Indochina, originally Indo-China, is a geographical term originating
in the early nineteenth century and referring to the continental
portion of the region now known as Southeast Asia. The name refers to
the lands historically within the cultural influence of
China, and physically bound by the
Indian Subcontinent in the west and
China in the north. It corresponds to the present-day areas of
Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and (variably) peninsular
Malaysia and Singapore. The term was later adopted as the name of the
French Indochina (today's Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos), and
the entire area of
Indochina is now usually referred to as the
Indochinese Peninsula or Mainland Southeast Asia.
2 In biogeography
3 See also
5 External links
The origins of the name Indo-
China are usually attributed jointly to
the Danish-French geographer Conrad Malte-Brun, who referred to the
area as indo-chinois in 1804, and the Scottish linguist John Leyden,
who used the term Indo-Chinese to describe the area's inhabitants and
their languages in 1808. Scholarly opinions at the time regarding
China's and India's historical influence over the area were
conflicting, and the term was itself controversial—Malte-Brun
himself later argued against its use in a later edition of his
Universal Geography, reasoning that it over-emphasized Chinese
influence, and suggested Chin-
India instead. Nevertheless,
China had already gained traction and soon supplanted alternative
terms such as Further
India and the Peninsula beyond the Ganges.
Later, however, as the French established the colony of French
Indochina, use of the term became more restricted to the French
colony, and today the area is usually referred to as Mainland
In biogeography, the Indochinese Region is a major biogeographical
region in the Indomalaya ecozone, and also a phytogeographical
floristic region in the Paleotropical Kingdom. It includes the native
flora and fauna of all the countries above. The adjacent Malesian
Region covers the Maritime Southeast Asian countries, and straddles
the Indomalaya and Australasian ecozones.
List of butterflies of Indochina
^ Vimalin Rujivacharakul et al., eds. (2013). Architecturalized
Asia : mapping a continent through history. Hong Kong: Hong Kong
University Press. p. 89. ISBN 9789888208050. CS1 maint:
Uses editors parameter (link)
^ Malte-Brun, Conrad (1827). Universal Geography, Or, A Description of
All the Parts of the World, on a New Plan, According to the Great
Natural Divisions of the Globe: Improved by the Addition of the Most
Recent Information, Derived from Various Sources : Accompanied
with Analytical, Synoptical, and Elementary Tables, Volume 2. A.
Finley. pp. 262–3.
^ Wesseling, H. L. (2015). The European Colonial Empires: 1815–1919.
Routledge. ISBN 9781317895060.
^ Keyes, Charles F. (1995). The golden peninsula : culture and
adaptation in mainland
Southeast Asia (Pbk. reprint ed.). Honolulu:
Univ. of Hawaii Press. p. 1. ISBN 9780824816964.
Media related to
Indochina at Wikimedia Commons
Media related to Flora of Indo-