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The Indonesian Navy
Navy
(Indonesian: Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Laut, TNI–AL) was founded on 10 September 1945. Its role is to patrol Indonesia's lengthy coastline, to enforce and patrol the territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zone
Exclusive Economic Zone
(EEZ) of Indonesia, to protect Indonesia's maritime strategic interests, to protect the islands surrounding Indonesia, and to defend against seaborne threats. The Indonesian Navy
Navy
is headed by a Chief of Staff of the Navy
Navy
(Kepala Staf Angkatan Laut – Kasal). The Indonesian Navy
Navy
is strengthen by two major fleets known as "Armada" which are Komando Armada Barat (Western Fleet Command) located in Tanjung Priok
Tanjung Priok
and Komando Armada Timur (Eastern Fleet Command) located in Surabaya
Surabaya
with one Military Sealift
Sealift
Command (Komando Lintas Laut Militer). The Navy
Navy
also heads the Marine Corps. All commissioned ships of the TNI-AL have the prefix KRI, standing for Kapal Republik Indonesia
Indonesia
(Republic of Indonesia
Indonesia
Ship).

Contents

1 Mission 2 History

2.1 Creation and actions during the revolution 2.2 After the revolution 2.3 At the height of the Cold War 2.4 1965 onwards 2.5 Expansion in the 21st century

3 Organisation

3.1 Leadership Elements 3.2 Assistant for Leadership Element 3.3 Other Service Element as may be organized by the Chief of Staff of the Navy 3.4 Central Executive Agencies 3.5 Principal Commands under the Chief of Staff of the Navy

4 Specialty Corps 5 Ships 6 Ground forces

6.1 Marine Corps 6.2 Special
Special
Forces

6.2.1 KOPASKA 6.2.2 Taifib 6.2.3 Denjaka

7 Ongoing projects 8 Integrated Maritime Surveillance Systems 9 Chief of Staff of the Navy 10 Rank Structure

10.1 Officers 10.2 Enlisted ratings

11 Notes 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Mission[edit] According to Law No.34/2004 on the Indonesian National Armed Forces, Article 9, the Navy
Navy
has the following tasks:

perform military duties in national defence; enforce the law and secure the order in the sea area of national jurisdiction in accordance with national laws and ratified international laws; perform diplomatic duties in support of foreign policy set by the government; engage other duties relevant for the maintenance and development of naval power; support civilian empowerment in sea defence areas.

History[edit] Creation and actions during the revolution[edit] The official Indonesian Navy's history began on 10 September 1945, at the outset of the Indonesian National Revolution. The administration of the early Indonesian government established the People's Marine Security
Security
Agency (Badan Keamanan Rakyat Laut/ BKR Laut) on 22 August 1945, the predecessor to the modern Indonesian Navy. BKR Laut with only wooden ships, a few landing craft and weapons left by Japan, was initially composed of Indonesian sailors who had served in the ranks of the Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Navy
Navy
during the Dutch colonial period, and who had fought the Japanese during the years of military occupation, plus active militias who served with the Japanese and ex-Indonesian officers and ratings of the Imperial Japanese Navy. The formation of the Indonesian military organisation known as the People's Security Army (Tentara Keamanan Rakyat / TKR) on 5 October 1945, at the height of the National Revolution, helped spur the further existence of the TKR Naval Branch – the Peoples' Security
Security
Navy
Navy
(TLKR), which later became the Republic of Indonesia
Indonesia
Navy
Navy
(Angkatan Laut Republik Indonesia/ ALRI). The name ALRI was used until 1970, when it was changed to Tentara Nasional Indonesia
Indonesia
Angkatan Laut (TNI-AL). As the revolution grew and the Navy
Navy
began its work, naval bases were established throughout the archipelago. Former ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy
Navy
handed down to the new republic were acquired. Simple strength did not discourage the Navy
Navy
to deploy Sea Traffic Operations in order to spread the news of the proclamation and helping to form and train Republican military forces and militias nationwide. Besides, they also attempted to breach the Dutch naval blockade in order to obtain aid from abroad. The newly formed navy confronted the more superior Royal Netherlands Navy
Navy
in Bali, Sibolga
Sibolga
and Cirebon. Cross-sea operations are also able to prepare the armed forces in South Kalimantan, Bali
Bali
and Sulawesi. Limitations in strength and ability to lead the Navy
Navy
had to divert the struggle in the countryside, after most boats were sunk and nearly all bases battered by the Dutch and Allied military forces. But the determination to participate again in the sea never subsided. In the hard times during the National Revolution the Navy
Navy
succeeded in forming the Fleet Forces (CA), Marine Corps
Corps
( Corps
Corps
Mariniers/ CM), and educational institutions in various places. The formation of these elements mark the presence of aspects for the formation of a modern national navy. After the revolution[edit]

Grumman HU-16 Albatross
Grumman HU-16 Albatross
of the naval aviation, 1950s–1960s

The end of the War of Independence marked the development of the Navy as a modern Navy. In accordance with the results of the Round Table Conference, since 1949, the Navy
Navy
received a variety of war equipment such as ships – battleships and its various supporting facilities such as Naval Base. This step in the consolidation of the body along with the Navy, revamping the organization and recruitment of personnel through educational institutions before manning naval equipment. During 1949–1959 the Navy
Navy
managed to enhance the strength and improve its capabilities. In the field of organization the Navy reorganized the Fleet Forces, the Marine Corps
Corps
– then Korps Komando Operasi Angkatan Laut (KKO-AL – Naval Commando Operations Corps Command), Naval Aviation and a number of Naval Regions as territorial defense command aspects of the sea. Navy
Navy
combat equipment grew, both from the Dutch and from other various countries. With the increased strength and the capability, the Navy
Navy
began refining the strategy, tactics, and techniques of marine operations are directly applied in a variety of military operations in order to deal with separatist movements that have sprung up in the year from 1950 to 1959. In assignment operations PRRI in Sumatra, Permesta , Darul Islam in West Java, and RMS in the Moluccas, the Navy
Navy
gained lessons in applying the concept of marine operations, amphibious operations, and joint operations with other forces. At the height of the Cold War[edit]

KRI Pasopati, a Whiskey-class submarine
Whiskey-class submarine
which is now a museum ship

KRI Siliwangi

At the time of the country started to recover from the threat of disintegration, in 1959, the Navy
Navy
launched a program known as Menuju Angkatan Laut yang Jaya. The Navy
Navy
experienced a significant progress until 1965 which was motivated by the politics of confrontation in order to seize West Irian, which Indonesia
Indonesia
claimed as part of its territory, a claim refuted by the Dutch government. As part of the increasing military ties between Indonesia
Indonesia
and the Warsaw Pact, various naval combat equipment from Eastern European countries strengthened the Navy
Navy
and become the dominant force at the time. Some military equipment of Soviet production served in the ranks of the Navy, among others Sverdlov-class cruiser, Skoryy-class destroyer, Riga-class frigate, Whiskey-class submarine
Whiskey-class submarine
(the first such vessels to be used in Southeast Asia), Komar-class missile boat, Ilyushin Il-28 long-range bomber aircraft of Naval Aviation and the PT-76
PT-76
Amphibious light tanks and BTR-50
BTR-50
APCs of the Commando Corps, the first of their kind in the region. With such power in the era of the 1960s the Navy was called the largest Navy
Navy
in Southeast Asia. By January 1962 the Indonesian Navy
Navy
started preparing a couple of naval operations for the liberation of West Irian
West Irian
known as Operation Trikora, which began on 15 December the year before as part of the military component of that operation under the Mandala Command for the Liberation of West Irian
West Irian
(Komando Mandala Pembebasan Irian Barat) . Beginning 1 January, fast-ship torpedo vessels of the Navy
Navy
were forward deployed to deal with destroyers, frigates and aircraft of the Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Navy. On January 15, 1962 Commodore Yos Sudarso along with RI Macan Tutul sank in the sea battle in the Arafura Sea. This battle is known as the Vlakke Hoek incident.By mid-year the Navy was preparing to organize its role in the planned Operation Jayawijaya which would be the largest amphibious operation in the history of Indonesian military operations if commenced. The naval component was made up of 100 warships and 16,000 sailors and Marines. The deployment of forces preparatory to the planned landings in West Papua forced the Dutch to return to negotiations and reached an agreement to hand over West Irian
West Irian
to Indonesia. After seizing West Irian, Sukarno by 1963 moved his sights on Malaysia. Indonesia
Indonesia
political confrontation against Neocolonialism
Neocolonialism
and Imperialism
Imperialism
(Nekolim) continued in Operation Dwikora to oppose the formation of Malaysia. Although elements of the National Armed Forces were prepared for operational deployments to the new state, the operations were limited to the infiltration operation along the Borneo frontier. Soldiers from the marine corps were involved in the operations which targeted both the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak. The Marine Corps, though, would figure in the 1964 MacDonald House bombing in Singapore. 1965 onwards[edit]

USS John R. Perry, a Claud Jones-class destroyer escort
Claud Jones-class destroyer escort
that would later become KRI Samadikun

Operation Dwikora was discontinued in 1965 along with a succession of governments in Indonesia
Indonesia
after an abortive coup d'état [2] took place in Jakarta, which were organized by the self-proclaimed organization of Indonesian National Armed Forces
Indonesian National Armed Forces
members who, in the early hours of 1 October 1965, assassinated six Indonesian Army
Indonesian Army
generals. Since 1966, the Navy
Navy
experienced a new chapter in its history as the military integration efforts. With the integration of the armed forces organizationally and operationally been able to keep up on the implementation of tasks in the field of defense and security so doctrinally, the direction of development of the power and capabilities of each branch to be concentrated. The operations were prominent during the period of the 1970s was Operation Seroja in the framework of the integration of East Timor
East Timor
to Indonesia. Navy
Navy
played an active role in the operation of landings, a joint ground operation, and transporting troops by sea. Starting the 1980s the Navy
Navy
began to modernize combat equipment. Ships made in Eastern Europe that has been the core strength of the Navy
Navy
in the era of the 1960s and 1970s were not suited to meet the growing and changing needs for the navy and its branches (saving for its submarines and several corvettes and frigates, the submarines were retired in 1990). The worsening relations between Indonesia
Indonesia
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
after the government of President
President
Sukarno resulted a cessation of military cooperation between the two countries and the Warsaw Pact. Therefore, the Navy
Navy
switched once more to using Western technology to modernize the power and ability to buy warships, logistics vessels and other major combat equipment from various countries. Included among those commissioned during the Suharto presidency were Fatahillah-class corvette and Van Speijk-class frigate from the Netherlands, Type 209 submarine
Type 209 submarine
from West Germany, Fast Patrol boat
Patrol boat
from South Korea, and the GAF Nomad
GAF Nomad
patrol aircraft from Australia. In 1993 the Navy
Navy
also received 39 ships from the former Volksmarine
Volksmarine
(East German Navy), including 13 Parchim Class corvettes, the Frosch-class landing ship tank (LST), and 9 Kondor II-class minessweepers.

KRI Cut Nyak Dien

At the same time the Navy
Navy
began to develop a non-combat military operations in the form of humanitarian service program Surya Bhaskara Jaya in various remote areas in Indonesia
Indonesia
that can only be reached by sea. The core of the operating activities are health services, construction and rehabilitation of public facilities and various counseling in health, law, and civil defense. This event is held regularly every year until now. A number of countries also participated in these activities, among others, Singapore, Australia and the United States. The navy also seeks promoting the development of the maritime sector, especially those related to aspects of defense and security at sea, activities that had been present since independence before the formation of the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. The actual activities undertaken today by the Navy
Navy
are establishing marine development assessment bodies together with the government and private sectors in some areas, coastal village pilot program are summarized in Coastal Rural Development (Bindesir), and the National Potential Development Program for Maritime Defense (Binpotnaskuatmar). In order to inflame the marine life of the nation, the Navy
Navy
held an international scale maritime event Arung Samudera 1995. The navy was responsible for the programs for National Maritime Year 1996 and the Bunaken Declaration of 1998, which is a manifestation of marine development in Indonesia. Expansion in the 21st century[edit] During the presidencies of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
and Joko Widodo, the Navy
Navy
has begun a program of expansion of its combat commands and has begun a program of national warship construction in naval arsenals, while acquiring nationally produced transport aircraft for the needs of the Navy. Organisation[edit]

KRI Makassar
Makassar
590

According to presidential decree No. 62/ 2016,[3] the organisation structure of the navy comprises the following components: Leadership Elements[edit]

Chief of Staff of the Navy, position held by a four-star admiral or marine general. Vice Chief of Staff of the Navy, position held by a three-star admiral or marine general.

Assistant for Leadership Element[edit]

Inspector General of the Navy, position held by two-star admiral. Naval Expert Advisor, position held by two-star or one-star admiral. Naval Planning and Budgeting Advisor Naval Security
Security
Advisor Naval Operation Advisor Naval Human Resource Advisor Naval Supply Advisor Marine Potential Advisor

Other Service Element as may be organized by the Chief of Staff of the Navy[edit] Central Executive Agencies[edit]

An Indonesian Naval Academy
Indonesian Naval Academy
recruiting poster

Naval Security
Security
Service (Dinas Keamanan TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Public Relations and Media Service (Dinas Penerangan TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Communication
Communication
and Electronics
Electronics
Service (Dinas Komunikasi dan Elektronika TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Legal Counsel Service (Dinas Pembinaan Hukum TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Marine Potential Development Service (Dinas Potensi Maritim TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Personnel Administration Service (Dinas Administrasi Personal TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Education Service (Dinas Pendidikan TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Personnel Maintenance (Dinas Perawatan Personel TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Medical Department (Dinas Kesehatan TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Ordnance Service (Dinas Materiil TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Weapons and Electronics
Electronics
Equipment Service (Dinas Materiil Senjata dan Elektronika TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Seaworthiness Equipment Service (Dinas Kelaikan TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Base
Naval Base
Facility Service (Dinas Fasilitas Pangkalan TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Procurement Service (Dinas Pengadaan TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Supply Service (Dinas Pembekalan TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Finance Corps
Corps
(Dinas Keuangan TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Research and Development Service (Dinas Penelitian dan Pengembangan TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Information and Data Processing Service (Dinas Informasi dan Pengolahan Data TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Psychology Service (Dinas Psikologi TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Operation and Training (Dinas Operasi dan Latihan TNI Angkatan Laut) Naval Aviation Command (Pusat Penerbangan Angkatan Laut / Puspnerbal)

MBB Bo 105
MBB Bo 105
of the Naval Aviation landing on the flight deck of USS Fort Worth.

The Naval Aviation Command is one part of the Navy's Central Executive Agencies led by a Rear Admiral
Admiral
(upper half). Puspenerbal as the center of guidance to the Navy's aviation aviation units in the field of personnel as well as the readiness of air elements. Puspenerbal is not just a combat unit, but also participates in various Marine Corps operational tasks as well as providing logistics and personnel tactical transport facilities for marine and airbase systems. In carrying out these tasks, Puspenerbal carries out flight functions which include: Air surveillance, waterproof anti-submarine, anti-submarine, lander landing landing, fast logistics support, maritime patrol, marine combat operations, and the provision of material coaching functions. This unit is in charge of supporting naval operations, both for combat operations, SAR operations and humanitarian relief operations. Marine security to monitor the movement of foreign ships, especially in the archipelagic sea lanes of Indonesia, environmental protection from the pollution of dangerous materials, the prevention of smuggling and theft of marine wealth is also an important mission carried by Dispenerbal, in cooperation with other air force elements such as TNI-AU and Police. One of the most famous acts of Navy
Navy
aircraft recently was when they were involved in evacuating victims of the 2006 Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta
earthquake. Naval Military Police
Military Police
Command (Pusat Polisi Militer TNI Angkatan Laut) Indonesian Naval Academy
Indonesian Naval Academy
Surabaya
Surabaya
(Akademi TNI Angkatan Laut/ AAL) Naval Staff College (Sekolah Staf dan Komando TNI Angkatan Laut/ Seskoal) Naval Technology College (Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi TNI Angkatan Laut)

Principal Commands under the Chief of Staff of the Navy[edit]

Fleet Commands : The navy strength are spread across several Navy
Navy
Main Naval Base (Pangkalan Utama TNI Angkatan Laut/ Lantamal) and Naval Base (Pangkalan TNI Angkatan Laut/ Lanal) throughout Indonesia
Indonesia
under two main fleet command. Navy
Navy
HQ assign numbering of Main Naval Base
Naval Base
I to XI according to the location from west to east on August 1, 2006 in line with the inauguration of the Naval Base
Naval Base
(Pangkalan TNI Angkatan Laut/ Lanal) Teluk Bayur in Padang, West Sumatra
West Sumatra
into Main Naval Base II. In 2015, three Naval Base
Naval Base
(Lanal) were upgraded to Main Naval Base (Lantamal) with the numbering of XII, XIII and XIV. Plans exist to have a single HQ at Surabaya, with commands at Riau
Riau
(West), Papua (East), and Makassar
Makassar
(Central).[4] JDW reported on 12 November 2003 that Admiral
Admiral
Bernard Kent Sondakh, the Chief of Naval Staff, was advocating a plan to merge the two fleets to form a single Main Operations and Administration Defence Command, to be headed by a three-star officer and headquartered at Surabaya.[5] Plans exist for the establishment of a central fleet command in Makassar
Makassar
– Celebes (Sulawesi) and also to move its eastern fleet to Sorong – Papua.[6]

Western Fleet Command (Komando Armada Barat /Koarmabar), in Jakarta, conterminous with Army's KODAM Jaya, KODAM Iskandar Muda and KODAMs I through IV and VI and Air Force's Operation Command I West.

Main Naval Base
Naval Base
I (Lantamal I) in Belawan, oversees naval bases covering Sabang, Dumai, Lhokseumawe, Tanjung Balai and Simeulue. The main naval base also oversee one Naval Air Station (Lanudal) Sabang and two facilities maintenance and repair (Fasharkan) in Sabang and Belawan. The main naval base is scheduled to be moved to Lhokseumawe in Aceh. Main Naval Base
Naval Base
II (Lantamal II) in Padang, oversees naval bases covering Sibolga, Nias, Mentawai (planned), and Bengkulu. Main Naval Base
Naval Base
III (Lantamal III) in Jakarta, oversees six naval bases covering Palembang, Cirebon, Lampung, Banten, Bandung, and Bangka-Belitung. Moreover, it has a maintenance and repair facility in Pondok Rowing, Jakarta. These maintenance and repair facility now has the ability to make small patrol boat with a size of 28–35 meters. Furthermore, the main naval base also oversees Naval Air Station (Lanudal) Pondok Cabe. Main Naval Base
Naval Base
IV (Lantamal IV) in Tanjung Pinang
Tanjung Pinang
oversees naval bases covering Batam, Tarempa, Ranai, Tanjung Balai Karimun, and Dabo Singkep. Main Naval Base
Naval Base
Tanjung Pinang
Tanjung Pinang
has a maintenance and repair facility or Fasharkan in Mentigi (Fasharkan Mentigi) that has the ability to make the patrol boat (KAL) 12, 28 and 35 meters. In addition, it has 2 Naval Air Station (Lanudal) in Matak, Natuna Islands, and in Tanjungpinang / Kijang. Main Naval Base
Naval Base
XII (Lantamal XII) in Pontianak
Pontianak
oversees naval bases covering Pangkalan Bun, Ketapang
Ketapang
and Sambas.

Eastern Fleet Command (Komando Armada Timur /Koarmatim), in Surabaya, conterminous with Army's KODAM V and KODAMs VII through XVIII and Air Force's Operation Command II East.

Main Naval Base
Naval Base
V (Lantamal V) in Surabaya
Surabaya
oversees seven naval bases and one Naval Air Station, including Tegal, Cilacap, Semarang, Yogyakarta, Malang, Banyuwangi, Denpasar and Batuporon. Main Naval Base
Naval Base
VI (Lantamal VI) in Makassar, in charge of naval bases in Kendari, Palu, Balikpapan, Kotabaru
Kotabaru
and Banjarmasin. Main Naval Base
Naval Base
VII (Lantamal VII) in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, in charge of naval bases in Mataram, Maumere, Kupang, Tual and Aru. In addition, it has 1 Naval Air Station (Lanudal) in Kupang. Main Naval Base
Naval Base
VIII (Lantamal VIII) in Manado, North Sulawesi, in charge of naval bases Tarakan, Nunukan, Tahuna, Toli-Toli and Gorontalo. In addition, it has 1 Naval Air Station (Lanudal) in Manado. Main Naval Base
Naval Base
IX (Lantamal IX) in Ambon oversees naval bases in Ternate, Saumlaki, Morotai, Tual and Ambon. Main Naval Base
Naval Base
X (Lantamal X) in Jayapura, oversees Biak Naval Base and Biak Naval Air Station . Main Naval Base
Naval Base
XI (Lantamal XI) in Merauke, Papua oversees naval bases in Timika
Timika
and Aru Islands. In addition, it has 1 Naval Air Station (Lanudal) in Aru Islands. Main Naval Base
Naval Base
XIII (Lantamal XIII) in Tarakan, North Kalimantan Main Naval Base
Naval Base
XIV (Lantamal XIV) in Sorong, West Papua in charge of the maintenance and repair facility in Manokwari
Manokwari
which is capable of producing small patrol boats of length 12 and 28 meters.

Military Sealift
Sealift
Command – coordinates the navy's logistical assets in support of its personnel

Military Sealift
Sealift
Force Jakarta Military Sealift
Sealift
Force Surabaya

Marine Corps, with two Marine Forces and an independent Marine Brigade plus support units Naval Doctrine, Education, and Training Development Command (Kodiklatal)

Naval Operation Education Command (Komando Pendidikan Operasi Laut (Kodikopsla)) Marine Corps
Corps
Education Command (Komando Pendidikan Marinir (Kodikmar)) Naval Support Training Command (Komando Pendidikan Dukungan Umum (Kodikdukum)) Basic Military Training and Education Centre (Pusat Latihan dan Pendidikan Dasar Kemiliteran (Puslatdiksarmil)) Electronics
Electronics
and Naval Weapon Guidance System Training Centre (Pusat Latihan Elektronika dan Sistem Kendali Senjata (Puslatlekdalsen)) Naval Operation Training Centre (Pusat Latihan Operasi Laut (Puslaopsla)) Marine Corps
Corps
Training Centre (Pusat Latihan Marinir (Puslatmar))

Naval Hydrography
Hydrography
and Oceanography
Oceanography
Center (Pushidrosal)

Specialty Corps[edit] In general, specialty corps in the navy can be divided into 3 levels according to detail of specialization and rank, which are officer's corps (general level, usually has special title of "Laut"), NCOs corps (specialized corps, including warrant officers) and enlisted's corps (most specialized corps). All officers regardless of specialty corps wear either peaked caps or specialty coloured berets with their uniforms.

Fleet Forces Corps
Corps
(Bahasa Indonesia: Korps Pelaut, abbrv: (Laut "P")) – Enlisted ratings wear navy blue berets or sailor caps in their dress uniforms, senior ranked NCOs wear peaked caps.

NCOs' Corps

Nautical Corps
Corps
(Bahari), abbrv: BAH Navigation Corps
Corps
(Navigasi), abbrv: NAV Communication
Communication
Corps
Corps
(Komunikasi), abbrv: KOM Surface Weapon Systems (Senjata Atas Air), abbrv: SAA Underwater Weapon Systems (Senjata Bawah Air), abbrv: SBA

Enlisted's Corps

Telegraphic Corps
Corps
(Telegrafis), abbrv: TLG Signal Corps
Corps
(Isyarat), abbrv: ISY Naval Ammunition Corps
Corps
(Amunisi), abbrv: AMO Naval Artillery (Meriam), abbrv: MER Naval Missile Artillery (Rudal), abbrv: RJD Naval Mines and Demolition (Ranjau Laut dan Demolisi), abbrv: RJD Torpedo and Depth Charges (Torpedo dan Bom Laut), abbrv: TRB

Naval Engineering Corps(Bahasa Indonesia: Korps Teknik), abbrv: (Laut "T") - Enlisted ratings and senior NCOs wear construction helmets when performing engineering or transport work.

NCOs' Corps

Mechanical Engineers (Teknik Mesin), abbrv: MES Civil Engineering (Teknik Bangunan) Motorized Transportation (Angkutan Bermotor), abbrv: ANG

Enlisted's Corps

Diesel Mechanical Engineers (Teknik Mesin Diesel), abbrv: MDL General Construction Engineering (Teknik Konstruksi Umum), abbrv: TKU

Electronics
Electronics
Corps
Corps
(Bahasa Indonesia: Korps Elektronika, abbrv): (Laut "E")

NCOs' Corps

Detection Electronics, (Elektronika Deteksi), abbrv: EDE Communication
Communication
Electronics, (Elektronika Komunikasi), abbrv: EKO Control Electronics, (Elektronika Kendali), abbrv: EKL Armaments and Munitions Electronics, (Elektronika Senjata dan Amunisi), abbrv: ESA Computer Electronics, (Elektronika Teknik Komputer), abbrv: ETK Electronics
Electronics
and Electricity Corps
Corps
(Korps Elektronika Kelistrikan), abbrv: LIS

Enlisted's Corps

Armaments Electronics, (Elektronika Teknik Senjata), abbrv: ETA

Supply and Administration Corps
Corps
(Bahasa Indonesia: Korps Suplai atau Administrasi, abbrv: (Laut "S"))

NCOs' Corps

Finance (Keuangan, abbrv): KEU Administration (Tata Usaha), abbrv: TTU Housekeeping (Tata Graha), abbrv: TTG Supply (Perbekalan), abbrv: BEK

Marine Corps
Corps
(Bahasa Indonesia: Korps Marinir, abbrv: (Mar)) – Personnel wear purple berets

NCO and Enlisted's Corps

Infantry (Infanteri), abbrv: INF Amphibious Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
(Intai Amfibi), abbrv: IAM Artillery (Artileri), abbrv: ART Cavalry (Kavaleri), abbrv: KAV Communications (Komunikasi), abbrv: KOM Combat Engineers (Zeni), abbrv: ZNI Transport, Supplies and Ordnance (Angkutan dan Peralatan), abbrv: ABP

Medical Service Corps
Corps
(Bahasa Indonesia: Korps Kesehatan, abbrv): (Laut "K")

NCOs' Corps

General Nurse (Rawat Umum), abbrv: RUM Dental Nurse (Rawat Umum), abbrv: RKG Pharmacy Corps
Corps
(Farmasi), abbrv: FAR Hospital Corpsman (Asisten Paramedic), abbrv: APM

Enlisted's Corps

Hospital Corpsman (Asisten Paramedic), abbrv: APM

Special
Special
Corps
Corps
(Bahasa Indonesia: Korps Khusus), abbrv: (Laut "KH")

NCOs' Corps

Physical Fitness and Sports (Jasmani), abbrv: JAS Band Service (Musik), abbrv: MUS Computer Data Processor (Pengelola Data Komputer), abbrv: PDK

Naval Military Police
Military Police
Corps
Corps
(Bahasa Indonesia: Korps Polisi Militer, abbrv: (Laut "PM") – Personnel wear light blue berets pushed to the left or blue MP helmets

NCO and Enlisted's Corps

Military Police
Military Police
(Polisi Militer), abbrv: PM

Women's Naval Service Corps
Corps
(Bahasa Indonesia: Korps Wanita Angkatan Laut / KOWAL), abbrv: (Laut ".../W"), whereas "..." refer to other specialty corps. - Personnel wear variant crusher caps with their uniforms.

Ships[edit] Main article: Equipment of the Indonesian Navy Main article: List of active Indonesian Navy
Navy
ships Ground forces[edit] Marine Corps[edit]

Indonesian Marines

Main article: Indonesian Marine Corps The Indonesian Marine Corps
Indonesian Marine Corps
(Indonesian: Korps Marinir) officially known as KORMAR or simply "Marinir", Tentara Nasional Indonesia
Indonesia
– Angkatan Laut, ("KORMAR", TNI-AL); officially translated as: Marine Corps, Indonesian Navy[7] is the currently integral part of the Indonesian Navy
Navy
(TNI-AL) and sized at the military corps level unit as the Naval Infantry and main amphibious warfare force of Indonesia. There are future plans to expand the Indonesian Marine Corps
Indonesian Marine Corps
to become an independent, uniformed force. It is commanded by a two star marine general. It has two divisions, which are:

Pasukan Marinir I / "PASMAR I" (Marine Force I) based in Jakarta
Jakarta
for operations in the western fleet of Indonesia Pasukan Marinir II / "PASMAR II" (Marine Force II) based in Surabaya for operations in the eastern fleet of Indonesia.

The two marine divisions (PASMAR I and II) are each led by a one star admiral (Brigadier General/Commodore). Special
Special
Forces[edit] KOPASKA[edit]

KOPASKA
KOPASKA
special forces

Main article: KOPASKA Formed in 31 March 1962, Frogman
Frogman
Commando (Komando Pasukan Katak) or KOPASKA
KOPASKA
is a Frogman
Frogman
unit of the Indonesian Navy
Navy
which is considered as one of Indonesia's most elite special forces after the Kopassus from the army. The unit gained notoriety after managed to free the MV Sinar Kudus who was hijacked by Somali pirates
Somali pirates
on 16 March 2011 without resulting any casualties.[8] The Unit's main duties are underwater demolition (raiding enemy ships and bases), destroying main underwater installations, reconnaissance, prisoner snatches, preparing beaches for larger naval amphibious operations, and counter-terrorism. In peacetime the unit deploys a seven-person team to serve as security personnel for VIPs. Primary among these duties are the escort and personal security of the Indonesian president and vice-president. Taifib[edit]

Taifib
Taifib
personnel during training exercise

Main article: Taifib Amphibious reconnaissance
Amphibious reconnaissance
battalion ( Battalion
Battalion
Intai Amfibi) or Taifib is an elite recon unit within the Indonesian Marine Corps
Indonesian Marine Corps
which is tasked for conducting Amphibious reconnaissance
Amphibious reconnaissance
and Special reconnaissance. It is operationally similar to the Combat Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
Platoon (Indonesian: Peleton Intai Tempur, abbreviated "Tontaipur") from the Army's Kostrad
Kostrad
corps. Taifib
Taifib
was previously known as "Kipam" (abbreviation from: "Komando Intai Para Amfibi") which literally means in English: the Para-Amphibious reconnaissance Commandos. They were officially formed on 13 March 1961 as marine commandos.[9] Set at a regimental strength of two battalions, "Taifib" is was formed as the elite amphibious reconnaissance unit of the Indonesian Marine Corps. It was first used for conflict management in Irian Jaya (Papua) in April 1962. Starting from November 1971 it was called "Batalyon Intai Amphibi" ("Yon Taifib") or Amphibious Recon Battalion. Today, two force recon battalions are deployed as part of the 1st (Surabaya) and 2nd (Jakarta) Marine Forces. Denjaka[edit]

Jala Mangkara Detachment personnel

Main article: Denjaka Jala Mangkara Detachment (Detasemen Jala Mangkara) or Denjaka
Denjaka
is the special operations and counter-terrorism forces of the Indonesian Navy. This is a combined detachment formed from selected personnel of the Navy's Underwater Special
Special
Unit (Kopaska) and the Marine Corps' Amphibious Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
Battalion
Battalion
(Taifib). The unit was formed in 1984 by the Chief of the Indonesian Armed Forces to counter maritime strategic threats including terrorism and sabotage. Despite the specific reason for its formation, as in the case of any other special operations forces around the world, the detachment is also fully trained in conducting reconnaissance, unconventional warfare, and clandestine behind-enemy-lines operations. Denjaka's primary task is to develop anti-terrorism, anti-sabotage and other clandestine operations capabilities in support of maritime counter-terrorism, counter-sabotage and other special operations as directed by the chief of the armed forces. Ongoing projects[edit] The Indonesian Navy
Navy
plans to have 151 vessels (minimum), 220 vessels (standard), or 274 vessels (ideal), for which it has a blueprint up to 2024.[10] In April 2011, PT PAL, in co-operation with Dutch Naval Shipbuilding, started designing a new light frigate for ASW purposes. It will be the largest warship built by PT PAL.[11] The first steel cutting ceremony was held on January 2014 and order for two PKR ships is confirmed. Equipped with VL Mica missiles and Oerlikon Millennium CIWS, these ships are also usable for air defence purposes. At the same time, Indonesian Navy
Navy
has accepted a grant of two used patrol boats equipped with guided missiles made in Britain from Brunei, which has replaced them with newer vessels.[12] As of June 2011 Indonesia
Indonesia
was in the process of choosing submarines from one of three countries: France's Scorpène class, Germany's Type 209 and the South Korean Chang Bogo class Type 209.[13] In December 2011, a contract to build three submarines was signed by Indonesia
Indonesia
and Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (DSME). Two submarines will be built in South Korea
South Korea
in co-operation with Indonesian state-owned shipbuilder PT PAL, while the third will be built at PT Pal's facilities. The contract was worth $1.07 billion and construction was planned to start in January 2012, with delivery expected in 2015 and 2016. The submarines will weigh 1,400 tons and be 61.3 metres (201 ft 1 in) long, with a crew of up to 40 and with 8 weapons tubes for torpedoes and other weapons. The procurement is an effort to keep pace with other countries in the region.[14][15] The submarines will be based at Palu
Palu
naval base in Central Sulawesi which is currently under construction.[16] In January 2012, the Navy
Navy
confirmed an order for the 24 guided-missile fast boats to be deployed in the shallow waters in the western part of Indonesia
Indonesia
and in North Sulawesi
Sulawesi
which are geographically dotted by small islands and divided by straits. Indonesia
Indonesia
now has 8 KCR-40s (Kapal Cepat Rudal 40-meter, literally meaning 40-meters Fast Missile Boat), all in full commission by 20 December 2013.[17] These vessels will be 45 percent locally sourced and are to be designed and built locally. They will cost Rp 73 billion ($7.98 million) each and have a top speed of 30 knots. They will carry Chinese C-705 anti-ship missiles with a range up to 120 kilometres (75 mi), a 6-barreled 30-millimeter close-in weapons system and two 20-millimeters guns.[18][19][20] Indonesia
Indonesia
has also decided to restart procurement of the Trimaran, Klewang class FMPV(Fast missile patrol vessel), with an initial order of four boats.[21] The Indonesian Navy
Navy
is also preparing to acquire three new British built corvettes,[22] classified as Bung Tomo-class corvette, after its leading ship, KRI Bung Tomo (357). They were built for Brunei
Brunei
but rejected for not meeting their requirements, allowing Indonesia
Indonesia
to buy them cheaply. In December 2013, the Indonesian Ministry of Defence stated that the Indonesian Navy
Navy
planned to buy several used Kilo-class submarines still in commission with the Russian Navy.[23] A team consisting of Indonesian Navy
Navy
experts was to be sent to Russia to inspect the condition of these future submarines.[24] In March 2014 the procurement was cancelled.[25] Integrated Maritime Surveillance Systems[edit] With various coastal radars, Indonesia
Indonesia
has one of the world's longest Integrated Maritime Surveillance Systems (IMSS). The network covers more than 1,205 kilometres (749 mi) of coastline in the Straits of Malacca and about 1,285 kilometres (798 mi) of coastline in the Sulawesi
Sulawesi
Sea.[26] Chief of Staff of the Navy[edit] Main article: Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Navy Rank Structure[edit] Main article: Indonesian military ranks In the navy, as well as in other armed forces branches in Indonesia, the rank consists of officer known as in Indonesian: "Perwira", NCO "Bintara" and enlisted "Tamtama". Indonesian Navy
Navy
is one of few Navy
Navy
in that world which use similar rank title with its Army, the difference is only on high officer and lower-ranking enlisted men. The only exception is Indonesian Marine Corps, while Marine Corps
Corps
is a branch of the Navy, the rank titles of the Marine Corps
Corps
are the same as those of the Army, but it still uses the Navy's style insignia (for lower-ranking enlisted men, blue are replacing the red colour). Starting 2006, navy personnel assigned abroad are authorized to use foreign service uniform (similar to service dress blues in United States Navy) during their service overseas (eg. during training exercises), which includes sleeve and cuff insignia.[27] The proper title to address of rank on official document are as follows, all high-ranking officers ( Admiral
Admiral
or Marine General) use their rank followed by "(TNI)", while other officers use their rank followed by respective branch/corps abbreviation. For example, an Navy colonel from fleet forces corps use the title "Kolonel (Laut P)", while an Navy
Navy
Vice Admiral
Admiral
from fleet forces corps use the title "Laksamana Madya (TNI)". Warant officers, NCOs and enlisted seamen may put their respective branch/corps specialty, for example: "Pembantu Letnan Dua SAA" (warrant officer from surface weaponry corps) and "Kelasi Dua TRB" (seamen from torpedo corps). All marine corps personnel, general officers inclusive, use their rank followed by "(Mar)". Note: Indonesia
Indonesia
is not a member of NATO, so there is not an official equivalence between the Indonesian military ranks and those defined by NATO. The displayed parallel is approximate and for illustration purposes only.

Officers[edit]

Equivalent NATO
NATO
Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) & Student officer

Indonesia (Edit)

Laksamana Besar Laksamana Laksamana Madya Laksamana Muda Laksamana Pertama Kolonel Letnan Kolonel Mayor Kapten Letnan Satu Letnan Dua

Admiral
Admiral
of the Fleet Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral
Admiral
(upper half) Rear Admiral
Admiral
(lower half) Captain Commander Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Commander Lieutenant Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Junior Grade Ensign

No sleeve insignia

Enlisted ratings[edit]

Equivalent NATO
NATO
Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Indonesia (Edit)

Pembantu Letnan Satu Pembantu Letnan Dua Sersan Mayor Sersan Kepala Sersan Satu Sersan Dua Kopral Kepala Kopral Satu Kopral Dua Kelasi Kepala Kelasi Satu Kelasi Dua

Chief Warrant Officer Warrant Officer Master Chief Petty Officer First Class Master Chief Petty Officer Second Class Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty Officer First Class Petty Officer Second Class Petty Officer Third Class Seaman Seaman
Seaman
Apprentice Seaman
Seaman
recruit

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

Former ship of the Indonesian Navy Indonesian military ranks Indonesian Army Indonesian Air Force

Indonesia
Indonesia
portal

References[edit]

^ "Presiden Lantik Ade Supandi
Ade Supandi
Sebagai KSAL". 31 December 2014.  ^ "The assassination of generals on the morning of 1 October was not really a coup attempt against the government, but the event has been almost universally described as an 'abortive coup attempt,' so I have continued to use the term." Crouch 1978, p. 101. ^ "Law" (PDF). kemendagri.go.id. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2018.  ^ IISS Military Balance 2007, p.353 ^ JDW 19 November 2003, p.16-17 ^ http://news.detik.com/berita/2845482/akan-ada-3-komando-armada-tni-al-pangarmatim-jadi-armada-pusat-ri ^ http://www.marinir.mil.id Archived 29 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Kisah Operasi Pasukan Katak di MV Sinar Kudus ^ "Yontaifib Marinir: Pasukan Elit Marinir TNI AL - HobbyMiliter.com". HobbyMiliter.com. 2016-12-16. Retrieved 2017-04-28.  ^ " Indonesia
Indonesia
Targetkan Miliki 154 Kapal Perang Hingga 2024". JakartaGreater. Retrieved 25 May 2016.  ^ " Indonesia
Indonesia
looks to build its own warships". The Jakarta
Jakarta
Post. 23 March 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ "TNI considering two patrol boats from Brunei". ANTARA News. 4 April 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ " Navy
Navy
shopping for new submarines". The Jakarta
Jakarta
Post. 6 June 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ "December 22, 2011 – RI orders 3 submarines worth $1b in regional 'catch-up'". Thejakartapost.com. Retrieved 7 November 2013.  ^ " Navy
Navy
Opens New Base Prepared for Submarines". Defense-studies.blogspot.com. 7 April 2013.  ^ Rahmat, Ridzwan (30 July 2015). "Indonesian government calls for urgent completion of submarine basing facilities". IHS Jane's Navy International. Retrieved 2 August 2015.  ^ "Menhan Resmikan 1 KRI dan 2 KAL Buatan Batam". batamtoday.com.  ^ " Navy
Navy
to procure 24 fast boats to patrol shallow waters". Thejakartapost.com. Retrieved 5 January 2012.  ^ "Indonesia: Defense Minister Launches "KRI Clurit" >>". Naval Today. 26 April 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ "Bank Mandiri finances missile boats". The Jakarta
Jakarta
Post. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2013.  ^ Ridzwan Rahmat, Jakarta
Jakarta
– IHS Jane's Defence Weekly (14 August 2014). " Indonesia
Indonesia
confirms acquisition of four Klewang-class stealth patrol ships – IHS Jane's 360". Janes.com. Retrieved 28 June 2015.  ^ "Purchase Confirmed, Navy
Navy
Waits for Three New Ships". en.tempo.co.  ^ " Indonesia
Indonesia
borong kapal selam dari Rusia". merdeka.com.  ^ "Butuh Kapal Selam, TNI Kirim Tim ke Rusia". tempo.co.  ^ NurW. "DEFENSE STUDIES". Retrieved 24 December 2014.  ^ "News". Embassyofindonesia.org. 1 July 2010. Retrieved 7 November 2013.  ^ https://www.antaranews.com/berita/39212/tni-al-gunakan-seragam-baru-hitam-putih-berstandar-internasional

External links[edit]

Official website Indonesian Navy
Navy
ships and equipment ( Navy
Navy
Recognition) ALRI – Navy
Navy
of the Republic of Indonesia
Indonesia
@ Globalsecurity.com Indonesian Military Blog

v t e

Special
Special
Units of Indonesian Armed Forces (TNI)

Indonesian Army
Indonesian Army
(TNI–AD) Special
Special
Forces Command (Kopassus) Combat Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
Platoon (Ton Taipur)

Indonesian Navy
Navy
(TNI–AL) Frogman
Frogman
Commandos (Kopaska) Marine Reconnaissance
Reconnaissance
Battalion
Battalion
(Taifib) Counter-terrorism
Counter-terrorism
Special
Special
Force (Denjaka)

Indonesian Air Force
Indonesian Air Force
(TNI–AU) Air Force Infantry Corps
Corps
(Paskhas) Bravo Detachment 90
Bravo Detachment 90
(Den Bravo 90)

v t e

Ship classes of the Indonesian Navy

Submarines

Type 209 Chang Bogo

Frigates

Sigma Van Speijk Fatahillah

Corvettes

Sigma Nakhoda Ragam Parchim

Fast missile boat

Klewang KCR 60 Clurit Mandau

Patrol boat

FPB-57 Boa Kobra Viper Krait Sibarau Salawaku

Landing platform dock

Makassar

Minesweeper

Pulau Rengat Pulau Rani Kondor

Training ship

KRI Ki Hajar Dewantara KRI Dewaruci KRI Arung Samudra

List of current ships of the Indonesian Navy

v t e

Militaries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Royal Brunei
Brunei
Armed Forces

Royal Brunei
Brunei
Land Forces Royal Brunei
Brunei
Air Force Royal Brunei
Brunei
Navy

Royal Cambodian Armed Forces

Royal Cambodian Army Royal Cambodian Air Force Royal Cambodian Navy Royal Gendarmerie of Cambodia

Indonesian National Armed Forces

Indonesian Army Indonesian Air Force Indonesian Navy
Navy
(Indonesian Marine Corps)

Lao People's Armed Forces

Lao People's Army Lao People's Liberation Army Air Force Lao People's Navy

Malaysian Armed Forces

Malaysian Army Royal Malaysian Air Force Royal Malaysian Navy Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency

Myanmar
Myanmar
Armed Forces

Myanmar
Myanmar
Army Myanmar
Myanmar
Air Force Myanmar
Myanmar
Navy Myanmar
Myanmar
Police Force

Armed Forces of the Philippines

Philippine Army Philippine Air Force Philippine Navy Philippine Marine Corps Philippine Coast Guard

Singapore
Singapore
Armed Forces

Singapore
Singapore
Army Republic of Singapore
Singapore
Air Force Republic of Singapore
Singapore
Navy

Royal Thai Armed Forces

Royal Thai Army Royal Thai Air Force Royal Thai Navy Royal Thai Marine Corps

Vietnam
Vietnam
People's Armed Forces

Vietnam
Vietnam
People's Ground Force Vietnam
Vietnam
People's Air Force Vietnam
Vietnam
People's Navy Vietnam
Vietnam
Border Defence Force Vietnam
Vietnam
Coast Guard

ASEAN member states Brunei Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam

v t e

Navies of Asia

Sovereign states

Afghanistan Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Cambodia China Cyprus East Timor
East Timor
(Timor-Leste) Egypt Georgia India Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Japan Jordan Kazakhstan North Korea South Korea Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Lebanon Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Oman Pakistan Philippines Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Tajikistan Thailand Turkey Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Artsakh Northern Cyprus Palestine South Ossetia Taiwan

Dependencies and other territories

British Indian Ocean Territory Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Hong Kong Macau

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