The Indochinese Communist Party (ICP; Vietnamese: Đảng Cộng sản Đông Dương, French: Parti Communiste Indochinois, Cantonese: 印度支那共產黨, Lao: ອິນດູຈີນພັກກອມມູນິດ, Khmer: គណបក្សកុម្មុយនីស្តឥណ្ឌូចិន) was a political party which was transformed from the old Vietnamese Communist Party (Việt Nam Cộng sản Đảng) in October 1930. This party dissolved itself on 11 November 1945.
The Vietnamese Communist Party (Việt Nam Cộng sản Đảng) was founded on 3 February 1930 by uniting the Communist Party of Indochina (despite its name, this party was active only in Tonkin) and Communist Party of Annam (active only in Cochinchina). Thereafter, the Communist League of Indochina (active only in central Annam) joined the Vietnamese Communist Party.
The Comintern, however, argued that the communist movement should be promoted in the whole of French Indochina (including Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam) rather than only in Vietnam. Therefore, it urged the Vietnamese Communist Party to transform itself into the Indochinese Communist Party.
In a resolution issued by the Vietnamese Communist Party in October 1930, the party criticized its own regulations and party name. The resolution said: "When naming the party "Vietnamese Communist Party", it implies that Cambodia and Laos are not concerned. Excluding these countries is a wrong thing because Annam, Cambodia and Laos should closely contact each other in terms of politics and economics even though they do not share a language, custom, and ethic." The Party resolved "to give up the name "Vietnamese Communist Party" and to take the new name "Indochinese Communist Party"".
Later, the Indochinese Communist Party issued a statement to explain the reason for changing its name. Noting the historical relationship between Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, the flyer emphasized the need of a union of three countries to overthrow the French colonial regime in Indochina.
The Party program of action was based on 10 points:
On 11 November 1945, the Indochinese Communist Party issued a communique to dissolve itself. Later in 1951, the Vietnamese members of the party founded the Workers Party of Vietnam (Đảng Lao động Việt Nam)