Boischaut is hilly and lies in the south and southeast, a marshy tract of land known as Brenne is in the southwestern part of the department, and the flat, dry, flinty limestone plateau of Champagne berrichonne is in the east and continues into Cher. The highest point of the department is near the town of Pouligny-Notre-Dame
Pouligny-Notre-Dame
where the land rises to 459 m (1,506 ft) above sea level.[4] The department is made up of 680,910 ha (1,682,600 acres) of land of which 401,535 ha (992,210 acres) are under arable cropping, 85,305 ha (210,790 acres) are grassland, 67,423 ha (166,610 acres) are woodland, 18,110 ha (44,800 acres) are under grapes and 18,273 ha (45,150 acres) are gardens and orchards. The remaining land is heathland, urban land and waterways.[5] The economy is mostly agricultural. In the past many sheep were raised in the department and woollen yarn was the main manufactured product. There is also a linen industry as well as the manufacture of hosiery and paper. The department has some minerals in the form of coal, iron, stone, marble and clay.[5] Politics[edit] The President of the General Council is Louis Pinton of the Union for a Popular Movement.

Party seats

• Miscellaneous Right 9

• Union for a Popular Movement 8

Socialist Party 7

• New Centre 2

Tourism[edit] Châteauroux, the capital of the department, is a historic town. It was originally called "Château Raoul", the present day château which now houses the préfecture being built on the site of a castle constructed in the tenth century by Raoul le Large, lord of Déols. In 1188 the castle was held by Philippe Auguste who was concerned in protecting the drapery business centred in the town and along the banks of the River Indre
Indre
from fraud. From 1612 to 1736 it was a duchy of the House of Condé and from 1742 to 1744 was under the control of the Marquise de la Tournelle.[7] The Indre
Indre
department has two villages which have been classified among the most beautiful villages of France: Saint-Benoît-du-Sault
Saint-Benoît-du-Sault
and Gargilesse-Dampierre.

Châteauroux

Saint-Benoît-du-Sault

Gargilesse-Dampierre

Le Blanc

Argenton-sur-Creuse

See also[edit]

Cantons of the Indre
Indre
department Communes of the Indre
Indre
department Arrondissements of the Indre
Indre
department

References[edit]

^ a b Schama, Simon (1989). Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution. New York: Knopf.  ^ Nelson, Janet L. (1996). The Frankish World, 750–900. A&C Black. pp. 133–144. ISBN 978-1-85285-105-7.  ^ Archives départementales de l’Indre, Berry médiéval : à la découverte de l’ Indre
Indre
au Moyen Âge, catalogue d’exposition, Châteauroux, Archives départementales de l’Indre, 2009. ^ a b Philips' Modern School Atlas. George Philip and Son, Ltd. 1973. pp. 42–43. ISBN 0-540-05278-7.  ^ a b c d The Encyclopædia Britannica, or, Dictionary of arts, sciences, and general literature. Adam & Charles Black. 1856. pp. 376–377.  ^ "Eguzon: Creuse's River Valley". L'Ecole Buissonniaire. Retrieved 29 September 2015.  ^ Scholastic Library Publishing (2005). Encyclopedia Americana: Cathedrals to Civil War. Scholastic Library Pub. p. 334. ISBN 978-0-7172-0138-9. 

External links[edit] Media related to Indre
Indre
(department) at Wikimedia Commons

(in French) Prefecture website (in French) General Council website Indre
Indre
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) (in French) http://www.indrenature.net/

v t e

Departments of France

01 Ain 02 Aisne 03 Allier 04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 07 Ardèche 08 Ardennes 09 Ariège 10 Aube 11 Aude 12 Aveyron 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 14 Calvados 15 Cantal 16 Charente 17 Charente-Maritime 18 Cher 19 Corrèze 2A Corse-du-Sud 2B Haute-Corse 21 Côte-d'Or 22 Côtes-d'Armor 23 Creuse 24 Dordogne 25 Doubs 26 Drôme 27 Eure 28 Eure-et-Loir 29 Finistère 30 Gard 31 Haute-Garonne 32 Gers 33 Gironde 34 Hérault 35 Ille-et-Vilaine 36 Indre 37 Indre-et-Loire 38 Isère 39 Jura 40 Landes 41 Loir-et-Cher 42 Loire 43 Haute-Loire 44 Loire-Atlantique 45 Loiret 46 Lot 47 Lot-et-Garonne 48 Lozère 49 Maine-et-Loire 50 Manche 51 Marne 52 Haute-Marne 53 Mayenne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 56 Morbihan 57 Moselle 58 Nièvre 59 Nord 60 Oise 61 Orne 62 Pas-de-Calais 63 Puy-de-Dôme 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 66 Pyrénées-Orientales 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin 69D Rhône 70 Haute-Saône 71 Saône-et-Loire 72 Sarthe 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie 75 Paris 76 Seine-Maritime 77 Seine-et-Marne 78 Yvelines 79 Deux-Sèvres 80 Somme 81 Tarn 82 Tarn-et-Garonne 83 Var 84 Vaucluse 85 Vendée 86 Vienne 87 Haute-Vienne 88 Vosges 89 Yonne 90 Territoire de Belfort 91 Essonne 92 Hauts-de-Seine 93 Seine-Saint-Denis 94 Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d'Oise

Overseas departments 971 Guadeloupe 972 Martinique 973 French Guiana 974 Réunion 976 Mayotte

Metropolis with territorial collectivity statute 69M Lyon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 167743789 LCCN: n82073040 GND: 4109223-5 BNF:

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